|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|County :||Rotenburg (Wümme)|
|Height :||30 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||99 km 2|
|Residents:||21,956 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||222 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||27356|
|Area code :||04261|
|License plate :||ROW, BRV|
|Community key :||03 3 57 039|
|City structure:||Core city and 4 districts|
City administration address :
|Grosse Strasse 1
27356 Rotenburg (Wümme)
|Mayor :||Andreas Weber ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Rotenburg (Wümme) in the district of Rotenburg (Wümme)|
Rotenburg (Wümme) , in Low German Rodenborg (Wümm) , is a medium- sized town and district town in the Rotenburg (Wümme) district in northeastern Lower Saxony . It is located on the Wümme and in the triangle between Bremen , Hanover and Hamburg .
Rotenburg is located in the Stader Geest natural area at the intersection of several of its sub-areas: The city is located in the lowlands of the three rivers Wümme , Wiedau and Rodau . To the north the urban area borders on the Zevener Geest , to the south on the Achim-Verdener Geest . There are extensive forests and natural moors around Rotenburg, as well as the Große and Kleine Bullensee .
Zeven , Bremervörde
24 km, 48 km
Tostedt , Hamburg
31 km, 70 km
Walsrode , Hanover
34 km, 96 km
Visselhövede , Soltau
19 km, 36
Foundation and Middle Ages
Today's place was created under the protection of Rotenburg Castle to the west of it, which was founded around 1195 by Bishop Rudolf von Verden (1189–1205) as his official seat and as a bulwark against the nearby Ottersberg Castle . The origin of the name is unclear. Scientifically preferred is the origin of the clearing castle in the swamp area or the red castle (reference to red brick as a building material). Rotenburg, which belonged to the diocese and the monastery of Verden, repeatedly served as the residence of the bishops. At the beginning of the 15th century, the place received a soft image constitution, i. H. special freedom rights in relation to the sovereign. A mayor and a councilor are named in a document. The term soft image later changed to stains . Around 1500 the place, which developed into a market town, was fortified with walls and gates.
Thirty Years' War
A central local function of Rotenburg for the surrounding parishes can be proven since the 16th century and thus also the seat of an official administration for an administrative district, the predecessor of today's district. In 1566, Bishop Eberhard von Holle (1566–1586) introduced the Reformation according to the Lutheran Confession. Philipp Sigismund von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Lutheran Prince-Bishop of Verden and Osnabrück , converted the castle into a magnificent Renaissance palace at the end of the 16th century, in whose chapel there was an organ prospectus by the important artist Ludwig Münstermann (today the Focke Museum , Bremen) and which was partially destroyed in 1626 by Tilly's troops .
In Rotenburg, witch hunts were carried out from 1647 to 1666 : Nine women and three men got into witch trials , a 17-year-old woman was burned in 1665. They were direct neighbors of the victims to whom both the abuse allegations and the denunciation could be attributed.
After the Thirty Years' War the rule of the Verden bishops ended and Rotenburg came under Swedish rule as part of the now secularized and now called Duchy of Verden monastery . During this time, the new sovereigns built the castle with the remains of the palace into a modern fortress as a fortress to protect the main fortress of Stade . The expansion of the fortress required the laying down of the western parts of the village, which made it necessary to shift the settlement area to the east. The parish church also had to be demolished and relocated to the place of today's city church.
During the Swedish-Brandenburg War from 1675 to 1676, Rotenburg was conquered in a campaign by several states of the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark and remained in Allied possession until the end of the war in 1679. In the course of the Peace of Saint-Germain in 1679, Rotenburg fell back to Sweden.
The fortress remained in function until around 1680. After that it was neglected, the buildings were demolished and only the fortifications were partially modernized. After 1843 the last ramparts were leveled. In its place is now the site of the former local history museum. In the period between 1626 and 1835, seven city fires can be counted, some of which led to the total destruction of the local building fabric. Swedish rule lasted until Denmark was conquered in 1712.
