Administrative region of Stade

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Administrative region of Stade (brown) in Lower Saxony in 1978 with five districts belonging to it

The district of Stade was until 1978 one of eight Lower Saxony government and administrative districts . It was located in the Elbe-Weser triangle in the area of ​​the old duchies of Bremen and Verden .


Administrative region of Stade (brown) of the Prussian province of Hanover (yellow) 1905 with 14 affiliated districts

The history of the administrative district of Stade goes back to the year 1885, when the area of ​​the former Kingdom of Hanover (since 1866 the Prussian province of Hanover ) was divided into administrative districts on the basis of the previous Landdrosteien . At that time, the administrative district of Stade emerged from the co-area Landdrostei Stade . This was founded in the Landdrostei order in the new Kingdom of Hanover in 1823 from the previous provincial government of Stade after Hanover had bought the area from Denmark in 1715.

After the occupation and annexation of Hanover by the Kingdom of Prussia as a result of the German War of 1866 , districts were also created in the new province, following the example of the administrative districts that had already been established in other Prussian provinces in 1815/16. For this purpose, on April 1, 1885, the existing Landdrosteien were reorganized and renamed administrative districts. In these administrative districts, somewhat larger administrative units, the districts , were established from the former offices . The population of Landdrostei Stade was around 300,000 at that time.

When it was founded, the administrative district of Stade comprised the 14 districts of Achim , Blumenthal , Bremervörde , Geestemünde , Hadeln (seat in Otterndorf ), Jork , Kehdingen (seat in Freiburg / Elbe ), Lehe , Neuhaus , Osterholz (seat in Osterholz-Scharmbeck ), Rotenburg in Hanover , Stade , Verden (Aller) and Zeven . In 1924, the unification of the cities of Lehe and Geestemünde, which had been independent since 1913, founded the independent city of Wesermünde , which until 1947 belonged to the Stade administrative district. During the district reform of 1932, the number of districts was reduced to seven. Blumenthal was added to the Osterholz district, Achim joined Verden, Zeven joined Bremervörde, Neuhaus and Hadeln became the Land Hadeln district , Altes Land and Kehdingen went to Stade and the Geestemünde and Lehe districts were merged into the Wesermünde district.

In 1937, as part of the Greater Hamburg Act, the Ritzebüttel office was included as an independent city of Cuxhaven in the Stade administrative district and thus in the Prussian province of Hanover. In 1939 the city ​​of Bremerhaven , which had previously belonged to Bremen, was incorporated into Wesermünde. Parts of the districts of Osterholz and Verden went to the city of Bremen and thus left the administrative district.

In 1947 the OMGUS and the British military government restored the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen , consisting of the cities of Bremen and Wesermünde. Shortly thereafter, Wesermünde was (again) renamed Bremerhaven . It left the administrative district of Stade and became - like the entire state of Bremen - at the same time the exclave of the US zone in the British zone .

During the district reform , which was carried out in Lower Saxony from 1973 to 1977, the districts were merged into larger administrative units and the independent city of Cuxhaven was integrated into the new district of Cuxhaven . The administrative district then consisted only of the five districts of Cuxhaven, Osterholz, Rotenburg (Wümme), Stade and Verden . The population of the district at that time was just under 700,000. In 1978 the area of ​​the administrative district of Stade was finally assigned to the administrative district of Lüneburg, which in turn existed until 2004.

Aftermath in the present day

Many regional institutions such as the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Stade Regional Association, the Chamber of Agriculture or the Sprengel Stade of the Evangelical-Lutheran State Church of Hanover still encompass the area that is derived from the former Landdrostei Stade and the subsequent administrative district.

Population development

district Inhabitants
1969 residents
Blumenthal 22,547 30,353 39,535 43.104
Osterholz 28,232 29.205 31,284 32,545 80.216 41,529 80,600 93,700
Achim 20,981 24.051 28,555 33,717
Verden 25,125 26,392 27,638 28,177 63,441 51,643 88,900 110,300
Zeven 14,060 15,318 15,825 20,569 44,021
Bremervörde 17,040 18,159 19,858 22.305 45,455 72,700
Rotenburg (Hanover) 19,642 21,128 25,425 29,171 30,947 33,821 57,100
Rotenburg (Wümme) 138,400
Geestemünde 35,398 41,906 51.002 23,355
Lehe 32,165 43,040 58,685 23,736
Wesermünde 47,695 49,632 78,900
City of Wesermünde 72,065 77,461 86,043
Neuhaus (Oste) 29,111 29,684 29,383 27,020
Hadeln 16,652 15,959 16,662 16,921
Land Hadeln 42,281 43,827 64,200
City of Cuxhaven 22.094 45,200
Cuxhaven 191,700
Kehdingen 21,014 19,993 19,741 19,146
Jork 20,899 21,028 21,050 21,064
Stade 35,359 38,804 42,712 44,652 88,253 88,548 139,400 163,400
RB Stade 338.225 375.020 427.355 457,547 474.315 462,592 627,000 697,500

District President

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Map of the Landdrostei Stade
  2. Landdrostei Stade ( Memento from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  3. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Prussian province Hanover. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).