|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Joint municipality :||Rodenberg|
|Height :||135 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.23 km 2|
|Residents:||4249 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||262 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||31867|
|Area code :||05043|
|License plate :||SHG, RI|
|Community key :||03 2 57 018|
|Association administration address:||Amtsstrasse 5
|Mayor :||Wilfried Mundt ( SPD )|
|Location of Lauenau in the Schaumburg district|
The spot is located in the Deister-Süntel valley on the Deister ridge , southwest of Hanover . The Weser and the Mittelland Canal are each about 15 km away. With the federal highway 442 and the Autobahn 2 (junction Lauenau) there are cheap connections to Hameln and Hanover. The Rodenberger Aue and the Mühlenbach flow through the place.
In terms of nature , Lauenau lies in the Calenberger Bergland on the threshold of the German low mountain range to the North German lowlands . In a broader sense Lauenau is also used as part of the Weserbergland counted, even though the area formative Deister already for the catchment area of the line counts. The Deister also drains through numerous tributaries to the Rodenberger Aue via the Westaue and finally into the Leine.
The area of Lauenau is divided into the core town of Lauenau and Feggendorf .
Stadthagen (13 km)
Apelern (3 km)
Bad Nenndorf (7 km)
Rodenberg (5 km)
Gehrden (16 km)
Barsinghausen (7 km)
Nienstädt (14 km)
Obernkirchen (16 km)
|Wennigsen (14 km)|
Pohle (2 km)
Rehren (10 km)
Messenkamp (2 km)
Bakede (7 km)
Eimbeckhausen (6 km)
Jump (14 km)
* Distances are rounded kilometers as the crow flies to the town center.
In some documents the names Schwedesdorf and Lauenau appear next to each other. The name Lauenau comes from later times and refers to the castle built by the Guelph Duke Heinrich the Lion around 1190, which later served as a place of justice = Law (court) on the Aue . With Schwedesdorf the original village was meant, which was first mentioned in a document in 1059. It is derived from the Low German word Schwad or Schwed , which corresponds to the meaning of a long line. So Schwedesdorf was a border village.
The patch originally belonged to the county of Schaumburg . After its ruler was poisoned at a meeting during the Thirty Years War , the line was wiped out and the county was divided in 1640. Lauenau was added to the Principality of Calenberg-Göttingen , from which in 1692 the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (so-called "Kurhannover") and later the Kingdom of Hanover arose. When the kingdom was defeated in the German War in 1866, Lauenau became part of the Prussian province of Hanover.
Lauenau was almost completely destroyed by a major fire in December 1682. During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) the place was occupied by the French.
In 1884 Lauenau became part of the newly formed Springe district . Two years after the formation of the joint municipality of Lauenau, the district and administrative reform on March 1, 1974 incorporated the previously independent neighboring municipality of Feggendorf. In the same year Lauenau was incorporated into the newly created joint municipality of Rodenberg . In 1976 the old district of Springe was dissolved by the district reform. This also ended the affiliation to the Calenberger Land, which had existed since 1640. Since then, Lauenau has belonged to the newly formed district of Schaumburg.
At an early stage, forces rose in Lauenau to steer the fire-fighting system into better, orderly channels. It was recognized that a compulsory fire brigade lacked ideological cohesion. 17 citizens of Lauenau founded the volunteer fire brigade on December 27, 1897 .
In the recent past, Lauenau was a focus of the chair and furniture industry in Lower Saxony. The Casala school furniture factory deserves a special mention here. Thanks to the recreational and residential value of the area and the favorable location on the A2 at the gates of Hanover, Lauenau is one of the region's expanding communities today.
Around 1190, Duke Heinrich the Lion had Lauenau Castle built as a moated castle for the purpose of a border fortress against the Counts of Schaumburg . During the Hildesheim collegiate feud in 1519, the castle was destroyed by the Schaumburg colonel Ludolf von Münchhausen. The reconstruction took place in 1565–1572 in the form of a moated castle in the style of the Weser Renaissance . For centuries it served as the electoral office and royal domain. Today it is privately owned.
