A finial is a flower-like ornament made of natural stone on Gothic or neo-Gothic buildings. Seen from above it is square and when viewed from the side it is cross-shaped.
Inspiring model for the Gothic finial could always thus brought into connection plant Weinraute have been. The connection between rhombus and finial has not been specifically proven. The finial can be found as decoration on roof ridges , gables , eyelashes , pinnacles and tower pyramids. The cruciform and stylized structure made of leaf shapes (crabs) is not only available in a single form, but also in two layers. The finial is mostly cut from soft stone by stonemasons in Gothic buildings and is formed in the High Gothic with multiple openings between the buds. The delicate component is particularly exposed to weathering and in the advanced stage of weathering can usually only be reconstructed and rebuilt in stone. The two finials of Cologne Cathedral have a diameter of 4.58 m and a height of a good 8 m.
- Crab (art history)
- Weimar Mint
- Mintmaster's mark , finial of the mintmaster Johann Christoph Dürr (1677–1684)
- Günther Mehling (Ed.): Natural stone lexicon: material, tools and machines, economy and trade, design and techniques from antiquity to today . P. 269. Callwey, Munich 1973. ISBN 3-7667-0281-5
- ^ Hans Robert Hahnloser: Villard de Honnecourt. Critical complete edition of the Bauhüttenbuch [...]. 2nd Edition. Graz 1972, p. 26.
- ↑ Marilise Rieder, Hans Peter Rieder, Rudolf Suter: The plant in the fine arts. Birkhäuser, Basel 1979, p. 110.
- ↑ Willi Harwerth: The little herbal book. 6th edition. Frankfurt am Main 1987 (= Insel-Buch. Volume 269), Text No. 17.
- ↑ Christina Becela-Deller: Ruta graveolens L. A medicinal plant in terms of art and cultural history. (Mathematical and natural scientific dissertation Würzburg 1994) Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 1998 (= Würzburg medical-historical research. Volume 65). ISBN 3-8260-1667-X , p. 214.