The first lieutenant is a rank of the Federal Armed Forces , the Federal Armed Forces , the Swiss Army and former armed forces . In Austria Oberleutnant is also a term for certain uses in the federal police and the judicial station . In many other armed forces there are comparable, sometimes similar ranks.
|NATO rank code||OF-1|
|Rank Army / Air Force||First lieutenant|
|Marine rank||First lieutenant at sea|
|Abbreviation (in lists)||OLt (OL)|
|Grade||A 10 according to BBesO|
The rank of first lieutenant is determined by the Federal President with the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers on the basis of the Soldiers Act .
Authority to command and positions
In the German Armed Forces, the first lieutenant is an officer rank which , according to the Central Service Regulations (ZDv) A-1420/24 "Ranks and Rank Groups", belongs to the rank group of the Lieutenant . Due to the fact that they belong to the rank group of the lieutenant, first lieutenants can issue orders to soldiers of the rank groups, crews and non-commissioned officers without and with portepee, on the basis of § 4 (“Superiors relationship based on the rank”) of the Superiors Ordinance within the limits set there .
Lieutenants in the raceways of troops service have the basic training of their branch of service (in the army, the three officers' training course to name) already completed or to complete it in the first few months as a first lieutenant and then often serve as the troop military leader . Typical uses are as platoon commander , company operations officer , deputy company commander or aircraft commander . On the other hand, officers of the military technical service are seldom deployed in the aforementioned roles, most likely still in flight service , but mostly serve in specialist departments in specialist areas whose basic features they often already know from their time as NCOs . These first lieutenants deal, for example, with technical issues relating to armaments , logistics and personnel planning , material testing , procedures for material conservation or planning and monitoring flight operations . On the basis of these and similar positions, first lieutenants can issue orders to all officially or professionally subordinate soldiers in the cases listed in the Supervisor Ordinance. Seldom do first lieutenants move up to the company commander. As a unit leader, you are then the disciplinary superior of the soldiers subordinate to you according to the military disciplinary code .
Appointment and remuneration
The decisive basis for the appointment as first lieutenant is contained in the Soldiers' Career Ordinance (SLV) and in addition the Central Service Regulations (ZDv) 20/7. To rank Lieutenant can soldier on time , professional soldiers and ordered reservists are appointed. The prerequisite is membership of the officers' career group . As a rule, the rank can be achieved at the earliest two years after being appointed officer; A position with the rank of first lieutenant is also possible with a qualification corresponding to the employment . Medical and military music officer candidates do not need the rank of first lieutenant according to the SLV. After the license to practice medicine or after the Kapellmeister exam, you advance “directly” from the lieutenant (naval uniform wearer: lieutenant to the sea ) into the rank of captains.
Equivalent, subordinate and superior ranks
Only Army and Air Force uniforms bear the rank of first lieutenant . Navy uniform bearers of the same rank hold the rank of first lieutenant at sea. In the armed forces of NATO , the first lieutenant is equivalent to all ranks with the NATO rank code OF-1.
According to ZDv 20/7, the first lieutenant is placed one rank above the lower rank lieutenant or lieutenant in the sea (first rank designation for army and air force uniforms; second rank designation for naval uniforms). One rank higher are the captain, captain lieutenant (first rank for army and air force uniforms; second rank for naval uniforms) and the equivalent medical officer ranks in the ranks of medical officer, pharmacist and veterinary officer, which differ according to the direction of licensing .
|Lower rank||Higher rank|
Oberleutnant zur See
Rank group : Teams-NCOs-NCO-NCOs-Lieutenant-Captains-Staff officers-Generals
- First Lieutenant -
Suit 75/03 | Skirt collar | Plate cap
|NATO rank code||OF-1|
|Rank Army / Air Force||First lieutenant|
|Abbreviation (in lists)||OLt|
The rank badge of a first lieutenant in the Austrian Armed Forces consists of two gold stars with a gold frame.
In addition, the usage designation Oberleutnant for leading officials (E1) of the executive branch in Austria, including the Federal Police and Justice Guard , is used. Since the guards mentioned are civil bodies that are only organized according to the military model, they are not "police officers", but only use officer ranks as a designation. Incidentally, a direct comparison with the ranks of the armed forces is not possible, since in the Federal Police tasks that are assigned to a low-ranking officer in the military field are to be carried out by officers in charge of duty (E 2a), i.e. members of the middle career level.
