Loriot [ lo.ʀi'o: ], bourgeois Bernhard-Viktor Christoph-Carl von Bülow [ 'byːlo ], short Vicco von Bülow (born November 12, 1923 in Brandenburg an der Havel ; † August 22, 2011 in Ammerland , Upper Bavaria) , established himself as one of the most versatile German humorists in literature , television , theater and film from the 1950s until his death . Loriot was first cartoonist , later he worked as an actor , presenter , director and stage and costume designers . In 2003 he was appointed honorary professor for theater arts at the Berlin University of the Arts .
The stage name Loriot is the French word for oriole . The bird is the heraldic animal of the von Bülow family . In the Mecklenburg home of the aristocratic family, “Vogel Bülow” has therefore become a common name for the oriole.
Bernhard-Viktor Christoph-Carl von Bülow was born on November 12, 1923, the son of the police lieutenant Johann-Albrecht Wilhelm von Bülow (1899-1972) and his first wife Charlotte Mathilde Luise, born von Roeder (1899-1929), daughter of Otto von Roeders (1876–1943), born in Brandenburg / Havel. His parents divorced in Gleiwitz in 1928 .
The von Bülow family is an old Mecklenburg noble family with the parent house of the same name in the village of Bülow near Rehna . The name Bülow was first mentioned in 1154 when the foundation stone of the Ratzeburg Cathedral was laid . The line begins with Godofridus de Bulowe (1229). Many members of the family made it to high offices in the state, in the military and in the church, or rendered outstanding services to cultural life. Vicco von Bülow's relatives include Bernhard von Bülow , Imperial Chancellor in the German Empire .
From 1951, von Bülow was married to the Hamburg merchant's daughter and then fashion student Rose-Marie, daughter of Peter Schlumbom , called Romi (* 1929), and was the father of two daughters - Bettina and Susanne - and the grandfather of two grandchildren. He lived in Ammerland on Lake Starnberg from 1963 until his death.
Childhood, war, education
Von Bülow grew up with his one year younger brother from 1927 with grandmother and great-grandmother in Berlin . In 1933 the siblings moved back in with their father, who had remarried in 1932. From 1934 to 1938 von Bülow attended the Schadow-Gymnasium in Berlin-Zehlendorf . The family moved to Stuttgart with their father in 1938 . Von Bülow attended the humanistic Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium there , which he left in 1941 at the age of seventeen with a secondary school diploma. In Stuttgart he also gained his first experience as an extra in opera and drama. In 1940 he played as an extra in the film Friedrich Schiller - The Triumph of a Genius .
In line with family tradition, he began an officer career, spent three years with the 3rd Panzer Division on the Eastern Front and was awarded the Iron Cross, second and first class; he reached the rank of first lieutenant . His younger brother, Johann-Albrecht Sigismund von Bülow, who was also born in Brandenburg on November 27, 1924, died as a lieutenant at Gorgast im Oderbruch on March 21, 1945 . Vicco von Bülow's military personnel file contained no evidence of National Socialist sentiments.
When asked whether he was a good officer in World War II , he replied in an interview: “Not good enough, otherwise I would have belonged to the resistance on July 20, 1944 . But for the gruesome German contribution to world history I will be ashamed for the rest of my life. "
According to his own account, after the war he worked as a lumberjack in the Solling for about a year in order to earn ration cards . In 1946 he completed his secondary school diploma at the Corvinianum grammar school in Northeim . On the advice of his father, he studied painting and graphics at the art academy (state art school ) in Hamburg from 1947 to 1949 . Alfred Mahlau was one of his teachers .
After graduating, Bülow presented his first work as a commercial artist and designed the characteristic bulbous nose man . From 1950 onwards, Bülow worked as a cartoonist, first for the Hamburg magazine Die Straße , and then for Stern magazine. Since that time he used the stage name Loriot .
His first regular series in Stern was supposed to be on the dog . Some of these first cartoons sparked major protests among readers:
- A lady dog sits in a beach chair - upright, in a bikini and with a swimming cap. A small person is playing in the sand in front of her, and a dog is standing on its hind legs next to it. "Kurverwaltung" is written on his armband, he looks sternly from under his peaked cap. “If everyone brought their people to the beach with them!” Snaps the dog.
- Two dogs are leaning against the window and looking out; it is raining heavily. A person is lying on the floor, curled up and sleeping. Says one dog to the other: “With this kind of weather you don't want to chase people out of the door!” Many readers threatened not to buy the star anymore or to cancel their subscriptions.
Henri Nannen , the editor-in-chief at the time, stopped the series after seven episodes and ended the collaboration: “I never want to see the guy in Stern again!” After being hired by Stern , not a single publisher in Germany showed interest in the series as a small book to print. Among other things, Ernst Rowohlt refused. On the advice of an acquaintance, Loriot sent the drawings to the Swiss Daniel Keel . He had founded Diogenes Verlag in 1952 and was looking for a German draftsman. In 1954 the two presented the book Auf den Hundkommen at the Frankfurt Book Fair . 44 loveless drawings . So began a lifelong collaboration; From then on Loriot published almost exclusively with Keel.
The book Reinhold Das Nashorn was also published in 1954 . It contained episodes of the comic strip of the same name, which had appeared in Sternchen , the newly created children's supplement to Stern , since 1953 . Loriot contributed most of the ideas and the drawings, the verses came from Wolf Uecker . The series ran for 17 years.
In December 1953, four drawings by Loriot were published on the back of Weltbild . In May 1954, Loriot signed a contract with the publishing house Th. Martens & Co. Initially, Loriot's work focused on the fortnightly magazine Weltbild , in which, among other things, the series True Stories appeared with over 100 episodes. From 1956, however, the focus of his work shifted to the Quick , a magazine from the same publisher that appeared weekly and was much more popular. His first series in this magazine was Adam and Evchen , which appeared in 29 episodes between January and July 1956 and portrayed the married life of a young couple. The appearance of the protagonists differed from Loriot's usual bulbous noses, which he was already drawing at this time. The Quick editorial team asked him to draw more amiable faces. Loriot was dissatisfied with the result, later did not take up the style and, unlike many other drawings, decided not to publish the series in book form. Between October 1956 and December 1957 Quick appeared in the guidebook series Der gute Ton , of which in autumn 1957 parts were in book form as Der gute Ton. The manual of the fine way of life was published in words and pictures . The series and the book were a great success and were the prelude to further advisory series.
