The Federal President enacts the regulations on soldiers' uniforms and determines the items of clothing that may be worn with the uniform without being part of the uniform. He can delegate the exercise of these powers to other bodies ( Paragraph 3 S. 2 f. SG ). To this end, he has issued the Federal President's order on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers ( ).
The central guideline A1-2630 / 0-9804 "Suit regulations for soldiers of the Bundeswehr" determines the uniform, specifies the types of suits and markings and regulates how they are worn. It determines the way of wearing medals and decorations as well as the execution and way of wearing badges on the uniform. It applies to all soldiers in the Federal Armed Forces in Germany and abroad as well as to reservists who have been granted a uniform permit according to the Uniform Ordinance ( ) outside of a military service relationship. The types of suits according to the central guideline include the combat suit, the service suit, the formal suit and the sports suit.
Anyone who wears a military uniform or one that looks confusingly similar to it without authorization will be punished with imprisonment for up to one year or with a fine ( Paragraph 1, No. 4; Paragraph 2 of the Criminal Code )
Equipment and work clothing have been managed by Bw Bekleidungsmanagement GmbH since 2017 . Before that, the LH Bundeswehr clothing company was responsible for this and before March 2003 it was the “ clothing store ”.
Officers whose remaining period of service on the day of their appointment as officer is more than twelve months (self-dressing) will only be provided with uniforms that are part of the operational and work equipment, as well as the equipment free of charge ( sentence 2 BBesG ). These officers are granted a one-time clothing allowance for the uniform they have to procure and compensation for their special wear and tear ( (1) sentence 3 BBesG ). The grant can be granted again to former officers who have left the Federal Armed Forces when they re-join the armed forces ( (1 ) sentence 4 BBesG ).(1)
The scope of the articles to be procured yourself depends on the service needs, which are determined by the Federal Ministry of Defense . The uniforms to be procured by the self-dressers are specified in a compilation “Scope of the articles to be procured and verified by the officer as self-dressing” and announced in the guidelines for clothing (RL-Bekl). The self-clothes have to prove the procurement of the items to be kept available within six months after their appointment. The self-procured items are the property of the officer. The items of uniform and personal equipment that the officer has previously been provided with from the service inventory must be returned or purchased within six months. The officers are obliged to maintain the uniforms to be procured by them in a condition that is fully usable for the service and to supplement them accordingly.
The clothing allowance for the uniforms to be procured yourself is between 767 euros and 1,144 euros for the appointment as a career officer or officer depending on the uniform wearer , belonging to the mountain troops and the compensation for the special wear and tear of the uniforms to be procured between 15.34 euros and 23.01 euros.
Partially self-contained dresses
Professional soldiers and temporary soldiers (non-commissioned officers and men) who do not belong to the career path of officers will receive a subsidy for the procurement of the “dressing uniform” on request if they are obliged to remain in service for at least eight years and remain in service for at least four years (partial uniform); after five years, the grant can be granted again ( (1 ) sentence 5 BBesG ).
The subsidy for NCOs is between 455 and 654 euros, depending on the area in which they are wearing uniform, membership of the mountain troops and gender, and between 497 and 714 euros for teams.
The dress uniform, which the NCOs and crew ranks are no longer provided free of charge upon payment of the subsidy and which they have to procure and maintain themselves, include the uniform parts of the service suit: beret / mountain cap / boat / naval peaked cap, service jacket, service trousers, service coat, skirt (female soldiers) and long ties .
When hired, a soldier can dispense with providing underpants and pajamas . For this he receives 25.56 euros as compensation. This does not include long johns. Stockings are also provided independently.
Proof of clothing and equipment
In the Bundeswehr, the clothing and equipment certificate (BAN) is a list of the clothing and equipment booked on the soldiers' personal clothing account. It is issued to the soldier by a service station of Bw Bekleidungsmanagement GmbH. Another copy remains at the service station, one is intended for the soldier's unit .
Clothing and equipment requirements
The clothing and equipment required depends on whether the soldier is self-dressing, partially self-dressing, doing underwear or none of these. Furthermore, it is based on the uniform wearer area and business activity.
The scope of the service clothing and equipment to be granted to soldiers (officers, NCOs and men) who receive services under the Military Wages Act for free use is determined by the official needs in accordance with the equipment requirements and the current situation. There is no entitlement to equipment specific to the type and number. The soldiers do not acquire ownership of the items provided, unless a different regulation is expressly made for individual items.
