|Rank group||NCOs without portepee|
|NATO rank code||Student officer|
|Rank Army / Air Force||Flagjunker|
|Abbreviation (in lists)||Fhj (Fj)|
|Grade||A 5 according to BBesO|
The rank of Fahnenjunker is determined by the Federal President with the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers on the basis of the Soldiers Act .
Authority to command and positions
In the Federal Armed Forces, the Fahnenjunker is a non-commissioned officer who, according to the Central Service Regulations (ZDv) A-1420/24 "Ranks and Rank Groups", belongs to the rank group of non-commissioned officers . Because they belong to the rank group of non-commissioned officers without porterage, Fahnenjunker can issue orders to soldiers in the rank group of men within the limits set there on the basis of § 4 ("Superiors relationship based on rank") .
Flagjunkers are officer candidates and are therefore usually in one of the course-related training phases of their officer training or are already studying . For those who wear army uniforms, their main troop unit is often one of the officer candidate battalions . In the "normal" troops, these flagjunkers are usually only used as part of troop internships . They are then used, for example, as group and squad leaders , sometimes as part of a job as a trainer or auxiliary trainer in basic training . On the basis of these positions, flagjunkers can issue orders to all officially or professionally subordinate soldiers in the cases listed in the Supervisor Ordinance.
Appointment and remuneration
The military career regulation ( SLV) and, in addition, the Central Service Regulations (ZDv) 20/7 , form the relevant legal basis for the appointment as Fahnenjunker . To rank a cadet can time soldiers and ordered reservists are appointed. A prerequisite for being appointed to the rank of Fahnenjunker is membership of one of the career paths in the career group of officers . After a change from NCOs to a career as an officer in the military technical service , the previous rank is transferred to the rank of Fahnenjunker. As a rule, flagjunkers have previously served as officer candidates in a rank of the rank group of men . In this case, team ranks can be appointed flag junior after twelve months of service since entering an officer career. Up to one year of service before starting an officer career can be credited. In the case of the latter officer candidates who are being trained under the responsibility of the army , the appointment to flag junior de facto requires the completion of the officer candidate course at one of the officer candidate battalions.
In the Bundeswehr "cadet" is the first time since 1918 in the German armed forces back the rank designation for a non-commissioned officer rank. The nomination as Fahnenjunker took place for officer candidates of the army up to and including the 75th officer candidate year with completion of the 12th month of service and after passing the officer candidate course part I (OAL I). From the 76th year of officer candidate (from summer 2006) onwards, it is awarded upon completion of the 12th month of service and passed officer candidate course (OAL) .
Equivalent, subordinate and superior ranks
The rank of Fahnenjunker, which is only intended for officer candidates , is only held by army and air force uniforms . Navy uniform wearers of the same rank carry the rank of sea cadet accordingly . Soldiers of equal rank who are not officer candidates have the ranks of NCO (for army and air force uniforms) or mate (for naval uniforms). In the armed forces of NATO , the NCO is equivalent to all ranks with the NATO rank code OR-5, whereby the flag junior is assigned the NATO rank code Student Officer in a separate category . In anglophone armed forces, ranks in this NATO category are often referred to as Cadet , Officer Cadet , or Officer Candidate ; in French-speaking NATO forces as Élève-officier or similar; similar to Allievo Ufficiale I in the armed forces of Italy . This category also falls cadet of the Russian armed forces .
The NCO is in the career group of NCOs according to No. 127 f. ZDv 20/7 classified under the higher-ranking staff sergeant (rank designation for army and air force uniforms) or senior mate (for naval uniforms). In accordance with the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of soldiers, the same applies to the classification of Fahnenjunker, even if Fahnenjunker are usually promoted directly to the rank of ensign in the order of promotion for officers in the career group . According to § 4 of the Superiors Ordinance, as shown above, all flag junior officers within the limits defined there are superiors of all ranks of the rank group of the teams whose highest rank is the corporal corporal .
|Lower rank||Higher rank|
Rank group : Teams-NCOs-NCO-NCOs-Lieutenant-Captains-Staff officers-Generals
In the Wehrmacht, soldiers and NCOs who wanted to pursue an officer career were given the designation Fahnenjunker (short: Fhj in lists Fj ) in front of their rank:
- Fahnenjunker NCO (Fhj-Uffz, Fj-U),
- Fahnenjunker-Unterfeldwebel (Fhj-UFw, Fj-UF),
- Fahnenjunker Sergeant (Fhj-Fw, Fj-F),
- Fahnenjunker-Oberfeldwebel (Fhj-OFw, Fj-OF) and
- Fahnenjunker staff sergeant (Fhj-StFw, Fj-SF).
