The staff officers form the second highest rank of officers in the Federal Armed Forces and the Swiss Army after the generals . It mainly includes the ranks from major to colonel and the lieutenant commander to the Captain . Originally it was used to designate all officers of a military staff , these are now called officers of the staff .
The ranks of the Bundeswehr are determined by the Federal President with the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers on the basis of the Soldiers Act . The rank group of officers includes according to the central service provision A-1420/24 "ranks and rank groups" several officer ranks of the three ranks below the rank group of generals , but for Heeres- , Air Force and Navy Uniform or medical officers can be different. Regardless of the uniform, career and specific rank designation, the ranks with the same NATO rank code specified in the tables below are of equal rank .
The following tables summarize all the ranks belonging to the staff officer rank group. The second table contains the ranks for medical officers, the first for all other officers. The left column of the first table names the ranks for army and air force uniform wearers, the second the ranks for naval uniform wearers. This structure is continued in the same way in the second table, whereby the ranks of a rank , which are often different according to the license subject , are summarized under the rank badge for medical doctors for naval uniform wearers on the one hand and army and air force uniform wearers on the other. The tables also indicate the corresponding NATO rank code, the general abbreviations defined according to " ZDv 64/10 - Abbreviations in the Bundeswehr", the abbreviations in lists and the salary group for professional and temporary soldiers according to the federal pay regulations .
|Rank group||Staff officers (except medical officers )|
flap for jacket of service suit
or sleeve badge
|Rank||major||Corvette Captain||Lieutenant colonel||Frigate captain||Colonel||Sea captain|
|abbreviation||Maj / M||KKpt / KK||Colonel / OTL||FKpt / FK||Colonel / O||Kpt zS / KZS|
|NATO rank code||OF-3||OF-4||OF-5|
|Grade||A13||A14 or A15||A16, B2 or B3|
|Rank group||Staff officers|
flap for jacket of service suit
or sleeve badge **
Oberstabsarzt H Z
Oberstabsarzt pharmacist P
Oberstabsarzt veterinary T ***
Oberfeldarzt H Z
Obernfeld pharmacist P
Obernfeld veterinary T ***
Flotilla doctor H Z
Flotilla pharmacist P
Senior Physician H Z
Senior Pharmacist P
Senior Veterinarian T ***
Fleet doctor H Z
Fleet pharmacist P
|abbreviation||OStArzt / OSA
OStAp / OSAP
OStVet / OSV ***
|OFArzt / OFA
OFAp / OFAP
OFVet / OFV
|FltlAp / FTLAP
FltlAp / FTLAP
|OberstArzt / OTA
OberstAp / OTAP
OberstVet / OTV
|FlArzt / FLA
FlAp / FLAP
|NATO rank code||OF-3||OF-4||OF-5|
|Grade||A14 *||A15 *||A16, B2 or B3|
H Name for licensed human medicine
Z Name for licensed dentist
P Name for licensed pharmacist (i. E. Pharmacist )
T Name for licensed veterinarian (i. E. Veterinarian ). Note: Only army uniforms are used as veterinarians.
* Compared to other officers of the same rank, these medical officers are assigned one grade higher.
** The rank badge for human medicine is always shown.
*** Refers only to army uniform wearers, because veterinarians are always army uniform wearers.
Authority to command and positions
Soldiers of the rank group staff officers can give orders to soldiers of the rank group men , NCOs without porters and NCOs with porters , lieutenants and captains on the basis of § 4 ("Superiors relationship based on the rank") of the superiors regulation within the limits set there .
