The beret is one of the headgear used by the Bundeswehr . For almost all army uniform wearers , but also some air force and naval uniform wearers , the beret is part of the personal equipment. In many units of the Bundeswehr, the beret is the usual headgear outside of combat service . Its color and on the left the beret temple infected Barettabzeichen often allow the assignment of soldiers to armed force , branch of service (or service area , using series or career ) or to a particular military unit - usually at a multinational major unit . A similar function with respect to the assignment to a functional portion (troops genus or order of use), the collar tab in different weapons colors as well as the use of badge .
Berets are part of the uniform of the Bundeswehr and are therefore particularly regulated due to their relevance in international law . The decisive legal basis for the way of wearing and the design is the order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers , which also contains some specific provisions on the berets to be worn. The central guideline A2-2630 / 0-0-5 "Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr" regulates specific provisions for execution and wearing conditions, which governs the provisions of the Central Service Regulations (ZDv) 37/10 "Dress regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr “As far as the content is concerned, it has essentially hardly changed. The detailed design described by the Federal Office for equipment, information technology and use of the Armed Forces issued technical delivery TL 8405-0131 "berets" and TL 8455-0128 "Barettabzeichen (branch of service badge)".
According to ZDv 37/10, the beret can be headgear to the basic form and various modifications of the uniform of the Bundeswehr . Soldiers who are authorized to wear the beret wear the beret in the following combination:
- to the modified basic form of the field suit (also of the type for crews of armored vehicles) (permitted for army, air force and naval uniform carriers)
- for flight service suit (only permitted for army uniform wearers)
- for the basic form of service suit and the basic form of large service suit (only permitted for army and air force uniforms)
- on the basic form and modifications of the sand-colored summer suit (only permitted for army and air force uniforms)
- supplemented for basic shape of the dress suit (only permitted for Army Uniform and female Air Force Uniform)
While many branches of the armed forces usually wear the field suit in its basic form with a field cap , for most units of the combat troops and the army reconnaissance troops, the beret is the usual headgear for the field suit outside of combat service; In the case of the armored troops , who were also the first in the Bundeswehr to receive berets, the beret is also common in combat service, especially for (permanent) tank crews. According to ZDv 37/10, berets are worn regardless of rank. As with the strands , it is common in many companies, found that recruits in basic training beret "to earn" only and it is only "lent" to the end of basic training.
The beret can be folded. It can be transported so conveniently; According to ZDv 37/10, the beret should not be tucked under the shoulder flap , as can sometimes be seen in practice , but rather stowed in the right side pocket of the field pants. In the Bundeswehr, the trend towards smaller French berets (so-called “command barets” from the French brand Plein Ciel ) can also be observed. The ZDv 37/10 does not provide for wearing the command barets that you have procured yourself, but this is also tolerated by many superiors because the berets that are delivered to the job also have large fluctuations in plate size due to their manufacture.
The beret is made in the shape of a beret without a tip from colored wool felt . The edging of the stump is made of black goatskin band.
The military branch badge (also known as beret badge) is attached to the side above the left temple in accordance with ZDv 37/10 . The "protruding" side of the beret is pulled tightly over the right side of the head, so that the beret sits on the head at a slight angle (on the right and on the forehead lower than on the left and behind), but the troop badge is still almost vertical.
The beret badge is embossed with metal according to ZDv 37/10 . Embroidered, self-procured versions of the military branch badge are only permitted for officers and NCOs for army uniform wearers - self-procured, hand-embroidered badges for all ranks are permitted for navy uniform wearers. The deposition of the troop branch badge with the weapon color - such. B. often found in the army reconnaissance and tank troops - does not correspond to ZDv 37/10, but is partially tolerated by the superiors .
Soldiers who wear mountain hats do not wear a beret (see chapter → "Headgear of the mountain troops" ), as well as the majority of naval and air force uniforms who do not fall under the groups explicitly listed in the table below, as well as the members of the Big Band of Bundeswehr insofar as it appears in army uniform at all.
