Platoon leader

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tactical sign for a platoon leader according to DV 102 and FwDV 100

Zugführer (ZF or ZFü, also abbreviated to ZgFhr or Zfhr in the military) is a management function of authorities and organizations with security tasks for the management and command of trains. Platoon leader is a function or service position .


The platoon leader is a military position for a sub-unit leader in the non -commissioned or lower officer rank . He leads a unit represented as usually train ( English platoon ) is called.


The platoon leader (ZgFhr) is an official position in the Bundeswehr . He is a sub-unit leader and leads a platoon that (depending on the armed forces and type of service) usually includes between 30 and 60 soldiers. A platoon consists of several groups , several platoons form a company , battery or squadron .

The service position of the train driver wearing usually an officer ( captain in the first train, Lt. or Lieutenant in II. Train of a company) or a seasoned Portepeeunteroffizier in rank Hauptfeldwebel or Sergeant (III., And IV. Train of a company). In the command support troops, platoon leaders can also be captains or sergeant major . In flying squadrons of all branches of the armed forces, the position of the swarm leader roughly corresponds to that of the platoon leader. This is usually dressed by captains or staff officers , since all pilots are officers themselves. In military schools, the name of the relevant position is lecture hall manager and is usually held by an officer.


In the Swiss Army , too , the expression platoon leader denotes an official function. Usually a platoon is led by a lieutenant or first lieutenant. In exceptional cases, it can also be a deputy platoon leader (Zfhr Stv), for example with the rank of a superintendent . In the new Swiss Army, logistics trains are run by so-called logistics train drivers (Log Zfhr) in the rank of adjutant sub-officer.


The police authorities also have train drivers who run trains as closed units.

fire Department

Usual helmet labeling
Vest marking (as recommended by the DFV )

The train driver is in German fire brigades the leader of a train . A complete train according to FwDV 3 has at least two groups and a train troop including equipment. A distinction is made, for example, between fire fighting train , arming train and polluting or hazardous substances train . If the forces deployed do not exceed the strength of a platoon or if a higher-level manager is not in charge, a platoon leader can be the chief of operations . For operations that require more than one train (major incidents), one assumes association leaders in command. In such cases platoon leaders are often used as operational section managers.

The training and duties of the train driver are regulated in the fire service regulations. In some federal states, emergency services with the qualification as train driver can be recognized by two red bars on each side of the helmet . This helmet identification only signals the ability to exercise the function of "platoon leader". Several emergency services with this identification can therefore be present in one train. However, only one person per train can assume the actual position of the train driver. Any other existing emergency services with platoon leader qualifications then take on group leaders or, less frequently, normal team tasks. The actual unit leader is increasingly being identified with an identification vest (often red, as a section or operational leader also white or yellow). Qualification and function markings are regulated at the state, district or municipality level, there is no uniform federal regulation. In Bavaria, for example, a train driver is marked with a 20 mm wide rubber band on the reflective tape on the helmet when he actually does this job.

Other aid organizations

A train driver from other aid organizations leads a train in an emergency . In his actions and instructions, he is only subordinate to an association leader (depending on the situation: the operations manager or the operations section leader). Train drivers need various management-specific additional training in addition to their specialist service knowledge before their appointment as train driver . These courses are partly organization and specialist service-specific. Among other things, knowledge about the division of auxiliary workers and the operational area, material procurement and management, dangers at the operational site and the avoidance of accidents, communication with auxiliary workers and emergency services from other specialist services and organizations as well as the legal principles of disaster control are imparted.

At least two groups are subordinate to the platoon leader , which in turn are led by group leaders . This also includes the platoon troop, which assists the platoon leader in management tasks.

At the water rescue service of the German Red Cross , a platoon leader is also known as a "water rescue service leader".

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Zugführer  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Eschwin von Krosigk, Ulrich Czisnik: The military personnel management in the Bundeswehr: principles, organization, selection u. Education. RvDecker's Fachbücherei Bundeswehr, 1977, ISBN 3-7685-6876-8 .
  2. The functional designations apply to both female and male fire service members. Fire brigade regulation 3: Units engaged in extinguishing and providing assistance . (PDF) Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance, 2008
  3. Fire brigade regulation 3: Units in fire fighting and rescue operations . (PDF)
  4. Ordinance on the implementation of the Bavarian Fire Brigade Act (AVBayFwG) , Annex 3, Paragraph 8.2.2, , accessed on January 5, 2014
  5. Strength and equipment verification of the Zugtrupp (ZTr). StAN no .: 02-01. In: THW local association Wolfenbüttel. Federal Agency for Technical Relief (THW), January 2011, accessed on August 19, 2019 .
  6. ^ Bavarian Red Cross: Service regulations for the water rescue service