Uniforms are part of the soldiers' additional peace equipment. In the event of tension or defense , the soldiers have to remove the additional peace equipment “clothing and personal equipment” after the corresponding alarm measure has been triggered. For self-dressing and partial self-dressing, the entitlement to the clothing allowance and the monthly wear and tear compensation for officers and the allowance for NCOs and men no longer apply. Soldiers who continue to have to wear additional peace equipment are supplied with these from service stocks.
Wearing civilian clothes on duty
The wearing of civilian clothes on duty can be ordered for official reasons; Civilian clothes are not provided ex officio.
Soldiers who do military service in accordance with the Military Service Act , the Soldiers Act or the Fourth Section of the Soldiers Act and who wear their own civilian clothing on official orders, receive compensation of 1.20 euros per day for their special wear and tear. The compensation is paid in arrears every six months. A special decree (central regulation A1-1000 / 0-7000 “Clothing of the Bundeswehr”) determines who orders the wearing of civilian clothes on duty.
Non-commissioned officers and men with the status of a professional soldier or temporary soldier who, on official orders, wear their own civilian clothing while on duty, receive compensation of 0.77 euros per day for their special wear and tear. The compensation is paid monthly in arrears. For officers, the wear and tear of civilian clothing is compensated for with the payment of the wear compensation.
Wearing uniforms abroad
Soldiers in Bundeswehr offices abroad wear the uniform that is intended for the same service in Germany. If permitted, the summer suit, sand-colored or white, can be worn. Deviating regulations in intergovernmental agreements take precedence over this regulation. When not on duty, wearing the uniform is only permitted in accordance with the provisions of international agreements.
Wearing uniform at political events
The suit regulations of the Bundeswehr specify the prohibition applicable to soldiers under SG from wearing uniforms at political events.(3)
Uniform parts / badges procured in-house
As part of the suit regulations, self-procured clothing / equipment items that do not belong to the respective equipment requirements may be worn. They must not be ordered to be carried. This includes:
- Year-round jacket
- Shirt / blouse, white (not service shirt / blouse)
- Bow tie
- Formal suit
- Mourning ribbon, black
- Name tag
- Angle, anthracite, black or blue
- Sweater, black or gray
- Peaked cap, gray or blue
- Long tie, black
- (Silk) scarf, gray or white
- Finger gloves, black
- Leather belt, black with box lock
- Sliding loops, black base tone with rank badges in white or golden yellow
Any wearing of uniform parts that do not comply with these regulations (e.g. the addition / modification of the uniform with non-approved foreign uniform parts), the donning of unauthorized badges or badges that differ in shape and color as well as the improper use of federal defense clothing is prohibited. Uniform parts and badges procured in-house have to correspond in shape, color and quality to those supplied by the company. However, there is no wearing permit for self-procured combat clothing items (field suit, board and combat suit and flight service suit - each in all variants).
Special provisions apply to the guard battalion at the Federal Ministry of Defense , the music corps and the big band of the Bundeswehr when performing representative tasks, for special and specialized forces within the framework of the specifications of the relevant higher command authority, for the medical service within the framework of the specifications of the respective competent authority higher command authority, for bi- / multinational associations in accordance with intergovernmental agreements as well as for operations within the framework of the United Nations and NATO, WEU, EU and possibly other organizations.
Soldiers of the Army and Air Force Music Corps as well as Army and Air Force soldiers of the Guard Battalion wear so-called "white belts" (white leather belt with a silver clasp and an additional white leather strap that is pulled through under the right shoulder flap), white gloves and smooth when deployed in protocol honorary service black boots without lacing (so-called protocol boots). These supplements can be worn with both the service suit and the field suit as required. The soldiers of the Feldjäger troop also wear white belts with additional pistol pouches in formal service, i.e. when making vows or similar. Otherwise the police officers wear the black stuff. An exception to this rule is the mountain music corps , where, due to the special shape of the service suit, no white belts are worn.
Soldiers who are deployed in the medical service, for example, in military hospitals or medical centers, like many civilian doctors, wear white clothing, consisting of a white shirt and white trousers. Rank badges are also attached to the shirt. For a while they wore a round metal badge with the logo of the medical service on the collar of the dress shirt of the dress uniform, this regulation has since been repealed.
The terms "supplement" or "modification" used in the description of the types of suits mean that the basic form remains. The items of clothing listed as supplements can each be worn in addition to the basic shape. Modification means that the basic shape is changed by eliminating or replacing individual items of clothing.
Uniform ease of dressing (e.g. taking off the headgear, the service jacket / ski blouse, the field blouse, the shirt, rolling up the sleeves on the field suit) is ordered by the disciplinary superiors or the superiors in charge of the duty. In field and field service and in training, the supervisor wears the same suit as the soldiers subordinate to him. Headgear must always be worn outside of buildings. The activity, performance, special, association and internal association badges worn on the combat suit are to be removed in principle in the event of a defense / emergency or in the event of a corresponding alarm level.