Typical for senior staff officers are assignments in managerial positions such as department heads , (sub) department heads in command authorities , offices or as heads of department in the ministry . The other staff officers support them there as their speakers or adjutants . There they deal with, for example, personnel and material planning , strategy development or deployment planning . At all teaching facilities (in the army, for example, at a military school or centers ) staff officers serve as lecturers , lecture halls or inspection chiefs . Some colonels are commanders of smaller educational institutions and are then often responsible for the training and development of their service category . As military attaché , adjutant to the minister or liaison officer , senior staff officers also perform important (military) political tasks. Staff officers serve in staffs in units from the battalion level . There they are partly head of staff and partly department head who are responsible for a basic management area. Staff officers directly support the unit's commander in leading the force . Some staff officers, primarily soldiers in the troop service , are also deployed in the troops as military leaders of units . Typical uses are as battalion and regimental commanders , commodors or company commander , etc. Staff officers usually lead particularly important companies such as staff and supply companies or are commanders of staff headquarters . Their use as a brigade commander, however, is rather rare. Staff officers are often also deputies of the commanders listed above and therefore also commanders of brigade units or (more rarely) commanders of division troops . In the Air Force , staff officers also serve as pilots . In the Navy , staff officers, as commanders and first officers, lead all larger ships . Staff officers in the medical service of the Bundeswehr often practice as a troop doctor or ship doctor , are pharmacists in one of the Bundeswehr pharmacies or doctors in a mobile medical team . The staff officers receive training as specialists primarily at the Bundeswehr hospitals . More experienced staff officers work as specialists in the medical facilities of the Bundeswehr. Like civilian senior and chief physicians, they are sometimes also heads of departments or dislocated specialist medical centers . In the troops they are also used as company commander, commander of a hospital or medical regiment , veterinarians also as commander of the deployment and training center for pack animals 230 , primarily pharmacists as commanders of the supply and repair centers for medical supplies. Like troop officers, staff officers are also active in administrative posts and teaching in the command authorities, offices and teaching and research facilities of the Central Medical Service of the Bundeswehr . In the smaller sub-areas of the medical system ( military veterinary and military pharmacy ), the top staff officers are stage managers in the respective specialist area. Staff officers in the military music service are heads of this specialist service or occupy top positions as head of a music corps or his deputy. Some of the staff officers listed above (especially senior staff officers) serve in general staff positions . General staff officers have usually already completed the general staff service course at the command academy of the Bundeswehr before being appointed staff officer and are among those who can later be promoted to the rank of generals .
On the basis of these and similar positions, staff officers can issue orders to all soldiers who are officially or professionally subordinate in the cases listed in the Supervisor Ordinance. Company commanders , brigade , battalion and regimental commanders , commodors , inspection chiefs and school commanders, etc., as unit leaders, are disciplinary superiors of the soldiers subordinate to them in accordance with the military disciplinary code .
Appointment and remuneration
Relevant legal basis for the appointment to one of the ranks of the rank group of staff officers is the Soldier Career Ordinance (SLV) and in addition the Central Service Regulations (ZDv) 20/7. Professional soldiers , temporary soldiers and assigned reservists can be appointed to a corresponding rank . The prerequisite for being appointed to one of the ranks of the rank group of staff officers is membership of one of the career paths of the career group of officers, with the exception of the careers of officers in the military service . A direct recruitment with a rank of the rank group of the staff officers is possible with appropriate suitability. Most staff officers, however, previously served in a rank of the rank group of the captains . Officers (with the exception of military musicians and medical officers) can be appointed staff officer at the earliest eight and a half years after being appointed lieutenant; Deviating from this, the promotion of military music officers after three years in the rank of captain and the promotion of medical officers after two years in the rank of medical officer, veterinarian or medical officer is permitted. For most officers, the prerequisite for the promotion of captains to major is successful participation in the staff officer course at the command and control academy of the Bundeswehr . Military music officers and masters graduates do not have to complete a staff officer course in a career as an officer of the geographic information service of the Bundeswehr .
Soldiers of the rank group of officers are dependent on the grade according to the Federal pay regulation (BBesO) having A 13 to A 16 or B 2 to B 3 remunerated . The ranks of the raceway of the medical officers rod doctor , Oberstabsarzt and Oberfeldarzt (or corresponding -apotheker, -veterinär) are a grade higher than similar grouped officer ranks. Unlike a lieutenant colonel or a frigate captain, a senior field doctor is not a rank assigned to two salary groups.
