Nienburg / Weser
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|County :||Nienburg / Weser|
|Height :||25 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||64.45 km 2|
|Residents:||31,448 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||488 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||31582|
|Area code :||05021|
|License plate :||NI|
|Community key :||03 2 56 022|
|City structure:||4 districts|
City administration address :
31582 Nienburg / Weser
|Mayor :||Henning Onkes ( independent )|
|Location of the city of Nienburg / Weser in the Nienburg / Weser district|
Nienburg / Weser, including the localities
Within the core city, i.e. the district of Nienburg, there are various quarters, the names of which are also used in official documents:
- Clay transformation
Hanseatic city of Bremen , Syke
64 km, 45 km
Verden , Rotenburg (Wümme) , Hoya
36 km, 60 km, 24 km
Walsrode , Hanseatic City of Hamburg
41 km, 142 km
Diepholz , Sulingen
63 km, 32 km
Schwarmstedt , Celle
33 km, 66 km
Osnabrück , Minden , Bielefeld
105 km, 50 km, 99 km
Rehburg-Loccum , Stadthagen
21 km, 42 km
Hanover , Neustadt am Rübenberge
51 km, 24 km
Monthly mean values for Nienburg / Weser, 1961 to 1990
Source: DWD Climate Data Germany
Nienburg is mentioned for the first time in 1025 in a document from the diocese of Minden . The place name Nienburg derives from the name Nyge Borg , which means "new castle". From this the name Nienburg developed over time. The name new castle suggests the earlier existence of an old castle or an older, neighboring castle (for example Burg Wölpe or Drakenburg ) was meant.
In the Middle Ages, the city fortifications of Nienburg were built with ramparts, trenches and palisades, of which no visible remains have been preserved. In 1215 Nienburg came to the Counts of Hoya and in 1225 received city rights. After the division of County Hoya in 1345, Nienburg became the residence until Count Otto VIII von Hoya died in 1582 without heirs. Nienburg came into the possession of the Dukes of Braunschweig-Lüneburg , who divided up the county and built Nienburg into a bastion fortress with the Nienburg Castle on the outskirts .
During the Thirty Years' War Nienburg was often affected by acts of war. In 1623 Duke Georg von Calenberg gathered troops in Nienburg. In 1625 Nienburg was besieged by Tilly in vain. During this siege, citizens of Nienburg captured a tent and a Tilly flag in a nocturnal outbreak. This group called itself "Dat Wählige Rott" and is still alive today as a tradition at the Nienburg target shooting . In the following years Nienburg suffered heavily from further occupations, destruction, war requirements, billeting and the plague. In 1627 Nienburg was taken by imperial troops. Tilly now stayed in Nienburg several times, and Pappenheim was often here too. In 1635, Duke Georg was able to bring Nienburg back into his possession. After the Peace of Prague , Swedish troops occupied the city. Despite the Peace of Westphalia , they remained until 1650. It took several years before fortifications, city gates and town houses could be rebuilt.
The first stone bridge over the Weser was built between 1715 and 1723. It was a royal gift from George III. , Elector of Hanover, who rose to the throne of Great Britain as George I in 1714. The first master builder of the bridge was Johann Michael Führer, who built the bridge until 1718 so that it could be driven over with light wagons.
During the Napoleonic Wars , Nienburg was reoccupied by French troops in 1803. The population suffered from the consequences of the new occupation and billeting. Nienburg belonged from 1810 to 1813 as a municipality of Nienburg in the arrondissement of Nienburg in the department of the mouths of the Weser to the French Empire . During this time the ramparts were removed. After Napoleon's unsuccessful Russian campaign in 1812 , the French troops fled the city the following year and blew up when they withdrew on the night of 14/15. October 1813 the middle arch of the stone Weser bridge. It was reopened on April 22, 1814 with a makeshift hanging structure .
With the opening of the Wunstorf – Bremen line in 1847, Nienburg was connected to the network of the Royal Hanover State Railways . This triggered industrial settlements. It emerged the chemical plant Nienburg , later in the Kali Chemie rose, the fertilizer plants of Klamroth and Hoyermann and Ratjensche glue factory . The glass sand in the immediate vicinity led to the establishment of Heyeschen Glashütte in 1873 . Twenty years later, Himly and Holscher's glassworks came into being .