From September 1957, Loriot published the column The Open Letter, alternating with his role model and friend Manfred Schmidt . In it they satirically deal with current affairs, curious reports and private annoyances. The letters were always accompanied by a drawing. The column ended in 1961. In his hundredth fully open letter of August 13, 1961, Loriot had referred to an article in the Spiegel , in which it is reported that it is allowed in Germany to add sugar water, carbon dioxide and potassium ferrocyanide to wine . Loriot took this to extremes by claiming that “according to ancient family tradition”, a grape also finds its way into the barrel. This led to considerable protests and angry letters from winemakers to the Quick . This led to an internal campaign against Loriot. He then ended his work on this column in his 102nd contribution. In it he reported that dark figures were regularly lying in wait for him, including winemakers and wine merchants, even though he had "emptied a bottle of wine every day for years". For his own protection, he therefore wanted to stop working on the column. The affair did not end there. In October he had to take part in a PR campaign in the House of German Wine and a wine-growing region. The satirical travelogue, in which Loriot continued to distribute not only a correction, was published in Quick in December .
In addition, from the mid-1950s, Loriot increasingly took on advertising contracts, including for Paderborn beer , Agfa , the Scharlachberg brandy ("Take it easy!") And the tobacco brand Stanwell ("Three things a man needs."). The bulbous nosed males were also used in advertisements and cartoons and became more and more popular.
Loriot had smaller roles as an actor in Bernhard Wicki's films The Bridge (1959) and The Miracle of Malachias (1961). He was also able to play a small role in Andrew Marton's war film The Longest Day (1962), on which Bernhard Wicki was co-director. In the same year he designed the cover of the first issue of the satirical magazine pardon .
TV moderation, series, "Wum"
Loriot moderated 1967-1972 the television broadcast cartoon for the South German broadcast of the ARD , which he was responsible as author and co-director. Originally it was a series of international cartoons in which he also brought in his own work and thus artistically left the narrow framework that the magazine medium had imposed on his drawings. Loriot's initially pure moderation from a red sofa increasingly became an independent humorous element of the program. Later, Loriot also incorporated skits in which he himself played the lead role in the episodes.
In 1971, Loriot created the cartoon dog Wum, a mascot for the problem child campaign in the ZDF quiz show Drei Mal Neun , which he himself also lent the voice. At the beginning Wum was still the loyal friend of a male, the actual mascot, from which he more and more stole the show and which he eventually completely suppressed. At Christmas 1972, Wum became a singing star: With the title I wish 'mir' ne little Kitty , he was so successful that it topped the German charts for nine weeks. This was at WUMS singing to von Bulow's chant. Wum remained in the follow-up program The Grand Prize as a pause filler until the 1990s, soon as a duo with the elephant Wendelin and later with the Blue Klaus , an alien who floated in with his flying saucer. Loriot wrote and drew the cartoon stories, which each time closed with an invitation to viewers to enter the television lottery, and gave his voice to all the characters. The adventures of Wum and Wendelin ended with the last episode of The Grand Prize . Today the couple can be seen on the last page of the TV magazine Gong .
In 1972 the cartoon series ended . In 1974, Süddeutsche Rundfunk produced a single program called Loriots Telecabinet , which anticipated some of what was to come in the course of the decade. In 1976, Loriot's clean screen was the first episode of the six-part television series Loriot on Radio Bremen , in which he presented both cartoons and acted skits (the latter often together with Evelyn Hamann ). The series is considered the highlight of his television career and made Loriot an integral part of German television, literary, cultural and social history. The skits and cartoons became very popular in Germany and some of them are still regularly repeated on television. The introductions and humorous interludes by Loriot and Evelyn Hamann between the films took place on a green sofa. In 1983 Radio Bremen produced the program Loriot's 60th birthday for ARD on his 60th birthday .
Classical music and opera
Loriot developed a special love for classical music and opera. His grandmother, who played Mozart, Puccini and Bach on the piano for him as a child, and his father's record collection with recordings of opera arias aroused his interest. During his time in Stuttgart, Loriot lived within walking distance of the Stuttgart Opera and worked as an extra on the opera stage.
In 1982 he conducted the "humorous festival concert" for the 100th birthday of the Berliner Philharmoniker , with whose history he was connected through family relationships ( Hans von Bülow , the first chief conductor of the Philharmonic, was a distant relative of Loriot). Loriot repeatedly performed his narrative version of the Carnival of the Animals with the Scharoun Ensemble , a chamber music ensemble made up of musicians from the Berlin Philharmonic.
As a director, Loriot staged the operas Martha (Stuttgart, 1986) and Der Freischütz (Ludwigsburg, 1988). Since 1992 his narrative version of Wagner's "Ring des Nibelungen" has been performed: "The Ring on 1 Evening", premiered in the Nationaltheater Mannheim. Loriot's “Ring” was also the only item on the program of the 1995 opera gala in Berlin for the benefit of the German AIDS Foundation . Until 2006, Loriot was the presenter of this annual event at the Deutsche Oper Berlin . His moderation texts later formed the basis for Loriot's little opera guide . His successor as moderator of the AIDS gala was Max Raabe from 2007 .
For Leonard Bernstein's operetta Candide , Loriot wrote new texts for a concert performance, which made the plot easier to understand and helped the piece to gain new popularity in Germany. The new version of the concertante Candide was premiered in 1997 in the Prinzregententheater Munich.
In 1988 Loriot shot the film Oedipussi as a writer, director and leading actor , followed by Pappa ante portas in 1991 . Here played Evelyn Hamann each the female lead. Both films were produced by Horst Wendlandt , who also produced most of the films by Otto Waalkes and Hape Kerkeling .
Late activities, honors
- Loriot founded the Vicco von Bülow Foundation in Brandenburg an der Havel. It promotes the preservation of monuments and art treasures; Furthermore, needy residents of the city are supported.
