A homage (French homme , from Latin homo , " man ", via Middle Latin homagium , " homage " to the vassal , "homo", to the liege lord, "dominus") is a public show of honor , usually to a famous personality, to whom one is feels obliged. Often the authors of a homage are in public themselves.
Expressions of the homage
All references that are given in the context of an artistic work and highlight someone to whom the artist owes special suggestions for his work are seen as homage . Often works of art as a whole are explicitly designed as a homage. For example, some critics see Woody Allen's film Manhattan as a tribute to New York , while the album Abbey Road is seen as a tribute to the Beatles' recording studio .
Some films or musical compositions have the expression "Hommage" in the title as "Hommage to / for ...", the spelling "Hommage à ..." is also common in this context. Events can also be designed as a tribute to a famous person or cause, often on a special date, memorial day or anniversary.
See also homage
In the feudal system of the Middle Ages, homage or team was understood to be a solemn ceremony in which feudal tenants or vassals expressed their loyalty to the feudal lord . It was a symbolic confirmation of the vassal contract that had been concluded between two free men. The vassal assured the feudal lord that he was his “man” (French homme). The vassal knelt and gave his master his clasped hands, who took them in his ("hand gang"). This was often followed by a kiss between the two of them.
Such contracts were also made between knights and liege lords. The public testimony among witnesses was just as binding as a written contract. The ceremony was later often conducted by the church and documented. In the event of any legal disputes, the Church was able to act as a reliable witness because it was generally regarded as trustworthy.
Last public homage 1953
See also Coronation of British Monarchs
The last public homage of feudal origin took place when Elizabeth II ascended the throne . Immediately after the coronation , she was enthroned by the greats of her empire . Subsequently, the feudal loyalty was manifested by the first of the respective class, first by the Archbishop of Canterbury as Primate of the State Church , followed by the husband of Queen Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh . After that, the Dukes of royal blood took the feudal oath . The next feudal silk was given by the respective first of the rank for all class members, in contrast to the feudal silk until 1836, for example by the Duke of Norfolk as the first of the dukes . It was followed by the Marquess , Earls , Viscounts , Barons and, as the only non-aristocrat, the Lord High Chancellor .
- Steffen Patzold : The fiefdom. CH Beck Munich 2012. p. 10.