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City of Goslar
Vienenburg coat of arms
Coordinates: 51 ° 57 ′ 16 ″  N , 10 ° 33 ′ 41 ″  E
Height : 169 m above sea level NHN
Area : 71.14 km²
Residents : 5543  (Jun. 30, 2018)
Population density : 78 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st of January 2014
Postal code : 38690
Area code : 05324
Vienenburg (Lower Saxony)

Location of Vienenburg in Lower Saxony

View over Vienenburg
View over Vienenburg

Vienenburg [ ˈfiːnənˌbʊʁk ] is a district of Goslar in the district of Goslar in Lower Saxony , Germany . Before being incorporated into Goslar on January 1, 2014, Vienenburg formed the city of Vienenburg together with the current Goslar districts of Immenrode , Lengde , Lochtum , Weddingen and Wiedelah .

Vienenburg from the south, aerial photo (2015)



The district is located in the northwestern Harz foreland about 11 km (as the crow flies ) northeast of Goslar at the confluence of the Radau in the Oker and the Vienenburger See , which borders directly on the Harly Forest . In the south, the place is bordered by the Menneckenberg , a headland extending to the north of Harlingerode .

Structure before incorporation into Goslar

(As of December 31, 2011)

Neighboring places

Liebenburg , Beuchte Schladen , Lengde Reunion
Immenrode , Weddingen , Wöltingerode Neighboring communities Osterwieck
Goslar , Oker Bad Harzburg
( Harlingerode , Schlewecke , Westerode , Bettingerode )
Lochtum , Abbenrode


Vienenburg was first mentioned in a document in 1306. From 1935 to December 31, 2013 it had city rights.

A castle ( Harliburg ) built at the beginning of the 13th century by Emperor Otto IV and destroyed in 1291 was followed by a castle " up de Viene " by the Counts of Wernigerode around 1300 , which has been a domain since 1803.

Until 1941, Vienenburg, like the entire district of Goslar, belonged to the Prussian province of Hanover and was then reclassified to the state of Braunschweig , which was incorporated into the state of Lower Saxony in 1946.


On July 1, 1972, the municipalities of Immenrode, Lengde, Lochtum, Weddingen and Wiedelah were incorporated.

On January 1, 2014, the cities of Vienenburg and Goslar were united by integrating the city of Vienenburg into the city of Goslar. The city of Vienenburg was dissolved and its six former districts have since formed districts of the city of Goslar.

Population development

development year Residents
2012 5550
2013 5517
2014 5490
2015 5525
2016 5597
2017 5563
2018 5543
Values ​​as of December 31 of each year, 2018 as of June 30

Population of the former city of Vienenburg

Population development in the former city of Vienenburg
year Residents source
1821 4272
1848 5030
1871 5251
1885 6276
1905 9418
1925 9007
1933 8890
1939 8790
year Residents source
1946 13,690
1950 14,925
1956 13,325
1961 12,656
1968 12,598
1970 13.005
1975 12,265
1980 11,637
year Residents source
1985 11,172
1990 11,357
1995 11,487
2000 11,563
2005 11,234
2010 10,682
2013 10,492

(From 1972 territorial status of the city of Vienenburg until 2013. From 1968 status as of December 31st)

See also the section on population development in the article Goslar - there the population development of Goslar with and without the population share of Vienenburg is discussed.


Protestant church

There is a Protestant church in Vienenburg, it dates from the 18th century and was rebuilt in 1912. Your parish belongs to the provost of Bad Harzburg .

The Catholic Church of the Holy Family , built 1826–1829 on the Kattenberg and consecrated December 8, 1829 by Bishop Godehard Joseph Osthaus , is now part of the Liebfrauen parish in Bad Harzburg .

A Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses is located on Lake Vienenburg.


City council election 2011
Turnout: 54.67% (2006: 59.78%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2006
 % p
-10.82  % p.p.
-9.45  % p
+17.51  % p
+ 0.70  % p
+ 0.18  % p.p.
+1.87  % p

Last city council from November 2011 to December 2013

The council of the city of Vienenburg was composed as follows for the electoral period from November 1, 2011:

SPD : 10 seats
CDU : 8 seats
Citizens for Vienenburg : 5 seats (from June 1, 2013: 4 seats)
GAW : 2 seats
NPD : 1 seat
Non-attached member (FDP): 1 seat (from June 1, 2013)

The city councils of Goslar and Vienenburg decided in December 2012 to unite the cities of Vienenburg and Goslar as of January 1, 2014. The vote took place in a roll call with dissenting votes from the non-attached FDP member and the representative of the NPD.

Last mayor

The last official mayor of the city of Vienenburg was Astrid Salle-Eltner (SPD).


Martin Mahnkopf (SPD) has been the mayor of Vienenburg since 2013 .

Town twinning

Culture and sights

Station building from 1840
Imperial Hall

Because of its favorable geographical location in the Harz foreland, Vienenburg is a popular starting point for exploring the Harz. The place offers tourist attractions that make it a local recreation area.

