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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Map of Germany, position of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 14 '  N , 8 ° 48'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Osterholz
Height : 11 m above sea level NHN
Area : 146.91 km 2
Residents: 30,256 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 206 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 27711
Primaries : 04791, 04793, 04795
License plate : OHZ
Community key : 03 3 56 007
City structure: Core city and 9 localities

City administration address :
Rathausstrasse 1
27711 Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Website : www.osterholz-scharmbeck.de
Mayor : Torsten Rohde ( independent )
Location of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck in the district of Osterholz
Bremen Bremen Landkreis Cuxhaven Landkreis Oldenburg Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme) Landkreis Verden Landkreis Wesermarsch Axstedt Grasberg Hambergen Holste Lilienthal Lübberstedt Osterholz-Scharmbeck Ritterhude Schwanewede Worpswede Vollersodemap
About this picture

Osterholz-Scharmbeck ( Low German Oosterholt-Scharmbeek ) is the district town of the Osterholz district in Lower Saxony . With its 30,256 inhabitants, it is the only town in the district and an independent municipality . It was created in 1927 from the merger of the previous communities of Osterholz and Scharmbeck. Two years later the community was elevated to a city.


Geographical location

Topography of the urban area

Osterholz-Scharmbeck is located in the North German Plain about 22 kilometers north-northeast of Bremen near the Hamme , with which the city is connected by the Osterholz port canal . There was a no longer navigable connection with the Elbe via the Hamme-Oste Canal . The Teufelsmoor with the artists' village of Worpswede extends east of the city .

City structure

The city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck consists of the core city and the nine localities:

Other districts, which do not form an administrative sub-structure, are in alphabetical order:

  • Ahrensfelde
  • Altenbrück
  • Altendamm
  • On the bike
  • On the rush
  • Barges
  • Bredbeck
  • Buschhausen
  • Büttel
  • Feldhof
  • Haslah
  • Behind the horn
  • Kattenhorn
  • Long heather
  • Lintel
  • Muskau
  • Myhle
  • Lower Sandhausen
  • Ruschkamp
  • Settenbeck
  • Prejudice
  • Westerbeck
  • Wiste


The landscape in the urban area of ​​Osterholz-Scharmbeck is shaped by the transition from the terminal moraine landscape of the Wesermünder Geest , the southern part of which is also called Osterholzer Geest , to the Teufelsmoor . Both types of landscape are part of the glacial series of the Saale Ice Age that formed the North German Plain .

The Geestrücken rises in the western part of the urban area in the Long Heide to a height of 48 m above sea level. NN . The Lange Heide is the headwaters of the Hamme and numerous smaller rivers, such as the Drepte , the Scharmbecker Bach , the Wienbeck and the Schönebecker Aue . The Geestrücken falls to the east within the city center to 4 m above sea level. NN from. The eastern parts of the city are already in Teufelsmoor that through the glacial valley of Hamme was formed. In this area there are some nature reserves , u. a. the NSG Breites Wasser and the NSG Torfkanal and Randmoore .

Neighboring cities

46 km
39 km
43 km
40 km
Neighboring communities Zeven
41 km
31 km
22 km
37 km


History of the city's origins

The city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck was created due to the merger of the places Osterholz and Scharmbeck in 1927. With the construction of the Bremen – Geestendorf (Bremerhaven) railway line in 1862, the names of the two spots Osterholz and Scharmbeck were first used in the naming of the station today's notation summarized. A considerable economic rise began as numerous industries (tobacco processing, iron foundry, shipyard, rice works) were able to establish themselves. In 1911, with the opening of the Bremervörde-Osterholzer Railway (BOE), another important transport connection was added. However, the two villages remained independent for decades. It was not until May 24, 1927, that the Stade district of the State of Prussia merged Osterholz and Scharmbeck and the rural communities of Ahrensfelde, Bargten and Sandbeckerbruch to form the enlarged community of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. In 1929 the municipality of Osterholz-Scharmbeck was granted city rights by the Prussian State Ministry of the Interior.