Belonging to Hanover, Prussia and the German Empire
In 1715 Rotenburg and the entire Duchy of Verden were purchased by the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg . During the Napoleonic Wars, the region around Rotenburg belonged to the French Empire . After the Congress of Vienna in 1814, the former Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg was re -established as the Kingdom of Hanover . Here Rotenburg formed the center of the Rotenburg office within the Landdrostei Stade . This structure is still recognizable today within the boundaries of various institutions such as the IHK Stade or the Landschaftsverband Stade . After Hanover was annexed by Prussia in 1866, Rotenburg was within the province of Hanover , which is why the place was named Rotenburg in Hanover . During this time, the rail connection on the Bremen – Hamburg runway , which opened in 1874, was established. In 1880, the Rotenburg Works of the Inner Mission , which still exist today, were founded by Adolf Kottmeier as sites for the mentally handicapped . In 1905 the Evangelical-Lutheran Deaconess Mother House Bethesda , founded by Elise Averdieck , moved its headquarters from Hamburg to Rotenburg, which was connected with the construction of a hospital (today's Diakonieklinikum) and taking care of the residents of the Rotenburg works. In 1929 the district of Rotenburg received city rights.
Rotenburg during the Nazi era
The National Socialist German Workers' Party received 65% of the votes in the Reichstag election in March 1933 and was thus considerably higher than the Reich average of 43.9%. The anti-Semitic / ethnic fighting front black-white-red received a further 17.5% of the votes in Rotenburg (Reich election result: 8%). This mostly ethnic-nationalistic attitude shaped the society and the institutions of Rotenburg in the following years. In today's Rotenburg works , at that time Rotenburg institutes of the Inner Mission, sanatorium and nursing home for epileptics , the teachings of racial hygiene and questions about the " destruction of life unworthy of life " were the subject of the nursing training as early as 1931, before the Nazis came to power . By 1945, 97 residents and 238 residents had been subjected to forced sterilization . Other residents were selected, taken to the train station and taken from there to research facilities or extermination camps. A total of 547 residents of today's Rotenburg works were killed as part of the T4 campaign . Individual fates such as members of the Kromminga family or the resident Erich Paulicke were documented in more detail. Rotenburg was the location of a labor education camp , to which forced laborers and eastern workers who did not comply with the rules were admitted. At the time of National Socialism , the Jews residing in Rotenburg (such as the local merchant family Cohn) were expelled or deported and mostly murdered. Against resistance from the population, the Cohn barn was built as a museum and memorial in 2005 . It offers an insight into the history and Jewish life of the city.
post war period
The process of coming to terms with the time of National Socialism continues to the present and was in part only begun after the turn of the millennium. From 1989 to 1992 Rotenburg was the headquarters of the " Silent Help ", an organization dedicated to the defense and support of perpetrators of the Nazi regime. The candidate of the Rotenburg CDU, city director Ernst-Ulrich Pfeifer, was criticized for his support of the silent help.
After the end of the Second World War, the city, which initially belonged to the state of Hanover and then to the new state of Lower Saxony and until then more than 90% Protestant, grew strongly due to the settlement of many expellees, especially from Silesia and East Prussia . Among the new citizens at that time there was also a large number of Catholics who moved into a new church building in the Corpus Christi Church in 1961. More new citizens moved in in connection with the local garrison or the Diakoniekrankenhaus. Rotenburg lost its original character as an agricultural town . Numerous new building areas and new schools were the result. On May 16, 1969, the city and district changed their name from Rotenburg in Hanover to Rotenburg (Wümme) . In 1977, as part of the district reform, the city remained the seat of the district administration of an enlarged Rotenburg district . Since the opening of the Iron Curtain, Rotenburg has experienced a further surge in growth through the influx of many Russian Germans and other late repatriates from countries of the former Eastern Bloc. This group of new residents has now shaped several districts. Rotenburg hosted the Trinidad and Tobago national team during the 2006 World Cup .
On March 1, 1974, the municipalities of Borchel, Mulmshorn, Unterstedt and Waffensen were amalgamated in the course of the Lower Saxony municipal reform, which increased the urban area to 98.81 km².
