|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||3 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||72.09 km 2|
|Residents:||19,485 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||270 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||28865|
|Primaries :||04298, 04792, 04208|
|License plate :||OHZ|
|Community key :||03 3 56 005|
|LOCODE :||DE LIL|
|Community structure:||5 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Kristian Willem Tangermann ( CDU )|
|Location of the community Lilienthal in the district of Osterholz|
Lilienthal is located around eleven kilometers northeast of the center of Bremen , on the edge of the Teufelsmoor in Lower Saxony . The rivers Wörpe and Wümme with the Wümme cycle path flow through the municipality .
The community of Lilienthal consists of the following districts: (in brackets the population figures as of January 10, 2012)
The community of Lilienthal has a total area of 7,203 hectares, of which 5,689.3 hectares are used as agricultural land. Another 128.4 hectares are forest.
The south and west of the municipality along the Wümme belongs to the river marshes of the Unterweser , the north to the Teufelsmoor . Heidberg in the east is one of the foothills of the Achim-Verden Geest . There are also small Geestinseln in the wetlands, for example in Frankenburg and at the St. Juergens Church.
The village of Trupe was first mentioned in 937, and its chapel in 1183.
The development of the Sankt-Jürgensland in the west of today's municipal area by Dutch settlers ( Holler colonization ) began in 1106.
The place Lilienthal itself goes back to the establishment of the Lilienthal Monastery by the Archbishop of Bremen Gerhard II . Construction of the nunnery began in 1232 under the name Sancta Maria in Valle Liliorum ('St. Mary in the Valley of the Lilies'), which was affiliated to the Cistercian Order and consecrated in 1264. Mary with the child and the lilies as her symbol appear in the local coat of arms to this day. The monastery experienced its heyday around 1400.
After the Reformation , the monastery became a Protestant women's monastery, which was able to last until the end of the Thirty Years War under poor conditions . In 1650 the secularization took place ; The village of Lilienthal developed on the former property of the monastery, which was divided up.
According to the provisions of the Peace of Westphalia , the Archbishopric of Bremen and the former Hochstift Verden were secularized to duchies and subordinated to the Kingdom of Sweden , which ruled the land between the Weser and Elbe . Queen Christina of Sweden enfeoffed a well-deserved Swedish military leader, Landgrave Friedrich von Hessen-Eschwege , with the newly created rule Osterholz, in which the offices of Lilienthal and Osterholz were merged. After the early death of the landgrave, his wife Eleonore took over the government with its seat in Osterholz in 1655 and worked hard to improve the economic and sanitary situation of the rural population. After her death in 1692, the fiefdom reverted to the Swedish crown.
Lilienthal remained Swedish until 1712 - hence the Swedish colors of the coat of arms - when it came to Denmark and in 1719 under the rule of the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg . Lilienthal became the seat of a Hanoverian office. In 1740 the monastery complex was demolished.
In the second half of the 18th century, under the direction of the Hanover moor commissioner Jürgen Christian Findorff , several moor colonies were also established in the north of what is now the municipality of Lilienthal, Lüningsee (1763), Lüninghausen (1764), Westerwede (1764), Moorende (1778) and Mooringen (1778) and, after Findorff's death, Schrötersdorf (1805) and Neu Mooringen (1808).
Astronomy in Lilienthal
In 1782 the bailiff Johann Hieronymus Schroeter moved into the court. In addition to the administrative work, the occupation with astronomy took up a large part of his time. He built an observatory in Lilienthal in the garden of his office building . In the years that followed, the Lilienthal observatory became the best-equipped observatory in the world. Among other things, there was a " giant telescope " with a 50 cm aperture and 8.25 m focal length. In its time it was the largest observatory on the European continent. Lilienthal achieved fame through the telescope and was visited by astronomers , high-ranking state officials and the military from numerous countries. Schroeter was in correspondence with many important astronomers of his time. Together with Heinrich Wilhelm Olbers and other scholars, he founded the Astronomical Society in Lilienthal on September 21, 1800 , the world's first astronomical association. After Schroeter's death in 1816, the observatory fell into disrepair. In 1850 the last remnants were torn down. Most of the instruments had previously been sent to the University of Göttingen . The novel fragment Lilienthal or the astronomers of Arno Schmidt alludes to this observatory. A functional replica of the 27-foot reflector telescope from 1793 has been standing at the entrance to the village across from the Borgfelder Landhaus since November 2015. Telescopium Lilienthal .