First settlement

The settlement history of the area goes back to the Neolithic . Around 10,000 BC Chr. Hunters, gatherers and fishermen roam the Osterholzer Geest and the adjacent moors; Their presence is evidenced by the numerous finds of chip knives and arrowheads, which are exhibited, for example, in the Osterholz local history museum . Some of these early visitors to the Geest are verifiably settled, as traces of primitive agriculture (e.g. axes) have been found in numerous excavations.

Stone grave in Osterholz-Scharmbeck (front)

Obvious evidence of the settlement is around 2000 BC. A large stone grave, an impressive stone grave on today's Osterholzer Strasse in the city center, was built. This passage grave or Hünenstein said chamber grave preserved is dated to an age of about 5,000 years.

Scharmbecker Bach on the market square in Scharmbeck
St. Willehadi Church and hose tower
St. Marien monastery church in Osterholz
Osterholz-Scharmbeck market square

Such large stone graves were replaced by burial mounds in the burials of the Bronze Age , as they are today e.g. B. in the Garlstedt district . The most important find in one of these graves is probably the Garlstedter Lure . The fragments of this Bronze Age Germanic wind instrument discovered during road works in 1830 represent the southernmost find of such an instrument at the moment.


The first written mention of Scharmbeck goes back to the year 1043 ( Scirnbeci ), when the Archbishop of Bremen, Adalbrand von Bremen, visited the settlement on foot. The foundations of the Church of St. Willehadi on the market square probably also date from this time . In 1233 the settlement was called "Sandbeck". Both names refer to the Scharmbeck Bach , a small tributary of the Hamme that runs through the towns of Scharmbeck and Osterholz.

In later centuries the brook gained considerable economic importance for the place Scharmbeck. From 1581 the place advanced to become one of the first larger clothmaker settlements in northern Germany and, in addition to the army, mainly supplied the Bremen market . The Scharmbeck cloth makers' guild existed until 1903, and until the twentieth century numerous water mills lined the course of the brook, which served as fulling mills . Today, however, only one watermill with a functioning mill wheel remains in the city , which belonged to the Fehsenfeld dam, built in the 12th century, behind the St. Willehadi church, which was a grain mill. Until the transformation of Geestendorf into Bremerhaven , Scharmbeck was the most important market and business location between Bremen and Cuxhaven . Above all, the Scharmbeck cattle market held since 1748 was of national importance.


The city ​​owes the term Osterholz to the establishment of the Osterholz Monastery in 1182 by Siegfried I of Anhalt . The Basilica of the monastery is still preserved. The patch of Osterholz continued to grow and became the administrative seat (Amt Osterholz), from which the Osterholz district was formed in 1885 by merging with the Amt Lilienthal . The rest of the story was identical to that of Scharmbeck because of its close proximity; both belonged to the Archdiocese of Bremen until the end of the Thirty Years War .

Osterholz-Scharmbeck under National Socialism

The Osterholz-Scharmbeck local group of the NSDAP was founded on March 1, 1930. Franz Grell was the first local group leader; the first party meeting took place on March 20 at the Tivoli Hotel. From 1931 to 1933 Johann Georg Arfmann was the local group leader and from 1933 Johann Grotheer. During the so-called Reichspogromnacht from November 9th to 10th, 1938, the local synagogue was broken into. The chairs were torn out and smashed into firewood. An inscription in Hebrew above the door was also destroyed. The synagogue was also set on fire, but extinguished in time. The building structure remained intact to the extent that the former synagogue was used as an air raid school from October 1939. SA men also desecrated the Jewish cemetery by knocking over tombstones.

For the Jews who remained in the Osterholz district, everyday life was increasingly restricted: There were bans on going out, shopping and traffic restrictions, driving licenses were revoked and books were confiscated. Furthermore, they were forced to pay for the damage caused by the pogrom night and to close or “Aryanize” their shops if they were still in Jewish possession. The people of Jewish origin who did not succeed or were unable to emigrate were forced to resettle in Bremen and had to live there crammed into so-called “ Jewish houses ”. "The few Jews who still lived in the district were probably deported with the Jews of Bremen to the Minsk ghetto on November 18, 1941 or to the Theresienstadt ghetto in January 1943 , where they perished. Only Wilhelm Aron survived the horrors of the Theresienstadt ghetto and after the end of the war returned to the district town of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. "

In the international center on Nazi persecution, the Arolsen Archives , there are lists of the dead of the forced laborers buried in the Scharmbeck cemetery, who perished in the Osterholz district between September 3, 1939 and May 8, 1945. The lists were compiled in 1950 by various administrative offices in Osterholz-Scharmbeck. There are also two children on the lists.


