A planning, command and coordination center is referred to as a headquarters (headquarters, headquarters, corporate headquarters).
In the military, the staff of a large unit with its headquarters (abbreviated: HQ) is usually at a safe distance from the current battle. In German, the headquarters is called a staff. The staff is led by the chief of staff, the whole of the large unit by a commander , from a corps one speaks of a commanding general. Such a device is using for the conduct of operations provided the necessary telecommunications equipment.
During the Franco-Prussian War from 1870 to 1871 and the First World War , the Great Headquarters of His Majesty the Emperor and King was the mobile strategic command center of the German armed forces.
In the command structure of NATO , the posts are usually multinational. The Supreme Headquarters of NATO is the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Mons , Belgium . Eleven regional headquarters are subordinate to this. In June 2011, NATO decided to reduce the number to eight regional headquarters. The Madrid, Lisbon and Heidelberg locations will be closed.
The term headquarters is sometimes also used in the civil sector (especially as Anglicism after the English word headquarters ) for a corporate headquarters or other places where the threads of a company, a ministry or another organization come together. From cartels , i.e. cooperative business associations, z. T. received the commercial buildings. These cartel seats , where sales, administration and meetings were merged, represent monuments to the headquarters of earlier sales syndicates , which were legal until the mid-20th century.
- Information on the Grand Headquarters .
- Tagesschau: NATO cuts jobs and closes headquarters ( Memento from June 10, 2011 in the Internet Archive )