The combat suit includes several possible variants:
- Field suit, camouflage print - with the 3 distinctions: crews of armored vehicles, tropics, deployment
- On-board and combat suit (BGA) marine - with the distinction of tropics (marine)
- Flight service suit - with the distinction of flying combination tropics
Soldier in field suit,
3-color camouflage print
Field suit, camouflage print
Field suit, camouflage print, general
The field suit, camouflage print is usually the day service suit and, unless there are special circumstances such as training or weather conditions to the contrary, it is in the "basic form" variant with field cap, field blouse (including an olive or brown T-shirt) and field pants ( everything in camouflage ), trouser belts (stone gray-olive), wool socks (olive / brown) and combat boots (black) were worn. The central guideline describes possible deviations from this basic form as a "supplement" or "modification". They primarily concern headgear (combat helmets, berets, brimmed hats, mountain hats for the mountain troops, boats for the air force and navy) as well as cold and moisture protection equipment.
Field suit, camouflage print, for crews of armored vehicles
Soldiers who do their duty on armored vehicles such as battle tanks wear what is known as a tank combination instead of a field suit. This is not divided into trousers and blouse, but is a one-piece piece of clothing similar to a boiler suit . It differs from the field suit in several details, so the pockets are not closed with buttons, but with zippers. The leg pockets are not on the thighs, but just above the ankles. There is no sleeve pocket. There are also no rubber pants used to the legs above the boot leg to fold ( attack pants ), the legs hanging without stopping to the feet down. The armored suit also differs from the field suit in terms of the collar: it does not have a turn-down collar; instead, the barracks service leaves the top centimeters of the zipper open in order to visually simulate it. In combat duty, the zipper is usually pulled up to protect the neck. This is ensured by the fact that the armor combination is made of flame-retardant material, which does not catch fire for several seconds, even if it comes into direct contact with fire, and is intended to increase the chance of survival in the event of a vehicle fire. There is an internal rescue loop on the back of the armored combination, which is hidden under a Velcro slit. A wounded crew member can be rescued from the vehicle without aids. Otherwise the tank combination does not differ any further from the field suit: the nameplate and rank loops are in the same places. In addition to the crews of armored vehicles (exception: parts of the PzGren who are sitting down ), the free fall jumpers and the droppers (soldiers who automatically give commands and signals to the parachutists during parachute jump service after attending the dropping course at the LL / LTS in Altenstadt ) use one one-piece combination. Parallel to the tank combination, a suitable, i.e. H. one-piece cold protection combination issued.
Field suit, camouflage print, tropics
The field suit in the variant "tropics" exists in the variants "5-color camouflage print" and "3-color camouflage print". The basic form, additions, modifications and wearing methods are based on the provisions of the "Field suit, camouflage print, general". Additional components from the additional equipment deployment are generally only permitted within the framework of the preparatory training on the way to or from the service as well as during the service and on travel days to the deployment area or back from the deployment area.
Field suit, camouflage print, deployment
A basic form, as with the other forms of the field suit, does not provide for this combat / combat clothing (available as 3-color camouflage print or 5-color camouflage print). The combination of the individual components can vary depending on the location or the order. However, a full suit always consists of headgear, outer / underwear and combat shoes. Disciplinary superiors can order a uniform form of the suit depending on the occasion. The wearing of additional equipment items (here: field suit, 3-color camouflage print, deployment) is only permitted in the context of preparatory training on the way to and from duty as well as during duty and on travel days to or from the area of operation back allowed.
There are some special features that differ from the previous uniform components, e.g. B. the brimmed hat, the Combat-Shirt SK or the dust cloth, in addition, instead of the components field jacket / field pants in this uniform variant combat jacket (long or short) and combat pants are worn.
Board and combat suit (BGA) marine
The on -board and combat suit (BGA, formerly AGA for work and combat suit) is worn during sea service . In its basic form, it consists of the dark blue boat, medium blue shirt, dark blue pants, belt, shoes and socks. The following are provided as supplements: on-board parka, on-board jacket, sweater (blue, may be worn as outer clothing, but not for activities that are particularly susceptible to dirt), woolen scarf (dark blue) and finger gloves.
Variations of the basic form are possible: combat helmet, hat (winter), combat shoes (black), sea boots, combat shoes (hot-dry, hot-humid), low shoes (black), woolen socks, brim hat and knitted hat (blue).