After a decree by the Upper President in 1936, the municipalities of Buschhausen, Lintel, Westerbeck and part of Hülseberg were incorporated.

Due to the municipal reform decided by the Lower Saxony state parliament on June 13, 1973, the municipalities of Garlstedt , Heilshorn , Hülseberg , Ohlenstedt , Pennigbüttel, Sandhausen, Scharmbeckstotel , Teufelsmoor and most of the municipality of Freißenbüttel became the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck with effect from March 1, 1974 incorporated.

Urban development

With the opening of the Lucius D. Clay barracks in the distant district of Garlstedt for the 2nd Armored Division "Hell on wheels" from Texas , an advance guard of the 75th US Brigade, on October 17, 1978 7,500 Americans (4,083 soldiers, 2,500 Civilians) stationed in the city. Housing and infrastructure were created for the 2,500 civilians (later up to 4,000) and the part of the soldiers who brought their families with them and therefore were not to be housed in the barracks in Garlstedt but in the city center. In the Kuwait conflict ( Second Gulf War ), most of the US soldiers were transferred to the Gulf in 1991. After the end of the war the barracks on October 1, 1993 by the US forces to the army passed, and as of this since troops School used.

The city ​​bought the 96 city apartments in the Am Hohenberg, Mozartstrasse and Drosselstrasse areas , previously occupied by Americans, for a total of 12.5 million DM . Together with other apartments, the city temporarily owned around 220 apartments (usually multi-storey blocks). That was half of the properties occupied by the Americans and should help defuse the rental housing market. The rapid settlement promoted the emergence of social hot spots, as the cheap living space led to a concentration of socially disadvantaged population groups.

The large American school was converted into a new Integrated Comprehensive School (IGS). The population of the city grew to just over 30,000, among other things due to the new occupancy of the living space.

Population development

Population development of Osterholz-Scharmbeck from 1904 to 2017 according to the adjacent table
year Residents Note
1904 4,701 Chronicle of Osterholz-Scharmbeck
1909 6,060
1945 12,500
1961 19,258 with the later incorporated places
1970 20,979 with the later incorporated places
1987 24,150 Census, Big Census
2005 31,055 Source: County: June 30, 2005
December 31, 2010 30.198
December 31, 2015 30.302
December 31, 2017 30,329


The majority of the denominational residents of Osterholz-Scharmbeck belong to the Evangelical Lutheran regional church of Hanover . With the two historic churches, the city also has two parishes , namely St. Willehadi (Scharmbeck) and St. Marien (Osterholz, Klosterkirche). The citizens of the Roman Catholic faith are organized in the parish of the Holy Family . There are also other Christian groups and free churches , for example a Baptist , two brothers and a New Apostolic congregation . There is also a Yazidi church.

A memorial plaque, which was erected after the demolition of the dilapidated old synagogue in Bahnhofstrasse in 2004, and a small Jewish cemetery, testify to the Jewish citizens murdered and expelled during the Nazi era . Another monument next to the new building and near the site of the demolished synagogue in Bahnhofstrasse consists of a few columns and a stone table; it was officially unveiled in November 2006. Shortly before the unveiling, there was an arson attack on November 7, 2006, in which the tarpaulin was destroyed.


town hall

City council

The council of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck consists of 38 councilors. This is the specified number for a city with a population between 30,001 and 40,000. The 38 council members are elected for five years each by local elections. The current term of office began on September 11, 2016. The newly elected council met on November 3, 2016.

The full-time mayor is also entitled to vote in the city council.

The last local elections produced the following results:

Allocation of seats in the Osterholz-Scharmbeck city council
Election date SPD CDU GREEN FDP Citizens Group LEFT * NPD Total number
11th September 2016 14th 10 4th 1 4th 4th 1 38
September 11, 2011 18th 10 4th 1 3 2 - 38
September 10, 2006 19th 11 2 2 2 2 - 38
September 9, 2001 20th 11 2 1 4th - - 38

* 2006 as WASG


The full-time mayor of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck is Torsten Rohde ( independent ). In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, he was elected with 59.02% of the vote. His opponent Werner Schauer (SPD) received 40.97%. The turnout was 48.12%. Rohde took up his post on November 1, 2014, replacing the previous incumbent Martin Wagener (SPD), who was no longer running. The term of office ends on October 31, 2021.

