Pierer's Universal Lexikon from 1860 gives as a definition that the middle authority is an “ authority which between the upper u. Lower authority as the second instance is midway ... "In the German federal states are regional councils and regional tax offices means authorities.
Until it was abolished on March 1, 2012, the regional offices in Saxony were also medium-sized authorities.
The state administrative offices in some federal states (e.g. the Thuringian state administrative office ) are also among the intermediate authorities.
- Marius Niespor: Importance and function of intermediate authorities: case study Rhineland-Palatinate , University of Trier, 2009, ISBN 978-3-640-45110-4
- Pierer's Universal Lexicon: Central Authority
- Organization of the Thuringian State Administration Office. In: Serviceportal Thuringia. July 30, 2019, accessed May 14, 2020 .