Although the SPD was initially the strongest party in the city at the beginning of 1933, the “ Gleichschaltung” quickly took hold.
In 1936 a new barracks, the “Mudra barracks”, was built on the outskirts of Nienburg, named after the Prussian infantry general Bruno von Mudra . The engineer battalion 22 moved into this . When this unit was transferred to the war front at the beginning of the Second World War , it housed around 1,000 captured officers of the Polish armed forces . These were the beginnings of the later POW camp “Stalag XC” and the officers camp “Oflag XB”.
British troops marched into Nienburg on April 9, 1945. As a result of flight and expulsion from the German eastern areas, various refugee camps were set up in the city area in the post-war period , where, for example, refugees from Silesia were housed. Such camps were among others in Langendamm and in Ziegelkampstrasse (Camp Churchill).
During the rule of the Counts of Hoya in Nienburg, large quantities of food were required for the castle residents and guests. To produce this food, a farm was set up and maintained in front of the castle's mill gate in the Weserbogen. This is how the “Vorwerk Schäferhof” came into being. After the Count of Hoya died out in 1582, the new sovereigns leased the courtyard and building areas. So a domain was born .
When the lease period for the domain expired in 1962, the Schäferhof domain was not leased again following a fundamental decision by the state government to dissolve all domains.
As part of the Lower Saxony regional reform, the neighboring communities of Erichshagen (Flecken) , Holtorf and Langendamm and parts of the dissolved community of Leeseringen (Schäferhof / Kattriede) were incorporated on March 1, 1974 .
(1961 on June 6th, 1970 on May 27th, each with the later incorporated towns, from 1987 on each December 31st )
From 1976 to 2007 Nienburg was the seat of the regional superintendent of the Calenberg-Hoya district of the Evangelical Lutheran regional church of Hanover . Today Nienburg is the seat of an Evangelical Lutheran church district. In Nienburg, these include the historic St. Martin Church in the city center, the St. Michael Church from 1957 on Martinsheidestrasse, and the Kreuzkirche from 1964 on Steigerthalstrasse.
The Catholic Church of St. Bernward, named after Bernward von Hildesheim , is located on Stettiner Straße. It was built by Josef Fehlig and consecrated in 1957, and in 1980 a free-standing bell tower was added. Before that there was already a small Catholic church in Nienburg, consecrated in 1862, under the same patronage . The parish of St. Bernward belongs to the dean's office of Hanover in the Diocese of Hildesheim , and from 2006 to 2015 the Church of the Holy Family in Rodewald also belonged to it .
The Evangelical Free Church of Nienburg ( Baptists ) was founded in 1946 by refugees , initially with a very wide catchment area and different places of worship. In Nienburg this was initially in the deaconess house on Stahnwall. In 1959 a barn was purchased on Grefengrund and converted into a community hall. In 2011 the number of members of the community is given as 130.
A New Apostolic Church is located at Amselhof. A regional church community , a Free Christian Congregation, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , Jehovah's Witnesses and a Turkish-Islamic Congregation are also represented in Nienburg.
Other churches are located in localities incorporated into Nienburg.
The city council of Nienburg has 38 members. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 30,001 and 40,000 inhabitants. The 38 council members are elected for five years each by local elections. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor Henning Onkes (independent) is also entitled to vote in the city council.
The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:
- CDU : 13 seats, including 1st Deputy Mayor Wilhelm Schlemermeyer
- SPD : 12 seats, including the 2nd deputy mayor Cornelia Feske
- GREEN : 5 seats
- WG Nienburg : 3 seats
- FDP : 2 seats
- LEFT : 2 seats
- ULN: 1 seat
The FDP parliamentary group has joined forces with the councilor of the ULN (Independent List Nienburg) to form the FDP-ULN group.
One member resigned from the SPD parliamentary group and joined the WG parliamentary group, so that the SPD only has 11 and the WG now has 4 seats.
