Squad leader

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Tactical sign "group leader"

The group leader (GrpFhr, GrFü, GF or GruFü) is a function and qualification (training course) of authorities and organizations with security tasks for a person who leads or leads or commands a group. The group leader is usually responsible for his group.

In business and public administration, a manager is primarily referred to as a group leader .


armed forces

In the Bundeswehr 's squad leader (GrpFhr) both a training and qualification activities as well as the official position designation for part of unit leaders . He leads a group .

As a sub-unit leader, the group leader is responsible for leading eight to twelve soldiers in combat . He is not a disciplinary superior. The group leader posts mostly fill out ranks like:

For a given occasion, for example if the original group leader fails, this function is also taken over by the team ranks.

National Peoples Army

In the armed forces of the NVA and the border troops of the GDR , the group leader (GF) was a sub-unit leader for the management of 8 to 12 team ranks or soldiers of higher ranks of the same rank group , such as off-school students / GF at the officers' colleges in the GDR , in training , on duty or in combat. They wore usually ranks of corporal to sergeant or equivalent ranks in accordance with the branch of service or TSK. In the NVA, too, the term “group leader” referred to a function / position. They were not disciplinary superiors, but had powers to issue punishments, such as out-of-turn duties .

National Socialist Organizations

In several National Socialist organizations, Gruppenführer was used to designate the highest (general) ranks:


The group leader (GruFü) in the riot police and in police trains has the following tasks:

  • leads the group in tactical operations and daily duty ( patrol leader )
  • implements the requirements of the platoon commander to
  • orders measures / tactical formations
  • prepares and post-assignments within his area of ​​responsibility
  • advises the platoon leader
  • Training officer for the practical service
  • supports employees

The function is a fully fledged management task for leading a group .

In the riot police, a distinction can generally be made between group leaders in the Einsatzhundschaft , group leaders in a support command (USK) (Bavaria), BFE (evidence and arrest unit) and group leaders in a training unit.

In some countries and in a few cases with the BPOL, the function is carried out by civil servants in the middle service. In other federal states and also in the future with the federal police, the management function is attached to the senior service. The endowment starts with A9 Police Commissioner and extends to A11 Police Chief Commissioner depending on the authority. A salary of A9 / 10 is usual. In the middle service, the endowment was A8 / 9 (partly mZ); occasionally, depending on the authority (federal state) even starting at A7 (police master). The group leader gives his employees' contributions to the appraiser in terms of career law.

The tactical identification of the group leader consists of two horizontal points on the right arm (usually light green or light blue) or two horizontal points on the emergency helmet.

fire Department

Tactical sign "group leader" of the fire brigade
Helmet identification of a group leader

The group leader in the fire brigade commands or leads the tactical unit " group ", consisting of nine emergency services. He acts on site either independently as an operations manager or under the direction of a higher-level manager (e.g. platoon leader).

The group leader:

  • explore the situation
  • determines the distribution of tasks within the group,
  • gives the order for action - (water extraction point, location of the distributor) unit, order, means, goal and route,
  • is not tied to a fixed location during the mission,
  • has the duty of care for his group,
  • can independently lead operations with staff up to the strength of a group.

Group leaders are experienced officers of the middle fire service (main fire supervisor / fire inspector) in the professional fire department. In the volunteer fire brigade , the achievable rank depends on the federal state, in North Rhine-Westphalia, for example, fire chief. In general, they are at least fire-fighting masters ; in Hessen, for example, chief fire officer . In addition, appropriate training must be completed at the respective institute of the fire brigade or school; in North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse, for example, the FIII course.

Training to become a group leader in the fire brigade in Germany takes at least 70 hours. The fire brigade service provision 2 writes the qualification as an admission requirement squad leader before. There should also be knowledge of respiratory protection , radiotelephony and machinist work .

Group leader of a volunteer fire brigade with a blue identification vest

Rescue workers with the qualification to be a group leader can be recognized by a red bar on each side of the helmet . This marking only signals the ability to exercise the function of “group leader”. There can therefore be several emergency services with this identification in a group. However, only one person per unit can take on the actual leadership role of group leader. Any other existing forces with group leader qualifications then take on normal team tasks. The actual unit leader is therefore increasingly also identified with an identification vest. Alternatively, variable function badges are worn in some federal states , for group leaders a 10 mm narrow, circumferential black band on the helmet.

Group leaders of the fire brigade are also called sub-leaders in disaster control terminology . The abbreviation in the fire brigade for the group leader is "GrFü" according to DIN 14033. In practice, however, the abbreviation "GF" from the fire brigade service regulation 4, which is no longer valid, is usually still used.