- Loriot belonged to the Council for German Spelling, which was founded in Munich in August 2004 to protest against the spelling reform. V. as an honorary member .
- In April 2006, Loriot announced that he would retire as a television producer because, in his opinion, this medium could no longer achieve a humorous quality due to the fast pace of life.
- On the occasion of his 85th birthday, the largest exhibition of his work to date was held at the Filmmuseum Berlin from November 2008 to March 2009 .
- When Loriot was awarded the Bremen Town Musicians Prize on August 26, 2009 and could not accept it personally for health reasons, he gave Radio Bremen a drawing of his pen by the Bremen Town Musicians as a thank you . The depiction of the fairy tale characters bears typical features of his artistic handwriting, including the bulbous-nosed male and the pug. Since then, all award winners have received a copy of this drawing.
- On September 19, 2009 in Brandenburg an der Havel, Loriot's birthplace, the ceremonial handover of the restored North Chapel (his baptistery) in the St. Gotthardt Church took place in his presence . The city of Brandenburg had called for a fundraising campaign in order to be able to give him this present on his 85th birthday.
- In November 2010 the DVD slipcase Loriot und die Musik , which in addition to the recorded productions by Martha and Freischütz also contains Leonard Bernstein's Candide , was released live with the ensemble of the Gärtnerplatztheater on November 12, 2003, his 80th birthday, in Munich Prinzregententheater , moderation of the AIDS galas in the Deutsche Oper Berlin and other music-related recordings.
- On January 3, 2011 , four charity stamps with motifs from well-known cartoons by Loriot were released: The breakfast egg , Gentlemen in the bathroom , On the racetrack and The speaking dog . Vicco von Bülow alias Loriot selected the drawings himself and made them available as motifs for the welfare stamps.
- The city council of Brandenburg an der Havel decided on June 27, 2012 to name the city music school "Vicco von Bülow".
Vicco von Bülow died on August 22, 2011 at the age of 87 in Ammerland on Lake Starnberg. He was buried on August 30, 2011 in the closest family circle at the Waldfriedhof Heerstraße in the Westend district of Berlin . In the Evangelical Lutheran St. Gotthardt Church in Brandenburg / Havel , where von Bülow was baptized on December 30, 1923, a funeral service was also held for him. In 1986, Loriot publicly called for donations for the renovation of the church.
Vicco von Bülow's final resting place in the Heerstraße cemetery (grave location: Erb. 2d-3a / b / c) has been dedicated to the State of Berlin as an honorary grave since 2020 . The dedication is initially valid for the usual period of twenty years, but can then be extended.
In addition to the grave in the Berlin forest cemetery on Heerstraße, “Loriots Weg” commemorates Loriot in his place of birth, Brandenburg, with several stations, including some of his places of life and work, a sitting bulbous-nosed man and the figure Müller-Lüdenscheid.
In his long-term residence in Münsing on Lake Starnberg, a fountain in the village square commemorates Loriot as an honorary citizen of the community. It is a stone bathtub with the two seated men made of bronze who spray each other with a jet from their mouths.
Since November 2013, a column on Eugensplatz in Stuttgart has indicated that Loriot lived there when he was a teenager. After a pug figure placed on the memorial during a humorous action caused a stir and disappeared again a little later in an unexplained manner, the bronze statue of a pug has officially adorned the column since May 2014. Since June 8, 2015 a plaque on the facade of the house at Haussmannstrasse 1 reminds that Loriot lived “on the third floor of this house from 1938 to 1941”. In 2013, a bronze replica of the Loriot sofa - also with a pug sculpture - was placed in front of the Radio Bremen broadcasting center in Bremen. In the same year the inauguration of Loriotplatz took place on Hillmannplatz in the city center.
Loriot's works deal mainly with interpersonal communication disorders.
“I am most interested in communication disorders. Everything that I find strange arises from the crumbled communication, from talking past each other. "
His cartoons thrive on the contrast between the depicted situation, the dignity of his bulbous-nosed males and the legends. One of these elements is always out of the ordinary, for example the legendary text "We demand equality between men and women, even if the infant should temporarily lose weight", with the depiction of a gentleman with a bulbous nose who is distinguished by a small child. Another cartoon shows how a house painter who works at the top of a high chimney falls down with a brush, to which the legend text notes dryly: "Pure badger hair brushes are sensitive, but with fine work they are cleaner."
The themes of the cartoons are, in particular, everyday life, scenes from the family and civil society and often the proverbial "problem of the object". Loriot made the absurdity visible in normal everyday situations and, for example, ridiculed in his "Counselors" the longing for fixed, learnable rules in social dealings that were widespread in post-war German society, observance of which should protect against embarrassment. With Loriot, the comedy often arises in the sketches because the characters try to adhere to these social rules and norms even in inappropriate and grotesque situations (e.g. when two unknown men accidentally landed in the same bathtub), which creates an often absurd sense of humor. In his films and sketches , Loriot showed, so to speak, the 'bravery' of people who try to prevent a catastrophe (or at least the destructive outbreak of aggression) in various situations through their bourgeois manners and thus try to preserve their dignity. Skilfully used slippery accents are also striking . Loriot's humor was characterized by a masterful use of the German language .
Some of Loriot's inventions and formulations became common property in the German-speaking world. These include the yodel diploma , the stone louse (which is even represented with an entry in the Pschyrembel ) and the Cossack tip with the insults “Jodelschnepfe” and “Winselstute”, which mark the climax of the conflict in the associated sketch, but also sentences such as “I have something of my own, [there] I have my yodelling diploma ”,“ And riders are always needed! ”,“ Please don't say anything now… ”,“ That is carefully observed ”,“ There used to be more tinsel! ”,“ A piano, a piano ! "," The picture is crooked! "," Heinzelmann sucks and blows where Mutti can otherwise only suck "(as well as the variant" Where Mutti can only suck ")," Men and women (simply) do not go together ! ”,“ Women also have their good ”or the laconic“ Oh (what)! "
In March 2012, the Berlin Regional Court ruled in favor of Vicco von Bülow's heirs that Wikipedia , unlike many other websites and newspapers, is not allowed to show the charity stamps with Loriot's motifs. The images had already been removed in autumn 2011 following an injunction.