The full-time mayor of the city of Nienburg is Henning Onkes (non-party). In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, he was re-elected as incumbent against three other candidates with 55.9% of the vote. The turnout was 43.3%. Onkes began his further term on November 1, 2014.
coat of arms
Blazon : split between gold and red; divided in front, above in the field sprinkled with nine red hearts a tearing, forward striding, red-tongued blue lion, below a red-armored, black bear paw pointing forward; in the back, over five tinned wall with open gate, eleven tinned archway and silver portcullis, three pointed and blue roofed, triple windowed silver towers with golden balls.
The bear paws refer to the Counts of Hoya , who owned Nienburg from 1215 to 1582. The lion with the hearts refers to the Guelph dukes of Braunschweig-Lüneburg , to whose domain Nienburg belonged from 1582 to 1866. The archway with towers is a sign of defensibility, for the possession of city rights and the three former city gates of Nienburg (Lein, Norder and Wesertor).
Nienburg's twin cities are
- Las Cruces , NM ( United States )
- Vitebsk ( Belarus )
- Bartoszyce (German Bartenstein; Poland )
- Nienburg (Saale) ( Germany )
Culture and sights
Theaters and museums
- The Theater auf dem Hornwerk offers over 100 performances per year with 626 seats.
- The Cultural Nienburger Kulturwerk is a place for meeting and communication in Nienburg. Regionally and nationally known artists from the cabaret and cabaret scene regularly perform in the Kulturwerk. The sponsor of the cultural center is the association “Nienburger Kulturwerk e. V. "
- The Museum Nienburg im Fresenhof is the museum for history and archeology in the region.
- The Lower Saxony Police Museum is part of the Lower Saxony Police Academy.
In the basement of the Jazz Club Nienburg e. V. in the Leinstraße events take place regularly. In addition, the music school Nienburg / W. e. V. , who actively participates in Nienburg's musical life, for example by taking part in the Nienburg target shooting, Whitsun concert or on the day of national mourning. The music students also offer regular small-scale concerts or provide musical accompaniment for events such as the Advent bazaar, museum festival, etc. Once a year the concert and swing orchestra and the youth symphony orchestra of the music school give a concert.
- Town hall, one of the oldest and most impressive buildings in the city, probably built in the 15th century, at the latest at the beginning of the 16th (year 1533). The core of the building still belongs to the late Gothic, the large bricks in the monastery format are exposed on the courtyard side and can be recognized in the eastern part of the market side through the muddy surface, in the western part they have been concealed under plaster since the most recent renovation. After 1582, the house was redesigned in the Weser Renaissance style, with a west gable made of sandstone and a sandstone portal. In the Baroque period it was extended with half-timbering, on the market side above an arbor made of sandstone arcades, and in 1778 the roof turret with bell and clock. In 2011 this tower was replaced by a replica.
- Parish Church of St. Martin , main church of the city and landmark with the 72 m high tower,
- Restored post office , a former Burgmannshof and for many decades the electoral and later the Royal Hannoversche Post with post office and horse change; today the location of the city library
- Fresenhof with Museum Nienburg , legendary Burgmannshof, where mainly the knights belonging to the count's entourage lived, since 1985 part of the Nienburg museums
- Stock tower , one of the city's landmarks, remains of the former moated castle of the Hoya Counts
- Patrizierhaus Lange Straße 41, the corner house on Weserstraße is one of the most beautiful half-timbered houses in the city;
- Until recently, one of the most important town houses in the city was the Wiesensche Haus, also on Langen Strasse (No. 34) . The building, with its magnificent sandstone canyon, was demolished in 2012 because it was in disrepair. The renaissance bay window was removed and reused in the new building (2015).
- Quaet-Faslem-Haus , built as a two-storey representative residential building in the classical style. The building now serves as a museum;
- Rauchhaus in the museum garden. Erected in 1633 as a small farmer's house in the simplest form. The building originally stood in a small town in the Nienburg district. In the early 1960s, it was converted into the museum garden true to the original. Inside is the Lower Saxony Asparagus Museum for the Middle Weser region.