Meysenbug Castle was mentioned as a castrum as early as 1499 . Count Anthonius von Holstein-Schaumburg enfeoffed Wulfferd von Zerßen with the castle. Several new buildings and modifications followed. On August 26, 1828 Carl Rivalier of Meysenbug (1779-1847) by the Hessian Elector Wilhelm II. Invested with the estate after it him already 1825 to the peerage with the extension of Meysenbug , the name of the 1810 Henry of Meysenbug extinct family , had raised. In 1831 he became Minister of State and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Electoral Hessian House and soon became Minister in the extraordinary service of Wilhelm II of Hesse. A daughter of rival von Meysenbug was the well-known writer Malwida von Meysenbug (1816-1903).
As early as 1377, the white line of the Münchhausen family was enfeoffed by the Schaumburg counts with half a tithe to Schwedesdorf , at the same time with three courts in Apelern. This free castle in the outer bailey of Lauenau was used, as with other castle men at the official castle , to provide for them. In 1594 three brothers divided the inheritance on: Claus received Apelern and Nienfeld , Otto Lauenau and Ludolf the originating from the mother bushes Heilwig heritage in Hessisch Oldendorf and Remeringhausen .
Otto von Münchhausen, who had been Drost at the Lauenau official palace since 1583 , began building his own Schwedesdorf palace in the immediate vicinity in 1596 . The master builder is Johann Hundertossen from Hamelin , who from 1603 was also supposed to build Bevern Castle for a cousin from the black line , Statius von Münchhausen . The building was completed in 1600, since then the inscription "Otto von Munnichhusen, Anno domini 1600" has adorned a coat of arms stone. A few years later a hexagonal stair tower was built. (In 1892, the bay window and gable were adapted and given a stone inscription, which can also be found in the Münchhausen family coat of arms: "Mine Borg is God." ) However, Otto could not enjoy his new house for long, because he died of one in 1601 Duel wound sustained at a wedding.
In more recent times, the Schwedesdorf Palace served as the retirement home of Adelbert Hubertus Freiherrn von Münchhausen and his wife Annemarie, née. Baroness von Münchhausen from the Vitzenburg family , who moved from their estate Groß Vahlberg near Wolfenbüttel to Lauenau.
The stain rights
In 1536 Lauenau was raised to a market town by the Count of Schaumburg . The place now had the right to hold a market three times a year, brew its own beer and establish a lower jurisdiction. The Schaumburg seal once used was "LNA" with the nettle leaf and the year "1572" (oldest illustration of a seal). This meant that the Lauenau area was effectively equal to cities.
On March 1, 1974, the community of Feggendorf was incorporated.
The council of Flecken Lauenau consists of 15 council members. This is the specified number for the member municipality of an integrated municipality with a population between 3001 and 5000 inhabitants. The council members are elected for a five-year term by local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:
|Political party||Proportional votes||Number of seats|
The turnout in the 2016 local elections was 65.08%, above the Lower Saxony average of 55.5%.
- Previous election results
Mayor has been Wilfried Mundt ( SPD ) since February 26, 2015 . He succeeded the long-term mayor Heinz Laufmöller, who died in February 2015.
For community director Sven Janisch was appointed for the current term of lukewarm local council.
The list shows the mayors of Lauenau from the end of the Second World War to the present.
|Ernst Möbius||( SPD )||(1946–1948)|
|Karl Reinecke||( DP )||(1949)|
coat of arms
On October 9, 1649, Georg Wilhelm Herzog zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg granted the town of Lauenau the right “to have a yellow leopard standing over a river in addition to its coat of arms, and to lead and use it”.
Culture and sights
Josef Hauke Foundation
At the end of January 2010, the Lauenau district founded the “Josef Hauke Foundation” to promote cultural projects. The foundation's assets amounted to 10,000 euros. The communal foundation has no legal capacity and is administered by the Lauenau district. According to the statutes, the purpose is to support institutions and initiatives in the cultural sector in the municipality of Lauenau. Project-related grants, grant agreements and investment grants are provided for this. Exact funding guidelines have yet to be issued by the foundation advisory board.
