Hildesheim administrative district
|Hildesheim administrative district|
|Affiliation||1885–1946 Province of Hanover
1946–1978 Lower Saxony
|surface||4761 km² (1977)|
|Population density||180 inhabitants / km² (1977)|
The administrative district of Hildesheim was an administrative district of the Prussian province of Hanover and the state of Lower Saxony . It existed from 1885 to 1978.
In 1885 the Hildesheim administrative district was formed from the old Hildesheim district within the Prussian province of Hanover. The model was the government districts established in other Prussian provinces in 1815/1816. At the same time, the old Hanoverian administrative structure in cities and offices was replaced by a structure in districts . A building complex in the neo-Renaissance style was built as a government building in Hildesheim on the east side of the cathedral courtyard , which has been preserved to this day. The plans come from the Hildesheim architect Anton Algermissen.
On February 1, 1978, the Hildesheim administrative district was dissolved and divided between the Hanover and Braunschweig administrative districts.
After its foundation in 1885, the Hildesheim administrative district initially comprised the independent cities of Göttingen and Hildesheim as well as the districts of Alfeld (Leine) , Duderstadt , Einbeck , Goslar , Göttingen , Gronau , Hildesheim , Ilfeld , Marienburg , Münden , Northeim , Osterode am Harz , Peine , Uslar and Zellerfeld .
The city of Goslar left the district of Goslar on April 1, 1924 and became a district. In 1932 four districts were dissolved. The Gronau district merged into the Alfeld (Leine) district, the Uslar district merged into the Northeim district, the Münden district merged into the Göttingen district and the Ilfeld district merged into the Hohenstein district of the Prussian province of Saxony . The district of Münden was restored in 1933.
In 1941 the district of Holzminden came from the state of Braunschweig to the administrative district of Hildesheim. In return, the city and the district of Goslar fell to the state of Braunschweig. In 1946 the districts of Hildesheim and Marienburg were merged to form the district of Hildesheim-Marienburg .
The city of Göttingen was incorporated into the district of Göttingen in 1964 due to the Göttingen Act , but partially retained the legal status of an independent city . In 1972 the district of Zellerfeld was dissolved and divided between the districts of Goslar and Osterode. In 1973 the district of Duderstadt was dissolved and divided between the districts of Göttingen and Northeim. At the same time, the Münden district was completely absorbed into the Göttingen district. In 1974, the independent city of Hildesheim and most of the Hildesheim-Marienburg district became part of the new Hildesheim district . At the same time, the districts of Einbeck and Northeim were dissolved and merged to form a new district of Northeim. In 1977 the district of Alfeld (Leine) was dissolved and divided between the districts of Hildesheim and Holzminden.
In 1978 the Hildesheim administrative district was dissolved. The districts of Göttingen, Northeim, Osterode and Peine came to the administrative district of Braunschweig , while the districts of Hildesheim and Holzminden came to the administrative district of Hanover .
- 1885–1899: Hugo Schultz (1835–1905)
- 1899–1904: Ernst von Philipsborn (1853–1915)
- 1904–1919: Paul Fromme (1855–1929)
- 1919–1922: Wilhelm Kutscher (1876–1962)
- 1922–1927: Carl von Halfern (1873–1937)
- 1927–1933: Leopold Höhnen (1870–1941)
- 1933–1937: Hermann Muhs (1894–1962)
- 1937–1939: Traugott Bredow (1889–1969)
- 1939–1945: Kurt Binding (1904–1971)
- 1971–1978: Hans Kellner (1913–2008)