- The Jewish cemetery in Bruchstrasse has over 200 gravestones for the Jewish deceased from Nienburg and the surrounding area from the period 1694 to 1950. The cemetery is a protected cultural monument .
The street layout of the city center corresponds to that of the medieval Nienburg, which can be seen from the Hamelmann plan from 1634. Many buildings also date from the Middle Ages (including Burgmannshöfe, the church and the town hall). In the city center there are guided tours with the Nienburg night watchman.
Art in public space
Scattered in the cityscape of Nienburg are various sculptures and objects by artists from the region. These art objects are made from a wide variety of materials, such as bronze , stainless steel , stone, granite and wood :
in the old town of Nienburg
- the bronze statue Nienburger Glasmacher (1989) by Kurt Tassotti in Lange Straße . The statue is a reminder of the tradition of glass production in Nienburg and is a gift from the company "Nienburger Glas" to the citizens of the city of Nienburg on the occasion of the company's 100th anniversary
- in the Lange Straße (southern part) Asparagus fountain (1998; bronze) by Helge Michael Breig . The sculpture symbolizes Nienburg's reputation as an asparagus town.
- in the Lange Straße opposite the historic town hall a bronze relief showing the layout of the old town from 1634.
- at the Theater auf dem Hornwerk Neighing Hengst (1981; bronze; cast, installed in 1989) by Gerhard Marcks . The statue was erected for the inauguration of the theater; further casts are in Aachen and Gießen. Gerhard Marcks was one of the most important expressionist sculptors in Germany.
- the sculpture Marion + Weser (1976; stone) by Stefan Gesa in the ramparts at Meerbach on Mühlenstrasse . The baby in the arms of the stone figure symbolizes the Weser. The model for the figure was a little girl from Leese (Nienburg / Weser district)
- the bronze statue Ross Bayard (1987) by Michael Peelmann in the green area on Leinstrasse . It is a gift from the twin town Dendermonde in Belgium.
- on the church square two bronze statues (1991) by Volker Neuhoff: Charlemagne and Saxon Duke Widukind . The sculptures symbolize the reconciliation of two arch enemies. The occasion for the installation was the 550th anniversary of the parish church of St. Martin
- Am Posthof Kleine Nienburgerin (1979; bronze) by Marianne Bleeke-Ehret. The sculpture emerged from a competition on the occasion of the 950th anniversary of Nienburg in 1975. It was named after the folk song “Ich bin die kleine Nienburgerin”, popular at the end of the 19th century.
- in Hakenstrasse the oak sculpture Fliehende Trees (1996) by Bernd Moenikus. The sculpture is a memorial against the destruction of the tropical rainforest. The work of art was donated by the BUND district group to the city of Nienburg.
outside the old town of Nienburg
- in the Verdener Straße on the post office The separation (1990; bronze) by Axel Seyler . The sculpture was created as part of a construction project in the course of converting the Bundespost into Deutsche Post and Telekom . The figures symbolize the connection between the two parts.
- The sculpture Flora II (1989) by Fritz Koenig in Verdener Straße on the premises of the Employment Agency . It was created as part of the new construction of the employment office
- on Goetheplatz the fountain The Three Graces (1979; stainless steel) by Joachim Wolff . It was set up on the occasion of the construction of the VGH administration building.
- the sculpture Die Krone (1988) by Christiane Möbus in Hafenstrasse . The work of art, made of granite and gilded bronze, was erected as part of the construction of the state central bank.
The little girl from Nienburg is the title character of a folk song. In 1975 a bronze monument was placed behind the post office courtyard, designed by the sculptor Marianne Bleeke-Ehret . Every year since 1994 a young woman has been elected from the district town to represent the city on various occasions together with representatives from politics, administration and business. During her appearances, she wears a historical dress from the Biedermeier period. The little girl from Nienburg is Nienburg's symbolic figure for the German Fairy Tale Route , which leads from Hanau via Nienburg to Bremen.