The biography published by riva Verlag in Munich shortly after Loriot's death had to be withdrawn from the market in mid-January 2013 due to copyright infringements. Loriot's daughter Susanne von Bülow had complained to the Braunschweig regional court that the book contained too many quotations from Loriot. The plaintiff achieved partial success. The book was later reprinted in a modified form.
In 2019, two Munich courts had to deal with the sentence “There used to be more tinsel!”. Loriot's heirs wanted to forbid a manufacturer from printing this sentence on T-shirts. Both courts decided, however, that the sentence alone lacks “sufficient height of creation ”. "This sentence learns its peculiarity and originality by embedding it in the Loriot sketch Christmas at Hoppenstedts and the situation comedy."
The ISBN and the publisher refer to the current edition.
- Reinhold the rhinoceros . Wolf Uecker and Günther Dahl wrote down everything they could learn about Reinhold and his family. Blüchert, Stuttgart 1954, ISBN 3-499-20122-4 . ; NA: With verses by Basil, Diogenes, Zurich 1968, ; rororo Rotfuchs 122, Reinbek near Hamburg 1976,
- Got to the dog . Diogenes, Zurich 1954, ISBN 3-257-51001-2 .
- Indispensable guide for behavior in good company . Bärmeier & Nikel, Frankfurt am Main 1955 .
- Happy on the glue, 2 experts reveal 20 tried and tested love tricks , with Egon Jameson . Bärmeier & Nikel, Frankfurt am Main 1956, .
- How do you get rich, slim, and prominent? A richly illustrated textbook , with Egon Jameson, Corey Ford , Bärmeier & Nikel, Frankfurt am Main 1956, , (NA published by Heinrich Mehrman: Goldmann, Munich 1987, ISBN 3-442-30330-3 ).
- How do you win an election? An exhaustive guide f. Voters u. Politicians of all parties , edited by Egon Jameson a. Loriot, supplemented by numerous excellent chapters by Kurt Halbritter . Bärmeier & Nikel, Frankfurt am Main 1957, .
- The good tone - the manual for a fine way of life in words and pictures . Diogenes, Zurich 1957, ISBN 3-257-51009-8 .
- The way to success . Diogenes, Zurich 1958, ISBN 3-257-51012-8 .
- True stories made up by Loriot . Diogenes, Zurich 1959, ISBN 3-257-51011-X .
- In the event ... . Diogenes, Zurich 1960, ISBN 3-257-51002-0 .
- Dealing with animals . Diogenes, Zurich 1962, ISBN 3-257-51010-1 .
- Take it easy . Diogenes, Zurich 1962, ISBN 3-257-51007-1 .
- Loriot's guide to success . Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main / Berlin 1963, (= Ullstein books , volume 427).
- The good taste . Diogenes, Zurich 1964, ISBN 3-257-51003-9 .
- New art of living in words and pictures . Diogenes, Zurich 1966, ISBN 3-257-51005-5 .
- Loriot's great advisor . Diogenes, Zurich 1968, ISBN 3-257-01648-4 .
- Loriot's diary . Diogenes, Zurich 1970, ISBN 3-257-20114-1 .
- Loriot's little prose . Diogenes, Zurich 1971, ISBN 3-257-20013-7 .
- Loriot's little advisor . Diogenes, Zurich 1971, ISBN 3-257-20161-3 .
- Loriot's ideal world . Diogenes, Zurich 1973, ISBN 3-257-00927-5 .
- People you don't forget . Diogenes, Zurich 1974, ISBN 3-257-00780-9 .
- Loriots Wum and Wendelin . Diogenes, Zurich 1977, ISBN 3-257-00963-1 .
- Loriot's mini guide . Diogenes, Zurich 1980, ISBN 3-257-79024-4 .
- Marriage for beginners . Diogenes, Zurich 1981, ISBN 3-257-00676-4 .
- Loriot's dramatic works . Diogenes, Zurich 1981, ISBN 3-257-01650-6 .
- Pugs & humans. Kind of a biography . Diogenes, Zurich 1983, ISBN 3-257-01653-0 .
- Peter and the Wolf. A musical fairy tale by Serge Prokofieff . With pictures by Jörg Müller. Aarau, Frankfurt / M., Salzburg: Sauerländer 1985, ISBN 3-7941-2724-2 .
- Scenes of a marriage . Diogenes, Zurich 1986, ISBN 3-257-51008-X .
- Loriots small animal life from B to Z . Diogenes, Zurich 1986, ISBN 3-257-79025-2 .
- Loriot's Little Book of Disasters . Diogenes, Zurich 1987, ISBN 3-257-79023-6 .
- Loriot . Diogenes, Zurich 1988, ISBN 3-257-02045-7 .
- Loriot's Oedipussi . Diogenes, Zurich 1988, ISBN 3-257-01762-6 .
- Pappa ante portas . Diogenes, Zurich 1991, ISBN 3-257-01886-X .
- Gentlemen in the bathroom . Diogenes, Zurich 1997, ISBN 3-257-02060-0 .
- Grandchildren for beginners . Diogenes, Zurich 1998, ISBN 3-257-00794-9 .
- Great Germans . Diogenes, Zurich 1998, ISBN 3-257-02067-8 .
- The breakfast egg . Diogenes, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-257-02081-3 .
- Congratulations. An environmentally friendly product . Diogenes, Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-257-51004-7 .
- Collected prose . Diogenes, Zurich 2006, ISBN 3-257-06481-0 .
- Please don't say anything now. Conversations. Selected by Daniel Keel and Daniel Kampa, edited by Daniel Keel. Diogenes, Zurich 2011, ISBN 978-3-257-06787-3 .
- Late harvest . Editors: Susanne von Bülow, Peter Greyer, OA Krimmel. Diogenes, Zurich 2013, ISBN 978-3-257-02121-9 .
- The very open letter . Editors: Susanne von Bülow, Peter Greyer, OA Krimmel. Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-455-40514-9 .