In Rotenburg (Wümme), which is traditionally evangelical-Lutheran, is the Rotenburg (Wümme) town church . The Roman Catholic parish has its seat in the Corpus Christi Church . In Rotenburg (Wümme) there are community rooms of the Evangelical Free Church Congregation , the Free Evangelical Congregation (FeG), the Jehovah's Witnesses , the New Apostolic Congregation , the Zion Church and the Adventist Church .
A growing proportion of the population is not affiliated with any denomination.
The council of the city of Rotenburg (Wümme) consists of 34 council women and councilors. This is the specified number for a city with a population between 20,001 and 25,000. The 34 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The last term of office began on November 1, 2011 and ends on October 31, 2016.
The full-time mayor Andreas Weber (SPD) is also entitled to vote in the city council.
The local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following distribution of the 34 seats in the city council:
|Party / list||Seats|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||5|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||2 *|
|Rotenburg voter initiative (WIR)||2|
|Free voters Lower Saxony||1|
* arithmetically two, but actually one vacant and therefore only one seat
Share of votes of the parties in percent
|year||CDU||SPD||Green||AfD||WE||Free voters||FDP||Others||voter turnout|
|2011||35.1||33.6||18.7||n / A||4.0||n / A||2.8||5.8||nb|
The full-time mayor of the city of Rotenburg (Wümme) is Andreas Weber (SPD). In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, he was elected with 59.6% of the vote. His opponent, the previous incumbent Detlef Eichinger (CDU), received 40.4%. The turnout was 55.8%. Weber took up his post on November 1, 2014.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In silver a circumferential red pinnacle wall, within which there are a high and two low red pinnacle towers with blue pointed roofs, on top two facing, leaning shields: heraldically on the right in silver a black pointed paw cross (so-called" cross of nails "), heraldically divided on the left of red with three silver diagonal bars and gold. "
Rotenburg is connected to through a town partnership
The city has sponsorships for other Rotenburgs (in different spellings):
- Rothenburg ob der Tauber , Bavaria , Germany
- Rotenburg ad Fulda , Hesse , Germany
- Rothenburg / Oberlausitz , Saxony , Germany
- Rothenburg (Saale) , Saxony-Anhalt , Germany
- Rothenburg LU , Switzerland
- Czerwieńsk , Poland (Rothenburg an der Oder)
Culture and sights
- Evangelical Lutheran City Church (important neo-Gothic hall church under the influence of Friedrich Schinkel's Friedrichswerderscher Kirche Berlin, built 1860–1862 by the Bremen architect Klingenberg, with altar structure, organ front, pulpit and cast-iron columns from the time of construction, baptismal font from the 16th century, bell from the 14th century, painting by Rudolf Schäfer from the 20th century; tower from the 18th century)
- In the old Rudolf Schäfer House in the city center, the Rudolf Schäfer Association has set up a museum with pictures by Rudolf Schäfer .
- The historic Cohn barn was rebuilt in the immediate vicinity of the town church and opened on September 19, 2010 as a museum for Jewish life in Rotenburg and the surrounding area and as an interreligious meeting center. This is a half-timbered house that was owned by the Jewish Cohn family, who previously lived here, and whose original, dismantled framework has been preserved.
- The 1914/18 war memorial next to the town church in memory of the town's fallen sons
- Storage district on the Stadtstreek (building from 1806/1812)
- Von Düring barracks . The barracks, built in the mid-1930s and named in 1964 after the night fighter pilot Helmut Lent , was renamed in June 2020 after the freedom fighter and forester Johann Christian von Düring . He is also considered a co-founder of the hunter troop , which is important for the location of a hunter battalion. The barracks is a military security area.
