Bad Münder am Deister
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||119 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||107.69 km 2|
|Residents:||17,445 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||162 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||31848|
|Area code :||05042|
|License plate :||HM|
|Community key :||03 2 52 002|
|City structure:||16 districts|
City administration address :
31848 Bad Münder am Deister
|Mayor :||Hartmut Büttner ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Bad Münder am Deister in the Hameln-Pyrmont district|
Bad Münder am Deister is a spa town in the Hameln-Pyrmont district in Lower Saxony . The city with 16 districts has around 17,400 inhabitants (as of the end of the 2010s). The core town of Bad Münder is the administrative center with around 8,000 inhabitants.
Bad Münder am Deister is located in the Deister-Süntel Valley on federal highway 442 and is surrounded by the wooded Deister and Süntel mountain ranges in the Weser Uplands , north of Hameln . The Hamel flows through the city.
The following municipalities border the urban area in a clockwise direction:
- Hameln-Pyrmont district
- Schaumburg district
- Hanover region
Since the regional reform on January 1, 1973, the town of Bad Münder am Deister has belonged to the Hameln-Pyrmont district and consists of the 16 districts listed below:
The place in the Deister-Süntel valley was first mentioned between 856 and 869 as "Munimeri". The healing power of the brine, sulfur and bitter springs was known early on. Monks may have come from Minden on foot because of the brine springs , at least almost 50 km. This could give rise to the name "Mindener Pay", which over time could have developed into "Mündener Pay". The actual origin of the name is uncertain. Certainly Münder appears in a document from Emperor Conrad II in 1033 as "Munnere". Salt production , which had existed since 1033, was not stopped until 1924. A Cistercian monastery was founded in Loccum in 1306 in what is now Hamelspringe .
During the Hildesheim collegiate feud from 1519 to 1523 and in the Thirty Years' War , the city was completely destroyed. In the Klein Süntel district, the Klein Süntel glassworks produced hollow glass and other glass products with interruptions between the 17th and 19th centuries . In 1872 Münder got a railway connection to the network of the Hanover-Altenbeken Railway Company .
The history of the Jews in Bad Münder begins around 1700 when protective Jews were first mentioned in a document. The Jewish cemetery of the community is documented for the first time in 1782; from 1835 there was a synagogue in the village . In the 19th century around 50 people of Jewish faith lived in the village. After that, their number fell to less than 10 people in the 1930s at the time of National Socialism . Jewish citizens were deported from Bad Münder in 1942. At least 18 people who were born or lived in Bad Münder were victims of the Holocaust .
In 1936 Münder received the status of a spa town, so that Münder became Bad Münder and today it bears the title “State-approved mineral spring spa”. The health resort has a charming old town with historic half-timbered houses and sandstone buildings from the Weser Renaissance . The city lives today, apart from the glass and furniture industry , mainly from health care and tourism .
On January 1, 1973, the communities of Bakede, Beber, Böbber, Brullsen, Egestorf am Süntel, Eimbeckhausen, Flegessen, Hachmühlen, Hamelspringe, Hasperde, Klein Süntel, Luttringhausen, Nettelrede, Nienstedt and Rohrsen were incorporated.
Due to the incorporation, there was initially a statistical increase. But over the course of more than 50 years (as of 2015) a steady decline has been recorded, the reasons cannot be precisely stated.
(Population figures: 1961 on June 6th, 1970 on May 27th, each with the later incorporated towns; from 1987 on each December 31st)
The council of the city of Bad Münder am Deister consists of 32 councilors and councilors. This is the specified number for a city with a population between 15,001 and 20,000. The 32 council members are elected for five years each by local elections. This term began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor is also entitled to vote in the city council.
The local election on September 11, 2016 led to the following result:
SPD (13 seats), GREENS (3) and PIRATES (1) form the majority group (17 seats).
The full-time mayor is Hartmut Büttner (SPD), he was elected on February 26, 2012 with 48 percent of the vote. On October 27, 2019, Büttner was re-elected with 50.11 percent of the vote.