His deputies are Klaus Sass (SPD) and Brigitte Neuner-Krämer (Greens).

coat of arms

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck was introduced by decree of the Prussian State Ministry of February 12, 1930.

Blazon : “Above a green shield base, inside a silver (white) wavy bar , in blue a standing, gold (yellow) armored silver (white) bull, which is tied to a gold (yellow) peg with a gold (yellow) chain; floating above three golden (yellow) shuttle boats arranged in a triangle ; as a sign holder rising two gold (yellow) reinforced silver (white) horses standing on gold (yellow) black base; in the upper coat of arms a five-tower red wall crown . ”Unfortunately, the main statute lacks the correct blazon.

In the center of the coat of arms there is a pegged bull , it stands for the nationally important annual cattle market of the city, which is still celebrated today as the Scharmbeck autumn market . (To honor the historical significance of these animals, the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck organized an art event in the summer of 2000 under the motto: “The bulls are on the loose”. Creatively decorated (almost) life-size plastic cattle were set up throughout the city. The most exposed of these bulls is still today (2008) to be found on the market square of Scharmbeck at the old hose tower.)

The three weaver shuttles indicate the town's Scharmbeck cloth makers' guild ; the arrangement in the triangle should stand for diligence. The colors also have a meaning: blue and yellow indicate - as in Lilienthal's coat of arms - the time as the “Swedish residence” from 1648 to 1715. However, blue was also the color of the seal coat of arms of those von Sandbeck from Gut Sandbeck . The silver stripe in the green field (green for hope) symbolizes the Scharmbeck brook , which was so important for the Scharmbeck drapery guild.


Culture and sights

Theater and music

Front of the main building of Gut Sandbeck

The Good Sandbeck whose plant was restored around to the main house in the 1980s, is now a cultural center. The program ranges from classical concerts and events by the Kunstverein Osterholz to performances by the Scharmbecker Speeldeel , which is particularly known for its Low German program.

The Kulturzentrum Kleinbahnhof e. V. (KuZ) near today's train station in Osterholz-Scharmbeck is aimed with its changing program at a rather young, alternative audience. The original historic station building is one of the structures that were architecturally designed by the Worpswede artist Heinrich Vogeler .


The museum of the Kulturstiftung Landkreis Osterholz is located on the site of the former farm yard of the Benedictine convent . The actual local history museum, a hands-on museum, the North German bird museum and the museum for shipping and peat extraction are housed in six historical buildings. The history of the Osterholz-Scharmbeck museums began with the founding of the "Heimat- und Museumverein Osterholz" in 1929, which was set up in the Findorffhaus from 1960 onwards. In 1976 the district took over, and in 1999 the “Kulturstiftung Landkreis Osterholz” took over the considerably increased inventory of local history and natural history objects.

Buildings and other sights

Dutch mill by Rönn

In addition to the historic churches of St. Willehadi and St. Marien, as well as the Sandbeck estate , another architectural monument is the Rönn mill . The two-story Dutch gallery with a compass rose and sail wings is considered the city's landmark . Exposed at one of the highest points in the city, the mill can be seen from afar and houses the Osterholz e. V. (BIOS) , which, among other things, records the city's weather data (accessible on the Internet). Further windmills can be found at the harbor in the Osterholz district (but without blades) and in the Sandhausen-Myhle district. This mill dates from 1795.

Watermill behind the
St. Willehadi Church
Hammewiesen on Kirchdammgraben in Osterholz

The already mentioned water mill behind the church of St. Willehadi is the only remaining mill on the Scharmbeck stream . In the village of Scharmbeckstotel, the watermill on the Ruschkamp, ​​which has been documented since 1620 and is still operational, is located.