Cinema / television
- Friedrich Schiller - The Triumph of a Genius (1940); Loriot as an extra
- Sharks and Small Fish (1957); Loriot as a small actor
- The Bridge (1959); Loriot as Staff Sergeant Zeisler. The role includes u. a. repeatedly speaking the code word "beehive" into the phone.
- The Miracle of Malachias (1961); Loriot as Dr. Joachim Schöninger
- The Longest Day (1962); Loriot in a supporting role as a German officer
- Cartoon (1967–1972)
- Journal 1870/71 (1970/71); Loriot declares war with France in historical guise in 1870/71
- Loriot's Telecabinet (1974)
- Loriot I – VI (1976–1978)
- Another opera (1979); Loriot as a theater critic
- Berlin Philharmonic I (1979)
- Sketches from the Report series (1980–1981)
- Who's crazy there, Doctor? (1981) - Walter the Divine (video title); Loriot as the aging silent movie star; with Evelyn Hamann, Otto Sander , Richy Müller .
- Berlin Philharmonic II (1982)
- Confessions of the impostor Felix Krull (five-part television film based on the novel by Thomas Mann by Bernhard Sinkel ) (1982); brief appearance as a resident (with a striking resemblance to Thomas Mann)
- Loriot's 60th birthday (1983)
- Evelyn and the Men (ZDF, 1987); Loriot as the author and main character of an episode; with Evelyn Hamann, Dagmar Berghoff , Hans Clarin , Peter Fricke , Ruth Maria Kubitschek a . a .; Directed by Rolf von Sydow
- Loriot's 65th birthday (1988)
- Ödipussi (1988) with Evelyn Hamann; Katharina Brauren ; Edda Seippel ; Walter Hoor ; Heinz Meier ; Dagmar Biener and others - camera : Xaver Schwarzenberger
- Otto - The Extra-Frisian (1989); Loriot in a short sequence as Paul Winkelmann; Main character from Oedipussi
- Pappa ante portas (1991) with Evelyn Hamann; Gerrit Schmidt-Foss ; Irm Hermann ; Hans Peter Korff and others - camera: Gerard Vandenberg
- Loriot's 70th birthday (1993)
- Loriot's 80th birthday (2003)
- Loriot - His large sketch archive. 4 DVDs. Warner Home Entertainment, 2001.
- Loriot - Full TV Edition . 6 DVDs. Warner Home Video, 2007.
- Loriot - Loriot and the music . 5 DVDs. Warner Home Entertainment, 2010.
Theater / opera / music
- New texts on Prokofiev's musical fairy tale Peter and the Wolf and Saint-Saëns' Carnival of the Animals ( Deutsche Grammophon 439 648-2 with Loriot as speaker, Daniel Barenboim and the English Chamber Orchestra ) (1982; text on Carnival of the Animals 1975)
- Production of the opera Martha by Friedrich von Flotow at the Stuttgart State Opera ( direction , set design and costumes ) (1986), since the 2007/08 season in the repertoire of the Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz , Munich
- Production of the opera Der Freischütz by Carl Maria von Weber at the Ludwigsburg Palace Festival (1988)
- New, connecting texts for Der Ring des Nibelungen (summarized in one evening) ( Richard Wagner ) at the Nationaltheater Mannheim (1992); also recorded on CD
- New, connecting texts for the concert performance of Candide ( Leonard Bernstein ) at the Prinzregententheater Munich (1997), in the repertoire of the Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz , also available on CD.
Classic skits and cartoons
A selection of the classic skits and cartoons:
- On the racetrack
- The talking dog
- Bed purchase
- The family user
- end of working day
- TV evening
- Flight meal
- The breakfast egg
- Gentlemen in the bathroom
- The yodelling school
- Cossack tip
- Love in the office
- The lottery winner
- Mother's piano
- The noodle
- Studio interview
- The stone louse
- Christmas at Hoppenstedts (includes representatives visit and Advent poem )
- Room devastation
Awards and honors (extract)
|Iron Cross 2nd Class, received in 1943|
|Iron Cross 1st Class, received in 1943|
|Merit of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany , received in 1974|
|Bavarian Order of Merit , received in 1980|
|Order of Merit of the State of Berlin , received in 1990|
|Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art , received in 1995|
|Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany , received in 1999|
Awards and honors
- 1968: Honorable mention at the Adolf Grimme Prize for Cartoon
- 1970: Pipe Smoker of the Year
- 1973: Adolf Grimme Prize with silver for Cartoon and Golden Europe
- 1974: Karl Valentin Order
- 1978: Golden Camera
- 1979: German Cabaret Prize
- 1980: Honorary membership in the Art Directors Club
- 1985: Kassel Literature Prize for Grotesque Humor
- 1986: Telestar Honorary Award for Television Entertainment
- 1986: Critici in erba
- 1988: Bambi
- 1988: Ernst Lubitsch Prize for the best German-language comedy film (Ödipussi)
- 1992: DIVA - German Entertainment Prize
- 1993: Bambi
- 1993: Honorary citizenship in his hometown Brandenburg an der Havel and his adopted home Münsing
- 1993: Membership in the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts
- 1996: Honorary lion of the television award The Golden Lion
- 1997: Membership in the Academy of Arts (Berlin)
- 1999: Weilheim Literature Prize
- 1999: Upper Bavarian Culture Prize
- 2000: DIVA - German Entertainment Prize
- 2001: Honorary doctorate from the University of Wuppertal
- 2003: Honorary membership in the ensemble of the Munich State Theater on Gärtnerplatz
- 2003: Honorary professor at the Berlin University of the Arts
- 2004: Jacob Grimm Prize German Language
- 2005: Pro meritis scientiae et litterarum
- 2007: Wilhelm Busch Prize
- 2007: 1st place in the vote for the best comedian in the ZDF show Our Best on the subject of "Comedians & Co."