Mayor until the end of World War II
- First mentioned in 1309: Olricus Helmolding
- First mentioned in 1323: Happe Ading
- First mentioned in 1324: Heinrich Bloc
- ~ 1819 Johann Adolph Hiob Biester
- 1837 - 1858: Friedrich Ludwig Wilhelm Wermuth
- June 1858 - April 19, 1894: Wilhelm Ernst Daniel Wermuth
- ~ 1899: Heinrich Eckard
- 1923 - 1933: Gustav Graf
- 1934 - 1945: Wilhelm Kleineck
Honorary Mayor (1945–2000)
- April 1945 - May 1945: Friedrich Kreibaum (acting)
- May 1945 - December 1945: Wilhelm Remmer , SPD (acting)
- December 1945 - 1948: Wilhelm Remmer, SPD
- December 1948 - December 1949: Herbert Adam van Eyck, CDU
- December 1949 - December 1950: Wilhelm Remmer, SPD
- December 1950 - November 1952: August Martens, DP
- November 1952 - November 1956: Fritz Dierßen, non-party
- November 1956 - May 1959: Wilhelm Remmer, SPD
- May 1959 - October 1981: Carl Heinz Paul, SPD
- November 1981 - October 1986: Paul Theodor von Haaren, CDU
- November 1986 - December 1991: Sieghardt Reiss, SPD
Full-time mayors (from 2000)
- 2000 - 2011: Silvia Nieber, SPD
- February 2012 until today: Hartmut Büttner, SPD
City Directors (1945-2000)
- April 1948 - June 1955: Folkert Claassen
- July 1955 - June 1967: Reinhold Thiem
- July 1967 - June 1979: Hermann Weber
- July 1985 - May 1988: Rainer Timmermann
- June 1988 - 2000: Manfred Diesner
Coat of arms, flag and banner
|Banner, coat of arms and flag|
Blazon : “The city's coat of arms is a green shield with a black border and in the middle shows an upright golden lion with red claws, red tongue and red eye, looking to the left from the perspective of the observer. Above the sign is a three-tower stone-colored wall crown shown in red. "
The coat of arms is derived from a seal from 1318. The lion stands for the former sovereigns of the princes of Lüneburg . The top of the wall stands for the city as such; town charter was granted at the end of the 13th century.
The city's flag is green with the city's coat of arms in the middle.
Culture and sights
- The town hall
- The "Steinhof", former aristocratic residence from 1721 on the site of a manor house from the 13th century (today city administration)
- The "Münchehof", former aristocratic residence from 1596
- The "Pächterhof", former aristocratic residence (16th century)
- Söltjerbrunnen in the pedestrian zone
- Kornhaus in the pedestrian zone
- Graduation tower at the Kurmittelhaus in the spa and landscape park
- Hamel spring in Hamelspringe
- Goat beech in the Deister
- Nordmannsturm (379 m)
- Süntelturm (440 m)
- Bergschmiede in the Süntel
- Bad Münder Jewish cemetery in Deisterallee, which today comprises 28 stones from the years 1826 to 1917.
- Ground monument of St. Anne's Church
Glass art on a traffic roundabout in Bad Münder
In the main town there are two museums sponsored by the local group of the Heimatbund Lower Saxony :
- The museum in Wettbergschen Adelshof shows a wide range of collections: In addition to geological and archaeological finds, a permanent exhibition on the city's history and changing special exhibitions are on view. The Renaissance building in the basement used to be the mansion of the Knights of Wettberg .
- The town house from 1752 , 19 Kellerstraße, which opened as a museum in 2007 , shows an arable bourgeois house as it was furnished around 1880.
In the district of Eimbeckhausen there is a museum sponsored by an association:
- The German Chair Museum has been located in the Eimbeckhausen district since 2003 .
In the district of Bakede there is the handicraft museum and the paths of the senses with 20 stations.
- Martin Schmidt concert hall with regular events
- Master concerts
- Culture in the Schaafstall (district Egestorf)
- Kurmuschel with regular events in the summer months
- Concert series "Klanghorizonte" and evening music in the Petri-Pauli Church
- Youth Music School (JMS)
- Mandolin club
- The Ev.-luth. Petri-Pauli-Kirche in Bad Münder, whose tower from 1528 still stands today, was rebuilt in 1839/40
- Catholic Church of St. John Baptist (1936/1962)
- Former synagogue
- Wettbergscher Adelshof in Bad Münder ( Weser Renaissance ), 16th century
- Steinhof in Bad Münder, 13th century (today it is the main administrative building of the city)
- Hasperde Castle (Weser Renaissance)
- The spa has a 14 hectare spa and landscape park , which was planned by the Swiss landscape architect Dieter Kienast . It contains numerous plant species , including some specimens of the rare, indigenous Süntel beeches . In the western part is an ARD weather station.
