Referent (lat. Referre “to report”, “to report”; formerly referred to as assistant speaker ) is a function designation in the public service in Germany. The term is not legally defined , but is generally used in the public service for job descriptions and advertisements .
A speaker is a civil servant of the higher service or a comparable grouped collective bargaining employee who is assigned to a department or a comparable organizational unit without being its head (e.g. department head ). Speakers represent the heads of unit in their absence. In principle, speakers have a scientific degree with a master's or diploma degree. Therefore, compared to the clerks, they take on higher-quality tasks, e.g. B. of such a conceptual nature, true.
In the federal and state administration, the consultant differs from the department head in that the former works for a supreme or superior federal or state authority, the latter for a central or local authority .
Until the Federal Government decided on April 24, 1981 to amend the Joint Rules of Procedure of the Federal Ministries (GGO), today's speakers were referred to as auxiliary officers and today's heads of division as speakers. This is why the term, which is still contained in Section 45 (4) sentence 1 GGO, is derived from the term draft bill for bills that the lead federal ministry sends to other departments to vote on a cabinet proposal.
In the federal administration, speakers usually hold the status-related office and carry the official title of a government councilor ( salary group A 13 BBesO ) or senior government council (salary group A 14 BBesO). In the highest federal authorities they are also government directors (salary group A 15 BBesO).
Since speakers are executives or form the next generation of executives, their professional competence is less decisive than that of the clerks. Instead, they are increasingly taking on management and organizational tasks, which is why competence in these areas is comparatively important. Speakers take for their presentation Organization - household - or planning tasks and to act with the corresponding units of the internal administration (Central Department) together. You can also participate in personnel planning, deployment planning and management.