The liberation war of 1813 hit Lilienthal hard. After an incident during the retreat, a French unit set the entire village of Lilienthal on fire. Only the church, a few houses and the observatory were spared from the flames.
20th and 21st centuries
In the further course the community grew steadily. In 1939 it had 3,100 inhabitants, in 1974 of which 12,500. By incorporating the neighboring villages in the same year, the population grew to almost 17,000. Today Lilienthal is characterized by new residential areas, whose residents are often attracted by the proximity to the city of Bremen and want to build a "house in the country".
From 1900 to 1956 Lilienthal was connected to Bremen by the Jan Reiners train .
On October 28, 2013, a bypass road with an elaborate new Wümmebrücke was put into operation in order to relieve the Lilienthaler Hauptstrasse from through traffic.
On August 1, 2014, the core town and Falkenberg were connected to the BSAG tram network.
The area of today's municipality of Lilienthal has grown together through a series of historical dates:
- When the area was exchanged between the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen and the Kingdom of Hanover in 1827 as part of the establishment of Bremerhaven , Lilienthal received the district
- During the territorial reform of April 1, 1937 came
to Sankt Jürgen:
- In the territorial reform of March 1, 1974, the following were incorporated into Lilienthal :
- Saint Jürgen
The denominations are divided into 56% Protestant, 7% Catholic and 37% non-religious, Muslims and others.
In 782 the area of the lower Weser region was founded by St. Willehad , who later became Bishop of Bremen, did missionary work and chapels and churches were built in the region over the next few centuries. In 1232 a monastery was founded in Lilienthal and occupied by nuns of the Cistercian order . Until the Reformation , which took place in Lilienthal Abbey in 1604, pastoral care was provided by Osterholz and Scharmbeck, as well as by St.Jürgensland and in Trupe (both chapels still exist).
Evangelical parish "St. Marien ”with a branch church in the Trupe district.
The Truper Chapel can be found, romantically located under old oaks, in Lilienthal's oldest district, Trupe. Trupe was first mentioned in documents in 937, long before Lilienthal (1232).
Erected over a previous building from the time of Charlemagne (around 800), the Truper Chapel was first mentioned in 1283. It was probably built at the end of the 12th century. There are remarkable gravestones from the 18th and 19th centuries on the site of the chapel. In 1813 the chapel was burned down by the French and rebuilt six years later. Also worth seeing is the small Romanesque St. Juergens church in the district of the same name.
Roman Catholic parish "Good Shepherd"
In 1823 a Catholic church was consecrated in Bremen after the Reformation (St. Johann). From 1862 until 1945 church services were held periodically in a private apartment in Lilienthal, the parish vicarie Hemelingen (Land) "evangelized". In 1946, the current parish of Guter Hirt started its work in today's borders, when the Worpswede parish vicarie was formed. Church services were celebrated regularly in Grasberg , Worpswede and Lilienthal, and on November 26, 1961, the church in Lilienthal was consecrated by the Bishop of Hildesheim . Since then, Lilienthal has been the center of the community, which has belonged to the Holy Family parish in Osterholz-Scharmbeck since 2012
Evangelical Free Churches
Philip Church (Baptists)
The roots of the free church go back to the 1820s. Even before his time as a Baptist, Johann Gerhard Oncken evangelized alongside the Bremen revival preacher Friedrich Mallet in Lilienthal and the adjoining Teufelsmoor . From this missionary work, independent church-style house groups developed in Seebergen and Fischerhude, among others . After the first Baptist congregation was founded in Bremen in 1845, the Bremen preachers of this free church immediately followed up Oncken's missionary work and founded branch congregations of the Bremen free church in the Lilienthal area. After the Second World War , the evangelical free church community work experienced an upswing due to the influx of refugees. From 1990 to 1994, the parent community in Bremen dared a fresh start. In 1994, an older residential building at the Konventshof was acquired, which became a community center through additions and renovations. The Philippus congregation is today an independent Baptist congregation in the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches. It belongs to the national association of Baptists in the northwest .