Rank first lieutenant
Classification: recruits - batches - NCOs - officers All ranks at a glance: Army ranks
- First Lieutenant -
Service suit shoulder flap
|Rank group||Subaltern officers|
|NATO rank code||OF-1a|
|Rank Army / Air Force||First lieutenant|
|Abbreviation (in lists)||Oblt|
The promotion to first lieutenant takes place in Switzerland after Army XXI after completion of the entire training to become a lieutenant (including practical service) and two repetition courses as a lieutenant or after four years as a lieutenant. He then has the function of a platoon leader , a deputy to the company commander or is deployed in a staff as quartermaster . In rare cases, a first lieutenant can also take on a role as chief of service in a battalion headquarters. The degree of first lieutenant is a prerequisite for further training to become a company commander .
The rank badge shows two 3 mm wide stripes in the Swiss Army. In foreign missions he is referred to as First Lieutenant (1Lt). NATO rank code : OF-1a.
Officer grade first lieutenant
Classification: crews - NCOs - higher NCOs - subaltern officers - captains - staff officers - higher staff officers - commander in chief of the army
All degrees at a glance: degrees of the Swiss Army
More armed forces
In NATO, the first lieutenant has the NATO rank code OF-1 . In the armed forces of the states listed below, the ranking as the highest OF1 rank (below Captain OF2) is almost the same or at least very similar:
- Azerbaijan → Azerbaijani Baş leytenant
- Bulgaria → Bulgarian Старши лейтенант / Starschy lejtenant
- Brazil → Portuguese Primeiro Tenente
- Denmark → Danish Premierløjtnant
- Spain → Spanish Teniente primero
- Estonia → Estonian Porutšik
- Finland → Finnish Yliluutnantti
- France → French Lieutenant
- Italy → Italian Primo tenente
- Lithuania → Lithuanian Vyresnysis leitenantas
- Latvia → Latvian Poručiks
- Netherlands → Dutch Eerste luitenant
- Norway → Norwegian Premierløytnant
- Poland → Polish Porucznik
- Slovakia → Slovak Nadporučík
- Slovenia → Slovenian Nadporučík
- Romania → Romanian Locotenent Major
- Russia → Russian Старший лейтенант / Starschij lejtenant
- Czech Republic → Czech Nadporučík
- Turkey → Turkish Üsteğmen
- Ukraine → Ukrainian Поручик
- United States → English First Lieutenant
- United Kingdom → In the British Army and in other English-speaking armed forces, the general term is Lieutenant . In some areas of the British Army , the rank is also called First Lieutenant ( artillery , fusiliers , engineers). In the Royal Air Force he is called the Flying Officer (OF-1b).
National Peoples Army
Based on the Soviet armed forces and the other armed forces of the Warsaw Pact, the first lieutenant was the next higher officer rank in the armed organs of the GDR . In contrast to the NATO armed forces, three officer stars were placed in a triangle on the shoulder piece.
In the NVA Volksmarine this rank was initially called Oberleutnant zur See , but the name was later changed to Oberleutnant .
For officers of the NVA the standard standing time for the promotion from first lieutenant to captain or captainleutnant was three years.
Reichsheer, Reichswehr, Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS
In the Reichsheer, Reichswehr and Wehrmacht, Oberleutnant and Oberleutnant zur See were the highest officer rank in the rank group of the lieutenant. In the NS ranks this rank corresponded to the SS-Obersturmführer or SA-Obersturmführer .
Other former German armed forces
In some earlier German armies of the 19th century, the grading first lieutenant (premier lieutenant) existed before 1871 (still valid in French-speaking Switzerland today) - subordinate (second lieutenant) without the actual grade “lieutenant”.
- Left: Rank badge on the shoulder flap of the jacket of the service suit for army uniforms of the armored forces . Right: Rank badge on the shoulder flap of the jacket of the service suit for Air Force uniform wearers.
- Lieutenants and captains are therefore also referred to as troop officers, as long as they do not take on any posts in staff departments "far from the troops" intended for staff officers .
- The two-year period applies to flying personnel , officers in the special forces command who are used for special missions and combat swimmers . For all other officers, the ZDv 20/7 stipulates a period of 2½ years.
- addition to a license to practice medicine as a pharmacist , the prerequisite for promotion to a staff pharmacist is that you have passed the state examination as a food chemist .