- Half-timbered and stone buildings from the 17th to 19th centuries in Goethestrasse and Großer Strasse (such as Kantor-Helmke-Haus, Superintendentur, Alte Apotheke, Rudolf-Schäfer-Haus)
- Heritage House (formerly Heritage Museum ) in a 2- rack of the 18th century, which was transferred from barking here in the 20th century -Bauernhaus. It stands on the site that until the beginning of the 19th century contained the Rotenburg castle, palace and fortress. Fragments of the renaissance castle are placed at the former local museum. The Heimathaus serves as an event building. A beer garden is operated on the outside area in summer. The Kneipp facility and the apothecary garden, the coach house and the old oven, which is regularly used by a baking group, and the currently unused honey store belong to the ensemble of the site. The museum legacy of the local history museum is currently being processed, a reopening of the museum is planned.
- Modern fountain Paar-oh-die by Jürgen Goertz on the Neuer Markt
- Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Good Shepherd (built in 1912, with altar paintings by Rudolf Schäfer)
- Art tower (former hose tower of the fire brigade, today gallery)
- Catholic Corpus Christi Church (1961) with Lady Chapel
Horse fountain by Claus Homfeld at the horse market
Parody of Paar-oh-die , a sculpture by Jürgen Goertz
The Cohn barn
The Rotenburg rock group Everlaunch was founded in 1999.
The largest association in the Rotenburg (Wümme) district with more than 2000 active members is the Tus Rotenburg, which was founded on May 5, 1861. The largest and most successful divisions are the handball department, whose men are currently playing in the North Sea handball league , and the shared basketball department with TV Scheeßel , whose first women are currently playing in the second division. One of the best-known branches is the aerobics department, which has won several German championships.
The Rotenburger SV was established in 1949.
- The Rotenburg Guitar Week has been attracting internationally renowned guitarists to the district town every year since 1982.
- On the “Wümmering” dirt track in Mulmshorn every year in July, the MSC Mulmshorn motorcycle dirt track race.
The Bruns spirits factory has existed since 1906 and produces schnapps and liqueurs. Often their names have a reference to the city of Rotenburg. So there is to match the mascot of Rotenburger potato market Knolli a same potato schnapps . Also in the program are the Bullensee blue and the Rotenburger drop . In Rotenburg and the surrounding areas of the Wümmeniederung, traditional Lower Saxon - Bremen home-style cooking is eaten. Are popular seasonal kale , Knipp , wedding soup , venison , potatoes and asparagus.
Economy and Infrastructure
Well-known companies in the automotive industry (Seico sales vehicles GmbH, Borco-Höhns), the automotive supply industry (a Dura Automotive Systems plant ), the building materials industry (Xella / Ytong), information technology (PDS software) and logistics (Oetjen) have settled in Rotenburg . Rotenburg is also the headquarters of the largest horticultural and landscaping company in Lower Saxony, the Grewe company with around 380 employees.
The city is an important service location with the headquarters of a supraregional institution for people with disabilities (Rotenburger Werke der Innere Mission). The Agaplesion Diakonieklinikum Rotenburg in Rotenburg with around 1500 employees is one of the largest hospitals in Lower Saxony. For the origins of the two institutions, see the history section . Rotenburg has branches of Volksbank Wümme-Wieste eG and Bremische Volksbank eG . It is also located in the catchment area of the Sparkasse Rotenburg Osterholz , which is based in Zeven.
In 1964 the barracks were named Lent barracks. In the course of the realignment of the Bundeswehr and the implementation of the ARMY2011 structure , the 91st Jäger Battalion was reorganized and placed under the Armored Training Brigade 9 . Since June 8, 2020, the location has been called Von-Düring-Kaserne .
The airfield Rotenburg (Wümme) (EDXQ) is used for civilian today. The former guard of the airfield fire brigade serves the local branch of the technical relief organization as accommodation and offers this place as well as exercise possibilities through former bunker systems.
- The daily Rotenburger Kreiszeitung exists - formerly as Rotenburger Anzeiger - since 1867. In the meantime it is a regional head edition of the Kreiszeitung Syke in the Kreiszeitung Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG and has a widespread circulation of 10,403 copies and with the Visselhöveder Nachrichten its own small offshoot . In contrast to all other titles in this media group, it is a member of the advertising tariff group Bremer Werbung block of Bremer Tageszeitungen AG .