The extensive Vienenburger Lake and the Harly Tower on the Harlyberg , which is located in the mixed forest of the Harly Forest , are ideal for hiking. In addition, Vienenburg has an outdoor swimming pool, rowing and pedal boat rentals and extensive fishing opportunities.

One of the sights is the oldest surviving station building in Germany from 1840, which is now home to a railway museum . The building of the Kaisersaal next to the station building is also worth seeing . The Vienenburg cultural association regularly presents artists from all over Europe. The local history museum has amassed an extensive collection on the history of the city of Vienenburg. In addition, three volumes of books about the history of the city have been published by the home keeper Herbert Müller. Until the 1980s, the Goldene Högen was awarded as a prize to outstanding personalities and artists in Vienenburg .

The volunteer fire brigade Vienenburg was founded in 1892 as the volunteer gymnast fire brigade Vienenburg. Scouts and the soccer club FG 16 Vienenburg / Wiedelah (SG Vienenburg / Lochtum) are also represented in Vienenburg. In addition, there are a large number of other active clubs in the sporting and cultural area.

Economy and Infrastructure


Tourism is an important economic factor in Vienenburg . Agriculture and the food industry are other important economic factors. Well known is the August Loose cheese dairy , founded in Vienenburg in 1921 , which specialized in Harz cheese and developed into one of the leading Harz cheese manufacturers. It was taken over in 1998 by the Theo Müller group of companies, which in 2005 relocated the business to the Sachsenmilch dairy in Leppersdorf in Saxony.

Potash salt was mined in the Vienenburg potash plant between 1884 and 1930 . Production was stopped after a mining accident in 1930.


Platform of the Vienenburg train station

Vienenburg is located on the federal highway 241 leading to Goslar as well as on the autobahns 36 (connection to the A 2 near Braunschweig and the A 14 direction Halle / Leipzig - Magdeburg ) and 369 (connection to the federal highways 4 to Bad Harzburg and 6 to Goslar ) .

From Vienenburg train station , railway lines run in four directions: to the north in the direction of Braunschweig , to the south-east in the direction of Halberstadt - Halle (Saale) , to the south in the direction of Bad Harzburg and to the south-west in the direction of Oker − Goslar . The erixx runs in the direction of Braunschweig , Goslar and Bad Harzburg . The connections between Goslar and Magdeburg or Goslar and Halle (Saale) are served by Abellio Mitteldeutschland . On Fridays and on weekends, the HarzBerlinExpress travels to Berlin via Halberstadt and Potsdam . After the Second World War , the former freight line to Langelsheim was closed because of the division of Germany .

Vienenburg should have been served by the planned RegioStadtBahn Braunschweig in the first construction phase from 2014, but the whole project was abandoned due to inefficiency.


In addition to a primary school, the district of Vienenburg also has a secondary school and a secondary school as well as a school for learning assistance and for the mentally handicapped. Other types of further education are located in the city center of Goslar.

The Marie Moelhoff Barclay Foundation , which was initiated by Marie Moelhoff-Barclay , who was born on December 25, 1868 in Vienenburg-Wöltingerode and died on April 5, 1939 in Narbert , Pennsylvania ( USA ) , promotes the education and health of young people Girls and women under the age of 30 who must also be residents of the city of Vienenburg. High school education and studies at technical colleges or universities are funded .


Sons and daughters of Vienenburg

Persons connected to Vienenburg

  • August Winnig (1878–1956), trade unionist, politician and writer, lived in Vienenburg from 1945
  • Loriot (1923–2011), humorist, spent part of his childhood in Vienenburg
  • Birgit Arnold (* 1951 in Wiedelah), politician (FDP / DVP), member of the state parliament in Baden-Württemberg, went to school in Vienenburg

Web links

Commons : Vienenburg  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. a b municipalities in Germany by area, population and postcode. (XLS; 4.9 MB) See under: Lower Saxony, No. 1429 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 2013, accessed on August 21, 2019 .
  2. a b The district of Goslar at a glance. Numbers, data, facts. In: Website of the district of Goslar. November 8, 2018, accessed January 26, 2019 .
  3. Population of the municipalities and districts of the Goslar district. In: 2011.
  4. Ordinance on territorial adjustments in the area of ​​the Hermann-Göring-Werke Salzgitter.
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p.  270 .
  6. Lower Saxony State Chancellery (ed.): Law on the Unification of the Cities of Vienenburg and Goslar, District of Goslar . Lower Saxony Law and Ordinance Gazette (Nds. GVBl.). No.  10/2013 . Hanover June 19, 2013, p. 163 , p. 7 ( digitized version [PDF; 153 kB ; accessed on August 21, 2019]).
  7. State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology Lower Saxony. Retrieved May 19, 2013 .
  8.  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /
  9. Detlef Kühlewind: Clear vote for the merger between Vienenburg and Goslar. ( Memento from February 17, 2013 in the web archive ) In: December 18, 2012.
  10. About Vienenburg. In: Website City of Goslar. Retrieved February 29, 2020 .
  11. Our history. In: Website company Loose. Retrieved July 19, 2015 .