The namesake Josef Hauke lived in Lauenau for many decades until his death and created numerous sculptures in Lauenau and the region. In addition to promoting culture, the foundation should also manage Hauke's estate of works of art and organize exhibitions. For this purpose, appropriate rooms are to be made available in the business park . There have been regular exhibitions of the Schaumburg artists for years.
- Castle Lauenau (including office closed because seat of the Office Lauenau), was in 1190 by the Guelph as protection against the Schaumburg Count built
- Schwedesdorf Castle was built between 1596 and 1600 by the Knights of Münchhausen
- Meysenbug Castle: The current building was built around 1868–1870 in the Tudor style
- St. Luke's Church , built in 1877/78 according to plans by the church builder Conrad Wilhelm Hase , is considered his masterpiece in professional circles
- Catholic St. Mark's Church (1962) with numerous works of art by Josef Hauke
- Lauenau mineral bath (all pools are fed from a mineral water source)
- Heisterburg and Wirkesburg as the remains of two ring ramparts on the Deister in the Feggendorf district
- Feggendorfer Stolln , former coal mine on the Deister in the district of Feggendorf, today a visitor mine
Green spaces and recreation
Lauenau is located in the Weserbergland Schaumburg-Hameln nature park . The eastern municipality is part of the Süd-Deister landscape protection area ( CCDA code : 324902). Lauenau has a small public park with old trees. There is also the largest and oldest Süntel beech in the region. Like the old baptism in the Deister, the tree is protected as a natural monument.
The largest sports club in Lauenau , SV Victoria Lauenau, has the “Victoria Sports Park” on the Aue with two soccer fields, three tennis courts and an athletics facility. The “Victoria-Arena”, completed in 2004, and the “Victoria-Dojo”, a martial arts hall with 550 m² of mat area, complement the club's offerings. With around 1,500 members, Victoria is the fourth largest sports club in Schaumburg.
Another sports club is the Lauenau Athletics Club (LCL) . The association was founded in 1977 and now has over 300 members.
The DLRG Lauenau has been active since 1966. The DLRG trains in the Lauenau mineral bath in summer and in the indoor pool in Bad Nenndorf in winter.
One of the youngest clubs in Lauenau is the Boule Club Lauenau (BCL) , founded in 2006. The BCL has four outdoor boules lanes at the Bürgerhaus and, since the inauguration of the “Sägewerk” event hall in the industrial park, the first and only three indoor boules lanes in the Schaumburger Land available.
Many events focus on the industrial park as the cultural center of Lauenau. Concerts in the sawmill festival hall and art exhibitions have been held there for years . Furthermore, the boiler house located there offers concerts and cabaret at irregular intervals throughout the year . In addition, the following events take place in Lauenau:
- The season opens on May 1st. On April 30th, the Lauenau volunteer fire brigade will hold the “Dance into May” in the sawmill festival hall .
- Every May the Stoll'n Festival is celebrated at the Feggendorf visitor mine.
- The trucker festival takes place every two years in May in the logistics park.
- The “Midsummer Night Festival” of SV Victoria Lauenau in the Victoria Sports Park on the first Saturday after the solstice is popular as an open-air music event for young people.
- On the last Saturday in the summer holidays, the “Fleckenfete” takes place in the town center, where the winners of the Lauenau boules championships are announced.
- During the summer holidays, the local SPD association in Lauenau offers its holiday program.
- On the last weekend in August, the “Schaumburg Mineral and Fossil Exchange” takes place in the old moated castle (Wasserburg) in Lauenau.
- On the first Sunday in September the Lauenauer Quadro Cup , a team competition consisting of the disciplines swimming, cycling, shooting and running, takes place.
- Oktoberfest is celebrated in the sawmill festival hall in October.