- Example of badge of rank
|Officer Candidate (OA)|
( fog troop )
(flying air force)
( Feldgendarmerie )
( veterinary )
Fahnenjunker staff sergeant
In the Air Force, the simplest rank for officer applicants was "Fahnenjunker-Flieger" ("Fhj-Flieger"). In early 1940 Fahnenjunker was replaced by the designation Officer Candidate (OA) / Reserve Officer Candidate (ROA). The ranks were now z. B. Private (OA) or Sergeant (ROA) . In mid / late 1943 (with different deadlines in the Army and Air Force), the previous practice was largely reinstated.
In the Wehrmacht, the Luftwaffe flagjunkers had been running a twisted aluminum cord across the lower end of the epaulettes since 1940. A special marking was only introduced in the army from the end of 1942: a field-gray double border (made of fabric) or a double aluminum braid (hope bar) . Reserve officer candidates wore red cloth bars in the army and air force.
In the Reichswehr , the name Fahnenjunker was initially abolished, but has been used again since the mid-1920s. Fahnenjunker now designated all officer candidates across all ranks. The contender ranks were cadets , cadet-corporal , cadet corporal , sergeant , senior cadet . In the Reichswehr, Fahnenjunker did not initially differ from the other soldiers in the team rank either through special badges or other uniforms. Since 1927, after passing the Fahnenjunker examination, Fahnenjunker privateers have been given the right to wear the corporal tassels.
Armed forces of the German Empire
In the army of the German Empire, the candidates for career officers were called avantageurs or aspirants . In 1899 the name was changed to Fahnenjunker , who only had team rank. Their counterparts in the navy were called cadets or midshipmen ; the next highest candidate rank was ensign . The cadet had on entering a leaving certificate of a secondary school , grammar school , a secondary school or junior high school to prove the first order or the existence of the ensign exam. In the army of the imperial era, flagjunkers did not distinguish themselves from the other soldiers in the team rank by special badges or uniforms.
Armies of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
In the armies of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (HRR), the flagjunkers were mostly young noblemen who began their military training between the ages of 14 and 16. In the armies that used German military terms (including the Russian army), Fahnenjunker (alternatively also Freikorporal ) referred to the officer candidates of the center companies ( musketeers , fusiliers ) of the infantry and the dragoons in general ; Grenadier companies did not have a candidate officer. In the cavalry they were called Standartenjunker . After completing the approximately three-month "basic training", the Junkers generally ranked between sergeants and sergeants (infantry) or sergeants (cavalry).
For the artillery , which carried neither flags nor standards, there were no separate officer candidate ranks in many states of the HRR. The candidates went through the general career, occasionally already as bombardier, in order then to be promoted preferentially to officer. The designation Stückjunker (after the earlier common designation for artillery pieces ) rather denoted the lowest officer rank in the artillery (analogous to the ensign in the infantry or the cornet in the cavalry); One of the few exceptions was the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg ( Electorate of Hanover), where the piece junker ranked above all non-commissioned officers as an officer candidate.
In the Prussian infantry and in the 18th century the Fahnenjunker was called Freikorporal . He scrapped until 1806 as a commissioned officer between corporal and sergeant. The next higher officer candidate rank was the Portepeefähnrich since 1807 . The Bavarian Army differentiated the candidates into officer aspirants 1st class ( Junker , in the artillery conductor , standing between sergeant and subordinate ) and 2nd class ( cadet , ranking before the sergeant).