The rank badge of the staff officers in army or air force uniform shows oak leaves and one, two or three stars as shoulder badges ; Navy uniform wearers of the rank group show three or four sleeve stripes on both lower sleeves . The stripes are medium-wide, only in the case of the frigate captain (and corresponding medical officer ranks) the second top braid is narrow. Medical officers can be recognized by additional career badges in four different variants in the form of differently twisted snakes , partly in connection with the Aesculapian staff . The different variants show the approbation subject and enable the person to be addressed with the correct rank.
The visor of the officers shows a 1.7 cm wide, simple, directed towards one another, extending at the screen edge, for military and air Uniform silver (for Marine Uniform golden ), from metal fabrication hand embroidered Eichenlaub cirrus .
The staff officers are usually addressed with their rank. The salutation is exceptional and exceptionally homogeneous only for naval uniform wearers of the rank group of staff officers (with the exception of the medical officers), whose official salutation according to central guideline A2-2630 / 0-0-3 "Forms and celebrations of the Bundeswehr" (formerly ZDv 10/8) " Mr. Captain ”reads. In the Navy, it is also traditionally customary to pronounce “captain” like “captain” when addressing informally orally .
Equivalent rank groups
The ranks of the rank group of staff officers are classified with the NATO rank code OF-3 to OF-5. In terms of this, for example, the field officers ( German : Feldoffiziere) of the armed forces of the United States or the Officier supérieur (German: higher officers) of the French armed forces are comparable to the German rank group.
Use as a more extensive collective term
According to the central service regulation (ZDv) A-1420/24, the designation "staff officers" is determined for the rank group . This is therefore the official collective name for soldiers in the ranks of this rank group. In the military parlance of the Bundeswehr, therefore, it is avoided to extend this collective term in the sense of the etymological meaning to all officers serving in staffs. Instead, one sometimes switches to expressions such as “officer of the staff” or “officer of the staff”. For example, even if a captain is used in a post for officers in the general staff , he is still not counted in the group of staff officers. The directly below the lowest-ranking officers-ranking Ranks Staff Captain and stabskapitänleutnant be counted despite their name, not even informally to the staff officers.
"Lord, the king made you a staff officer for this purpose, so that you must know when you are not to obey."
- Rudolf Hamann , Bernd Molter: Citizens in Uniform on Trial. Of the need for a training reform for staff officers of the Bundeswehr (= WIFIS aktuell . 14). Ed. Temmen, Bremen 1999, ISBN 3-86108-011-7 .
- Claus Freiherr von Rosen : Educational reform and inner leadership. Reform approaches for school staff officer training, illustrated using the example of the staff academy of the Bundeswehr (1966–1973) (= studies on domestic and foreign schools . Volume 22). Beltz, Weinheim u. a. 1981, ISBN 3-407-65122-8 .
- Overall, the rank group of staff officers includes ranks with 19 different rank designations. The most common rank designation in practice is the major. The rank designation Oberstveterinär is probably the least common among the troops .
- Note: The Bundeswehr describes all soldiers who wear the uniform of the respective armed forces as army or air force or naval uniform wearers. The term also includes soldiers outside the three armed forces, for example in the armed forces base , cf. Training as reserve officer candidate in military service. Federal Office for Personnel Management of the Bundeswehr (BAPersBw) - The President., March 13, 2014, accessed on March 26, 2014 .
- The central service regulation A-1420/24 "Ranks and rank groups" replaces the sections B 185 of the central service regulation 14/5 "Soldiers Act", where the rank groups were previously defined. The text from B 185 ZDv 14/5 was adopted unchanged in ZDv A-1420/24. See The Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, change status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, rank designations in the Bundeswehr, p. B 185 (Not to be confused with the Law on the Legal Status of Soldiers (Soldiers Law) ).
