District of Goslar
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Administrative headquarters :||Goslar|
|Area :||965.29 km 2|
|Residents:||136,292 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||141 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||GS, BRL, CLZ|
|Circle key :||03 1 53|
|Circle structure:||10 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Thomas Brych ( SPD )|
|Location of the district of Goslar in Lower Saxony|
With the administrative district Harz measuring 371.76 km², it is the largest municipality-free area in Germany and part of the district. The Wurmberg in the southeastern district is the highest mountain in Lower Saxony.
In the natural division of Germany , the district of Goslar comprises the south-western parts of the Innerstebergland and the western part of the Harz rim hollow . Along with the Harly , part of the Harlyberg-Fallstein-Huyberg-Hakel-Blankenburger elevations, which consists of individual, unrelated areas, belongs to the district. The entire southern part is taken up by the Harz , which in this area is divided into Upper and Middle Harz . In addition, a small part south of Seesen belongs to the southwestern Harz foreland .
While in the northern part of the district of Goslar only heights between 200 and a little more than 300 meters are reached (e.g. Bärenkopf , 307 m and Harlyberg , 256 m), the mountains in the Upper Harz reach significantly greater heights (e.g. Dicker Kopf , 670 m and Schalke , 762 m). In the middle Harz, with Achtermannshöhe (925 m), Bruchberg (927) and Wurmberg (971 m), heights of almost 1000 m can be reached. This means that the highest mountain in Lower Saxony is also in this district.
The district of Goslar borders clockwise to the east, beginning with the district of Harz (in Saxony-Anhalt ), the district of Nordhausen (in Thuringia ), the districts of Göttingen , Northeim , Hildesheim and Wolfenbüttel and the independent city of Salzgitter (all in Lower Saxony) .
All major rivers in the Goslar district have their source in the Harz Mountains and have been partially dammed. Worth mentioning are the Nette , the Innerste (with the Neile and Grane tributaries ) and the Oker (with the Radau and Ecker tributaries ). In addition, the Oder and the Warme Bode , one of the two source rivers of the Bode, arise in the district of Goslar . Larger areas of water were created in the district in three different ways:
- the Vienenburger lake and the Vienenburger gravel ponds can be traced back to the gravel mining in this area,
- the reservoirs of the Innerste , Grane , Oker and Eckertalsperre were u. a. created for flood protection and drinking water production and
- the ponds of the Oberharzer Wasserregal , which also includes moats and water courses , served the Upper Harz mining industry .
The number of inhabitants on December 31, 2019 in brackets.
Joint municipality with its member municipalities
* Seat of the joint municipality administration
- Harz (district of Goslar) (371.76 km², uninhabited)
The district of Goslar, including the non-parish Harz region, has a population density of 144 inhabitants / km². If one excludes the community-free area, the populated part has a population density of 236 inhabitants / km², which is above the average for Lower Saxony and Germany.
The following table lists all municipalities that have ever belonged to the Goslar district and their current affiliation:
The district of Goslar, located in Ostfalen (except for Hohegeiß ) , was the focus of history early on. For centuries, its territory was split up between different landlords, later mainly between the Electorate of Hanover , the Hildesheim Monastery and the Principality of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel . From 1290 Goslar was a free imperial city , whose influence and surroundings were secured by various protective castles ( Liebenburg , Harliburg , Harzburg etc.). In addition, other powers invaded the territory for a time, so the Counts of Wernigerode tried in the 13th and 14th centuries to gain influence.
Historically, today's district of Goslar grew out of:
- the old district of Goslar ( Liebenburg , former municipality of Vienenburg, partly integrated municipality of Lutter am Barenberge ), Prussia
- the independent city of Goslar, Prussia
- the district of Gandersheim ( Langelsheim , Lutter am Barenberge , Seesen , Liebenburg- Ostharingen ), Free State of Braunschweig
- the district of Wolfenbüttel ( Bad Harzburg , Oker ), Free State of Braunschweig
- the district of Zellerfeld (roughly congruent with Harz (district of Goslar) and the city of Clausthal-Zellerfeld ), Prussia
- the district of Blankenburg ( Braunlage without St. Andreasberg ), Free State of Braunschweig
- the district of Hildesheim-Marienburg ( Groß Rhüden , Mechtshausen , Bilderlahe ), Prussia.
When districts were formed from the offices of the former Kingdom of Hanover in the Prussian province of Hanover on April 1, 1885 , the district of Goslar was also created (from the offices of Liebenburg and Wöltingerode and the city of Goslar.) The city forest of Goslar , which until then became the Duchy of Braunschweig heard, was reclassified to Prussia in 1890 and thus enlarged the district. A slight reduction occurred in 1904, when an approximately 4.5 km² uninhabited area was reclassified to the Harzburg office in Brunswick .