Up until the 20th century, the flagjunkers with the rank of soldiers did not have any badges. If they were of the rank of NCO, their badges were to be worn (coat and hat braid, special hat fluff, NCO's portepee (rarely: officer portepee), stick, gloves).
- Left: Rank badge on the shoulder flap of the jacket of the service suit for army uniform wearers of the military police . Right: Rank badge on the shoulder flap of the jacket of the service suit for Air Force uniform wearers.
- Unofficially, NCOs without portepee are also simply summarized as NCOs, while the rank group of NCOs with portepee is called sergeant ranks . However, according to the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers , the group of NCOs includes both the rank group of NCOs without porters and the rank group of NCOs with porters .
- Only possible when used in the air traffic control service and in the aviation service .
- ZDv 20/7 on the basis of Career Ordinance ( Ordinance on the Careers of Soldiers (Soldiers' Career Ordinance - SLV) . March 19, 2002, Section 44 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Newly drafted by Bek. V. 19 August 2011 I 1813. Last amended by Art. 2 Paragraph 5 G of April 8, 2013 I 730). ) the Soldiers '
- Hartmut Bagger , Command Staff of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . July 1996. Reprint from October 2008. Bonn July 16, 2008, 4 labels, p. 539 ( digitized version [PDF; 3.5 MB ] Reprint October 2008 replaces first edition from July 1996). Digitized version ( memento of the original from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, rank designations in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Law) ).
- Agreed English texts. STANAG 2116 . NATO standardization agreement (STANAG) . NATO codes for grades of military personnel. 5th edition. 1992 (English, NATO Rank Codes - 1992 [accessed March 25, 2014]).
- The Federal President (Ed.): Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers . BPresUnifAnO. July 14, 1978 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF] Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers from July 14, 1978 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1067 ), last amended by Article 1 of the order of 31. May 1996 ( BGBl. I p. 746 ) has been changed).
- Federal Minister of Defense ; Command Staff of the Armed Forces IV 1 (Ed.): Abbreviations for use in the Bundeswehr - German Abbreviations - ZDv 64/10 . Bonn January 19, 1979 ( ucoz.de [PDF] as of September 17, 1999).
- Appendix I (to § 20, paragraph 2, sentence 1) Bundesbesoldungsgesetz orders of A and B . ( Online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Federal salary regulations (BBesO) only apply to professional and temporary soldiers and are an annex to the Federal Salary Act (BBesG)).
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): Law on the legal status of soldiers (Soldiers Act - SG) . Bonn March 19, 1956, § 4 para. 3 (2) - ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF; accessed on March 25, 2014] Newly drafted by notice of May 30, 2005 I 1482. Last amended by Art . 1 G of April 8, 2013 I 730).
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, amendment status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, The Superiors Ordinance, p. A 12 1 (not to be confused with the Ordinance on the Regulation of Military Superiors (Superiors Ordinance - VorgV) ).
- Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956, § 4 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- Ordinance on the career paths of soldiers (Soldiers' Career Ordinance - SLV) . March 19, 2002 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] revised by notice of August 19, 2011 I 1813. Last amended by Art. 2 Par. 5 G of April 8, 2013 I 730).
- Note also:
- The Federal Minister of Defense ; Personnel, Social and Central Affairs Department (Ed.): ZDv 20/7. Provisions for the transport and for the recruitment, acceptance and admission of soldiers . Bonn March 27, 2002, Art. 635 ( PDF ( memento of October 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) [accessed on March 26, 2014] DSK AP210100187, reprint January 2008). [[Central Service Regulations | ZDv]] 20/7. Regulations for the transport and for the recruitment, takeover and admission of soldiers ( memento of the original from October 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The equivalent, higher and lower ranks are given in accordance with ZDv 14/5 B 185, cf. The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, rank designations in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (Not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Act) . The order of the ranks shown in the info box does not necessarily correspond to one of the regular rank sequences provided for in the Soldiers' Career Ordinance , nor does it necessarily correspond to the rank hierarchy described in the Superiors Ordinance a managerial relationship ).
- Johann Georg Krünitz: Oeconomische Encyclopädie , 1773-1858, p. 338