- 2007: German Comedy Prize Honorary Prize
- 2007: Cultural Prize of Honor from the City of Munich
- 2009: Honorary Prize from the German Film Academy
- 2009: Star of Satire in Mainz
- 2009: Bremen Town Musicians Prize
- 2009: Dedication of the baptistery of St. Gotthardt in Brandenburg an der Havel
- 2010: Star on the Boulevard of Stars in Berlin
- 2010: Honorary membership in the German Society for Sociology
- 2011: Charity stamps with four famous cartoons
- 2012: Posthumous naming of the spider species Otacilia loriot
- 2013: Part of the Hillmannplatz in Bremen ( Contrescarpe at the corner of Herdentorsteinweg ) in front of the Bistro Grashoff in Loriotplatz was renamed
- 2013: Unveiling of a column on Eugensplatz in Stuttgart
- 2013: LovelyBooks reader award in the category Humor for late harvest
- 2017: Launch of one of the first new Intercity Express trains ( ICE 4 ) to Vicco von Bülow .
Star for Loriot with flowers to commemorate on the Boulevard der Stars in Berlin, 2011
Pug column in Stuttgart , 2013
- 2008/2009: Loriot. The homage for the 85th birthday , special exhibition of the Deutsche Kinemathek - Museum for Film and Television , Berlin
- 2013: Loriot. Late harvest , Literaturhaus München , Munich. Catalog
- 2012/2013: Mooooment! (Bürgerhaus Altstadt, Brandenburg)
- 2014: Loriot. Late harvest , Wilhelm Busch Museum , Hanover. Catalog
There were other exhibitions in Brandenburg in 1985 and 1996. In the Panoptikum Mannheim there was a wax figure created in his honor.
- Self-portrait of childhood and youth in: Florian Langenscheidt (Ed.): With us at home. Celebrities talk about their childhood. Düsseldorf 1995, ISBN 3-430-15945-8 .
- Pugs & humans. Kind of a biography. Diogenes, Zurich 1983, ISBN 3-257-01653-0 .
- To life and work
- Genealogical handbook of the nobility , noble houses. A Volume XXVII, Volume 132 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 2003, , p. 118.
- Uwe Ehlert: "That is probably more of a communication disorder". The representation of misunderstandings in Loriot's work. Alda! Der Verlag, Nottuln 2004, ISBN 3-937979-00-X . (With a detailed catalog of Loriot's works.)
- Daniel Keel (ed.): Loriot and the arts. A chronicle of unheard of events in the life of Vicco von Bülow on his 80th birthday. Diogenes, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-257-06359-8 .
- Dirk Koob: Loriot as a symbolic interactionist. Or: Why you occasionally have to negotiate social order even in the bathtub . In: Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung , 8 (1), 2007.
- Dieter Lobenbrett: Loriot: Biography. riva, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-86883-143-6 , (with catalog raisonné).
- Stefan Neumann: Vicco von Bülow alias Loriot: work monograph. [Wuppertal] 2000, dissertation at the University of Wuppertal , , 507 sheets, microfiche edition: 6 microfiches: 24 ×). (
- Stefan Neumann: Loriot and the comedy. Life. Work and work of Vicco von Bülow. WVT, Trier 2011, ISBN 978-3-86821-298-3 .
- Felix Christian Reuter: Chaos, comedy, cooperation. Loriot's television sketches. Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2016, ISBN 978-3-8260-5898-1 .
- Thomas Tuma : It's all about the money . In: Der Spiegel . No. 52 , 2006, p. 62–66 ( online - The humor classic Vicco von Bülow, 83, better known as Loriot, about the freshness of his old skits, the economization of the German entertainment industry and its poetic legacy).
- Thomas Tuma, Martin Wolf: Du dödl di . In: Der Spiegel . No. 35 , 2011, p. 62–70 ( online - Why Vicco von Bülow alias Loriot was the greatest contemporary German artist , title topic of the issue).
- Jens Wietschorke: Psychograms of the petty bourgeoisie. On the social satire with Wilhelm Busch and Loriot. In: International Archive for the Social History of German Literature 38 (2013), No. 1, , doi: 10.1515 / iasl-2013-0004 , pp. 100–120.
- Interviews and discussions
- Gero von Boehm : Loriot. January 10, 1986 . Interview in: Encounters. Images of man from three decades . Collection Rolf Heyne, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-89910-443-1 , pp. 105-113.
- Loriot: Please don't say anything now. Conversations. Selection: Daniel Keel and Daniel Kampa; Ed .: Daniel Keel. Diogenes, Zurich 2011, ISBN 978-3-257-06787-3 .
- Susanne von Bülow, Peter Geyer, OA Krimmel (ed.): Loriot. Guest book . Diogenes, Zurich 2013, ISBN 978-3-257-02122-6 .
- Susanne von Bülow, Peter Geyer, OA Krimmel (ed.): Loriot. Late harvest . Diogenes, Zurich 2013, ISBN 978-3-257-02121-9 (on the exhibition of the same name in the Literaturhaus Munich ).
- Joachim Kaiser : A Prussian as God dreams of one. - Laudation on the occasion of the award of the City of Munich's Cultural Honorary Prize to Loriot 2007.
- Stefan Lukschy : The lucky one doesn't hit dogs - A Loriot portrait. Structure, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-351-03540-2 .
- Stefan Neumann: The life's work of Loriot, Vicco von Bülow in the doctoral thesis of a literary scholar. June 2001.
- Heinz Rölleke : Laudation to Vicco von Bülow on the occasion of the honorary doctorate by the Department of Linguistics and Literature at the Bergische Universität Wuppertal, June 2001.
Films about Loriot
- Bernhard Victor Christoph Carl von Bülow called Loriot. Portrait collage, 2008, 90 min., Book: Klaus Michael Heinz , production: WDR , RB , first broadcast: November 13, 2008, synopsis by ARD .
- An evening for Loriot. Documentary, Germany, 2008, 90 min., Production: NDR , first broadcast: December 26, 2008 on NDR television , summary by ARD , with Helmut Schmidt, Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Alfred Biolek, Wolfgang Joop, Iris Berben and others.