- Since the end of 2004, the new "Ice Rink Lauenau" in the business park has been open every year from November to February. It has meanwhile become a national attraction with over 30,000 visitors annually. The specialty is the large, covered ice rink, which is not found anywhere else in the area.
- There is also a large Christmas market on the 3rd weekend in Advent.
- At the end of the year, there is a big New Year's Eve ball in the sawmill festival hall in the industrial park.
A culinary specialty is the beer from the Rupp-Bräu brewery in the Felsenkeller brewery in Lauenau. The Rupp-Bräu brewery has existed since 1861 and is the second-smallest private brewery in Lower Saxony (the smallest is the "Meierhöfer Brewery" in Vehlen ). In the Felsenkeller brewery there has also been a restaurant, pub and beer garden affiliated with the brewery for over 140 years.
Economy and Infrastructure
With the bankruptcy of the traditional Lauenau company Casala in 2001, an industrial ruin threatened to emerge in the center of Lauenau. To prevent this, the Lauenau area bought the entire company premises in the same year. Since then, many buildings have been renovated and the former operating areas have been filled with life again. The Lauenau industrial park has developed into a mixture of work, sports, culture and leisure center.
The 3.5 hectare complex is structured as follows:
- Building 1: In the oldest part of the industrial park there is a pet shop, a sanitary facility, a graphics office, the premises of the Josef Hauke Foundation , a seminar room and seven apartments. The conditions for day care for the DRK Hannover-Land are currently being created. The name Plaza has established itself for the space between the sawmill , the boiler houses and the street Am Markt . An Italian ice cream parlor and restaurant are located in the plaza .
- Building 2: In the central area of the business park there are several singing houses, the exhibition rooms of the Schaumburg artists, an archery performance center of the Schützengilde Lauenau and an artist's studio.
- Building 3: In the so-called building 3 in the eastern area of the business park there are several 1000 m² of storage and office space for companies in the wholesale, electronics and packaging industries. There is also a martial arts hall ( Dōjō ) of SV Victoria Lauenau.
- Office building: The office building of the industrial park currently houses the local police station, the library of the Samtgemeinde , a DRK social station, the practice rooms of the Apelern jazz ensemble, several meeting rooms and serves as an office for some companies. Consideration is given to renaming the building Carl-Sasse-Haus after the founder of the former Casala factory .
- Boiler houses: In the two boiler houses are u. a. the "Ateliers im Kesselhaus", a yoga school, a fitness studio, a dance school, a naturopathic practice, a hairdresser, a graphics studio and a Spanish restaurant.
- Festhalle sawmill: The old sawmill was completely renovated in 2007 and has served Lauenau as an event hall on 1000 m² for up to 650 people. The character of the former sawmill should be preserved as far as possible. In addition, the Schaumburg sawmill has its first boules hall with three lanes suitable for competitions.
- North area: Here you will find the self-rebuilt sports hall of SV Victoria Lauenau ( Victoria Arena ) and the ice rink Lauenau, a 900 m² ice rink that is open annually from November to February. The Sparkasse Schaumburg has its new branch in Lauenau on the road at the market opposite the Festhalle sawmill opened in October of 2009.
The logistics park emerged from an original industrial area in the Lauenau area on the B442 with a truck stop and smaller commercial areas designed for medium-sized companies. The “Logistikpark Lauenau” project was launched with the neighboring municipality of Apelern . This is based on the logistics industry with regard to the settlement of businesses.
The Truck Center Lauenau (TCL) and the Cargo Trans Logistik (CTL) company are now located in the logistics park due to its proximity to the A2 . As EDEKA announced in a press release at the beginning of February 2009, it is investing 100 million euros in the construction of a new regional warehouse in the Lauenau logistics park, which is due to go into operation at the beginning of 2011.
In addition to the three communal kindergartens Pusteblume , Rappelkiste and Zwergenwiese, Lauenau also has the parents' initiative Waldkindergarten Deister-Sünteltal e. V. The Rappelkiste kindergarten has its own support association . The forest kindergarten was founded in 2003 and a second facility was added in 2004.