The Osterholzer Hammewiesen are particularly attractive in terms of landscape; this wet meadow area extends beyond the old monastery complex in Osterholz and leads across the landscape into the neighboring Teufelsmoor . For some years now, numerous pairs of storks have been observed here again, along with other bird species, because of the large protection areas . In the forest area "Elm" and "Schmidts Kiefern" between the districts of Heilshorn and Garlstedt , as with the stone grave in the city center of Osterholz-Scharmbeck, there are further evidence of the early historical settlement of the area in the form of various burial mounds with urn graves . On the Drepte river , north of the golf course, is the Brockmannsmühle , a farm with a water mill from the 14th century.

In 2005, a path was named after Kurt Albrecht , who was executed as a deserted sailor in the Navy on April 28, 1945 in Osterholz-Scharmbeck. This is likely to have been one of the first street names after a deserter in Germany.

In the youth education center Bredbeck, seminars and events from a wide variety of areas take place on an ongoing basis. In front of the main building, which is located in the middle of a forest in Freißenbüttel, there is an open-air stage, some ponds and a sports field.

The Ohlenstedt spring lakes in the village of Ohlenstedt with extensive beaches and the all-weather pool with telescope hall in the city center offer bathing opportunities .

The town hall, which was completed in November 2005, offers space for larger events with up to 1,100 people. The spectrum ranges from music, comedy , cabaret and art to trade fairs, political events or (also private) festivities and balls.

Parks and zoos

  • The Scharmbeck city park between Lindenstrasse and the Fehsenfeld dam on the Scharmbeck brook
  • The monastery wood, a beech-rich deciduous forest in the city center between the train station and Tinzenberg
  • Osterholzer Stadtpark on Bahnhofstrasse
  • Ludwigslust Zoo on Garlstedter Kirchweg (Bargten) with 60 animal species.


Place for tourism development of Osterholz Hamme meadows as part of the 1995 current and 2009 GR-project were Hammeniederg several observation towers or points created to enable a better understanding of the landscape. The three buildings near Osterholz-Scharmbeck were awarded the Lower Saxony BDA Architects Prize in 2012 as prospects in Teufelsmoor .

  • The 9.4 m high Postwiesen observation tower ( ) is about 2.5 km east of the town near Neuenfelder Damm. It was built from steel in 2008 and inaugurated on January 23, 2009. Because of its shape it is also called the stairway to heaven . The straight staircase leads to a covered intermediate platform at a height of 6.3 m and on to the upper viewing platform at a height of 8.3 m, from which there is a good view of the Postwiesen.
  • The almost 11 m high lookout tower Linteler Weiden ( ) is about 2 km south of the village near the Linteler Altarm , an old arm of the Hamme. It was built in 2011 from larch trunks that stretch up to the sky around a steel spiral staircase. The viewing platform is at a height of 8.6 m and offers a good view over the mouth of the Scharmbeck brook, the oxbow lake and the Hammeniederung. The tower is also called a wicker basket because of its shape .
  • The Blickbox observation hut ( ) is located approx. 3.5 km east of the village, not far from where the Beek flows into the Hamme. It is used in particular for bird watching in the area of ​​the Hammeniederung.
  • The 9 m high observation tower Neu-Helgoland , built in 2014, is located in the municipality of Worpswede on the north bank of the Hamme near Neu-Helgoland .

Regular events

Dialects and languages

Due to the spread of High German , Low German was also pushed back in Osterholz-Scharmbeck , so that it has almost completely disappeared from the city center. In the district, Low German is still more in use.

High German in the form of Missingsch is widespread, similar to that in Bremen, although the S is not spoken sharply in the region , such as in Hamburg.

Due to the large number of refugees , East Prussian and Silesian dialects were also temporarily widespread after 1945 .

Culinary specialties

The city does not have an independent urban specialty, Lower Saxony cuisine is widespread :

Typical of the region are, for example, fried potatoes with Knipp and red grits as a dessert .

From December to about the beginning of March are carbon rides followed grünkohlessen of kale with Pinkel sausage (or cabbage sausage ) and boiled potatoes spread.

Various versions of asparagus dishes are popular in spring .


The city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck is of central, municipal and economic importance for the Osterholz district and for the entire northern Bremen area. Diverse service companies as well as larger retail businesses occupy a large space in the urban economic structure. There is also a longstanding, medium-sized tradition in the metal processing and vehicle construction sectors.