All other German soldiers wear a beret in the color of their mission contingent, their military unit or in general for their branch of service (or their order of use , or their equipment set , or their training period, and according to their gender, Uniform field and running track ) is provided, whereby the following is prioritized:
- German contingents of the United Nations peacekeeping forces wear the beret described below.
- Officers and cadet officers (only wearers of army uniforms) until they graduate or until they are transferred to military service wear the beret described below.
- Army uniform wearers of the Army Medical Service wear the cobalt blue beret described below if they are not part of the Rapid Forces Division .
- Soldiers in the cyber and information space wear the navy blue beret.
- All other soldiers wear - if the ZDv 37/10 explicitly stipulates this - the beret explicitly intended for their unit or their line of work or their equipment requirements or their gender, uniform wearer area and career.
- All other army uniform wearers in a unit up to battalion / regiment level (except in command support regiments ) wear berets of the same color for the type of service assigned to their unit.
- In all other cases except those listed above, army uniform wearers wear berets in the color that the ZDv 37/10 assigns to their "personal" military category.
Changes and beret colors of disbanded military branches
Disbanded military branches wore the following beret colors:
|green||Panzerjäger troop (until around 1977/78 because of belonging to the infantry )|
|Bordeaux red||Televsion troops|
Coral red , dark
( coral red )
|Army anti-aircraft troops|
Differentiation from weapon color
The color of the beret usually does not match the color of the weapon . In some cases, however, the color of the weapon and beret match or (coincidentally) resemble each other (usually roughly in the case of the Jäger troops , Panzergrenadier troops , artillery troops and the medical troops).
Beret / military branch badge
All bearers of a beret wear a beret or troop badge attached to the left temple of the beret. For naval uniform wearers, some career badges as well as the badges of use have a very similar function to the military branch badges. Is to wear that cap badge of the soldiers aimed similarly to be worn beret color (see. Above ) to use quotas, their organizational area , military unit or in general their branch of service (or after the membership of the group of Navy Uniform or after sex, Uniform wearer area and career ). The following prioritization is decisive:
- German contingents of the United Nations peacekeeping forces wear the United Nations beret badge described below .
- All other soldiers wear - if ZDv 37/10 makes explicit provisions about this - the beret badge explicitly intended for their organizational area , unit or for naval uniform wearers or their gender, uniform wearer area and career.
- All other army uniform wearers in a unit up to battalion / regimental level (except in command support regiments , logistics and supply battalions and officer candidate battalions ) wear the same beret badge for the type of service assigned to their unit.
- In all other cases except those listed above, wearers of army uniforms wear beret badges, which ZDv 37/10 assigns to their “personal” troop category.
The following table shows the beret / military category badges that are to be attached to the beret according to ZDv 37/10, TL 8455-0128 or United Nations . The hand-embroidered textile badges for naval uniform wearers of all ranks and army uniform wearers of the rank groups of officers and NCOs , which are not described in detail in ZDv 37/10 , are designed in the same way.
All - non-multinational units - have an embedded rectangular plate (0.7 × 1.2 cm) in the federal colors of black, red and gold on the lower edge .
Beret / military branch badge for army and air force uniform wearers in national units
Description: Metal embossed , old silver oak leaf border . at the lower edge an embedded rectangular plate (0.7 × 1.2 cm) in the federal colors black, red and gold. In the middle of the oak leaf border a stylized battle tank .
Meaning: The main battle tank is the main weapon system of the armored forces. The tank shown here with the Iron Cross (the national emblem of the Bundeswehr and former German and Prussian armed forces ) on the tower is probably a stylized image of a Leopard 1 from the first construction phase . The oak leaf is a traditional German symbol . The main battle tank was already the armored troop badge in the form of the metal badge on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in the weapon color . Incidentally, the design is somewhat similar to the design of the armored combat badge of the army and the armored combat badge of the air force of the Wehrmacht.
Carrier group: armored force
Description: Border as above, with two crossed rider lances in the middle with white-black pennants (in heraldic colors ).
