Prussian Ministry of Agriculture, Domains and Forests

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Seal mark Prussian Ministry of Agriculture, Domains and Forests
Service building at Stresemannstrasse 128, 2014

The Prussian Ministry of Agriculture, Domains and Forests was a supreme authority and the Ministry of Agriculture of the State of Prussia . It was built in the Kingdom of Prussia in 1848 and continued to exist in the Free State of Prussia . In 1935 the Ministry was merged with the Reich Ministry for Food and Agriculture . The office was in Berlin .


The establishment of the ministry was initiated by point 5 of the decree of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of June 25, 1848 to the State Ministry: "The administration of agricultural affairs is to be separated from the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Public Works and a separate ministry is to be established for these affairs whose direction I have entrusted to the City Syndic, MP Gierke , by appointing him as Minister of State. "

His areas of responsibility initially included the agricultural police, the regulation of landlord and peasant conditions, the subdivisions of common land (dissolution of the commons ), the replacement of feudal burdens , the fishing police as well as the supervision of the institutions for the promotion of agriculture and the agricultural educational institutions.

The ministry's areas of responsibility were gradually expanded in the following years. On August 11, 1848, the stud system was added, on June 22, 1849 the consultation of veterinary police matters, on November 26, 1849 the dyke system, on March 2, 1850 the co-supervision of the Rentenbanken and on March 7, 1850 the execution of the hunting police law. On April 27, 1872, the veterinary system was also outsourced from the Prussian Ministry of the Interior and assigned to the Ministry of Agriculture. With effect from the decrees of April 10, 1874 and August 13, 1876, the ministry was assigned the supervision of the agricultural credit institutions and participation in the supervision of the non-agricultural mortgage institutions.

By royal decree of August 7, 1878 and by law of March 13, 1879, the domains and forest areas were separated from the Prussian Ministry of Finance and integrated into the Ministry of Agriculture, which was also renamed the Prussian Ministry of Agriculture, Domains and Forests .

At the turn of the century the ministry was divided into three departments: the department for agricultural and stud affairs, the department for domains and the department for forest and hunting matters. The department for agricultural and stud affairs was responsible for the supervision of the state economics college, the agricultural educational institutions, the higher regional culture court , the central moor commission , the agricultural credit institutions, the main and state studs as well as the technical deputation for the veterinary system and the veterinary universities in Berlin. The department for forest and hunting matters supervised the forest examinations commission and the forest academies.

After the First World War , the ministry continued in the Free State of Prussia . His office was at Leipziger Platz 6-10 and was expanded between 1913 and 1919 to include an extension at Königgrätzer Strasse 123 B (from 1930 Stresemannstrasse 128). In the course of the dissolution of the Prussian Ministry for Public Works , the Ministry of Agriculture was assigned water management and water rights in 1921. Most recently, the ministry was divided into the central office, central administration of the department for domains and forests, agriculture department, domain department, forest department, stud department, veterinary department and water management department.

On January 1, 1935, the Ministry was incorporated into the Reich Ministry for Food and Agriculture, which was founded in 1919 and until 1938 was called the "Reich and Prussian Ministry for Food and Agriculture".



  • Friedrich Nobis: The Federal Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Forests. (= Offices and organizations of the Federal Republic of Germany , 5), 2nd revised. Edition, Boldt, Bonn 1971, pp. 11-16.
  • Robert Hue de Grais : Handbook of the constitution and administration in Prussia and the German empire. 25th edition, Springer, Berlin 1930, pp. 62–63.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. (Collection of Laws for the Royal Prussian States, 1848. p. 159)
  2. ^ Central agricultural authorities. In: Yearbook for the official statistics of the Prussian state. 1st year, Königliches Statistisches Bureau (Ed.), Verlag der Königlichen secret Ober-Hofbuchdruckerei, Berlin 1868, p. 292.
  3. Kurt von Rümker (ed.): Communications from the agricultural institutes of the Royal University of Breslau Volume 1, Paul Parey publishing house, Berlin 1899, p. 144.
  4. Handbook of German Economics. Volume 4: Germany's trade and transport and the institutions serving them. (Arrangement): Baetz, Bettgenhauser, Biermer u. a., ed. on behalf of the German Association for Commercial Education, Teubner, Leipzig 1904, p. 481.
  5. ^ The new office building of the Ministry for Agriculture, Domains and Forests in Berlin. (Part I and intermediate structure) . In: Zeitschrift für Bauwesen , year 69 (1919), col. 181–194, plate 11. Digital copy in the holdings of the Central and State Library Berlin .
  6. Udo Dräger (edit.): The holdings of the Prussian Ministry of Agriculture, Domains and Forests in the German Central Archive, Historical Department II, Merseburg. Appendix I. In: Yearbook for Economic History. Volume 11, Issue 3, Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1970, pp. 276-277. (PDF; 785 kB)

Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 31.7 "  N , 13 ° 22 ′ 42.9"  E