- Germany your artists (episode 7), 45 min., Germany, script and director: Claudia Müller, camera: Stefan Lukschy, Bremedia production, website: programm.ard.de
- The official Loriot website , operated by Loriot Design GmbH, which is also responsible for the content (as of October 2012)
- Literature by and about Loriot in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Loriot in the German Digital Library
- Vicco von Bülow in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Acceptance speech by Loriot on the occasion of the award of the honorary doctorate, University of Wuppertal , June 22, 2001
- “I have Prussia in my blood.” - Loriot in conversation with Günter Kaindlstorfer
- Loriot Lexicon. In: FAZ , November 12, 2003
- Portrait of Loriot. In: kabarettlive.de
- Vicco von Bülow. In: Prism
- Collection of articles at Spiegel Online
- The sofa is now in bronze in front of the Radio-Bremen-Funkhaus. ( Memento from August 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Radio Bremen , November 10, 2013
- Loriot. The homage for the 85th birthday. (PDF; 268 kB; 20 S.) Press kit for the special exhibition at the Deutsche Kinemathek - Museum for Film and Television, November 6, 2008 to April 13, 2009.
- Loriot alias Vicco von Bülow died. ( Memento from December 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). In: Diogenes Verlag , August 2011.
- P. von Bülow: Family book of the von Bülows , Berlin 1858/59 (2 parts), supplementary volume 1873.
- Meyer's Encyclopedia , Biographical Institute, Mannheim / Vienna / Zurich 1972, Volume 5, p. 59.
- New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , pp. 727-739 ( version ). In:
- Anna v. Münchhausen: Romi von Bülow: Ms. Loriot for 58 years. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , May 18, 2009, accessed: August 25, 2011.
- Kerstin Holzer: In Loriot's world . In: Focus , No. 46, November 9, 1998.
- Leo Morsch: "Vicco von Bülow, called Loriot, obituary for a former student" ( Memento from December 17, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Friedrich Schiller - The Triumph of a Genius in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Genealogical handbook of the nobility . v. Bülow , Volume 92 of the complete series. C. A. Starke, Limburg (Lahn) 1987, p. 175.
- Ulf Grieger: "Some bring flowers, but don't answer" . Märkische Oderzeitung, March 21, 2015, accessed on January 23, 2020.
- "He's an excellent entertainer." Loriot's Military Personnel File. ( Memento from September 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) In: Bundesarchiv .de , digitized and commentary.
- Helmut Schümann: “The public relations department of the Federal Archives also notes that the file lacks a standard phrase that officer personnel files from this period usually contain, regardless of their truthfulness. A phrase like 'stands on the ground of National Socialism' is missing. According to the Federal Archives, such formulations are very often 'courtesy assessments of the appraising superiors, which were awarded unless otherwise stated'. From the lack of this file it can be concluded that the young lieutenant was so clearly not a Nazi in the perception of his superiors that he was not even worth the standard phrase to them. "In: Wehrmachtsakte: Der entuntersame Herr v. B. In: Tagesspiegel , September 8, 2011.
- Franziska Sperr and Jan Weiler : An interview from June 21, 2002 with Vicco von Bülow about aging, his life's work and prescribed obituaries. In: SZ-Magazin , 23 August 2011.
- Axel Gödecke: Loriot went to school at the Corvinianum high school in Northeim . In: Hannoversche Allgemeine , 2009/23 August 2011.
- Own description in: Satirische Palette (1964, elsewhere 1968); appeared as an extra on disc 1 of the DVD box The Complete TV Edition (2007).
- Alexander Kühn: Loriot, "My doctor says you have nothing - you are old." . In: stern , April 25, 2009, interview with Loriot.
- Stefan Neumann: Loriot and the high comedy. 2011, p. 32.
- Stefan Neumann: Loriot and the high comedy. 2011, p. 137.
- Stefan Neumann: Loriot and the high comedy. 2011, pp. 156-163.
- Stefan Neumann: Loriot and the high comedy. 2011, pp. 170-171.
- The very open letter . Editors: Susanne von Bülow, Peter Greyer, OA Krimmel. Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-455-40514-9 , pp. 6-8.
- The wet hand . In: Der Spiegel . No. 30 , 1961 ( online ).
- The very open letter . Editors: Susanne von Bülow, Peter Greyer, OA Krimmel. Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-455-40514-9 , pp. 211–229.
- Marco Saal: To the death of Loriot: His best work as a commercial artist . In: horizont.net , 23 August 2011.
- Stefan Neumann: Loriot and the high comedy. 2011, pp. 50-51, 350-351.
- Laughing without cause is pure stupidity . Interview with Gero von Boehm on Südwestrundfunk , January 17, 1986. In: Loriot: Please don't say anything now. Conversations . Selected by Daniel Keel and Daniel Kampa. Diogenes, Zurich 2011, pp. 25–54, here: pp. 39–41.
- Stefan Lukschy : The lucky one doesn't hit dogs. A Loriot portrait. Aufbau-Verlag , Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-351-03540-2 , p. 210.
- Stefan Lukschy: The lucky one doesn't hit dogs. A Loriot portrait. Aufbau-Verlag, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-351-03540-2 , p. 212 f.
- Loriot. The homage for the 85th birthday . (PDF; 268 kB; 20 pages) Special exhibition at the Deutsche Kinemathek - Museum for Film and Television Berlin, 2008/09, press kit.
- Donations from the Vicco von Bülow Foundation . ( Memento from October 14, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) City of Brandenburg, press release, September 21, 2009.
- Meeting: Preparations for Future Spelling Council underway . In: Handelsblatt , 23 August 2004.
- anr / ddp / dpa / AP: Loriot: "Television is too fast for my comedy!" . In: SpOn , April 4, 2006.
- Jörg Thomann: Fundstücke des Fernssehen (9): Loriot - The experienced person is funny . In: FAZ , September 11, 2008.
- The 2009 award winners . ( Memento from December 27, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Loriot, Armin Mueller-Stahl , the Kirchentag and Werder Bremen . Bremen Town Musicians Prize. Radio Bremen , August 18, 2011.
- Ddp : Loriot's baptistery in Brandenburg / Havel renovated . In: DerWesten , March 3, 2009.
- contract for Loriot's baptistery in Brandenburg an der Havel . In: City of Brandenburg , February 26, 2009; further articles on Loriot ( Memento from September 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (archived).