Christ Centrum Oasis Lilienthal e. V.
At the end of 1945 families from the east came to Lilienthal with the stream of refugees. The first house groups were looked after by various preachers as a whole congregation. In 1951, an old barrack was rebuilt on the property at Am Schulhof 19a for the community (since 1970 eV). In 1954 the first pastor could be hired. In 1985 an extension was added to the parish hall. In 1995 the congregation changed its name to Christ Centrum OASIS e. V. In 1998 the building at Goebelstrasse 55–57 was purchased . The congregation is a member of the Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden ( KdöR ) and, as a regional congregation, a guest member of the Working Group of Christian Churches in Germany (ACK) in Lower Saxony.
A Muslim minority in Lilienthal consists primarily of families with Chechen, Kurdish, Turkish, Iranian, Kazakh, Arab, North African, Pakistani, Bosnian or Albanian roots.
The municipality council of the municipality of Lilienthal consists of 26 councilors. The specified number of council members for a municipality with a population between 15,001 and 20,000 inhabitants is 32 in Lower Saxony. This number was reduced to 26 by resolution of the municipal council. The council members are elected for a five-year term by local elections.
The full-time mayor is also entitled to vote in the council of the municipality. The current term of office of the municipal council began on November 1st, 2016. The last municipal council elections resulted in the following results:
|Parties and constituencies||%
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||6.88||2||17.53||4th||34.38||9||16.3|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||42.45||15th||35.85||9||24.66||6th||37.9|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||26.06||9||27.86||7th||21.86||6th||26.6|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||10.48||3||14.75||3||-||-||4.3|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||-||-||-||-||-||-||1.5|
|Q||Lateral thinker Lilienthal||-||-||-||-||16.11||4th||8.2|
|JEZ||Young people develop the future||14.13||4th||-||-||-||-||-|
|EW Hansen||Single nomination for John Hansen||-||-||-||-||0.61||0||-|
|EW Rossol||Single nomination for Harald Rossol||-||-||4.00||1||-||-||-|
In the municipal elections in Lower Saxony in 2016 , 15,496 eligible voters were called to vote, 59.76% took part, which means an increase of approx. 4%. In each of the 14 electoral districts, three votes could be distributed to lists or persons. The change compared to the last election: CDU + 13% p SPD + 5% p Greens −18% p lateral thinkers −8% p Left + 3% p. The newly established local branches of the Free Democratic Party and the National Democratic Party of Germany received 4.3% and 1.5%, respectively.
The first full-time mayor since 2004 was Willy Hollatz. In 2011 he was re-elected unopposed with 73.4 percent of the vote. In December 2015, he announced his resignation for 2016 for personal reasons. In September 2016, the turnout was 59.77% in the mayoral elections. Six candidates stood for election. In the second ballot, Kristian Willem Tangermann ( CDU) prevailed with 65.15% of the vote; the turnout was 43%.
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows the image of Mary of the Cistercian order with the depiction of Mary with baby Jesus and lilies, which can also be seen as a stone relief in the St. Mary's Church.
- Stadskanaal ( Netherlands , Groningen Province ), since 1971
- Émerainville ( France , Greater Paris Area ), 1993–2010
- Bielsko-Biała ( Poland , Silesian Voivodeship ), since 1996, has been inactive for several years
- Lilienthal is represented in the Lower Saxony / Bremen municipal association.
Culture and sights
- The Lilienthal open-air theater is located in Frankenburg.
