A rank group comprises several ranks and usually also their carriers.
A rank group comprises several ranks (degrees, ranks, office titles , etc.). Alternatively, these groups are also referred to as rank class, rank group or similar. The name of the rank group is usually also the collective name for the bearers of the ranks of this rank group. The concept is particularly common in hierarchically organized organizations with differentiated service and civil service law , such as most armed forces , fire brigades , civil defense , the police , etc. The purpose of the division into the rank group is the simplified treatment of several ranks. In a rank group, ranks of a similar hierarchical level or with a certain similarity with regard to the activity carried out by holders of the ranks of this rank group are summarized above all. Legal regulations often aim at one grade group as a whole and do not differentiate further according to grades.
The grade groups must be separated from the career paths , career groups or designations for individual sections of career paths. Like the rank groups, these divide the ranks and their carriers, but they usually include ranks of several rank groups and / or only a part of the ranks or persons of a rank group. Often a rank is also passed by members of different careers.
The division into seven groups corresponds to that laid out in the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers in seven, but unnamed groups.
The following overview shows the assignment of each grade to one of the grade groups according to Central Service Regulation A-1420/24. First of all, the ranks for army and air force uniform bearers are named, and finally the rank designations for naval uniform bearers . Wear cadets special ranks , then they are called immediately after the "normal" grade designation of the respective Uniform range. If corresponding ranks are only shown for medical officers , these are also named immediately after the "normal" rank designation of the respective uniform wearer area. First, the rank designations for human medicine (also always correspond to those for dentists ), then those for pharmacists and finally those for veterinarians , if applicable . If the rank designations are identical in all uniform bearer areas, a new list for naval uniform bearers is dispensed with.
|Career group||Rank group||associated ranks|
|II staff officers||
|NCOs||V NCOs with portepee|
|VI NCOs without porter|
* only officer candidates
H only army uniform wearers
H&L only army or air force uniform wearers
M only naval uniform wearers
+ only medical officers (designation "-arzt" for humans including dentists, "-apothecists" for pharmacists, "-veterinaries" for veterinarians )
† In this rank are currently Until further notice, no more soldiers were appointed because the corresponding troop type was omitted (this is the case with the tank destroyer ) or the budget no longer provides for new promotions (applies to the general pharmacist ).
** According to ZDv A-1420/24, soldiers in the lowest rank always have the rank of medical soldier in careers of the medical service. However, there are numerous examples of naval and air force uniforms in the careers of the medical service who are referred to as sailors or aviators when they serve in units of the navy or air force.
Purpose of the rank groups
The ranks of the Bundeswehr are divided into rank groups in order to simplify uniform addressing and legal equal treatment of all or more soldiers of a comparable hierarchy level. For example, individual regulations pertain to uniforms (in particular Central Service Regulations (ZDv) 37/10) or to salutation and greetings (in particular Central Directive A2-2630 / 0-0-3 “Military forms and celebrations of the Bundeswehr”, formerly ZDv 10/8 ) often all soldiers in a rank group. The rank group is of particular importance for the appropriate organization of the Bundeswehr, because in some cases the establishment of a superiors relationship is tied to the rank group (or the differences in the rank groups of several soldiers) within the meaning of the Superiors Ordinance . Although the superior status in the Bundeswehr is mostly linked to the service position , where a superior relationship exists solely or primarily on the basis of the rank ( Section 4 "Superiors on the basis of the rank" of the Superiors Ordinance ), the superior of the soldiers in lower rank groups is usually higher in rank. Except in the cases described in § 6 of the Superiors Ordinance (“Superiors relationship based on their own declaration”), two soldiers of the same rank group cannot have a superiors relationship solely on the basis of their rank.
The ranks of non-commissioned officers with portepee are informally sometimes referred to as "sergeant-major ranks", whose carriers are referred to as "sergeants" or "porterage sergeants". The group of NCOs without portepee informally-briefly accordingly as “NCOs” or “NCOs”, whereby these collective names often also mean the last two groups of rank.
Further collective names
Partly based on other official ordinances, laws and decrees, but partly also purely informally, in addition to the grade groups in the sense of the Central Service Regulation A-1420/24, further ranks are combined in groups (not grade groups in the formal sense!).
The soldiers of the rank groups generals, staff officers, captains, lieutenants are summarized as "officers" in accordance with the superiors ordinance and the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers . In the order of the Federal President on the rank designations, the soldiers of the two rank groups, NCOs with and without porters, are summarized as " NCOs ".