Company in Osterholz-Scharmbeck with 50 or more employees

As of the end of 2017 these are:

  • AUKOS automation components and systems GmbH
  • Bergolin GmbH & Co. KG
  • FAUN Umwelttechnik GmbH & Co. KG
  • LANDMANN GmbH & Co. Handels-KG
  • Furniture store Käthe Meyerhoff GmbH
  • RITAG Ritterhuder Armaturen GmbH & Co. Armaturenwerk KG

Faun works

In 1969 the Büssing AG plant in Osterholz-Scharmbeck was taken over by Faun-Werke . In 1973 municipal vehicle production was completely relocated to there. In 1973 the entire FAUN division was reorganized. The plant in Osterholz-Scharmbeck takes over the municipal vehicles product group as an economically independent profit center and is responsible for the development, design, manufacture, sales and customer service of these vehicles. In 1976, a Europe-wide dealer network was set up and all export activities expanded. The vehicle range was consistently expanded during these years, for example in 1983 with the takeover of KUKA Umwelttechnik GmbH and its well-known rotating drums for garbage trucks . In 1986 the Schmidt family sold FAUN-Werke to the construction machinery manufacturer Orenstein & Koppel . In 1990 the Japanese mobile crane manufacturer Tadano Ltd. closed the factory in Lauf and gave up the heavy tractor business, which was heavily dependent on exports . The production and sale of mobile cranes has been under the company Tadano Faun GmbH since 2012 . The municipal vehicle division with the plant in Osterholz-Scharmbeck was separated and sold to the Kirchhoff Group in 1994 ; the name was changed to FAUN Umwelttechnik GmbH & Co. KG a year later.

Vehicle works Fritz Drettmann

The vehicle plants Fritz Drettmann took over after the bankruptcy of Frerichswerke during the Great Depression of 1931, the factory buildings at the station Osterholz-Scharmbeck. The property and the factory buildings were initially owned by the city and were then used by the Drettmann works. During the National Socialist era , turnstiles were manufactured for the 8.8 cm anti-aircraft gun of the Wehrmacht . In the course of time, the importance of the Drettmann-Werke grew as a company that was important to the war effort. As a result, the number of forced laborers rose to 543 people. In this Osterholz armaments factory , 285 Russians, 112 Czechoslovaks, 44 Dutch, 32 French, 25 Belgians and 2 Poles, who were housed in barracks, worked in the so-called prisoner labor column. Towards the end of the war, Italian military prisoners also appear to have been used at Drettmann . In any case, the US military government reported on May 23, 1945 that 43 Italians had been withdrawn from "Drettmanns camp OSTERHOLZ". This camp, which has now been vacated, was in an unsatisfactory condition.

After the war, the plant quickly received approval from US Property Control to produce truck trailers. Later trucks were produced and attempts were made to get started in shipbuilding . Among other things, the first Meyerhoff furniture vans (then Bahnhofstrasse 37) came from Drettmann. At the end of the 1950s, however, the company ran into financial difficulties, which is attributed to long-term adherence to manual production and a failure to adapt to industrial production processes. In 1959 the plant was shut down, and in the early 1960s the company, which had moved to Bremen-Burg, ceased production entirely.

Osterholzer Reiswerke

The factory of the Osterholzer Reiswerke (starch factory) was on the tracks near the train station. Production ran from 1875 to 1976 and offered hundreds of people from the district town, the district, but also from Bremen, wages and bread. The company even gave some “rice workers”, as the employees proudly called themselves, a home. Apartments for the workforce were built on the company premises as early as 1880. The name Pappstrasse still bears witness to this today, because the walls of the first houses were covered with black roofing felt.

T-City competition

In January 2007, the city reached the finals in the so-called T-City competition.

Transport and infrastructure

Osterholz-Scharmbeck is on the Bremen – Bremerhaven (- Cuxhaven ) railway line . This is where the Stade – Osterholz-Scharmbeck railway branches off to Bremervörde and Stade - see short version below. There are regular buses running within the city center, which also ensure connections to the outlying districts and neighboring communities. Osterholz-Scharmbeck is included in the tariff of the Bremen-Lower Saxony transport association (VBN) .