- Heritage Museum Lilienthal (u. A. With library , Wümme Newspaper -Archiv and Johann Hieronymus Schroeter archive )
- Lilienhof plant
- Crafts Museum Lilienthal on the Lilienhof
- Lower Saxony Carriage Museum in the Trupe district
- Lilienthal School Museum in the old Falkenberg School in Lilienthal
- St. Juergens Church in the Sankt Juergen district, 1190
- St. Marien Monastery Church in Lilienthal, founded in 1530, today's building 1550–1565
- Chapel in the Trupe district, 1283
- former small train station Lilienthal
- Frankenburger Mühle (monument protection revoked)
Economy and Infrastructure
Regionally and nationally known companies from Lilienthal include:
- Fugro Consult GmbH (services for geophysical and geotechnical subsoil and raw material exploration)
- German Bags GmbH (sales of bags)
- Kastens & Knauer GmbH & Co international KG (metal wholesale company)
- Nabertherm GmbH (manufacturer of industrial furnaces)
- Out of the blue KG (major importer of gifts and electrical goods)
- Poliboy Brandt & Walther GmbH (manufacturer of care and cleaning agents)
- Leuchtfeuer Strickwaren Adolf Grohmann KG (manufacturer of knitwear and maritime clothing)
- Müller-Licht International GmbH
- Gebrüder Weingärtner GmbH (garden center, gardening and landscaping)
Oberende wind farm
The Oberende wind farm was built by the Spanish company Gamesa and commissioned in 2009. The five wind turbines are of the Gamesa G 58 type and have a total height of 100 meters. The output of each system is given as 850 kW. All systems were sold to IKEA in 2010 .
In 2010, the surrounding citizens, who oppose the expansion of the wind farm and criticize the existing wind turbines, founded the interest group 5 are enough! . Above all, they complain about the noise development, the flashing light on the systems, the shadows cast and, in their opinion, the damage to the landscape that the systems would cause.
General and culture
- Lilienthal Town Hall, Klosterstrasse 16
Murkens Hof - Lilienthal Cultural Center, Klosterstrasse 25
- Lilienthal library in an old, Lower Saxon studded house
- Adult Education Center (VHS)
- Art library, gallery, municipal cinema, community radio
- 11 kindergartens and day-care centers
- Lilienthal acute hospital; These are the Residenz-Kliniken, which saw a change in provider in 2009.
- Schroeterschule Primary School, Konventshof 3
- Falkenberg primary school, Peter-Sonnenschein-Strasse 1
- Trupermoor Primary School, Trupermoorer Landstrasse 15
- Kindergarten Frankenburg, Hinter dem Berg 8
- Elementary school Worphausen, Lüninghauser Straße 6
- IGS Lilienthal, Auf dem Kamp 1e
- Lilienthal High School , Zum Schoofmoor 13
- Christoph-Tornée-Schule , special school for grades 1–9, Zum Schoofmoor 9
- District music school, Lindenstrasse 55
- Vocational school for geriatric care and occupational therapy, specialist school for curative education, An der Martinskirche 14
In local public transport , Lilienthal has been connected to the Bremen tram network since August 1, 2014 . The extension of tram line 4 from Bremen-Borgfeld to Lilienthal-Falkenberg was under construction from the end of February 2011 to June 2014. Due to the bankruptcy of the general contractor carrying out the construction, the planned completion was postponed from September 2013 to August 1, 2014. The regional buses of lines 630 and 670 of the VBN , which run from Bremen main station through the municipality of Lilienthal to Worpswede and Zeven , got with the opening of the Line 4 to Falkenberg a new route. With the start of regular operation of line 4, bus line 30 of the BSAG to Bremen- Borgfeld was discontinued.
A collective call taxi can be ordered in town and as a feeder to the buses .
