Federal Ministry of Justice
General Directorate for the Prison System and the Execution of Custodial Measures
The prison services in Austria the wax body of the Federal Ministry of Justice . Their task is to secure prisons and the exclusive guarding and extensive care of inmates. In the January 2019 census, the Austrian penal system employed 4,052 prison staff.
The Justizwache is an Austrian uniformed guard, organized according to a military model and equipped with executive powers. This is according to Section 13a of the Prison Act added to the enforcement authorities. The law enforcement officers are placed at the side of the executive authority of the first instance as an auxiliary body. They support the prison directors in fulfilling the legal tasks in the prisons. In terms of employment and salary law, they are on an equal footing with the organs of the Federal Police .
The higher enforcement authority is the General Directorate for the Execution of Prisons and the Execution of Custodial Measures, a section of the Federal Ministry of Justice. The General Directorate is responsible for the operational implementation of the execution of sentences and measures in accordance with the provisions of the Prison Act including the establishment, maintenance and renewal of the institutions for the execution of prison sentences, the management of permanent positions and operational controlling. For the lawful operation of these institutions and, in particular, through target and performance agreements with the individual institutions, for one oriented towards the purposes of the prison system and the principles of human dignity and the reintegration of prisoners and detainees, the highest possible standard of enforcement, taking into account security and order to care. In accordance with the StVG, it supervises the entire implementation. In addition, the educational institution for the execution of sentences and measures ("Prison Academy") is subordinate to it as a separate organizational unit.
Renaming the judicial guard to the judicial police is being considered.
Justice Guard Task Force - JEG
As a special unit, the Justizwache Einsatzgruppe (JEG) has been available to the Justizwache since 1997 for particularly dangerous situations. The JEG is deployed in the respective prisons.
Prison Service Extradition Unit
Since 2019, the Prison Service Extradition Unit , the "transfer unit" of the justice guard. The Prison Service Extradition Unit transfers prisoners to their respective home countries so that they can serve their sentences in their home countries. The transport takes place by land with special vehicles.
The use of a weapon as a means of exercising coercive violence is regulated in Sections 104 and 105 of the StVG . Two types of weapons are generally available to the prison guard: those that are constantly carried by the officers during their service time ( primary weapons ) and those whose use must be ordered by the prison director or the responsible inspection service.
The first category includes the baton (and, as a special version, the multi-purpose rescue baton , a Tonfa baton) and the MK-3 pepper spray . The officers also carry the Glock 17 service pistol with them during night duty and, if necessary, also when executing . The category of weapons whose use must be expressly ordered includes the Steyr AUG A3 9mm as a long weapon, the tear gas rifle, the tear gas atomizer and the pepper spray OJ 400a.
The tear gas gun and the tear gas atomizer have been largely replaced by pepper spray - model OJ 400a - since 2008.
In addition, the use of the Taser stun gun in Austrian prisons is permitted by order of the prison director. For a short time from November 10, 2004 to February 20, 2008, the use of this weapon was initially allowed, but after massive protests the Federal Minister of Justice stopped using the taser. It was not until June 2009 that the new Justice Minister Claudia Bandion-Ortner allowed the taser to be used again under particularly strict conditions.
In 2018, the Justice Guard received the newer Taser X2 model, which can be used by specially trained officers after completing training. In addition, there were tactical overcoats, anti-drone pistols, telescopic batons and safety equipment for young professionals.
In addition to the multi-purpose rescue stick, the members of the police force are also equipped with protective shields and helmets in order to be able to take additional protection if necessary.
Before the new uniform in 2006, the corps badge of the Justizwache was as follows: Inside a round border there was a binding shield , represented by Austria's colors red-white-red, which was partially covered by a vertical sword . The hilt of the sword concealed a chain that showed two chain links on either side of the hilt . A laurel wreath, continuing the chain links, surrounded the shield. Shield, sword and chain have symbolized jurisdiction since ancient times . A ribbon connected the legal symbols with a laurel wreath, which indicated the dignity and honesty of all persons involved in the administration of justice .
The current corps badge represents the Austrian federal coat of arms, which is surrounded by a round border (as with the former corps badge). It differs only marginally from the corps badge of the Federal Police, in which the federal coat of arms is framed by a wreath of oak leaves.
The judicial guard's distinctions have been the same as those of the federal police since 2010. Before that, the corps badge could be seen instead of the federal eagle.
- Website of the Federal Ministry of Justice, to which the Austrian Justice Guard belongs.
- Information page on the Austrian penal system of the Federal Ministry of Justice.
- Personnel in the judiciary. Retrieved June 22, 2019 .
- https://www.noen.at/krems/justizanstalt-krems-stein- #
- https://www.derstandard.at/story/1322531659783/besuch-bei- gittern
- Chronicle: Separate unit for “detention in home”. In: wien.orf.at. October 6, 2019, accessed October 26, 2019 .
- Parliamentary materials. Retrieved June 22, 2019 .
- Press conference of the Federal Ministry of Justice on the reintroduction of the taser in the Austrian penal system on April 23, 2009.
- Justice Minister Moser presents recruiting offensive for the justice guard. Retrieved June 21, 2019 .
- Inquiry response (PDF file; 27 kB) from the Federal Minister of Justice on the subject of disarming prison guards .