- The weekly newspaper Rotenburger Rundschau , financed by advertisements, has appeared since 1977, with a circulation of 67,680 copies - including its regional editions Scheeßeler Anzeiger and Visselhöveder Anzeiger. It has also been part of the Kreiszeitung media group since mid-2013.
- Between January 2015 and January 2016, the Rotenburger Neue Presse appeared on Wednesdays , a weekly newspaper financed by advertisements in the city and in the old district of Rotenburg.
- The row-people eV association. has been publishing the online district magazine ROW-People since 2001 .
- The magazine Helene has been published by the Equal Opportunities Officer of the city of Rotenburg since 2012 and appears three times a year.
Rotenburg has a station on the main railway track Hamburg-Bremen , on the part of the so-called Hanse network features of the metronome railway company operate, and is also the starting point of the regional tracks of the EVB busy railway Verden-rotenburg ( Weser-all-path ) , the is also often used as a diversion route on the Hamburg-Hanover / Ruhr area. In addition, there is the freight route operated by EVB via Zeven to Bremervörde (formerly a continuous connection Bremervörde-Walsrode ). The railway line to Brockel (formerly to Visselhövede ), which is also owned by EVB , was dismantled in 2008. Further work at the Rotenburg train station was carried out in 2009. For example, the entire station building was rebuilt.
About four kilometers northwest of the town of Rotenburg (Wümme) is located on a former military airfield opposite the Von-Düring barracks an airfield . The airfield is a commercial airfield that is approved for aircraft with a take-off weight of up to 5.7 tons. It has an 806 m long asphalt runway. The ICAO ID of the airfield is EDXQ.
The supraregional local traffic is guaranteed by regular buses, which are mainly operated by the Weser-Ems-Busgesellschaft . Rotenburg is within the scope of the Verkehrsgemeinschaft Nordost-Niedersachsen , which is located in the southern Hamburg area, and is also connected to the Verkehrsverbund Bremen / Niedersachsen . Local public transport in the city is operated on a voluntary basis by Bürgerbus Rotenburg Wümme eV with 2 buses (8 seats). In particular, the centers such as the hospital, medical center, mayor's office, district office and all larger shopping centers are served.
Network / broadband expansion
The Freifunk-Rotenburg initiative was founded in 2016. The aim is to build a freely available WLAN network based on the Freifunk model for inner-city areas and accommodations for socially disadvantaged people.
- Rotenburg City Library with around 34,000 items
- Rotenburg district archive
- Kantor Helmke School (primary school)
- Bernhard Röper School (ESE, GE)
- Schule am Grafel (primary school)
- City School (Primary School)
- IGS Rotenburg (Integrated Comprehensive School)
- Theodor Heuss School (secondary school)
- Rotenburg secondary school
- Pestalozzischule (special needs school)
- Council high school
- Vocational School (BBS)
- Technical school for social pedagogy (deaconess mother house) / vocational school social assistant
- Technical school for curative education care
- Vocational school for nursing assistance
- Children's nursing school
- Lindenschule (special school for mental development)
- Nursing school
- District music school (with 12 branches)
- Montessori Elementary School
- Community College
The Rotenburg (Wümme) volunteer fire brigade was founded on March 7, 1891.
Citizen engagement and research
The district archeology of Rotenburg is responsible for the preservation of monuments in the district of Rotenburg and researches on various key topics. Current research projects in 2012 include B .:
- The late Mesolithic station Oldendorf 52
- Neolithic settlement near Lavenstedt
- The Wittorf urn cemetery
- The Rotenburg Jewish Cemetery
Various self-help groups offer low-threshold counseling. The Rotenburg ADHD self-help group in particular has become known nationwide through the annual interdisciplinary symposia on the subject of attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder .
Leisure and sports facilities
- Ronolulu adventure pool
- Wümmering in Mulmshorn (motorcycle dirt track race)
The Great and White Moor is one of the best preserved high moors in Lower Saxony. A moor adventure trail and four hiking trails between 1.5 and 11.5 km in length have been created by NABU Rotenburg at Bullensee.
sons and daughters of the town
- Gerhard Schmidt (* 2nd half of the 16th century), lime cutter and sculptor in Baden-Württemberg (e.g. knight's hall in Weikersheim an der Tauber Palace )
- Gebhard Jürgen Titge (1590–1663), sculptor and architect
- Ernst Stahl (around 1604–1664), pastor and superintendent, got into a witch trial and denounced six maids for alleged witchcraft.
- Margareta Meinecken (1647–1664) victim of the witch hunt
- Jean Paul Hasse (1830–1898), institutional psychiatrist
- Heinrich Gechter (1873–1943), teacher and ornithologist
- Hermann Meyer-Rabingen (1887–1961), officer, lieutenant general and mayor of Melle
- Marta Henke (1907–1991) recipient of the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon for her commitment to women's sport
- Hans Jürgen Baden (1911–1986), evangelical theologian, honorary professor and writer
- Gustav Ernst (1914–1999), politician and member of the Lower Saxony state parliament
- Manfred Osthaus (1933–2012) architect, town planner and Bremen State Councilor for Building
- Fritz Fajen (* 1934), classical philologist
- Gerd Koch (* 1941), theater educator
- Heinz Dieterich (* 1943), social scientist and publicist
- Horst Brunsiek , (* 1944), artist and author
- Jürgen Knaack (* 1946), journalist and literary scholar
- Jürgen Gohde (* 1948), theologian, President of the Diakonisches Werk der EKD
- Hans-Jürgen Meyer (* 1949), pastor in the EKD and author
- Reiner Lemke (* 1949), judge at the Federal Court of Justice, President of the DLRG Lower Saxony 1992–2001
- Rudolf Kruse (* 1952), computer scientist, mathematician and university professor
- Sylvia Schenk (* 1952), athlete and lawyer
- Michael Farin (* 1953), Germanist, publisher and author
- Jochen Homann (* 1953), President of the Federal Network Agency
- Norbert Jürgens (* 1953), biology, ecologist and university professor
- Karsten Danzmann (* 1955), physicist
- Ulrike Link-Wieczorek (* 1955), ev. Theologian
- Claudia Janssen (* 1966), Protestant theologian and university professor
- Christian Mecke (* 1966), judge at the Federal Social Court
- Ursula Rinck (* 1969), judge at the Federal Labor Court
- Matthias Scherz (* 1971), soccer player (including 1. FC Cologne)
- Stephan von Bothmer (* 1971), pianist and composer, especially of silent film music
- Frank Carstens (* 1971), handball player and trainer
- Sven Schomacker (* 1973), politician (Pirate Party)
- Ahmet Kuru (* 1982), football player
- Dimitri Peters (* 1984), judoka
- Philip Zwiener (* 1985), national basketball player
- Christina Siemoneit (* 1988), actress
- Yannis Becker (* 1991), soccer player
Personalities associated with the city
- Adolf Kottmeier (1822–1905), German theologian and founder of the Rotenburger Werke
- Theodor Schäfer (1846–1914), theologian
- Otto Modersohn (1865–1943), painter
- Rudolf Schäfer (1878–1961), church painter
- Helmut Lent (1918–1944), night fighter pilot in the Wehrmacht Air Force in World War II
- Walter Kempowski (1929–2007), German writer, died in the Agaplesion Diakonieklinikum Rotenburg / Wümme
- Reinhard Grindel (* 1961), politician and sports official
- Birgit Lemmermann (* 1962), grammar school teacher (at the Ratsgymnasium), author (especially of children's and young people's books in Low German) and translator
- Sascha Pierro (* 1972), front man of the pop band Marquess
- Benjamin von Stuckrad-Barre (* 1975), writer, grew up in Rotenburg / Wümme
- Johann Christian von Düring the Younger (* 1792), freedom fighter and forester, worked in Rotenburg and is buried there
- Enno Heyken : Rotenburg - Church, Castle and Citizens (= Rotenburger Schriften . Special Issue 7). Heimatbund Rotenburg, Rotenburg / Hann 1966, pp. 104–181.
