Prussian State Ministry

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Service building for the Prussian State Ministry and the General Order Commission at Wilhelmstrasse 63 in Berlin, around 1904
Staircase and corridor in the Ministry of State, ca.1904
Garden and service building of the General Lottery Directorate, 1903
Site plan of the buildings on the site at Wilhelmstrasse 63, 1904

The Prussian State Ministry was from 1808 to 1850 the executive body with the specialist ministers subordinate to the King of Prussia and from 1850 to 1918 the entire Ministry of the State of Prussia consisting of the individual ministers . In other German federal states, the state government or the senate of a free city corresponded to it .

The Prussian State Ministry met under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister. The ministers were equal, the president was primus inter pares . When the King himself presided, the State Ministry was called Privy Council . According to the constitution , in the cases under Art. 57 (convocation of the chambers to elect a regent ), 58 ( responsibility for all governmental acts up to the swearing-in of the regent), 63 ( state of emergency ) and 111 ( minor state of siege ), the government had to meet and approve to lead. The State Department was also the supreme court for offenses against non-judicial officials.

The predecessor of the State Ministry was the General Directorate responsible for the interior and financial administration .

For the departments and ministers see also the category State Ministers (Prussia) .

The office building of the General Lottery Directorate was at the same address in the back yard .

1808 to 1848

Breakdown according to the reforms of 1808:

Office: City Palace
1819 to 1919 Office: Leipziger Strasse 5
Homeland security, press censorship, schools, universities, health care, church affairs, agriculture, trade, commerce, construction, traffic, government supervision
Split off in 1817:
From 1819 to 1842 the remaining Ministry of the Interior was divided:
  • Police Minister (security, censorship, traffic, urban development)
  • Interior Minister (authority supervision, economy, health)
1819 (January to December) additionally
  • administration
In today's understanding: Ministry of Finance
1817 to 1848 divided:
  • Minister of Justice Administration
  • Minister for the Revision of Legislation
since 1799 office: Wilhelmstraße 74 (formerly No. 4)
1819 Office: Wilhelmstrasse 76 (formerly No. 6)

1848 to 1920


From 1848 to 1871 the State Ministry was located at Wilhelmstrasse  74, from 1871 to 1889 at Behrenstrasse  72 and from 1889 to 1902 at Leipziger Platz  11. From 1900 to 1902 a representative new building was erected at Wilhelmstrasse 63 for the State Ministry by Hans Altmann , Paul Kieschke and Adolf Bürckner. During the construction of the Prussian Landtag, an intermediate building was erected between the manor house and the House of Representatives for the sessions of the cabinet , which was connected to both buildings.

1920 to 1945

During the Weimar Republic , the name was retained for the Prussian government for reasons of tradition. The State Ministry was the body of the cabinet, that is, the college of Prussian ministers. But it was also the State Chancellery, i.e. the office of the Prussian Prime Minister . This second function came to the fore after the revolution of 1918/19 .

From 1920 to 1932 Otto Braun ( SPD ) was Prussian Prime Minister. His government was deposed on July 20, 1932 by Chancellor Franz von Papen under a pretext (the so-called “ Prussian strike ”). The Reich government administered Prussia on a provisional basis. In April 1933 Hermann Göring ( NSDAP ) was appointed Prussian Prime Minister.

The State Ministry lost much of its importance by the "seizure of power" by the National Socialists until 1935. The sovereign rights of the states were transferred to the empire. The Prussian ministries were connected with the Reich ministries. The Reich ministers were now also Prussian ministers. Formally, however, there was still a Prussian Prime Minister.


In 1935 Göring moved the official residence of the Prussian Prime Minister to Leipziger Strasse 3.

House Ministry

The minister of the royal house held a special position until 1848; after that he was no longer part of the State Ministry.

See also


  • Bärbel Holtz, Rainer Paetau, Christina Rathgeber, Gerhard Schulze, Hartwin Spenkuch, Reinhold Zilch (arr.): Acta Borussica : The Protocols of the Prussian State Ministry 1817–1934 / 38 . Ed .: Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences. Volumes 1–12 (1817–1934 / 38). Georg Olms, Hildesheim, ISBN 3-487-11001-6 (1999-2004).
  • Bärbel Holtz: The Prussian State Ministry on its way from the royal council to the parliamentary government body . In: FBPG . tape 16 . Duncker & Humblot, 2006, ISSN  0934-1234 , pp. 67-112 .
  • Laurenz Demps : Wilhelmstrasse - A topography of Prussian-German power . Ch.Links, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-86153-080-5 .

Minutes of the Prussian State Ministry (Acta Borussica)

Individual proof

  1. Adolf Arndt cites the cabinet order (KO) of June 3, 1814. In: The constitutional document for the Prussian state. With introduction, complete commentary, attachments and subject index. J. Guttentag, Berlin 1904, p. 216