On the side of the Posthof there is a carillon that sounds the melody of the song “Ich bin die kleine Nienburgerin” every day at 9 a.m., 12 p.m. and 3 p.m. In this song, which was written around the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, Century was well known in the city and its surroundings and was often played on the radio in the 1930s, the little Nienburg woman and the Calenburg farmer alternately sing about their clothes. In the past, such alternating chants often originated at national borders and have a folkloric meaning, they are referred to as neighborhood nonsense. When the carillon sounds, it is a reminder of the centuries-old border between the principalities of Lüneburg and Calenberg . The border ran just a few kilometers north and east of the city.
A natural monument in the vicinity is the Giebichenstein , a huge boulder , the largest of its kind in Lower Saxony , that came to the “Krähe” forest area near Stöckse east of Nienburg through the Ice Ages .
The top-class football club in Nienburg is SV Inter Komata Nienburg in the Hanover district league. In handball, the HSG Nienburg (SV Erichshagen, SV Heemsen, Holtorfer SV, SCB Langendamm, SV Aue Liebenau and JG Oyle) plays in the Lower Saxony Oberliga. The first men's team became Lower Saxony champions in 2015, the A-Juniors played in the Juniorinnen-Bundesliga in 2018/2019 and the B-Juniors took part in the final round of the German Championship in 2017.
Nienburg is the annual venue for the Nienburg asparagus run, which has been a major event since 2004 in mid-May. Around 2000 athletes took part in 2016. The run leads on a 2.5 km circuit through the historic old town of Nienburg, through the green belt around the city center and along the Weser. There is also a 1 km course for schoolchildren.
A team from Nienburg is also represented in international motorsport: Wiechers-Sport is a private touring car racing team that has been on the national scene since 1999 ( DTC and V8-Star ) and has competed in the World Touring Car Championship since 2005 . This year the team and its driver Marc Hennerici succeeded in winning the privateer driver championship. He succeeded again with the Italian Stefano d'Aste in 2007. This makes Wiechers-Sport one of the most successful private teams in international touring car racing.
Rowing is also very common in Nienburg. In addition to the RRASS (rowing team of the Albert Schweitzer School ) there is also the rowing club Nienburg e. V.
- The spring market generally takes place on the first weekend in April in the city center.
- The asparagus festival is held on a weekend in the second half of May; it also includes the “asparagus run”, which is organized every year.
- At the end of June / beginning of July - on the Monday after “ Midsummer ” - there is the traditional target shooting march and as a conclusion on Wednesday after “Midsummer” there is a “ jacket potato meal ” with herring and bacon on a several hundred meter long table in the pedestrian zone.
- In summer the WESERBEATZ Festival on the festival meadow with the motto " Get Nazis out of sync ".
- The Altstadtfest is the largest city center festival with music on several stages in the city center and with a flea market throughout the city center on the fourth Saturday in September. During the old town festival, the Burn Out Festival also takes place as an open air music festival.
- The “Nienburger Herbst” (September to December) is a series of cultural events with an extensive program.
- In addition, the weekly market takes place on Wednesday and Saturday mornings on Langen Strasse. In 2008 the Nienburg weekly market was named the “most beautiful weekly market” in Europe by the Lebendige Stadt Foundation . In the meantime, however, this title is no longer advertised.
- Nienburger asparagus is the special delicacy in many variations from the local growing area. The importance of this vegetable in the region is taken into account by the Lower Saxony Asparagus Museum and the Lower Saxony Asparagus Route .
- Nienburg Bear Paws : When the Huguenots were expelled from France, the Facompré family came to Nienburg in 1791 and brought a closely guarded biscuit recipe with them from their homeland. For this purpose, a coppersmith made the bear paw shape based on the seal of the Counts of Hoya who ruled Nienburg until 1582 . The legally protected real “Nienburger Bear Paws” are still available today.
Economy and Infrastructure
In Nienburg there is a large glass production facility of the Ardagh Group , which operates a total of nine locations in Germany for container glass. Furthermore, there is a catalytic converter plant of BASF Catalysts Germany GmbH in Nienburg, where exhaust gas catalytic converters are manufactured for the automotive sector. The company Chr. Hansen and PB Gelatins provide products for the food industry. The company HB Fuller manufactures adhesives. The local daily newspaper Die Harke appears in Nienburg .