Naval uniform bearers of the rank group of the generals are also summarized as " admirals " or " flag officers "; In this sense, generals are usually only understood to be army and air force uniforms of the rank group. Navy uniform wearers of NCOs with portepee are informally often referred to as " boatmen ", occasionally also as "boatmen", whereas "sergeants" or "sergeant ranks" informally only mean corresponding army and air force uniforms. Correspondingly, naval uniform wearers of the rank group of NCOs without porterage are informally referred to as “Maate” , whereas informally the Army and Air Force uniform wearers from this rank group are designated as “NCOs” differently than in the sense of the order of the Federal President . The ranks of the medical officers that deviate from the ranks of the other officers are informally summarized as "medical officer ranks " or "medical ranks ".
National Peoples Army
- Soldier (depending on the armed force or forces genus different names) to Stabsgefreiter and sub yunkers
- Sailor to staff sailor and non-commissioned officer pupil
- NCO to staff sergeant and officer student or ensign student
- Maat to Chief of Staff and officer student or ensign student
- Major General to Army General (actually to Marshal of the GDR , but the rank was never awarded.)
- Rear admiral to fleet admiral
The armed forces have the following rank groups:
Persons without a batch grade
- Private to platoon leader
- Ensign to general
According to Swiss Army :MG, the following grades (rank groups) are used in the
- Adjutant non-commissioned officer
- Staff adjutant
- Chief adjutant
- Chief adjutant
- Specialist officer
- First lieutenant
- Lieutenant colonel
Senior staff officers
- Divisional officer
- Corps commander
Commander in Chief of the Army
- The central service regulation A-1420/24 "Ranks and rank groups" replaces the sections B 185 of the central service regulation 14/5 "Soldiers Act", where the rank groups were previously defined. The text from B 185 ZDv 14/5 was adopted unchanged in ZDv A-1420/24. See The Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, rank designations in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (Not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Law) ).
- Note: The Bundeswehr describes all soldiers who wear the uniform of the respective armed forces as army or air force or naval uniform wearers. The term also includes soldiers outside the three armed forces, for example in the armed forces base , cf. Training as reserve officer candidate in military service. Federal Office for Personnel Management of the Bundeswehr (BAPersBw) - The President., March 13, 2014, accessed on March 26, 2014 .
- For example, a top Stabsgefreiter is never alone because of his rank superior of the lower-ranking corporal .
- The terms Sergeant , Sergeant Ranks and Boatmen are mostly used in the sense that they also include ensigns ( at sea ) and Obermähnriche ( at sea ), although their rank designation does not follow the naming system on which the names Sergeants (ranks) and boatmen are based lies.
- The terms NCOs and mates are mostly used in the sense that they also include ensigns and naval cadets , although their rank designation does not follow the naming system on which the designation NCOs and mates are based.
- Federal Ministry of Defense , BMVg P II 5 (Ed.): A-1420/24. Central service regulation. Ranks and rank groups . January 19, 2006 ( PDF [accessed February 10, 2016]).
- cf. Art. 1, The Federal President (Ed.): Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers . BPresUnifAnO. July 14, 1978 ( PDF - Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers from July 14, 1978 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1067 ), last amended by Article 1 of the order of May 31, 1996 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 746 ) has been changed).
- Classification according to
- See, for example, the Marine Press and Information Center: Our bloggers in profile. Federal Ministry of Defense , head of the press and information staff , September 1, 2015, accessed on February 10, 2016 .
- Karl-Heinz Schad: Welcome to the Air Force team. Federal Ministry of Defense , head of the press and information staff , September 1, 2015, accessed on December 2, 2013 .
- Hartmut Bagger , Command Staff of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense (ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . July 1996. Reprint from October 2008. Bonn July 16, 2008, 4 labels, p. 539 ( digital version (PDF; 3.5 MB) - reprint October 2008 replaces first edition from July 1996). Digitized version ( memento of the original from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 10/8 Military Forms and Celebrations of the Bundeswehr . Cape. 6 Greeting and salutation.
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, amendment status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, The Superiors Ordinance, p. A 12 1 (Not to be confused with the Ordinance on the Regulation of Military Superiors (Superiors Ordinance - VorgV) ).
- Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956, § 4 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956, § 4 (1) - ( Online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- cf. Marine press and information center : career as a boatman. In: website of the Navy . Federal Ministry of Defense , the head of the press and information staff , July 17, 2014, accessed on October 28, 2014 : "What's new about the boaters' career?"
- cf. Navy press and information center : career opportunities in the Navy. In: website of the Navy . Federal Ministry of Defense , the head of the press and information staff , April 1, 2014, accessed on October 28, 2014 : "The sergeant career in the Navy is the career of the boatmen."
- cf. Navy press and information center : Navy NCO School (MUS). In: website of the Navy . Federal Ministry of Defense , the head of the press and information staff , August 29, 2014, accessed on October 28, 2014 : "The Naval NCO school in Plön trains [...] future mates."
- Ordinance of the Federal Minister for National Defense on the ranks , Federal Law Gazette II No. 125/2004 ( PDF ); P. 46