Board and combat suit, tropics (navy)
The sand-colored version of the BGA is to be worn in its basic form, additions, modifications and wearing methods based on the provisions for on-board and combat suit (BGA) marine. Additional components from the additional equipment deployment are generally only permitted within the framework of the deployment training on the way to or from the service and during the service and on travel days to the deployment area or back from the deployment area.
Flight service suit
Soldiers who are deployed as permanent aircraft crew members wear an air service suit while on duty . In its basic form, it consists of a beret (army), boat (air force: blue, navy: dark blue), the aviator combination (army: olive, air force: blue-gray, navy: dark blue, meanwhile predominantly cross-armed forces: sage green), wool socks and the aviator boots. The aviator combination in the color sage green is available in the variants "Aviator combination Bw" and "Aviator combination, windproof".
As a supplement to the basic form, members of the navy can wear the on-board parka, members of the army and air force the field jacket, as well as all soldiers wet and cold protection equipment, the flame-retardant flight jacket, scarf and gloves.
The only permitted modification is wearing a headgear: winter field cap for the army and air force, winter board cap for the navy and the knitted cap (black / olive or blue).
Aviator combination tropics
The sand-colored variant of the flight service suit is to be worn in its basic form, additions, modifications and wearing methods based on the provisions for flight service suit. Other components from the additional equipment deployment are generally only permitted within the framework of the deployment preparation training, on the way to and from duty as well as during the duty and on travel days to the operational area or back from the operational area.
The service suit is worn outside of military facilities as a dress uniform and inside military facilities for special events. In higher offices and staffs, the service suit is often worn as a day service suit. The service suit is also mandatory for visits to the specialist doctor and for outpatient visits to a Bundeswehr hospital.
It exists for all branches of the armed forces in the "basic form A" and "basic form B" and like the combat suit with various additions (coat, sweater ...) and modifications (headgear, shirts ...). For the army and air force there is also the "large service suit" and the "summer suit" for all branches of the armed forces.
Components of the service suit (but not the "large service suit") and the summer suit may be combined independently in fixed (up to 9 different) variations, but then not worn in public.
Service suit, gray (Army)
The army service suit (gray) consists of a beret , a gray service jacket with a long-sleeved, light blue service shirt (men) or service blouse (women) and an anthracite-colored long tie, gray trousers, black belt, black socks and black low shoes. There are various additions and modifications, such as wearing a short-sleeved shirt without a jacket in particularly warm weather or wearing a coat in particularly cold weather.
The uniform of the members of the mountain troops ( mountain troop brigade 23 , mountain music corps and training center infantry - training base mountain and winter combat ) differs from the service uniform of the army. She wears the service suit in "Basic Form B". A ski blouse is worn instead of the service jacket. Depending on the occasion, as a modification of the basic shape with wedge pants and mountain boots. In addition, the mountain troops wear a mountain cap instead of a beret .
Service suit, blue (Luftwaffe)
The Luftwaffe service suit (blue) consists of a blue service jacket with blue trousers, a black belt and black socks. A long-sleeved, light blue shirt (men) or a light blue service blouse (women) with a dark blue tie is worn under the service jacket. Headgear is the air force ship. There are various additions and modifications, such as wearing a short-sleeved shirt without a jacket in particularly warm weather or wearing a coat in particularly cold weather.
Service suit, dark blue (navy)
The navy service suit (dark blue) , colloquially the "first violin", is divided into several groups. So teams wear a sailor suit up to the age of 30 . This consists of a dark blue blouse, low cut, without buttons, and sailor trousers of the same color, which are designed as folding trousers. The blouse has a medium blue drill collar (“wash aft”) and a black scarf. The rank badges are on the blouse - in contrast to most other uniforms of the Bundeswehr - on the upper arm. Since there have been female crew ranks in the Navy, a white T-shirt with a blue round collar has been part of the blouse. In the summer, a blouse made of a thin white fabric is worn. Black loafers and stockings are worn as footwear, and sea boots with watch suits . In contrast to the “first violin”, this suit is often called “awake violin” or “second violin”. This suit also includes a flat cap with a white cover and a cap ribbon with the gold name of the soldier's unit. In winter, a short, dark blue overskirt is worn, the Colani .
Officers, NCOs, men who have reached the age of 30 and the men of the marine music corps traditionally wear a double-breasted, dark blue service jacket with trousers of the same color and a white service shirt, unofficially also known as “front lingerie”. The rank badges are on the service jacket - in contrast to most other uniforms of the Bundeswehr - on the lower part of the sleeves. Black shoes and stockings and a peaked cap with a white cover are also worn. In winter the uniform is complemented by a dark blue, double-breasted coat, in summer a short-sleeved white service shirt can be worn instead of the jacket.