Two downsizing of the district area took place on April 1, 1922 with the separation of the city of Goslar and in 1928 with the dissolution of the manor districts in Prussia, two of which were incorporated into the city of Goslar. On April 1, 1942, the district had to give up seven communities to form the city of Watenstedt-Salzgitter ; at the same time he received the municipality of Ostharingen , which until then had been an exclave of the district of Gandersheim .
Major changes only took place with the regional reform in Lower Saxony in three steps:
- First of all, the Harz Act brought the northern parts of the dissolved districts of Blankenburg and Zellerfeld to the district of Goslar, into which the previously independent city of Goslar was also incorporated (July 1, 1972).
- In 1974 the district of Goslar gave seven municipalities to the district of Wolfenbüttel; In return, the city of Bad Harzburg, which was enlarged in 1972, was awarded to him.
- After the district of Goslar had to surrender a municipality to the district of Gandersheim in 1972, it received the eastern parts of this dissolved district on August 1, 1977, namely the communities of Hahausen, Langelsheim, Lutter am Barenberge, Seesen and Wallmoden.
From the 2010s on, several community mergers took place in the Goslar district:
- First, on November 1, 2011, the mountain town of Sankt Andreasberg was incorporated into the town of Braunlage .
- On January 1, 2014, the city of Vienenburg and its districts were incorporated into the district town of Goslar .
- On January 1, 2015, the combined municipality of Upper Harz with the member municipalities of Altenau , Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Schulenberg im Oberharz and Wildemann was converted into the mountain and university town of Clausthal-Zellerfeld .
- On November 1, 2021, the Lutter am Barenberge joint community with its member communities Hahausen , Lutter am Barenberge and Wallmoden will merge with the city of Langelsheim .
The remaining district of Blankenburg after the Second World War. Braunlage and Hohegeiß fell to the Goslar district on July 1, 1972.
Originally formed as a Prussian district, the district came to the Free State of Braunschweig on November 1, 1941 together with the independent city of Goslar , which in return had to surrender the Holzminden district to Prussia. After the war, the district was in the British zone of occupation and became part of Lower Saxony.
Today's district area
(Status: 1961: on June 6th, 1970: on May 27th, 1987: on May 25th [census results], from 1968 otherwise on December 31st)
District of Goslar with the respective territorial status
On June 2, 2013 Thomas Brych (SPD) was elected as the new district administrator. From November 2006 to February 2013, Stephan Manke (SPD) was the district administrator. Manke was appointed State Secretary in the Lower Saxony Ministry of the Interior on February 19, 2013. Until the election of a new district administrator on June 2nd, First District Administrator Kathrin Weiher (non-party) took over the office of Stephan Manke.
The district election on September 11, 2016 brought the following result:
|Parties and constituencies||Percent
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||37.8||19th||39.6||20th||44.3||21st|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||29.9||15th||35.5||18th||36.7||18th|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||7.2||4th||10.5||5||5.2||2|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||11.1||5||-||-||-||-|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||5.4||3||3.9||2||7.8||4th|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||-||-||1.7||1||-||-|
|Bodo Arend - single nomination||-||-||-||-||0.1||0|
|Jürgen Hagemann - single nomination||-||-||-||-||0.4||0|
|Turnout in percent||51.6||53.9||50.7|
coat of arms
A partnership with the Polish district of Trzebnica in Lower Silesia has existed since 2000 . Further partnerships existed with the former Frederiksborg Amt ( Denmark ) and the former Wernigerode district .
Economy and Infrastructure
Due to its geographical location on the Harz Mountains, the district of Goslar is traditionally characterized by the mining industry. Important industrial locations are the Langelsheim and Oker - Harlingerode area , in the latter is the largest employer in the district, the chemical company HC Starck , which is known for its metallic (tantalum, tungsten, molybdenum) and ceramic (cobalt, nickel, boron) powders is. The companies Harzer Zinkoxyde, Crown, Mann + Hummel, the Asklepios Harzkliniken (Goslar, Bad Harzburg and Clausthal-Zellerfeld) and the Asklepios Kliniken Schildautal (Seesen) should be mentioned as other larger companies. Chemetall in Langelsheim primarily produces lithium products . This metal, along with other products, is increasingly important for lithium batteries and accumulators , which will be important as a power source for electric vehicles. Research is also carried out here into the recycling of lithium batteries from electric cars. Furthermore, the company Electrocycling is located in Harlingerode , which operates one of the largest recycling plants for electrical devices in Europe.
The Münchehof industrial area includes Fels -Werke GmbH (Kalkwerk Münchehof) and the Fermacell works of James Hardie Europe GmbH . The companies TSN-Beton-Südharz and KEMNA Straßenbau GmbH are also located there. In addition, the Lower Saxony Forest Education Center is located in the village.