- ZDv 20/7 on the basis of Careers Ordinance ( Ordinance on the Careers of Soldiers (Soldiers' Career Ordinance - SLV) . March 19, 2002, Section 44 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [accessed on March 25, 2014] revised) by announcement of August 19, 2011 I 1813. Last amended by Art. 2, Paragraph 5 G of April 8, 2013 I 730). ) the Soldiers '
- For reasons of space, shortened captions. What is meant are army uniform wearers and air force uniform wearers . The hunter-green flat braid shown next to the slip-on loop for army uniforms indicates a soldier in the armored infantry troops , infantry or special forces . In addition to the slip-on loops for the field blouse in the five-color camouflage pattern shown here on the shoulder flaps, there are a number of other types of rank insignia, which are described in more detail in the article → "Rank insignia of the Bundeswehr" .
- Hartmut Bagger , Command Staff of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . Bonn July 16, 2008, 4 labels, p. 539 ( dmb-lv-westfalen.de [PDF; 3.5 MB ] Reprint October 2008 replaces first edition from July 1996). dmb-lv-westfalen.de ( Memento of the original from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act. DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008 . Bonn August 21, 1978, rankings in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Law) ).
- Agreed English texts. STANAG 2116 - NATO Rank Codes - for grades of military personnel . 5th edition. 1992 (English, rankmaven.tripod.com [accessed March 25, 2014]).
- The Federal President (Ed.): Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers . BPresUnifAnO . July 14, 1978 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF] Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers from July 14, 1978 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1067 ), last amended by Article 1 of the order of 31. May 1996 ( BGBl. I p. 746 ) has been changed).
- Federal Minister of Defense ; Command Staff of the Armed Forces IV 1 (Ed.): Abbreviations for use in the Bundeswehr - German Abbreviations - ZDv 64/10 . Bonn January 19, 1979 ( pingwins.ucoz.de [PDF] as of September 17, 1999).
- Appendix I (to § 20, paragraph 2, sentence 1) Bundesbesoldungsgesetz orders of A and B . ( gesetze-im-internet.de [accessed on March 25, 2014] Federal salary regulations (BBesO) only apply to professional and temporary soldiers and are an annex to the Federal Salary Act (BBesG)).
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): Law on the legal status of soldiers (Soldiers Act - SG) . Bonn March 19, 1956, § 4 para. 3 (2) - ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF; accessed on March 25, 2014] Newly drafted by notice of May 30, 2005 I 1482. Last amended by Art . 1 G of April 8, 2013 I 730).
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act. DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008 . Bonn August 21, 1978, The Superiors Ordinance, p. A 12 1 (not to be confused with the Ordinance on the Regulation of Military Superiors (Superiors Ordinance - VorgV) ).
- Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956, § 4 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [accessed on March 25, 2014] Last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [accessed on March 25, 2014] Last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- Military disciplinary code (WDO). In: Laws on the Internet. Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection , August 16, 2001, accessed on November 5, 2014 (from August 16, 2001 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 2093 ), last amended by Article 7 of the Act of August 28, 2013 ( Federal Law Gazette I p . 3386 ) has been changed).
- Ordinance on the career paths of soldiers (Soldiers' Career Ordinance - SLV) . March 19, 2002 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [accessed on March 25, 2014] Newly drafted by notice of August 19, 2011 I 1813. Last amended by Art. 2 Paragraph 5 G of April 8, 2013 I 730).
- Note also:
- The Federal Minister of Defense ; Personnel, Social and Central Affairs Department (Ed.): ZDv 20/7. Provisions for the transport and for the recruitment, acceptance and admission of soldiers . Bonn March 27, 2002, Art. 635 ( reservisten.bundeswehr.de ( memento of October 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) [PDF; accessed on March 26, 2014] DSK AP210100187, reprint January 2008). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The equivalent, higher and lower ranks are given in accordance with ZDv 14/5 B 185, cf. The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, rank designations in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (Not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Act) . The order of the ranks shown in the info box does not necessarily correspond to one of the regular rank sequences provided for in the Soldiers' Career Ordinance , nor does it necessarily correspond to the rank hierarchy described in the Superiors Ordinance a managerial relationship ).
- Swiss Army pay table ( Memento of the original from September 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. : accessed on March 13, 2016
- Ordinance on military service, p. 56 (PDF; 306 kB).