Large service suit (army, air force)
In the "basic form A" it consists of a beret (army) or boat (air force), gray service jacket and gray trousers, combat shoes (black), service shirt (men) or blouse (women), long tie (army: anthracite, air force : blue), belt (black), woolen socks and leather belt (black). The "Basic Form B" is worn by soldiers of the mountain troops with the special features of mountain hats, ski blouses, wedge pants (gray) and mountain boots. However, members of these troops are free to wear the "large service suit" in "Basic Form A".
As supplements and modifications of the basic forms, cloaks (army: gray, air force: blue), gloves and combat helmet (without helmet cover) can be ordered. The basic forms may not be supplemented or modified independently. The only exceptions are wearing short-sleeved shirts / blouses or leaving out a service jacket / ski blouse.
Summer suit, sand-colored
For the service in regions south of the 40th parallel (and based on the suit regulations of the host country also north of it) there is the sand-colored summer suit (service suit). In the basic form, it consists of a beret (army), blue boat (air force), visor cap (naval officers, non-commissioned officers and crew ranks after the age of 30), dark blue boat (navy), sand-colored service jacket, trousers, long-sleeved service shirt (men) ) or blouse (women), long tie (army: anthracite, air force: blue, navy: black), black belt, shoes and socks. There are numerous variants as additions / modifications to the basic form, including: a. with coat (gray, blue, dark blue), sweater, cap, beret, angle, skirt, or skin-colored tights. The basic shape can be modified / supplemented independently in 9 defined variants, but then not worn on official occasions. The sand-colored summer suit in its basic form can also be worn outside of work. The new set should be carried to the exit.
Summer suit, white (navy)
The navy's white summer suit for officers, non-commissioned officers and men over the age of 30 consists of a peaked cap, service jacket, shirt or blouse and trousers, belt, socks and shoes (all in white). Teams up to the age of 30 wear a white cap, folding trousers, shirt, T-shirt, blue shirt collar, black silk scarf with bow tie, black socks and black shoes. Modifications and combinations are possible (boat, white skirt with skin-colored tights, angle ...), but not permitted for teams up to 30 years of age.
It is forbidden to wear all summer suits in Germany, even in connection with a business trip abroad.
For festive social events is formal dress worn. It is only approved for officers and non-commissioned officers. They wear it if a tuxedo or tuxedo is intended for civilian guests. The jacket and trousers are black for male members of the Army, and dark blue for members of the Air Force and Navy. Female soldiers generally wear velvet jackets and skirts in dark blue.
Here, too, there are defined modifications and additions to the basic form, e.g. B. for different headgear or gloves.
The official sports suit consists of a tracksuit, sports jersey, sports trousers, sports socks, sports shoes (hall and plastic-coated sports facilities), sports shoes (terrain) and swimming trunks or swimsuit. Depending on the type of sport to be practiced, the disciplinary superior orders the composition of the respective sports suit. The sports suit provided for work consists of a tracksuit, swimwear / swimsuit, sports jersey, sports pants, sports socks, sports shoes for gyms and plastic-coated sports facilities, and sports shoes for the site. The disciplinary superior can approve weather-related additions and the wearing of personal sportswear. The disciplinary superiors can approve weather-related additions (e.g. cold protection, black or blue or olive knitted hat, moisture protection, gloves), the wearing of private sportswear and the wearing of private sport shoes with a sport suit.
The sports suit may also be worn for off-duty sports.
Suits for special occasions
The suits for certain occasions according to Chapter 3 of the Suit Rules include the suits for:
- Security services
- Special services
- Military Police Service / Troop Patrol
- Feldjägerdienst (SKB, army uniform carrier)
- Troop Strip
- Business travelers
- Soldiers for court and in the execution of deprivation of liberty
- Soldiers as participants in military celebrations
- Big tattoo
- Pledge / swearing in
- Military honor on official and special occasions
- Funeral service and funeral
- Honoring the dead
- Flag delegation
- Soldiers as participants in official measures and events
- Soldiers as participants in private events
The field cap is one of the most frequently worn headgear in the Bundeswehr, as it is worn regularly with field suits. In its current form, it is printed with the same camouflage pattern as the corresponding field suit. A cockade in the federal colors black, red and gold is attached to the front .
The beret is one of the headgear used by the Bundeswehr . For almost all army uniforms, but also for some air force and naval uniforms, the beret is part of the personal equipment. In many units of the Bundeswehr, the beret is the usual headgear outside of combat service . Its color and the troop badge attached to the beret above the left temple often allow the soldier to be assigned to a particular type of service (or service area or range of uses ) or to a large multinational unit .
