The mate is a rank of the Bundeswehr and former German armed forces. In other armed forces there are etymologically related rank designations. In the earlier merchant navy , the mate was a rank or function.
Maat comes from the Middle Low German mat (e) ( comrade ). This corresponded to the Low German māt . The (high) German sailor developed from the new Low German . The Low German word stem entered the naval language of many countries via Dutch . The Dutch word maatschappij ("Maatschaft"), which corresponds to the German word " Gesellschaft " in the economic and sociological sense , shows the high level of recognition for the cohesion of the Maate on board.
|Rank group||NCOs without portepee|
|NATO rank code||OR-5|
|Rank Army / Air Force||Sergeant|
|Abbreviation (in lists)||Maat (MT)|
|Grade||A 5 according to BBesO|
The mate is one of the ranks of the German armed forces for naval uniform wearers . The legal basis is the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers and the Soldiers Act .
The mate's rank badges show two angles facing the opening with the tips pointing up and down on both upper sleeves . The epaulettes show a braid in the form of a border that is open to the base of the sleeves .
The rank designation for air force and army uniform carriers of the same rank is NCO . With regard to the authority to command, appointment , pay , the subordinate and higher ranks, similarly also with regard to the positions, mates and non-commissioned officers are equated.
|Lower rank||Higher rank|
Rank group : Teams-NCOs-NCO-NCOs-Lieutenant-Captains-Staff officers-Generals
Polish armed forces
National Peoples Army
In the People's Navy , the rank designations Maat existed uniformly for all careers. This rank corresponded to the NCO in the other branches of the armed forces. After attending the “Walter Steffens” fleet school, mates were deployed as superiors of sub-units and as specialists.
Other former German armed forces
Maat was originally the name for the deck officer's assistant . Later the mate was the lowest rank of subordinate in the naval forces.
As early as the second half of the 17th century, when stationary fleets began to emerge, the mate was the lowest seafaring officer on board. In the Prussian and later in the Imperial Navy , the mates were among the non-commissioned officers without portepee . Until 1871 there was still a distinction between the lower ranking "Maat 2nd class" and the higher ranking "Maat 1st class". The rank designation Maat developed from the 2nd class after 1871. Depending on their career and length of service, soldiers of the same rank had the ranks of boatswain's mate , fireworks mate , machinist's mate or helmsman's mate .
In German civil shipping , the term “Maat” is no longer used today. The term used to refer to an assistant, e.g. B. with a helmsman or a cook (cook's mate). He was located in the board hierarchy above the simple crew ranks and below the ship's officers .
- Links: rank insignia on a shoulder strap for Marine Uniform of the 10 using rows . Right: sleeve badge of the jacket of the service suit of a naval uniform wearer of the 10 series of uses. Soldiers in other uses have different use badges.
- Brockhaus, The Encyclopedia in 24 Volumes (1796-2001). Volume 13, ISBN 3-7653-3673-4 , p. 699
- Dictionary of German military history . 1st edition. 1985, Volume 1, p. 510 <( license number 5 P 189/84)
- Hartmut Bagger , Command Staff of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . July 1996. Reprint from October 2008. Bonn July 16, 2008, 4 labels, p. 539 ( digitized version [PDF; 3.5 MB ] Reprint October 2008 replaces first edition from July 1996). Digitized version ( memento of the original from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, rank designations in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (Not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Law) ).
- Agreed English texts. STANAG 2116 . NATO standardization agreement (STANAG) . NATO codes for grades of military personnel. 5th edition. 1992 ( NATO Rank Codes - 1992 [accessed March 25, 2014] English).
- The Federal President (Ed.): Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers . BPresUnifAnO. July 14, 1978 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF] Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers from July 14, 1978 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1067 ), last amended by Article 1 of the order of 31. May 1996 ( BGBl. I p. 746 ) has been changed).
- Federal Minister of Defense ; Command Staff of the Armed Forces IV 1 (Ed.): Abbreviations for use in the Bundeswehr - German Abbreviations - ZDv 64/10 . Bonn January 19, 1979 ( ucoz.de [PDF] as of September 17, 1999).
- Appendix I (to § 20, paragraph 2, sentence 1) Bundesbesoldungsgesetz orders of A and B . ( Online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Federal salary regulations (BBesO) only apply to professional and temporary soldiers and are an annex to the Federal Salary Act (BBesG)).
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): Law on the legal status of soldiers (Soldiers Act - SG) . Bonn March 19, 1956, § 4 para. 3 (2) - ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF; accessed on March 25, 2014] Newly drafted by notice of May 30, 2005 I 1482. Last amended by Art . 1 G of April 8, 2013 I 730).
- The equivalent, higher and lower ranks are given in accordance with ZDv 14/5 B 185, cf. The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, rank designations in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (Not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Act) . The order of the ranks shown in the info box does not necessarily correspond to one of the regular rank sequences provided for in the Soldiers' Career Ordinance , nor does it necessarily correspond to the rank hierarchy described in the Superiors Ordinance a managerial relationship ).