Meaning: The newly designed troop badge after the formation of the Army Reconnaissance Troops takes up a common symbol with the crossed lances from the beret badges of the long-distance reconnaissance troops , armored reconnaissance troops and field intelligence troops (see below ) , which are no longer available . The rider lances stand for the cavalry , more precisely Uhlans , in whose line of tradition the scouts see themselves (unofficially). Already in a draft (which was rejected by Theodor Heuss before the introduction ) for the metal pins, which were later replaced by collar tabs, there were two crossed lance lances for the reconnaissance troops. The colors black and white are possibly a recourse to the colors of Prussia, as with the Iron Cross of the Bundeswehr .
Carrier group: Army Reconnaissance Force
Description: Border as above, with a stylized infantry fighting vehicle in the middle ; including two crossed rifles .
Meaning: The armored personnel carrier is the main weapon system of the armored infantry troops . The controlled HS 30 is probably stylized here . The rifles could be stylized representations of the Karabiner 98 , which is still used today as a representative weapon in the protocol service in the guard battalion BMVg . In heraldry there are often crossed arms, whether in the form of crossed swords, guns, swords or other weapons. This weapon arrangement is also often found in the Bundeswehr. Just look at the beret badges around with their crossed rifles, cannon barrels, lances, etc. Another example is the crossed swords on the army's peaked caps . Crossed rifles found in the activity badges for personnel of the security force ( a subdivision of the infantry ), staff in general military service and special badges for security squad leader of the Air Force. Crossed rifles were already in the form of the metal badges on the collar, which were later detached from the collar tabs in the weapon color , the troop badge of the infantry, to which the armored infantry troops still belonged at that time. In a draft (which was rejected by Theodor Heuss before the introduction ) for those metal emblems, there were tanks and crossed rifles for the armored infantry troops. Even in the Wehrmacht , rifles, crossed rifles or other crossed weapons - often framed by oak leaves - became common design elements for many badges. The 57 version of the honorary leaf clasp , which was last awarded in 1945, also shows two crossed swords in an oak leaf wreath with a bow. It is possible that the representation of crossed rifles also follows the symbolism of the tactical symbol of the Panzergrenadierruppe , which in turn contains elements of the tactical symbol of the infantry , because the crossed lines shown there are sometimes also interpreted as crossed weapons. Thus, the affiliation of the Panzergrenadiers to the armored troops (through the representation of a tank) as well as their former affiliation to the infantry (through the representation of the crossed rifles) based on the model of the tactical symbol of the Panzergrenadier also in the beret badge would be taken into account.
Carrier group: Panzer Grenadier Troop
Description: Border as above, with a stylized plunging eagle in the middle .
Meaning: The eagle is traditionally the German heraldic animal . Here it symbolizes above all the ability to land in the air and the fighting power of the paratroopers. It is almost identical in the association badge of the Rapid Forces Division and identically or similarly in some other association badges of (former) airmobile units of the Bundeswehr . It shows great resemblance to the design of the 1st and 2nd version of the jumpers' badges of the young Bundeswehr, which in turn used the design of the paratrooper badges of the Air Force and the Army of the Wehrmacht .
Carrier group: paratroopers
Description: Border as above, with a stylized, vertical sword in the middle .
Meaning: The broadsword appears in a stylized form u. a. The sword is symbolized both in their own association badge , that of their division and in the association badge of the (decommissioned) command management operations of special forces . The upright broadsword (optionally a dagger) can be found in connection with coats of arms and symbols of many special forces in very different armed forces worldwide. An example is the badge of the US and Austrian special forces . The sword has similar predecessors (expressly not in the sense of a traditional line) in German special forces, because the "Brandenburger" in the Wehrmacht already had a sword in their troop identification.
Carrier group: Special Forces Command
Description: Border as above, with two stylized crossed cannon barrels in the middle .