Members of the mountain troops wear the mountain hat as headgear for their service suit. Instead of this, the beret can also be worn. A metal-embossed edelweiss is attached to the left side of the mountain cap.
The boat is now only worn by the Air Force and the Navy. The navy ship is dark blue, that of the air force blue. Depending on the rank of the carrier, the boats differ in details. The shuttle was introduced in 1959. The boat (olive) was worn as a field suit in all branches of the armed forces. In addition to the service suit, there was one in mouse gray (army), in blue (air force) and in dark blue (navy) for each armed forces. In the army, a black boat was given out for weapons master craftsmen, which is sometimes still worn today. The gray boat was completely replaced by the beret from 1978, the olive only disappeared in 2002. Towards the end of the 1990s, some boats were produced in flecktarn, but they were not officially introduced.
For many navy uniform wearers, the peaked cap is the usual headgear for a service suit. The peaked cap is worn less often by air force and army uniforms, where usually berets, mountain caps or boats are preferred instead. The peaked cap is mostly only worn with the official and formal suit. The design and the screen applications usually allow the soldier to be assigned to a part of the armed forces or a rank group.
Crews up to the age of 30 in the Navy wear a flat cap. The name of the boat, ship or agency to which the soldier belongs is written in gold letters on the cap ribbon.
At the time of its introduction in June 1956, the Bundeswehr helmet was a political issue. The demands of the military for effective head protection for the soldiers were met only very hesitantly. Under no circumstances should the helmet for the Bundeswehr be based on constructions that had been developed before the Second World War or were reminiscent of the Nazi era. The structural deficiencies of the American-style helmet were alleviated by compromises in the helmet lining. For the current combat helmet M92 made of aramid , which was introduced on January 15, 1992, these political concerns no longer applied. The helmet should combine all the advantages of the M35 (steel helmet) while maintaining the most modern military aspects .
The epaulettes are on the service and dress suit (army, air force) and the ski blouse (army) for generals with a gold-colored cord, other officers and senior middlemen with a silver-colored cord, non-commissioned officers and men of the army in the color of their collar tabs as well as non-commissioned officers and men of the Luftwaffe bordered golden yellow.
The collar of the service jacket (army, air force) and the ski blouse (army) is with generals with a gold-colored cord made of metal web, other officers and senior middlemen with a silver-colored cord made of metal web, non-commissioned officers with portepee (also as officer candidates) with a light old gold-colored cord made of metal web as well as non-commissioned officers without porters and air force crews framed in golden yellow.
The medical staff wear a 12 cm wide, double-sided printed armband made of cotton fabric, which can be turned, with the symbol of the red cross. It is worn on the left upper sleeve. The olive-colored underside is only worn outwards on command.
Bundeswehr reservists who have been given permission to wear the uniform outside of a military service relationship can wear the service suit (basic form, weather-related with additions) and the company suit, on special occasions and under certain conditions. In justified exceptional cases, after approval, the field suit, camouflage print, general, basic form (possibly with additions / modifications) may be worn.
The original identification of the uniform no longer applies with the amendment to the Reservists Act of August 4, 2019.
Leather belt with box lock
The 5 cm wide, black leather belt is closed by a box lock with an embossed federal eagle and the inscription “UNITY-RECHTFREIHEIT” embossed around the federal eagle. The box lock is gold-colored for soldiers in the navy and generals in the army and air force, and silver-colored for the other soldiers.
The catch cord is a broad braid with running cords made of metal mesh. The metal mesh is gold-colored for soldiers in the Navy, matt gold-colored for generals in the army and air force, and matt-silver-colored for the other soldiers.
Name tape / name tag
The name tape is an approx. 2.5 cm high and 14 cm wide cotton / plastic tape. It is worn horizontally over the left breast pocket or at the appropriate place. The name tapes are provided with adhesive tape fasteners for the identification of the clothing in the field suit, camouflage print. Hand-embroidered name ribbons that you have procured yourself may be worn.
The name characters must be in capital letters in Arial font . The academic degree "Doctor" may be used in the abbreviated form "Dr." for the name. For name components that were former nobility predicates , only the addition “von” in the abbreviated form “v.” May be used.