Nienburg is the main location of the Helios Kliniken Mittelweser in the group of Helios Kliniken . The Nienburg Hospital has been located in a new building since 2006 on the site of the Mudra barracks that were previously used by the British armed forces. The old hospital building was demolished in May 2011 and there are now multi-family houses in its place.
The fire brigade of the city of Nienburg consists of the four volunteer fire brigades Nienburg, Holtorf, Erichshagen and Langendamm. In addition, the fire department technical center (FTZ) of the district of Nienburg / Weser is located on Verdener Landstrasse . This is also where the control center is located, where all emergency calls for the entire district are made. These volunteer fire brigades provide defensive fire protection and general help. Full-time workers also work at the location in the core city on the Berliner Ring during the day. Every year the fire brigades of the city of Nienburg go to around 400 missions, of which around 300 are deployed by the fire brigade in the city center.
As a garrison town, Nienburg has a tradition that goes back to the Thirty Years War . In 1943 was in the Mudra army barracks infantry messages Replacement Company 269 and at times the regimental school 269. From 1950 to 1996 was in the now as Assaye Barracks , the 21st Engineer designated former Mudra Barracks regiment of the British Army of the Rhine before moved it to Osnabrück. The Bundeswehr has been using the newly built Clausewitz barracks in the Langendamm district since 1957 , where large parts of Panzer Brigade 3 and parts of Artillery Regiment 1 were located. At the moment, the Multinational CIMIC Command and the Electronic Warfare Battalion 912 are stationed there.
For many years, Nienburg / Weser was the location of the Hanover University of Applied Sciences with the departments for architecture and civil engineering and around 850 students. This technical college emerged from the building trade school of the 19th century, which helped shape part of the city's more recent history and where the well-known master builder Bruno Emanuel Quaet-Faslem taught as royal building officer. The Nienburg location of the Hanover University of Applied Sciences with its two departments of architecture and civil engineering was given up after a decision by the Lower Saxony state government in 2003 despite violent protests from the city of Nienburg and the local region. No more students have been admitted to the Nienburg site since the 2004/2005 winter semester. The oldest building school in Lower Saxony finally closed on March 1, 2009. The tradition of this institution ended after 156 years.
The Lower Saxony Police Academy has had its headquarters in Nienburg since October 1, 2007 , where up to 500 police students study. The permanent staff of the police academy is about 130 employees. The historic building of the academy was modernized in several steps.
The two general high schools with a long historical tradition are also located in the inner city of Nienburg: the Albert Schweitzer School (1949 the first high school in Germany named after Albert Schweitzer , still with his personal approval) and the Marion Dönhoff High School , an environmental school in Europe . The latter was called Hindenburg School until May 8, 2006 .
The IGS Nienburg was founded in 2013. In 2016 she moved into an independent, newly built building near the BBS. The five-train school increases by one year every year. The construction of the building for the secondary school began in 2018 and was completed in 2019. In the 2019/2020 school year, the first year was able to enter the upper school and prepare for the Abitur.
The train station in Nienburg / Weser is called Bahnhof Nienburg (Weser) and is on the Bremen – Hanover railway line , from which the line to Minden branches off. It is served every two hours by IC on line 56 (Norddeich–) Emden – Oldenburg (Oldb) –Bremen-Hanover – Magdeburg – Leipzig / Berlin. Since 2012, an ICE has stopped on this line in the morning and in the evening and since 2013 an ICE from Berlin and Munich has also been on the Nienburg timetable in the evening.
Use local public transport
- every hour of the RE ( Norddeich - Emden -) / ( Bremerhaven -) Bremen Hbf - Hannover Hbf ,
- every two hours the Porta-Express Nienburg (Weser) - Minden - Bielefeld and
- every hour the S-Bahn S2 to Hannover Hbf - Haste .
In the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 , structural changes are planned at the Nienburg (Weser) train station, which should enable a connection to the regional S-Bahn Bremen / Lower Saxony .