The Trinks company is a large beverage logistics company that is represented throughout Germany and has its headquarters in Goslar.
Tourism has gained in importance, especially in recent times (structural change) . There are two world cultural heritage sites in Goslar , a large part of the district is still occupied by the Harz National Park . Bad Harzburg , Braunlage and Clausthal-Zellerfeld are traditionally shaped by tourism.
In the Future Atlas 2019, the district of Goslar ranks 287th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the regions with "balanced opportunities / risks". The district has thus caught up by 51 places compared to 2016.
The district of Goslar has three motorways. The federal highway 7 crosses the Seesen city area for about 15 kilometers in the western part of the district and has the exits Rhüden / Harz and Seesen / Harz . It leads towards Kassel to the south and Hanover to the north. In the eastern part of the district in the city of Goslar there is the Federal Motorway 36 , which was newly established in 2019 , through which there is a connection to the metropolitan areas of Braunschweig and Halle (Saale) in Central Germany and here has the Lengde , Vienenburg and Osterwieck exits. At Goslar- Lochtum at the northern Harz motorway triangle , the 369 federal motorway branches off as a feeder for traffic to Bad Harzburg. It has the Vienenburg-Süd and Harlingerode runs and ends in the Bad Harzburger Dreieck .
The Bundesautobahn 36 was originally planned with the Bad Harzburger Dreieck as the beginning. Using the current B6 route, it should bypass Goslar further north and connect the northern district from east to west. A continuous route via Alfeld (Leine) and Hameln to Bielefeld , in part as federal motorway 35 , was discarded after the 1970s.
The B 82 together with their relation Seesen-Goslar the most important east-west link within the county. The traffic from the eastern northern Harz to the A 7 runs over it, a three-lane expansion as a trunk road has taken place over a long distance .
The B 6 leads via Hildesheim and Salzgitter through Liebenburg to Goslar. Here it joins the B 82 and continues to the east as a motorway-like main road through the Goslar city area. From the GS-Oker junction, it is designed with hard shoulder and meets the minimum standards for a motorway; it joins the A 369 at the Bad Harzburg motorway triangle, so that the A 7 – A 36 connection is completed here.
The B 4 , which once led as a country road from Bad Harzburg to Braunschweig and was replaced by motorways and motorway-like routes from 1971 to 1994 , also begins at the motorway triangle . It initially runs as a four-lane route through Bad Harzburg's urban area and continues into the Harz as a four-lane route, but without hard shoulder. At the Torfhaus level, it changes into a three-lane and later two-lane structure before opening up Braunlage with a three-lane construction method as a bypass. South of the village of Hohegeiß, the B 4 leaves the state of Lower Saxony and continues in the direction of Nordhausen and Erfurt .
The B 243 begins directly on the A 7 in Seesen and is also developed like a motorway. It leads south past the urban area and leads the traffic from the southern Harz on its four-lane route to Herzberg into the district, so that it serves to relieve the A 38 further south .
The following federal highways also cross the district:
- B 27 : Göttingen - Braunlage - Blankenburg
- B 64 : Paderborn - Höxter / Holzminden - Bad Gandersheim - Seesen ; eastern extension of the B 6x numbering in North Rhine-Westphalia
- B 241 : Warburg - Osterode am Harz - Clausthal-Zellerfeld - Goslar
- B 242 : Seesen - Clausthal-Zellerfeld - Braunlage - Hasselfelde - Mansfeld
- B 248 : Northeim - Seesen - Lutter am Barenberge - Salzgitter-Bad - Braunschweig
- B 498 : Osterode am Harz - Altenau - GS-Oker .
The area of today's district was connected to the railway network with the Braunschweig – Bad Harzburg railway as early as 1840. From this, the Braunschweig – Kreiensen railway branched off via Seesen since 1856 and the Vienenburg – Goslar railway since 1866. Since 1875 the Hildesheim – Goslar line and the former Halberstadt – Vienenburg line (until 1945, now with a new route along the Heudeber-Danstedt – Vienenburg line ) have been part of the Hanover –Northharz– Halle (Saale) connection . There is also the connection from Seesen to Herzberg and the connections Seesen – Goslar and Goslar – Bad Harzburg .
The lines via Clausthal-Zellerfeld to Altenau ( Innerstetalbahn ) and the rail connections to Braunlage ( Südharz-Eisenbahn ) and St. Andreasberg ( Odertalbahn ) have meanwhile been dismantled. The Derneburg – Seesen branch line is also out of service. The former Halberstadt –Wasserleben – Vienenburg – Grauhof – Langelsheim route served the east-west through traffic until 1945 and has also disappeared.