- The old Laurentiusfriedhof has old trees and old tombstones.
- In the Wermuthstraße there is a Süntelbuche planted around 1850 .
- Another natural monument is the Hamel spring , which is located in the Hamelspringe district. It flows into the Weser in Hameln .
Economy and Infrastructure
- Radio technology: Hytera Mobilfunk GmbH in the Eimbeckhausen district develops TETRA and DMR radio solutions and is a supplier for Hytera radio systems in Europe. The TETRA technology from Bad Münder is used worldwide.
- Glass industry: Bad Münder am Deister is one of a total of nine locations of Ardagh Glass Germany GmbH , which manufactures glass products for the pharmaceutical industry there.
- Wood industry: The most important branch of industry in the Sünteltal used to be the chair industry, which emerged from medieval handicrafts. Today there are still two factories for office furniture of national importance:
- Clinics: The most important branch of the economy is healthcare:
- Deister-Süntel-Klinik with rehabilitation department (before 2016 AWO hospital)
- MediClin Deister-Weser-Kliniken,
- Friederikenstift Hannover, special ward for seriously injured people, Evang. Diakonie Hospital
- German Clinic Bad Münder, for reproductive medicine
- German Clinic for Prevention
The station Bad Münder (Deister) on the railway line Hannover-Altenbeken is from the S-Bahn line S 5 Paderborn - Hameln - Hannover Hbf - Hannover Airport served. The closest train station for the district of Nienstedt is the Egestorf (Deister) train station on the Deisterstrecke , where the S-Bahn lines S 1 and 2 offer connections to Haste and Hanover .
Passenger traffic on the former Bad Münder – Bad Nenndorf railway was discontinued in 1968 and the last remaining goods traffic in 1995.
- Tourist information from GeTour GmbH
- Raw milk bath, outdoor pool with its own mineral water source
- Children's and Youth Center Point
- Fischertal outdoor swimming pool in the Bakede district
- Bad Münder Primary School
- Bakede Elementary School
- Eimbeckhausen primary school
- Flegessen primary school
- KGS Bad Münder (Cooperative Comprehensive School)
Other educational institutions
- Wilhelm Gefeller Education Center of the IG BCE
- Study institute of the State of Lower Saxony
- Music school and specialist trade Bad Münder - H. Behnke
- Youth Music School (JMS) Bad Münder
Day care centers
- Protestant kindergarten Arche Noah Bad Münder and in Bakede
- Kindergarten of the Evangelical Free Church Community Bad Münder
- DRK day care centers in the villages of Bad Münder (with crèche group), Beber / Rohrsen, Eimbeckhausen (with crèche group) and Hamelspringe
- Municipal kindergartens in Flegesen and Nienstedt
- Waldkinder Bad Münder e. V.
- Crèche of the Catholic community in Bad Münder
In the core city:
- BürgerBus Bad Münder e. V.
- DBV Break Bad Münder 07 e. V. / Billiards and darts club
- German Life Saving Society
- Forum Glas - Association for the promotion of glass history and glass design in the Deister-Süntel-Region e. V., Bad Münder
- GC Am Deister e. V., golf club 18 hole / driving range 3-hole short course free
- GLASS CLEAR e. V. / independent political interest group
- Heimatbund Niedersachsen e. V. Local group Bad Münder.
- International School of the Golden Rose Cross, Lectorium Rosicrucianum e. V.
- Bad Münder e. V.
- Kur- und Verkehrsverein Bad Münder e. V.
- Riding and Driving Association Bad Münder e. V.
- Redfire Martial Arts Team e. V. (Lower Saxony Champion 2009)
- SPD city association Bad Münder
- Sportclub Bad Münder e. V.
- Sportschützenverein 1907 Bad Münder e. V.
- Shooting Club Bad Münder e. V.
- Solar Association Hameln - Weserbergland e. V.
- Starriders - Drum & Bugle Corps
- Tennis club Bad Münder e. V.