- You then use the rank addition “i. G. “Navy uniform wearers are not appropriately“ marked ”when serving on a general staff post.
- The highest attainable rank of the career of the officers of the military technical service is the staff captain . The ZDv 20/7 allows you to change to another career in individual cases. A promotion to staff officer is then possible after a career change has taken place. The following requirements for the career to which the change occurred also apply. In practice this is very rare.
The suitability for employment as a staff officer is proven through civilian training and / or professional activity. The following applies in detail:
- The prerequisite for the careers of military service officers is a.) A university degree ( master's degree or equivalent) that is relevant for the planned employment and relevant 30 months of professional activity or b.) Qualification for judicial office or c.) Qualification for a career in higher service of the Federal d.) the degree of doctor engineer or doctor of Science .
- The requirements for a career in the geographic information service of the Bundeswehr correspond to the requirements for officers in the troop service. A degree in a geoscientific subject must have been completed (if necessary additionally) .
- A prerequisite for the careers of medical officers in the troop service is the qualification as a) regional doctor , b.) Specialist dentist , c .) Specialist pharmacist , d .) Specialist veterinarian , e.) Specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery or f.) Two years of activity as an official veterinarian .
- Recruitment with a rank from the rank group of staff officers is not possible in the careers of military music officers and officers of the military technical service .
- The eight and a half year period applies to flying personnel , officers in the special forces command who are used for special missions and combat swimmers . For all other officers (except military music officers and medical officers), ZDv 20/7 provides a period of nine years. In the case of recruitment with the rank of first lieutenant or captain, the deadline is shortened according to ZDv 20/7.
- The military music officers are explicitly mentioned here because, in contrast to all other officers, their minimum service time is not related to the time of appointment as officer, but always to the time since appointment as captain. The same applies to medical officers. Your minimum service hours are based on the time since your appointment as medical officer, veterinary officer or medical officer.
- ZDv 20/7 on the basis of Career Ordinance ( Ordinance on the Careers of Soldiers (Soldiers' Career Ordinance - SLV) . March 19, 2002, Section 44 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Newly drafted by Bek. V. 19 August 2011 I 1813. Last amended by Art. 2 Paragraph 5 G of April 8, 2013 I 730). ) the Soldiers '
- The rank badges of the frigate captain are "optically between" the three medium-wide stripes of the rank badges of the lower-ranking corvette captain and the four medium-wide stripes of the sleeve badge of the higher-ranking sea captain .
- In ZDv 37/10, in addition to the form of sleeve badges described in the Federal President's order on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers , corresponding (i.e. identical) shoulder badges for naval uniform wearers are also described.
- In practice, medical officers in naval uniforms of the staff officers' rank group continue to be addressed with their actual rank instead of "Mr. / Ms. Captain", cf. E.g. Matthias Frank: Addiction - What is behind it and how you can help. In: Website of the Bundeswehr medical service . Federal Ministry of Defense , the head of the press and information staff ; Press and information center of the medical service, subject media, December 3, 2013, accessed on January 12, 2015 .
- Informal. Formally contrary to the ZDv 10/8.
- The Federal President (Ed.): Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers . BPresUnifAnO. July 14, 1978 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF] Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers from July 14, 1978 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1067 ), last amended by Article 1 of the order of 31. May 1996 ( BGBl. I p. 746 ) has been changed).
- Federal Ministry of Defense , BMVg P II 5 (Ed.): A-1420/24. Central service regulation. Ranks and rank groups . January 19, 2006 ( reservistenverband.de [PDF; accessed February 10, 2016]).
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): Law on the legal status of soldiers (Soldiers Act - SG) . Bonn March 19, 1956, § 4 para. 3 (2) - ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF; accessed on March 25, 2014] Newly drafted by notice of May 30, 2005 I 1482. Last amended by Art . 1 G of April 8, 2013 I 730).
