In air force and army units (and also in non- military or paramilitary institutions such as the Federal Police ), the term squadron is usually used for units the size of a company. Several - usually two - flying squadrons form the flying group within a squadron in the Air Force with the flight operations squadron . The Army Aviation five seasons form a regiment . The leader of a squadron is called a squadron chief or a squadron captain. All squadrons of the regiment are led by the squadron captain, who is usually a staff officer .
The term relay is also used in the field of technology.
Anti-aircraft missile service
The air defense missile units of the Air Force each have a fire control train, a launch train and a maintenance and transport train, as well as an office train, led by a squadron chief in the rank of major .
Property protection in the Air Force
Units are also referred to as squadrons in the Air Force's object protection . They are led by a major or a captain . Infantry squadrons differ from Army infantry companies in structure and strength. They consist of four trains.
In the air force training battalion one speaks differently of (training) companies.
|Tactical sign of a maintenance
squadron in the army logistics troops
Outside of airborne units, a squadron is a sub-unit that is about half the size of a company and can lead several platoons. There are seasons a. in the telecommunications unit , here, for example, a mixed company consisting of three long-distance trains and one radio train merges into three mixed squadrons. Partial units ( trains ) become new sub-units (relays). In the army logistics troops, there are repair and supply units in the supply companies.
The leader of the relay unit is called " relay leader " to distinguish it from the relay chief when relay designates a unit.
In tactics, the squadron describes the subset of a troop unit, which changes in time ("staggered") locally (e.g. relocate or detach from the enemy).
For example, command posts from battalion level upwards are usually relocated on a staggered basis. Because a command post cannot be commanded on the march, it is shared. While one squadron relocates to the new operational area, the other squadron stays at the old location and leads the subordinate units. Once one of the squadrons has established leadership skills in the new operational area, it takes on the leadership tasks. The other squadron moves into the rooms of one of the squadrons or immediately flips over again into a new operational area, depending on the speed of the operation and the spatial extent of the operation area.
The composition of the squadrons is ordered on a case-by-case basis by the military leader. For the command posts, however, there are stops in the service regulations and command post concepts.
NVA air force
In the air force of the NVA , a flying squadron was led by a pilot / troop service officer in the rank up to lieutenant colonel or frigate captain and with the functional designation of squadron commander.
The independent squadron had up to 24 aircraft and was comparable to the independent unit / battalion.
The squadron in the flying squadron, on the other hand, had up to 12 aircraft and was based on the tactical allocation of aircraft in:
- Chain ( chain commander , each with four aircraft) and / or
- Pair ( Leading and guided , each with two planes).
The two staff organizations OKW and OKH maintained a (mobile) field squadron at the respective location of the Führer headquarters , the part remaining at the respective headquarters was called the home squadron.
An aircraft squadron of the German Air Force consisted of nine to twelve aircraft and was divided into three swarms with four aircraft each (in the case of fighter associations) or in four chains of three aircraft each (fighter flight associations).
In the army, squadrons were used to describe sub-units of different sizes below the size of a company / battery. This term was often used for care workers.
- Associations in battalion / department strength often had a news relay at the staff , about the strength of half a platoon, which was led by a non-commissioned officer . They were created by reducing the number of earlier intelligence trains that were led by officers .
- Motorized battalions often had a maintenance squadron on the staff , usually in strength, led by the battalion engineer .
- In the mountain hunter platoons , the pack animals , draft horses with horse carts and the respective animal handlers were grouped into platoons , which were led by a specially appointed NCO.
- In the supply companies of motorized battalions existed u. a .:
- Ammunition squadrons , up to four groups strong, led by the fireworks sergeant major ;
- Fuel scales , up to two groups thick, performed by the fuel -Unteroffizier;
- Sanitation scales , establishing the association space, passed through the auxiliary doctor, the doctor next to the second battalion doctor ;
- Administrative teams, led by the purser .
For the Swiss squadrons see:
USA and Great Britain in World War II
The British Royal Air Force designed the aircraft number in their seasons ( Squadrons ) in World War II flexible. The least fixated on the number of aircraft was a squadron in the US Air Forces during World War II, where a squadron could have between about 5 and over 20 aircraft.
- Mountain Hunter Company, K.St.N. 132d of November 1, 1941
- Staff of an infantry battalion c (mot), K.St.N. 115c of November 1, 1941
- Supply company of a Pz-StuG./Sturm-Pz. Department, K.St.N. 1151c of November 1, 1944
- Reconnaissance Wing 52 Chronicle . 1st ed., Clausen and Bosse Leck 1993, p. 62
- Ulf Balke: The aerial warfare in Europe 1939-1941 . Bechtermünz Verlag, Augsburg 1998, ISBN 3-86047-591-6 , p. 25th f . (1057 pp.).
- Alex Buchner: The Handbook of the German Infantry 1939–1945 , Dörfler Zeitgeschichte Verlag, ISBN 3-89555-041-8 , pp. 29, 57