An inner-city relief road has been completed since May 2010 and opened for public traffic.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Bodo von Hodenberg (1826–1907), politician
- Olga Cordes (1868–1930), painter and writer
- Moritz Jahn (1884–1979), writer
- Hermann Barnstorff (1891–1979), Germanist, philologist and university professor
- Heinz Lemmermann (1930–2007), composer, writer, music teacher and politician
- Jürgen Ludwigs (* 1936), Low German author and educator
- Jochen Grywatsch (* 1957), German studies specialist, editor and head of the Droste research center
- Josephine Meckseper (* 1964), artist working in New York City
- Kathrin Fricke (* 1984), web video producer
Personalities associated with this church
- Johann Hieronymus Schroeter (1745–1816), lawyer and astronomer
- Karl Ludwig Harding (1765–1834), astronomer, tutor in Lilienthal
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (1784–1846), astronomer
- Carl Jörres (1870–1947), painter
- Franz van der Glas (1878–1964), painter and writer
- Agnes Sander-Plump (1888–1980), painter
- Paul Ernst Wilke (1894–1971), painter
- Ilse Heß (1900–1995), wife of Rudolf Heß
- Heinrich Schmidt-Barrien (1902–1996), writer
- Jürgen von Alten (1903–1994), actor
- Hilde Seipp (1909–1999), actress
- Conrad Naber (1922–2018), entrepreneur
- Otto Laske (* 1936 in Olesnica (Oels), Silesia), in L. 1945–1966; Composer, poet, visual artist
- Rudi Assauer (1944–2019), professional soccer player and manager
- Volker Kühn (* 1948), visual artist
- Erik Hoffmann (* 1952), painter
- Markus Beyer (1971-2018), boxer
- Daniela Haak (* 1973), singer
- Ross Antony (* 1974), musician ( Bro'Sis ), television presenter, musical performer
- Torsten Frings (* 1976), national soccer player
- Feodor Szerbakow (1911–2009), painter
- Wilhelm Dehlwes (Ed.): Lilienthal yesterday and today . Lilienthal 1977.
- Peter Richter, Harald Kühn: Time travel - 775 years of Lilienthal . Heimatverein Lilienthal e. V. (Ed.), Verlag M. Simmering , Lilienthal 2007, ISBN 978-3-927723-62-7 .
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- community- Lilienthal in numbers, page 43 , accessed on May 18, 2015
- Named after the responsible bailiff and astronomer from Lilienthal, Johann Hieronymus Schroeter .
- Rupprecht Knoop: The great fire in Lilienthal 1813. In: Heimat-Rundblick. History, culture, nature . No. 104, 1/2013 ( spring 2013 ). Druckerpresse-Verlag , , pp. 14-15.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Osterholz.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 244 .
- after R. Kipper: Katholische Kirchengemeinde Guter Hirt , Lilienthal 1996
- to: Karl Söhlke, Gregor Helms and others: 150 years of Baptists in Bremen and around , Bremen 1996
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on May 15, 2015.
- articles of association , accessed on May 15, 2015
- Result of the direct elections 2011 in Lower Saxony ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on May 15, 2015
- Entry about the partnership with Stadskanaal on the homepage of the Lilienthal community.Accessed on May 8, 2019, 6:01 pm
- Lilienthal Local History Museum on lilienthal.de.
- Lilienhof plant on lilienthal.de.
- Lilienthal Crafts Museum at lilienthal.de.
- Lower Saxony Carriage Museum on lilienthal.de.
- Rupprecht Knoop: The "Old Falkenberger School" is 100 years old. In: Heimat-Rundblick. History, culture, nature . No. 96, 1/2011 ( spring 2011 ). Druckerpresse-Verlag , , pp. 10-11.
- Monastery church “St. Marien “in Lilienthal
- Featured churches lilienthal.de,
- Telephone information from the owner on May 3, 2015
- Article of the epd on the takeover of the clinic ( memento of the original from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Extended line 4 now runs to Falkenberg ( memento of the original from October 1, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on May 18, 2015
- From Borgfeld to Falkenberg: Please get on! ( Memento of the original from April 29, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on May 18, 2015
- Farewell to line 30 , BahnBremen.de, accessed on May 18, 2015