Osterholz-Scharmbeck is on federal highway 74 , which connects Bremen to Stade via Bremervörde . The city center is about 9 kilometers away from the A 27 motorway ( Walsrode - Cuxhaven ).


With the Stade-Osterholz-Scharmbeck railway line of the Bremervörde-Osterholzer Eisenbahn (BOE), which opened continuously on June 23, 1909 , the city got its first regular connection with the Teufelsmoor , Worpswede and Bremervörde in 1911 . The passenger traffic of the Moorexpress was shifted to buses on March 18, 1978 , which were integrated into the VBN after its establishment . Operation with special trips (weekend / summer) will be maintained from November to April, and since May 2006 there has been a regular summer timetable with an extension of the traditional route to the new end points of Bremen and Stade with four trips per weekend and public holiday until October.

Port and port canal

Between 1765 and 1766, the Osterholz port canal was built under the supervision of Moorkommissar Jürgen Christian Findorff . The canal is around two kilometers long, so the port basin is on the outskirts. Today the port and canal are only occupied by sport boats and motor boats, which represent considerable leisure potential.

post Office

A post office in Osterholz-Scharmbeck has officially existed since July 5, 1665 (see the history of Osterholz-Scharmbeck ). The last branch of Deutsche Post was on the market square across from the Volksbank ; all other and previous locations in the city had already been given up. The business premises on the market square are now operated by an external provider.



Primary schools :

  • Menckeschule
  • Beethoven School (all-day elementary school)
  • Findorff School
  • Schools in the districts of Buschhausen, Heilshorn , Ohlenstedt , Pennigbüttel, Sandhausen and Scharmbeckstotel

Hauptschule and Realschule :

  • Learning house on campus (secondary school)

Comprehensive schools and grammar schools :

  • Integrated comprehensive school in Buschhausen (IGS)
  • Osterholz-Scharmbeck High School (founded in 1960)
  • Vocational high school economics (BBS)
  • Vocational high school technology (BBS)
  • Vocational High School Health & Social Affairs (BBS)

Vocational schools :

  • Vocational Schools Osterholz-Scharmbeck (BBS)
  • Vocational school for geriatric care and Upmannsche Villa further education center

Special schools :

  • School on Klosterplatz

Other schools:

Social facilities

Osterholz-Scharmbeck is the location of an acute hospital. This is the Osterholz district hospital under municipal sponsorship.


Honorary citizen

sons and daughters of the town

People connected to the city


  • Friedrich Kühlken : Between Niederweser and Niederelbe - A local history of the state of Bremen and the Lower Saxony district of Stade. Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1950.
  • Jürgen Meyer-Korte, Rolf Metzing: Osterholz-Scharmbeck: Picture and Development of a City. Saade, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1979.
  • Johann Segelken: Osterholz-Scharmbecker Heimatbuch. Saade, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1987, ISBN 3-922642-18-7 .
  • Ernstheinrich Meyer-Stiens: Heimliche Hauptstraße, Bahnhofstraße in Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1865 - 1929 - 1945 - 1999. People, events and interior views of a small North German town. Saade, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 2000, ISBN 3-922642-40-3 .
  • Reelf Menckhoff: Chronicle of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. From the beginning until 1929. Volume 1. City of Osterholz-Scharmbeck 2004.
  • Hans-Cord Sarnighausen: Local lawyers from 1717 to 1866 in Osterholz near Bremen . In: Genealogy. Verlag Degener Insingen, issue 1/2015, pp. 367-390.
  • Ilse Schröder, Sonja K. Sancken and Horst Böttjer: Jewish Citizens in Osterholz-Scharmbeck: Fates in the Time of National Socialism 1933-1945. A documentation - 70 years after the end of World War II , Osterholz-Scharmbeck 2015.