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Functional vest-2-blue.svg Functional vest-2-blue.svg

Technical Relief Organization (THW)

Blue banner: In the middle the THW logo made up of initials in a gear, framed on the left and right with two vertical bars each (light blue)
THW service registration number

The group leader at THW leads a rescue or specialist group . Depending on the type of group, he is subordinate to one or more squad leaders (defined in the STAN ). The group leader reports to the platoon leader. In addition to leading his group, the group leader is also responsible for training and equipping the group.

Other aid organizations

Training to become a group leader is regulated in the individual organizations. They are regularly subordinates . Group leaders are used as leaders of a rapid response group, as an organizational link in club operations, as operations leaders in smaller services or as leaders of groups in the context of disaster control . At the water rescue service of the DRK, the group leader training is also called leadership in action Part 2 ( watch leader ) , then SEG leader (rapid deployment group leader)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Standing Conference for Disaster Risk Management and Disaster Protection (Ed.): Recommendations for Tactical Signs in Civil Protection . Cologne 2012, corrected second edition
  2. cf. Example of tactical marking on the arm
  3. The functional designations apply to both female and male fire service members. Fire brigade regulation 3 units in fire fighting and rescue operations, Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, 2008
  4. a b Fire brigade regulation 3 - units in fire fighting and rescue operations. Edition: February 2008. Retrieved from bbk.bund.de (for the German case)
  5. Fire Service Regulations 100 - Leadership and Management in Action. Management system. Edition: March 1999. Retrieved from bbk.bund.de
  6. Training of the volunteer fire brigades FwDV_2_Stand_Jan2012. (PDF) January 1, 2012, accessed January 4, 2015 .
  7. State Fire Brigade School Baden-Württemberg, Training of Voluntary Fire Brigades - Basic Training, Neckar-Verlag, 2005
  8. Management identification of Baden-Württemberg , State Fire Brigade School Baden-Württemberg
  9. Lower Saxony: Ordinance on municipal fire brigades , Annex 8, May 1, 2010
  10. Recommendation for the labeling of executives (PDF) DFV, 2004
  11. Recommendation of the Ministry of the Interior on the variable identification of executives in large-scale fire service operations ( Memento from January 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 122 kB) IM Baden-Württemberg, 1998
  12. "At the meeting of the heads of the fire brigades of the city districts and the district fire supervisors in April 1999, it was decided that in future blue markings can also be used for vehicle drivers." LFS Baden-Württemberg , 2004
  13. Improvement of the identification of executives in action ( Memento from March 30, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 309 kB) Bavarian Fire Brigade Association in Florian coming no.54
  14. Business instructions Application-related labels at the Berlin fire brigade, the rescue service and the specialist services of the disaster control of the Berlin fire brigade, as of July 13, 2016
  15. Uniform labeling of managers and management bodies in the state of Brandenburg , LSTE Brandenburg
  16. File -> Anlagen_HFDV_19.12.2012.pdf) Hessian Fire Brigade Clothing and Rank Ordinance - HFDV (Zip and then PDF) Hessian Ministry of the Interior and Sports, 2012
  17. Identification of executives in the fire brigades in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania ( Memento from September 2, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 19 kB) MV government portal
  18. Ordinance on municipal fire brigades , Section 15, Paragraph 4 in conjunction with Annex 8B, September 2012
  19. Recommendation on the identification of executives / functionaries (PDF; 7 kB) Interior Ministry of North Rhine-Westphalia, 1998
  20. Guideline for the management service in fire protection, general assistance and disaster control (PDF; 289 kB) LFKS Rheinland-Pfalz, 2001
  21. Decree on the identification of executives at deployment sites ( Memento of September 2, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 21 kB) Ministry of the Interior and Sport of the Saarland, 2009
  22. Ordinance of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior on the fire brigades and the fire prevention show in the Free State of Saxony ( Memento from May 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 418 kB) State Ministry of the Interior, October 21, 2005
  23. Ordinance of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior on the rescue service planning in the Free State of Saxony (Sächsische Landesrettungsdienstplanverordnung - SächsLRettDPVO) ( Memento of November 12, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF) State Ministry of the Interior, December 5, 2006, as of May 9, 2013
  24. Ordinance on uniforms for the fire brigades in Saxony-Anhalt (Fw-DklVO) September 8, 2015
  25. Uniform regulations for the fire brigades in the state of Schleswig-Holstein ( Memento of November 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 202 kB) Schleswig-Holstein Ministry of the Interior, decree of September 4, 2008
  26. Appendix 2 - Identification of the qualifications of the emergency services as well as the managers and the specialists with special functions of the Thuringian Fire Brigade Organization Ordinance (ThürFwOrgVO) , accessed on June 29, 2017
  27. According to the decision of the district or the municipality, as far as the respective responsibility is given, this functional vest can be worn.
  28. Service regulations for the water rescue service of the Bavarian Red Cross (PDF). Mainparksee water rescue service. June 1, 2004 with changes from October 19, 2008, accessed on February 25, 2018.