- Federal Working Group of Free Welfare Care e. V .: Welfare marks 2011 - Loriot . The motifs of the 2011 welfare stamps are original phase drawings from Loriot's television work.
- Welfare stamps 2011 make you smile. ( Memento from January 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Federal Working Group of Free Welfare Care and Hans Günter Schmitz: The duck stays outside. Charitable stamps with motifs by Loriot. ( Memento from November 12, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). In: hgschmitz.de .
- new music school sign now largely speaks of the namesake Vicco von Bülow. ( Memento from January 19, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) City of Brandenburg, 2012; for naming the city music school.
- Loriot has his peace now . In: Berliner Zeitung , August 31, 2011, p. 17.
- Loriot is buried in the forest cemetery on Heerstraße . In: Der Tagesspiegel , August 30, 2011.
- Obituaries for Loriot. "Dear God, have fun!" In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . August 26, 2011, accessed January 7, 2018 .
- Senate Department for Environment, Transport and Climate Protection: Honorary Graves of the State of Berlin (as of June 2020) (PDF, 439 kB), p. 13. Accessed on August 12, 2020. Recognition of graves as honorary graves of the State of Berlin (PDF, 163 kB ). Berlin House of Representatives, printed matter 18/2864 of August 7, 2020, pp. 1 and 4. Accessed on August 12, 2020.
- Loriot memorial in Münsing: A great attraction. November 11, 2018, accessed July 7, 2019 .
- Kessel.tv: Making of Mops: Confessor video surfaced . December 12th 2013
Rebecca Müller: Loriot Memorial in Stuttgart: The pug is gone! In: Stuttgarter Zeitung , December 10, 2013 and
SIR / dpa : Mops-Madame watches over Eugensplatz . In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten , May 6, 2014.
- Memory of Vicco von Bülow. Memorial plaque for Loriot . In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten , June 9, 2015.
- Bremen has now officially unveiled a Loriotplatz street sign. In: Radio Bremen. June 26, 2013, archived from the original on December 29, 2013 ; accessed on March 7, 2014 .
- The Faun and his pipe dream . In: Der Spiegel . No. 10 , 1988 ( online interview with Loriot about comedy, etiquette, and movies).
- Kathrin Aldenhoff: Sculpture for Loriotplatz - memorial of a friendship. In: Weser courier . June 20, 2016. Retrieved July 15, 2016 .
- Thomas Kuzaj: A bank for quiet bulbous noses. In: Kreiszeitung.de (Syke). June 20, 2016, accessed January 7, 2018 .
- Loriot: The yodel school . In: Loriot VI , 1978.
- Loriot: Cossack Tip . In: Loriot VI , 1978.
- Loriot: The noodle . In: Loriot III , 1977.
- Loriot: literary criticism . In: Cartoon 21 , 1972.
- Loriot: Christmas at Hoppenstedts : In: Loriot VI , 1978.
- Loriot: Mother's Piano (home TV) . In: Loriot V , 1978.
- Loriot: Room devastation . In: Loriot II , 1976.
- Loriot: Representative visit . In: Loriot VI , 1978.
- Loriot: Pappa ante portas , 1991.
- Judgment of the Berlin Regional Court Az-15-O-37711 in full text.
- Torsten Kleinz: Verdict: No Loriot stamps in Wikipedia . In: Heise.de , June 20, 2012, report on the legal dispute Wikipedia against heirs to the stamp and signature of Vicco von Bülow.
- dpa : publisher has to withdraw Loriot biography. In: time online . January 16, 2013, accessed January 18, 2013 .
- «There used to be more tinsel»: No copyright protection for quotations. In: welt.de. Retrieved December 24, 2019 .
- Arthur Micke: Classical Reviews: Candide . In: omm.de ; accessed on January 7, 2018.
- Published on DVD in: Loriot - Loriot und die Musik. 5 DVDs. Warner Home Entertainment, 2010.
- Bernstein, Leonard • Candide, told by Loriot . ( Memento from January 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: Schott Music / das Orchester , 2006, No. 4, p. 92; Review; accessed on January 7, 2018.
- Title of the skits and cartoons according to the table of contents for: Loriot [screenplay, director]: Loriot. The complete television edition. Hamburg: Warner Home Video 2007, 6 DVDs. - Subdivided works are listed under their superordinate, summarizing title without the numbering (i.e. part 1, 2, etc.). Some of the skits and cartoons are also available under different names, see e.g. B. television. In: loriot.de. Retrieved May 2, 2012 (official Loriot site, details of the first broadcast of the works on television).
- "Directory of the German holders of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany", as of June 1, 2009, Office of the Federal President - Ordenskanzlei .
- Honorary doctorate for Loriot . In: University of Wuppertal , press archive, June 21, 2001.
- Vicco von Bülow: Acceptance speech on the occasion of the award of the honorary doctorate . In: University of Wuppertal , June 22, 2001.
- Helmut Glück , Walter Krämer , Eberhard Schöck (Ed.): German Language Culture Prize. Speeches and Speeches 4 (2004) . IFB Verlag im Institut für Betriebslinguistik, Paderborn 2004, ISBN 3-931263-50-9 , ( online as PDF, 534 kB (PDF)), pp. 26–40, 42.
- Loriot receives a baptistery as a gift. Retrieved July 26, 2020 .
- SIR / dpa : Loriot monument in Stuttgart. Column solemnly unveiled at Eugensplatz . In: Stuttgarter Zeitung , November 12, 2013, with photo series and video.
- The ICE 4 names have been determined. The jury selected the top 25 names for the upcoming train baptisms . ( Memento from October 28, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) In: DB Inside Bahn , October 27, 2017.
- Exhibition review by Cornelia Höhling: »Moooment!« - »The duck stays outside« . In: Neues Deutschland , March 9, 2013.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Bülow, Vicco von; Bülow, Bernhard-Viktor Christoph-Carl von (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German humorist, draftsman, author, actor and director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 12, 1923|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Brandenburg on the Havel|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 22, 2011|
|Place of death||Ammerland on Lake Starnberg|