The city area has been served by a city bus network since May 2001 . A total of six radial lines , four every half hour and two every hour, are linked to one another at the “City-Treff” stop on the eastern edge of the old town using the so-called rendezvous concept . With around one million passengers a year (2011), the bus network has achieved a high level of acceptance and 50% more customers than originally forecast.
Nienburg can be reached via the four-lane federal highway B 6 , the B 214 , the B 215 and the B 209 . Since November 2019, the B 215 has been routed past the city center via a southern bypass road. The planned federal motorways A 32 and A 35 were not realized. This means that Nienburg has no direct connection to the motorway network. The next motorway is the A 27 (junction Verden -Nord ( B 215 ), Verden-Ost and Walsrode- West ( B 209 )) at a distance of approx. 40 kilometers.
sons and daughters of the town
- Julius Ludwig Rothermundt (1827–1890), Russian councilor and industrialist
- David Rust (1831–1916), doctor, paleontologist and ornithologist
- Ernst von Bothmer (1841–1906), diplomat
- Ernst Teichmann (1869–1919), Protestant theologian and zoologist
- Heinrich Lübbe (1884–1940), mechanical engineer
- Karl Hoffmann (1887–1970), major general of the police and SS brigade leader
- Julius Dittforth (1890–1947), plumber, trade union politician , President of the Reich Railway Directorate and Erfurt City Council (SPD)
- Grete Gillet (1895–1970), Protestant theologian
- Ernst Thoms (1896–1983), painter of the New Objectivity
- Friedrich Bartels (1903–1973), Protestant theologian and clergyman vice-president of the Ev.-luth. Regional Church of Hanover
- Heinrich Jordt (1917–1987), Rear Admiral of the People's Navy
- Oskar Gröning (1921–2018), German SS member
- Helmut Rode (* 1931), entrepreneur and politician (CDU)
- Lutz Meyer-Goßner (* 1936), judge at the Federal Court of Justice from 1983 to 2001
- Jörg Mahlstedt (1943–2011), nuclear medicine specialist
- Georg Quaet-Faslem (1845–1919), forester, state forestry council and secret councilor
- Detlef Buder (* 1946), politician (SPD), former member of the state parliament in Schleswig-Holstein
- Volker Finke (* 1948), football coach
- Gisela Born-Siebicke (* 1949), politician (CDU), former member of the state parliament in the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament
- Johannes K. Rücker (* 1949), adult educator
- Regine Winter (* 1957), judge at the Federal Labor Court
- Susanne Schröter (* 1957), Professor of Ethnology
- Ricky van Helden (* 1959), rock musician
- Carsten Sieling (* 1959), politician (SPD), former mayor and President of the Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen
- Maja Maranow (1961–2016), actress
- Christiane Kunst (* 1963), professor of ancient history
- Bernd Frenz (* 1964), journalist and author
- Tim Meyer (* 1967), sports medicine specialist, member of the medical team of the German national soccer team
- Holger Sievers (* 1968), racing cyclist (Lamonta)
- Ute Lawrentz , journalist and television presenter
- Maik Beermann (* 1981), politician (CDU), member of the Bundestag
- Levent Ayçiçek (* 1994), football player
- Nathalie Volk (* 1997), model and actress
Personalities associated with the city
- Hilmar von Münchhausen (1512–1573), German mercenary leader , royal Spanish colonel, pledge master and Drost at Steyerberg Castle since 1565 , is buried with his wife Lucia in St. Martin's Church
- Bruno Emanuel Quaet-Faslem (1785–1851), architect and master builder in the 19th century, founder of the oldest building school in Lower Saxony, later renamed the Hanover University of Applied Sciences, Nienburg branch, for architecture and civil engineering.
- Heinrich Albert Oppermann (1812–1870) senior court attorney and writer. His grave memorial designed by Ferdinand Hartzer has stood opposite the theater on the Hornwerk since 1994.