The Lauenau police station and the library of the Samtgemeinde are located in the industrial park.
Lauenau is the seat of the Lauenau Forest District ( Saupark Forestry Office ) and the Beber District Forestry Office (Oldendorf Forestry Office).
The sports park, the outdoor pool and the fire station, which was newly built in 2010, can be reached via the Zum Mineralbad road in the south of Flecken Lauenau.
The Official and Patch Museum is housed in a restored half-timbered house on Am Rundteil . Special exhibitions are often held here.
There are no other schools in Lauenau besides the Albert Schweitzer primary school . After the fourth grade, the local children attend the IGS in neighboring Rodenberg or the Bad Nenndorf grammar school . The Albert Schweitzer School was a secondary school until 1974 . For a few years it was also a secondary school .
Lauenau is connected to the regional transport network via the B442 bypass road in the north, west and south. The A2 (junction Lauenau, exit 37) and the nearby B65 can also be reached via the B442 . This means that there are fast transport links. The state capital Hanover can be reached by car in half an hour.
The RegioBus Hannover bus line 542 connects Lauenau to the nearest train stations in Bad Nenndorf and Haste , where there is a connection to the S1 (Haste-Hannover- Minden ) and S2 (Haste-Hannover- Nienburg / Weser ) lines of the Hannover S-Bahn . In addition, the RE lines Braunschweig -Hannover-Minden run from Haste with onward travel to Bielefeld or Osnabrück and Rheine . There are also bus connections from the Schaumburger Verkehrs-Gesellschaft to Stadthagen and Rinteln .
- Carl Rivalier von Meysenbug (1779–1847), Minister of the Electorate of Hesse and father of the writer Malwida von Meysenbug
- Sophie Dorothea von Celle (1666–1726), Princess von Ahlden, 16-year-old wife of the British King Georg Ludwig von Hanover . After a liaison with Colonel Philipp Christoph von Königsmarck became known , Lauenau Castle was their place of exile for some time.
- Gustav Rauterberg (1892–1972), evangelical clergyman and author
- Karl Parisius: The former Amt Lauenau - A contribution to the history of the principality of Calenberg and the county of Schaumburg . Hanover 1911 (2nd edition, Spring 1951)
- Karl Parisius: Lauenau-Schwedesdorf (unpublished manuscript)
- VHS working group: Lauenau - On the trail of history: The Second World War and the time after . Lauenau 1995
- VHS working group: Lauenau - On the trail of history: Between the world wars . Lauenau 1998
- VHS working group: Lauenau - On the trail of history: From the beginnings to the end of the German Empire . Lauenau 2006
- Gustav Stölting, Börries Freiherr von Münchhausen (ed.): The manors of the principalities of Calenberg, Göttingen and Grubenhagen . Hanover 1912
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 202 .
- detail: Matthias Blazek: From the Landdrostey to the district government - The history of the district government of Hanover as reflected in the administrative reforms . ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-89821-357-9 .
- detail: Matthias Blazek: Fire brigade in the district of Schaumburg in the 19th century . 2nd, updated and supplemented edition, Adelheidsdorf 2002, p. 37 f.
- Albert Neukirch: Renaissance castles of Lower Saxony , text volume 2nd half, Hanover 1939
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on March 30, 2017.
- Municipality of Lauenau - overall results of the 2016 municipal council election , accessed on March 30, 2017.
- The CDU gets the most votes nationwide. September 12, 2016, accessed March 30, 2017 .
- "Wilfried Mundt is mayor", article in the Schaumburger Nachrichten of February 27, 2015, www.sn-online.de (last accessed on March 4, 2015)
- Federal Agency for Nature Conservation , Map Service Protected Areas in Germany
- History of SV Victoria Lauenau, www.victorialauenau.de .
- "Financial transactions instead of industrial wastelands", article in the Schaumburger Nachrichten of October 19, 2009, www.sn-online.de .
- "EDEKA is planning a new regional warehouse in Lauenau", press release of February 2, 2009, www.edeka.de .