In the German armed forces, the commander ( Kdr for short ) is a military leader. In this position he commands a military unit from battalion to division or large unit or operational unit equivalent to the division .
The commander is supported by a staff with various subject areas / staff areas, which supports him in the various areas of troop command and administration.
"A commander leads:
- a support command of the army, air force or navy;
- a major unit or association of the army, air force or navy or
- a school in which the training is organized militarily.
Otherwise, the designation of the commander is determined on a case-by-case basis. "
Commander was an additional title for the leaders of independent units: A commander was appointed (but not promoted ; rank and salary group remained unchanged) anyone who had led an independent unit for a certain time. Independent units were all regiments, but not their battalions or departments (in the case of artillery). But there were many special units with no regiments at all, e.g. B. in the artillery the observation departments; such units were independent. The chief of a regiment was normally a colonel, but that could also be a lieutenant colonel and, towards the end of the war, a major; a department head was usually a major and, towards the end of the war, a captain. All of the foregoing could have been 'appointed commander'. This classification was only of practical importance for the frequent "commanders' meetings" at the division - only the commanders of the independent units took part.
Notes and individual references
- The head of the troop administration used to be part of the staff. Today this function is carried out by the Bundeswehr service centers. There is usually an administration department in the staffs of command authorities and schools .
- Central Service Regulation 1/50 Basic Terms for Military Organization, Subordination, Service Instructions