Soldiers from units of the Army and Air Force, which have been designated by name, wear a cuff on both sleeves of the service jacket and coat, 12 cm above the lower edge of the sleeve. Soldiers of the Army Aviation Troops wear the cuff as long as they are assigned to this type of service. The ribbon is 3 cm wide, gray (Army) or dark blue (Air Force), with machine-embroidered, silver-colored inscription / double swing arm and silver-colored edge stripes. Officers and NCOs are allowed to wear hand-embroidered cuffs they have procured themselves. Navy uniform wearers do not wear cuffs. The bandages with cuff are:
- Guard battalion at the Federal Ministry of Defense
- Panzerlehrbrigade 9 as well as units subordinated to troops
- Army officers' school
- Army sergeant school
- Tactical Air Force Squadron 31 "Boelcke"
- Tactical Air Force Squadron 51 "Immelmann"
- Tactical Air Force Wing 71 "Richthofen"
- Tactical Air Force Wing 73 "Steinhoff"
Soldiers of the Bundeswehr wear the nationality badge of the Federal Republic of Germany horizontally, 6 cm below the sleeve insert seam, on both upper sleeves of certain items of clothing, e.g. B. the field blouse and jacket.
Military service badge Luftwaffe
Soldiers of the Luftwaffe wear the Luftwaffe military service badge as a woven, stylized, black (gold-colored for generals) double swing arm on the attachment loops.
Air force soldiers wear the Luftwaffe military service badge on the right side of their service jacket, 1 cm above the top edge of the breast pocket, as a stylized, silver-colored double swing arm on a blue basic cloth (machine-embroidered). Hand-embroidered badges that you have procured yourself may be worn on work jackets you have procured yourself. The badge must be worn when purchasing a German job badge to be worn in the same place.
The most common design of the rank badges are woven loops or metal emblems for the shoulder boards. The rank badges are usually traditionally sewn onto the sleeves of the service suits of the Navy. The rank badges differ significantly depending on the uniform and the area of the uniform .
Army soldiers wear field jackets, field blouses, combat jackets, pullovers, blousons and year-round jackets underneath the rank badge on the sleeve insert seam indicating the type of troop. At this point, the Luftwaffe instead has the Luftwaffe wing on the pull-up loop. In contrast to the army, air force recruits in the lowest rank already carry sling loops with their wings on their shoulders during basic training. The various areas of responsibility (service sub-areas) in the Air Force can only be recognized by their job badges. In the navy, the rank badges of the men’s and NCOs correspond to those of the army, but are made of gold.
Career badges are worn by medical officers and medical officer candidates in the Army and Air Force uniforms as well as by officers and candidate officers in the Navy:
|Career badge (officers)|
|Area of use||execution||badge|
|Officers and candidate officers of the military service and the military technical service||Five-pointed star (starfish)|
|Military music service||three-string lyre|
|Geographic information service||stylized globe with the lettering "GEO"|
|Doctor or medical officer candidate||Aesculapian staff, serpent in double coils|
|dentist||Aesculapian staff, snake in a single twist (snake forms a "Z")|
|pharmacist||Snake in a double coil over a bowl|
Usage badge for NCOs and men in the Navy
NCOs and crews of the Navy wear badges according to their assignment.
Badges on sportswear
The badge on the sportswear is a black federal eagle with the heading "BUNDESWEHR" and a black double coat of arms border as a fabric badge or imprint in the size 7 × 9 cm. The badge is worn as a fabric badge on the left side of the chest of the jacket of the tracksuit (except sports suit, model 2015) or as an imprint in the middle of the chest on the sports jersey.
No honor, association or other badges may be worn on sportswear.
Association badge of the army
Army uniform wearers wear association badges as sleeve patches on their uniforms.
Internal association badges
Internal association badges (IntVbdAbz) are all coats of arms and emblems of the Federal Ministry of Defense, the command authorities, offices, agencies and troops of all organizational areas which are at least the organizational size of a unit, which promote togetherness and serve for self-representation.
Badges on the headgear
The cockade, diameter 2.1 cm, from the inside to the outside in the federal colors black, red and gold, is to be worn on a peaked cap, cap (blue and dark blue), cap (white), field cap (camouflage print) and mountain cap (cockade center 3 cm below the top edge). Army uniform wearers wear crossed sabers with or without oak leaves on a peaked cap and mountain cap. Further badges on the headgear of the army are the edelweiss and the beret badge. In the air force and navy, a double swing arm or an unclear anchor, each with an oak leaf border, and beret badges are worn on the visor cap.
No badges are worn on the combat helmet, pilot helmet, field cap (winter) or on the headgear of the special clothing.
Activity badges identify the level of training and experience achieved by soldiers on the uniform based on proven training and professional use.