- TUSPO Bad Münder 1862 e. V.
sons and daughters of the town
- David Julius Pott (* 1760 in Nettelrede ; † 1838), theologian, biblical scholar and university professor
- Georg Philipp Holscher (1792–1852), ophthalmologist
- Christian Ludwig Fröhlich (born June 14, 1799 - March 11, 1870), executioner in Hoya
- August Friedrich Pott (* 1802 in Nettelrede ; † 1887), linguist
- Friedrich Wilhelm Nolte (1880–1952), politician (German-Hannoversche Party)
- Leo Wispler (1890–1958), writer
- Hans Piepho (* 1909 in Eimbeckhausen ; † 1996), zoologist, entomologist and university professor
- Hildegard Falck (* 1949 in Nettelrede ), Olympic champion
- Karl-Martin Hentschel (* 1950), politician
People connected to the city
- Bernfried EG Pröve (* 1963), composer and organist
- The Söltjer. Forays through Bad Münder and the Deister-Süntel valley. Annual journal, Heimatbund Lower Saxony , local group Bad Münder, since 1976
- Heiko Arndt: »Combat states«: Everyday life, strife and radicalization in the National Socialist Bad Münder (Hannoversche Schriften zur Regional- und Lokalgeschichte), Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, 2014 ISBN 978-3-89534-963-8
- Helmut Baars: Do you know Bad Münder? Edited by Heimatbund Lower Saxony, local group Bad Münder, Bad Münder 2001 ISBN 3-00-008319-7
- Matthias Biester, Klaus Vohn-Fortagne: Chairs and more Bad Münder 2000 ISBN 3-00-006845-7 (history of the furniture industry in the region)
- Herbert Krieg, Ulrich Manthey and Manfred von Allwörden: Bad Münder and its districts , The archive pictures series, Sutton-Verlag 2011 ISBN 978-3-86680-855-3
- Herbert Krieg: Bad Münder - Pictures from the Past , CW Niemeyer, Hameln 1988
- Leo Wispler: The nest somewhere Koehler, Hamburg 1949
- Kai Witthinrich: Emigrated , 1834–1939 from the Deister-Süntel Valley to overseas. Ed. Heimatbd. Nds. Local group Bad Münder.
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Münder am Deister, Bad in: Deutsches Ortnamesbuch , Manfred Niemeyer, de Gruyter 2012, p. 421
- Anton Friedrich Büsching: Excerpt from his description of the earth ... , Johann Carl Bohn, Hamburg 1771, p. 840
- Glass bottle production in Klein Süntel: forum-glas-bad-muender.de
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 202 .
- Regional statistics database , State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology Lower Saxony LSKN-Online
- Overall result of the municipal council election of the city of Bad Münder am Deister 11.09.2016. September 11, 2016, accessed October 30, 2018 .
- Political bodies of the city of Bad Münder
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on February 18, 2015
- Election of the mayor 2019 in the city of Bad Münder am Deister - overview. Retrieved November 3, 2019 .
- Hermann Weber: Chronicle Bad Münder am Deister 1945 - 1985 . Ed .: Hermann Weber. Self-published (Hermann Weber), Bad Münder am Deister 1989, p. 928 .
- Main statutes of the city of Bad Münder am Deister , accessed on February 18, 2015
- Devastated in New Deister-Zeitung on August 19, 2016
- New stele on the old square in Neue Deister-Zeitung from December 22, 2016
- Museum website , accessed August 21, 2009.
- Website of the Stuhlmuseum , accessed on August 21, 2009.
- Hytera Mobilfunk GmbH - company website .
- Website of the Deister-Süntel-Klinik
- AWO Gesundheitsdienste gGmbH, Deisterallee Health Center, Bad Münder, Deister-Süntel-Klinik ( Memento from February 6, 2016 in the Internet Archive ).
- Website of the Deister Weser Clinics .
- Diakoniekrankenhaus Friederikenstift gGmbH, BG special ward for seriously injured people in Bad Münder / Hachmühlen .
- Website of the German Clinic Bad Münder .
- Website of the German Clinic for Prevention .
- Description on the IG BCE website .
- News, announcements, events. Retrieved February 14, 2018 .
- German Life Society, Landesverband Niedersachsen e. V. - Weserbergland district - Beber-Rohrsen-Bad Münder
- Website of the Heimatbund Lower Saxony
- Website of the Lectorium Rosicrucianum .
- website Solar Association