- Bernhard Haake: Rotenburger database. Rotenburg 1979.
- Dietmar Kohlrausch: 800 years of Rotenburg (Wümme). From the episcopal residence to the modern district town. City of Rotenburg, Rotenburg 1994.
- Jürgen Hoops von Scheeßel , Heinrich Rings von Bartelsdorf: abused & burned. The witch trials in the Rotenburg office, Diocese of Verden . ibidem-Verlag, Stuttgart 2009, ISBN 978-3-89821-999-0 .
- Manfred Wichmann (ed.): Jewish life in Rotenburg. Book accompanying the exhibition in the Cohn barn. PD-Verlag, Heidenau 2010.
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Jürgen Hoops and Heinrich Rings: abused & burned. The witch trials in the Rotenburg office, Diocese Verden , 2nd edition, Stuttgart 2011, pp. 325–328; Joachim Woock: Teaching materials on the subject of "Hunting witches in Verden Abbey and the Duchies of Bremen-Verden" , Association for Regional History Verden e. V., Verden 2009, pp. 88-96.
- abused & burned. The witch trials in the office of Rotenburg, Diocese of Verden, Jürgen Hoops von Scheeßel u. Heinrich Rings von Bartelsdorf, ISBN 978-3-89821-999-0
- Uwe Kaminsky: About life in the Christian colony . The Deaconess Mother House in Rotenburg, the Rotenburg Institutions of the Inner Mission and the role of their leaders 1905–1955. Rotenburg, ISBN 978-3-95494-111-7 , p. 46 ( lesejury.de [PDF]).
- Rotenburger Diakonieklinikum: Patriarch as head of the institution . In: http://www.kreiszeitung.de . November 14, 2016 ( Kreiszeitung.de [accessed November 17, 2016]).
- History - Rotenburg Works. In: Rotenburger-werke.de. Retrieved November 17, 2016 .
- Lukas Kromminga: Euthanasia in East Frisia . ( ostfriesenelandschaft.de [PDF]).
- Andreas Maak: Erich Paulicke - survivor of euthanasia. In: alpha64.de. Retrieved October 1, 2016 .
- Joachim Woock: Forced labor of foreign workers in the Verden / Aller regional area Forced labor of foreign workers in the Verden / Aller regional area . 2004.
- Manfred Wichmann: Tangible history on site . In: Medaon . May 4, 2013 (.medaon.de / pdf / MEDAON_12_Wichmann.pdf [PDF]).
- Unsuitable for the post of district administrator. In: Rotenburger-rundschau.de. Retrieved December 2, 2016 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 244 .
- Islamic Federation Bremen (IFB)
- Rotenburger Rundschau: Like a phoenix from the ashes
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on November 23, 2014
- Preliminary results of the 2016 municipal elections. On the website of the city of Rotenburg ( http://www.rotenburg-wuemme.de ), August 9, 2017.
- Individual results of the direct elections on May 25, 2014 in Lower Saxony , accessed on November 14, 2014
- The BRUNS spirits factory. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on December 23, 2011 ; Retrieved February 13, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- www.row-people.de/ ( Memento of the original from October 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Freifunk Rotenburg - Free WLAN for Rotenburg Wümme. In: Freifunk Rotenburg. Retrieved December 13, 2016 .
- Rotenburg volunteer fire department (Wümme)
- Kreisarchäologie Rotenburg: Research. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on July 27, 2013 ; Retrieved February 13, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- 2nd ADHD Symposium November 7, 2012. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 23, 2012 ; Retrieved November 1, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Nature adventure trail on the Bullensee. Retrieved January 29, 2012 .
- Joachim Woock: Teaching materials on the subject of "Hunting witches in Verden Abbey and in the Duchies of Bremen-Verden" , Association for Regional History Verden e. V., Verden 2009, pp. 88-96.