Special badges are issued after successful completion of a special training course, as recognition for the fulfillment of special conditions during training, to identify special skills, to mark a prominent position or as recognition for difficult conditions on board. The badges are:
- Commando soldier ,
- Forces with extended basic qualifications (corresponds to the former badge for leaders in special paratroopers )
- Lone fighter ,
- Leader of a group on their own ,
- Air Force Security Force Leader,
- Army Mountain Leader ,
- Army high-mountain specialist,
- Ammunition specialists,
- Tactical wound care
- Parachutist ,
- Commander (Navy) ,
- Seafaring personnel ,
- Submarine personnel,
- Airborne forces Navy
Badge for special achievements in troop service
Foreign, binational and multinational badges
Association and agency badges of foreign bi- / multinational staff, command authorities and agencies may be worn on the fold or in the middle of the right breast pocket as a breast tag. If the association and service badges are sleeve badges, they are worn on the right upper sleeve.
Badges of foreign armed forces may be worn, provided they are on duty, at official events according toPara. 2 i. V. m. Soldiers Act or within the framework of sponsorship events on the basis of special military training or after fulfilling special military performance conditions (e.g. shooting).
Orders and decorations
Soldiers are allowed to wear medals and decorations that are approved according to the law on titles, medals and decorations ( ) or awarded by the federal states and that are listed in the Bundeswehr's suit regulations. Medals and decorations that were awarded between 1933 and 1945, as well as awards from the former German Democratic Republic , may only be worn on the uniform in accordance with the provisions of the law on titles, decorations and decorations. Orders and decorations awarded by a foreign head of state or a foreign government may be worn if acceptance and wearing have been approved. The same applies to awards from international organizations (e.g. UN, NATO, WEU).
The following may be worn (not necessarily in all versions):
- Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Goethe medal
- Orden Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts
- Badge of Honor of the Bundeswehr (after a higher level has been awarded, the lower level does not need to be taken)
- Bundeswehr mission medal in bronze, silver and gold (only the highest level awarded may be worn per mission)
- Mission medal battle
- Operation medal flood aid 2002 and 2013
- Mine rescue medals in silver and gold
- Medal of the Order of St. John
- German Fire Brigade Medal of Honor (German Fire Brigade Medal of Honor, German Fire Brigade Cross of Honor in bronze, silver and gold)
- Decoration of honor of the technical relief organization
- Decoration of honor of the Federal Traffic Guard in silver and gold
- Decoration of honor of the German Red Cross in silver and gold
- Medal for rescue from distress of the German Society for the Rescue of Shipwrecked People in bronze, silver and gold
- Silver bay leaf (only as a ribbon buckle)
- Silver medal for disabled sports
- the German sports badge (after having been awarded a higher level, the lower level does not need to be taken)
- German sports badge in gold / platinum (bicolor) design with award number
- German lifeguard badge of the Deutsche Lebens-Rettungs-Gesellschaft , the German Red Cross or the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund in silver and gold
- UN medal
- Mission medal of the European Union
- NATO medal
- Marcel Bohnert : The multi-form carriers . Notes on the suit regulations in Afghanistan. In: The Panzer Grenadier . No. 34 , February 2013 ( PDF [accessed March 25, 2015]).
- Walter Kunstwadl: From monkey jackets to tropical camouflage suits - the history of the Bundeswehr as reflected in its uniforms and badges. Bonn 2006, ISBN 3-932385-24-1 .
- Jörg-M. Hormann: The Bundeswehr and its uniforms, 30 years of clothing history. Friedberg / H 1987, ISBN 3-7909-0297-7 .
- Central regulation A1-2630 / 0-9804 - Suit regulations for soldiers of the Bundeswehr (Version 2.1). (PDF) In: Bundeswehr. Inner Guidance Center , October 1, 2019.
- Bw Bekleidungsmanagement GmbH.
- Central regulation A1-2630 / 0-9804 - Suit regulations for soldiers of the Bundeswehr (Version 2.1). (PDF) In: Bundeswehr. Inner Guidance Center , October 1, 2019, accessed on April 13, 2020 .
- General administrative regulation for Section 69 (1) of the Federal Salary Act. In: http://www.verwaltungsrechte-im-internet.de/ . Federal Ministry of Defense, May 23, 2015, accessed on October 8, 2019 .
- General administrative regulation for Section 5 of the Military Wages Act (Central Service Regulation A-1457/2). In: http://www.verwaltungsrechte-im-internet.de/ . Federal Ministry of Defense, December 6, 2017, accessed on October 8, 2019 .
- Rainer Ditte: 30 years Bundeswehr 1955-1985. v. Hase & Koehler Verlag, KG, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-7758-1109-5 , p. 42, p. 71.
- The Bundeswehr helmets M62 (model 1A1) and M92. Retrieved October 10, 2019 .