After extensive closures of railway lines, the bus service in the Harz is of great importance. As a result, Regionalbus Braunschweig (RBB) initially established itself as the main provider in the district, replacing the canceled stations as a subcontractor of Deutsche Bahn . In January 2019, the RBB decided to give up 17 lines in the northern district (Seesen / Salzgitter-Bad / Goslar / Bad Harzburg area) due to inefficiency. HarzBus GbR was formed in February 2019 as a consortium of several transport companies to maintain the existing line of routes and took over the operation of all lines canceled by RBB on April 1, 2019. In Bad Harzburg, the Kraftverkehrsgesellschaft Braunschweig covers regular service and has its own depot there.
Culture and sights
The entire part of the Harz in the district of Goslar belongs to the cross-county Harz Nature Park , with the exception of an area in the southwest, which is even more strictly protected as the cross-border Harz National Park . There are also 22 nature reserves .
|NSG mark||Nature reserve||Area in ha||founding|
|BR 004||Butterberg area||6.6||Feb 5, 1952|
|BR 006||Upper Harz||164||Apr 10, 1954|
|BR 009||Bredelem slag dump||2.3||Apr 16, 1976|
|BR 013||Silver hollow||2.3||June 2nd 1977|
|BR 019||Vienenburger gravel ponds||27.5||Nov 2, 1979|
|BR 043||Okertal||246||2nd June 1982|
|BR 045||Tönneckenkopf – Röseckenbach||20th||Aug 16, 1982|
|BR 055||Mountain meadow companies near Hohegeiß||18th||June 2nd 1983|
|BR 056||Pöbbeckenmühle||5||July 16, 1983|
|BR 058||Block rubble dumps on the Rammelsberg||18.5||Nov 16, 1983|
|BR 064||Bärenbachstal||4th||December 17, 1984|
|BR 066||Barley||20th||June 18, 1985|
|BR 081||Stream valleys in the Upper Harz around Braunlage||376.7||June 2, 1989|
|BR 083||Eastern Langenberg||28||17th Mar 1987|
|BR 091||Osterfeld clay pits||4th||Sep 2 1989|
|BR 095||Mountain meadows near St. Andreasberg||216.6||Aug 18, 1992|
|BR 105||Siebertal||694.7||June 16, 1992|
|BR 111||Johannes mountain meadows||12||Apr 3, 1991|
|BR 127||Okertal south of Vienenburg||205||Dec 6, 2007|
|BR 131||Middle Innerstetal with Kanstein||563||25 Sep 2008|
|BR 140||Wurmberg||183||Apr 10, 1954|
|BR 141||Appelhorn||245||Dec 19, 2008|
- List of nature reserves in the Goslar district
- List of landscape protection areas in the district of Goslar
- List of natural monuments in the Goslar district
- List of protected landscape components in the district of Goslar
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the GS distinctive sign when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today. Since November 15, 2012, as a result of the license plate liberalization , the distinctive signs BRL (Braunlage / Landkreis Blankenburg (Lower Saxony) ) and CLZ (Clausthal-Zellerfeld / Landkreis Zellerfeld ) have been available.
- Overview of the district administrators and senior district directors of the Goslar district (as of June 10, 2013)
- territorial.de - District of Goslar
- Link catalog on the topic of the Goslar district at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Municipal directory 1910: District of Goslar
- Territorial.de: District of Goslar
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. goslar.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- District regulation for the province of Hanover (1884)
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 203 .
- Goslarsche Zeitung : The merger is dry . 29th November 2019.
- Ordinance on territorial adjustments in the area of the Hermann-Göring-Werke Salzgitter
- Statistical Yearbook for the Federal Republic of Germany 1972
- District of Goslar: District Administrator Thomas Brych ; contains short résumé. Retrieved March 6, 2018
- Thomas Brych is Goslar's new district administrator. (No longer available online.) Goslarsche Zeitung, June 2, 2013, formerly in the original ; Retrieved June 11, 2013 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- District administrator gone: Poor move to Hanover perfect. (No longer available online.) Goslarsche Zeitung, February 18, 2013, formerly in the original ; Retrieved February 19, 2013 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Election result at www.landkreis-goslar.de .
-  Results of the local elections in 2001 and 2006
- - ( Memento of the original from August 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Result of the 2011 local elections
- Partnership with the Trzebnica County in Poland. District of Goslar, accessed on June 29, 2011 .
- Lithium - a tension maker on the circulatory course. VDI Nachrichten, January 7, 2011, accessed on June 29, 2011 .
- Goslarsche Zeitung : Weaknesses analyzed: the district is catching up in a nationwide comparison . 12th July 2019.
- Norddeutscher Rundfunk : "HarzBus" takes over regular services in the Harz region . March 18, 2019, accessed March 24, 2019.
- Goslar district: List of nature reserves. NLWKN , January 1, 2009, accessed June 29, 2011 .