The temple ( Latin tense , plural tempora , adj. Temporal ) is a non-uniformly defined area of the lateral head . The name given to the German term is that people sleeping on the side lie on this region.
The temporal region defined in anatomy ( Regio temporalis ) is the area of the head that is assigned to the scale of the temporal bone ( Pars squamosa ossis temporalis ) and thus deviates from the popular idea of "temple", as it is shown in the figure , from. It is anatomically identical to the temporal fossa , in which one of the masseter muscles , the temporal muscle ( musculus temporalis ), is located. In addition to the temporal bone, the large wing of the sphenoid bone ( os sphenoidale ), the parietal bone ( os parietale ) and the frontal bone ( os frontale ) are also involved as the bony basis. The temple goes down into the fossa infratemporalis ( fossa infratemporalis ). The front edge of the temporal fossa is formed by the zygomatic process of the frontal bone and the frontal bone process of the parietal bone. The upper border is the upper temporal line of the parietal bone ( Linea temporalis superior ), to which the temporal fascia is attached, which laterally delimits the temporal fossa.
The temporal region is sensibly innervated by the auriculotemporal nerve and the zygomatic nerve ( ramus zygomaticotemporalis ). The temporal muscle is innervated by the temporal nerves profundi (the mandibular nerve ).
The superficial temporal areas are supplied with blood by the superficial temporal artery , a branch of the external carotid artery . The deep structures are supplied by the deep temporal arteries , which arise from the maxillary artery .
The expression “gray temples” only refers to the hair color at this point on the head, which here in men first begins to change with age. This is associated with a certain life experience, prudence and security.
The fixed temporal fascia is responsible for the suppuration in the area of the temporal fossa always spreading towards the infratemporal fossa and then reaching the subcutaneous tissue at the anterior edge of the masseter muscle . In addition, the fascia prevents suppuration in the area of the scalp from penetrating the temporal pit.
- G. Arnold et al .: Textbook of the entire human anatomy: Cytology, histology, history of development, macroscopic and microscopic anatomy . 2nd edition, Springer, 2013, p. 382.
- Ingelore Ebberfeld: On the impossibility of love . MVG Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-86415-172-9 .