Web links

Commons : Osterholz-Scharmbeck  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. main statute, § 8 local chiefs. ( Memento from April 15, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) In: Website of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. Retrieved March 13, 2019 (PDF; 42.1 kB).
  3. Report on the 150th anniversary of the railway line on weser-kurier.de; accessed on September 12, 2019
  4. cf. http://www.teufelsmoor.eu/geschichte/geschichte-1933-1948/ - last accessed on June 13, 2019 /
  5. cf. http://www.teufelsmoor.eu/geschichte/geschichte-1933-1948/ - last accessed on June 13, 2019 /
  6. https://pogrome1938-niedersachsen.de/osterholz-scharmbeck/ - last accessed on June 13, 2019
  7. https://arolsen-archives.org/ueber-uns/
  8. https://www.spurensuche-kreis-osterholz.de/page/aktuelles/
  9. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 244 .
  10. ^ City of Osterholz-Scharmbeck (ed.): Chronicle of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. From the beginning to 1929. Volume 1.
  11. ^ Anti-Semitic incidents. (No longer available online.) In: www.projekte-gegen-antisemitismus.de. 2006, archived from the original on September 28, 2007 ; accessed on March 13, 2019 .
  12. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG); Section 46 - Number of Deputies. In: Internet site for the Lower Saxony Regulation Information System (NI-VORIS). December 17, 2010, accessed November 21, 2014.
  13. a b City Council. In: Website of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. Retrieved June 26, 2019 .
  14. Individual results of the direct elections on May 25, 2014 in Lower Saxony. In: www.landeswahlleiter.niedersachsen.de. Retrieved March 13, 2019 (PDF; 457 kB).
  15. a b main statute, § 2 coat of arms, colors and seals. ( Memento from April 15, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) In: Website of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. Retrieved March 13, 2019 (PDF; 42.1 kB).
  16. Hans Siewert : 50 years of the museum complex of the Osterholz district cultural foundation. In: Heimat-Rundblick. History, culture, nature . No. 92, 1/2010 ( spring 2010 ). Druckerpresse-Verlag , ISSN  2191-4257 , pp. 6-7.
  17. ^ Christel Stock, Catrin Heins: Project progress. In memory of Kurt Albrecht and all Wehrmacht deserters of the Second World War. In: www.geschichtsatlas.de. Retrieved on March 13, 2019 (→ see also: Report by Christian Läßig in the Osterholzer Kreisblatt of May 29, 2005).
  18. Postwiesen observation tower. ( Memento from March 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: www.kulturland-teufelsmoor.de. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  19. ^ J. Heuser: stairway to heaven. In: www.teufelsmoor.eu. September 25, 2010, accessed March 13, 2019.
  20. ^ J. Heuser: Linteler Weiden lookout tower. In: www.teufelsmoor.eu. June 21, 2012, accessed March 13, 2019.
  21. "Blickbox" observation hut. In: www.kulturland-teufelsmoor.de. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  22. ^ Overview of the companies in Osterholz-Scharmbeck. In: Website of the district of Osterholz. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  23. history. 164 years of FAUN. (No longer available online.) In: FAUN Umwelttechnik GmbH & Co. KG website. Archived from the original on May 21, 2016 ; accessed on March 13, 2019 .
  24. ^ J. Heuser: Vehicle works Fritz Drettmann. In: www.teufelsmoor.eu. October 28, 2007, accessed March 13, 2019.
  25. a b List of the companies that profited from forced labor under National Socialism. (PDF; 1.4 MB) In: www.dpcamps.org. P. 50 , accessed on March 13, 2019 .
  26. ^ Vehicle works Fritz Drettmann. In: www.geschichtsatlas.de. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  27. J. Wilke: After the war, machines were dug out. In: Osterholzer Kreisblatt October 27, 2007.
  28. ^ Lutz Rode: Reiswerke chronicle as a conclusion. In: www.weser-kurier.de (Osterholzer Kreisblatt). August 29, 2018, accessed March 13, 2019.
  29. a b Fritz Bokelmann made an honorary citizen. ( Memento from June 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) In: Website of the city of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. November 10, 2011, accessed March 13, 2019.
  30. Lutz Peter Kaubisch: "It's an honor for me ..." Interview with the former Volksbank boss Fritz Bokelmann / now honorary citizen of Osterholz-Scharmbeck. In: Courier on Sunday . November 13, 2011, p. 14.
  31. LUKAS GRUNDMANN: Right at the top. Retrieved June 8, 2020 .
  32. Christian Valek: With martial arts in the golden book of the city. Retrieved June 8, 2020 .