- Heinrich Gade (1816–1910), German teacher and historian
- Louis Biester (1882-1965), German politician (SPD)
- Friedrich Deckner (1915–2009), composer (e.g. “Nienburger Hausspruchkantate”) and choirmaster
- Eike Hensch (* 1935), architect and geomancer, former professor at the university of applied sciences
- Rolf Grimm (* 1937), architect and historian, former professor at the technical college
- Uli Stein (* 1954), former soccer player and European Cup winner of the national champions, played for FC Nienburg until 1973
- Christian Immler (* 1964), German non-fiction author
- Christian Stäblein (* 1967), Lutheran theologian, seminary director, provost in Berlin, was pastor at St. Martinskirche from 2002 to 2008
- Jens Todt (* 1970), former soccer player and European champion, played for ASC Nienburg from 1978 to 1989
- Annika de Buhr (* 1972), journalist and TV presenter, ZDF, NDR 3, ambassador of the German Cancer Aid
- Mark Feuerle: Garrison and Society. Nienburg and his soldiers. Bremen 2004, ISBN 978-3-86108-042-8 .
- Heinrich Gade : History of the city of Nienburg on the Weser. With special reference to the history of the Counts of Hoya. Edited from the sources by Heinrich Gade. 1862; Original reprint: Lesberg, Nienburg (Weser) 1974, ISBN 3-920244-06-0 .
- Heinrich Gade: Historical-geographic-statistical description of the counties Hoya and Diepholz. Nienburg 1901.
- Walter Read Mountain: Nienburg. Nienburg 1990.
- Rainer Sabelleck : Nienburg. In: Herbert Obenaus (Ed. In collaboration with David Bankier and Daniel Fraenkel): Historical manual of the Jewish communities in Lower Saxony and Bremen. Volume 1 and 2 (1668 pages), Göttingen 2005, ISBN 3-89244-753-5 , pages 1105–1121 (with 1 illustration).
- Hermann Ziegler: Living history in stone. A tour through the old town of Nienburg. Nienburg / Weser ² 1991, 70 p. M. numerous Fig. ISBN 3-920244-11-7
- Hans-Cord Sarnighausen : Kurhannoversche Amtsjuristen from 1708 to 1866 in Nienburg / Weser , in: GENEALOGIE - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Familienkunde, Verlag Degener & Co. Insingen, Issue 1/2011, pp. 386–415 with illus.
- Museum Nienburg / Weser (Ed.): Ernst Thoms. 1896 Nienburg - 1983 Langeln-Wietzen. Memorial exhibition for the 100th birthday on November 13, 1996 in the Museum Nienburg - Quaet-Faslem-Haus and Fresenhof. Museum association for the counties of Hoya, Diepholz and Wölpe, Nienburg / Weser 1996, ISBN 3-9802844-4-1
- Mark Feuerle (with contributions by Patricia Berger, Bernd Ulrich Hucker and Hans Otto Schneegluth): Nienburg. A city story. Bremen: Temmen, 2010, 680 pp.
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- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
-  German Weather Service
- Hermann Tickert: The district Nienburg (Weser) . Walter Dorn Verlag, Bremen-Horn 1959, p. 203 .
- Nienburg in the Third Reich
- History of the Stalag XC and Oflag XB at Relict.com
- Camp Churchill
- City of Nienburg / Weser: Schäferhof-Kattriede
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 198 .
- http://www.efg-nienburg.de/content/geschichte-der-gemeinde , read on May 23, 2011.
- Numbers on kdo.de
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on November 15, 2014
- City of Nienburg - city council elections on September 11, 2011 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ), accessed on November 14, 2014
- Individual results of the direct elections on May 25, 2014 in Lower Saxony , accessed on November 14, 2014
- Theater auf dem Hornwerk ( Memento from August 19, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Nienburger Kulturwerk
- http://www.museum-nienburg.de/ Museum Nienburg
- Nienburger asparagus run , accessed on March 16, 2017
- The Wiechers Sport Team in the FIA World Touring Car Championship
- Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, p. 162, serial. No. 3, project no. 2-003-V03 , accessed December 16, 2019 .
- Verkehrsgesellschaft Landkreis Nienburg mbH (Ed.): Annual Report 2011 . 2012, p. 14 ( vln-nienburg.de [PDF]). Annual Report 2011 ( Memento from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Free travel on Nienburg's southern bypass. November 5, 2019, accessed November 10, 2019 .