- Agreed English texts. STANAG 2116 . NATO standardization agreement (STANAG) . NATO codes for grades of military personnel. 5th edition. 1992 (English, NATO Rank Codes - 1992 [accessed March 25, 2014]).
- Federal Minister of Defense ; Command Staff of the Armed Forces IV 1 (Ed.): Abbreviations for use in the Bundeswehr - German Abbreviations - ZDv 64/10 . Bonn January 19, 1979 ( ucoz.de [PDF] as of September 17, 1999).
- Appendix I (to § 20, paragraph 2, sentence 1) Bundesbesoldungsgesetz orders of A and B . ( Online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Federal salary regulations (BBesO) only apply to professional and temporary soldiers and are an annex to the Federal Salary Act (BBesG)).
- Hartmut Bagger , Command Staff of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . July 1996. Reprint from October 2008. Bonn July 16, 2008, 4 labels, p. 539 ( digitized version ( memento from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) [PDF; 3.5 MB ] Reprint October 2008 replaces first edition from July 1996).
- Sascha Lawrenz, Stephan Nakszynski: ranks in the Bundeswehr. Federal Ministry of Defense , Head of the Press and Information Staff , December 3, 2013, accessed on March 16, 2014 .
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 14/5. Soldiers Act . DSK AV110100174, amendment status July 17, 2008. Bonn August 21, 1978, The Superiors Ordinance, p. A 12 1 (Not to be confused with the Ordinance on the Regulation of Military Superiors (Superiors Ordinance - VorgV) ).
- Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956, § 4 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] Last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): Ordinance on the regulation of the military superior relationship (Superior Ordinance - VorgV) . June 4, 1956 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] last amended by Art. 1 No. 2 V of October 7, 1981 I 1129).
- Military disciplinary code (WDO). In: Laws on the Internet . Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection , August 16, 2001, accessed on November 5, 2014 (from August 16, 2001 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 2093 ), last amended by Article 7 of the Act of August 28, 2013 ( Federal Law Gazette I p . 3386 ) has been changed).
- Ordinance on the career paths of soldiers (Soldiers' Career Ordinance - SLV) . March 19, 2002 ( online [accessed on March 25, 2014] revised by notice of August 19, 2011 I 1813. Last amended by Art. 2 Par. 5 G of April 8, 2013 I 730).
- Note also:
- The Federal Minister of Defense ; Personnel, Social and Central Affairs Department (Ed.): ZDv 20/7. Provisions for the transport and for the recruitment, acceptance and admission of soldiers . Bonn March 27, 2002, Art. 635 ( PDF ( memento of October 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) [accessed on March 26, 2014] DSK AP210100187, reprint January 2008).
- The Federal Minister of Defense (ed.): ZDv 10/8 Military Forms and Celebrations of the Bundeswehr . Cape. 6 Greeting and salutation.
- cf. also The Federal Minister of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 10/4 greeting and address . (The former ZDv 10/4 "Greetings and Salutation" is no longer in force. The content of the former ZDv 10/4 can be found today in Chapter 6 of ZDv 10/8 "Military Forms and Celebrations of the Bundeswehr". The later adopted "new “ZDv 10/4 (ZDv 10/4“ Life Science Lessons - Living Responsibly - Taking Responsibility for Others ”) does not contain a passage on salutation and greeting.).
- cf. also Werner Besch : Duzen , Siezen , titulating . To address in German today and yesterday (= Kleine Reihe V&R 4009 ). 2nd Edition. Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht , Göttingen 1998, ISBN 3-525-34009-5 , p. 58 ff . ( Digitized in the Google book search - note in particular the quote from No. 262 from ZDv 10/8).
- Rönnefarth, Helmuth: Frederick Charles, Prince of Prussia. In: Stolberg-Wernigerode, Otto zu (ed.): Neue Deutsche Biographie 5, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1961, p. 566