Meaning: The pipes stand for the pipe artillery , which is the main weapon system in most units of the artillery . A pipe crossed (with a rifle) can also be found in the badge of activity for gun personnel. Crossed pipes were already the troop badge of the artillery troops in the form of the metal badges on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in the weapon color .
Carrier group: artillery force
Description: Border as above, with a stylized globe with the inscription "GEO" in the middle ; an open circle about it .
Meaning: The compass is one of the traditional drawing tools for cartographers and a working tool for navigators . The measurement and description of the world (to serve the indicated latitude and longitude circles) are one of the main themes of GEO chromatography and other GEO sciences . In the Bundeswehr, this is primarily the task of the Bundeswehr's geographic information system . The career badge of the naval uniform bearers of the rank group officers in the military geographic service is a similar globe with identical lettering. In addition, the globe in place of activity badges for military geographical staff.
Carrier group: topography troop
Description: Border as above, with a stylized lightning bolt in the center from top right to bottom left.
Meaning: The lightning bolt is a symbol for the (fast) electronic transmission of messages . The tactical sign of the telecommunications force shows the lightning in stylized form. The lightning bolt was already the military branch badge of the telecommunication troops in the form of the metal badges on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in weapon color .
Carrier group: Telecommunication troops
Description: Border as above, with a stylized bridge in the middle in front of a vertical oak leaf .
Significance: Bridge building and maintenance is an essential part of the ability profile of the pioneer team . The bridge is also stylized in the tactical symbol of the pioneer troops. The oak leaves are considered a traditional German symbol . The bridge and oak leaves were already in the form of the metal badges on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in the color of the weapon , the troop badge of the engineer troop.
Carrier group: Pioneer group
Description: Border as above, with a stylized double wing in the middle in front of a standing sword .
Meaning: The wing stands for the aviation service and the air mobility of the army aviation troops . In this respect similar to the well on the armband double rocker shown the Heeresfliegertruppe Air Force rocker depicted in beret badge of physical protection forces of the Air Force (Postgraduate for Air Force rocker ibid) The double rocker was already in the form of the later of the collar mirrors in Waffenfarbe peeled metal badge on the collar, the branch of service insignia of the Army Aviation Corps . The sword does not, as with the beret badge of the special forces command , represent a (possible) ability to carry out special operations , but rather distinguishes the army from the air force, whose traditional symbol is (crossed) swords.
Description: Border as above, with two crossed, stylized retorts in the middle in front of a vertical oak leaf .
Meaning: The retort, which is also stylized in the tactical symbol of the NBC defense force , is an instrument from the chemistry laboratory used by NBC defense to examine chemical and biological weapons . A retort can also be found in the badge for NBC defense and self-protection personnel. Oak leaves are a traditional German symbol .
Carrier group: NBC defense force
Description: Outline as above, with a stylized arrow in the middle [that "snakes through" between two inclined beams (first below then over)].
Meaning: The arrow symbolizes the cross-border information path. For example, arrows are used to show data flows in program flow charts according to DIN 66001 . The two bars form a stylized border fence . The dissemination of information on the targeted modulation of the psychology of enemy and friendly forces is the main task of the force for operational communications . The winding arrow can also be found in the badge for personnel in the operational communication area.
Carrier group: Troop for operational communication
Description: Border as above, with a stylized toothed ring in the center , with a crossed wrench and cannon barrel .
Meaning: The in tactical signs of repair troops pictured combination wrench forms with the ring gear and the pipe , the "Ordnance character". In the early years of the Bundeswehr and earlier German armed forces, the repair troop was known as the Feldzeugtruppe . The last two items mentioned are for the repair of vehicles (in particular tracked vehicles with their gears used either as drive or guide wheels ) and weapons . The pipe shown is very similar to the pipe from the beret badge of the artillery troops . A ring gear can also be found in the badge for technical personnel and, similarly, in the navy in the badge for the 40 series of uses (marine technology service) . The field weapon badge was already the military branch badge of the field military force in the form of the metal badge on the collar, which was later detached from the collar tabs in weapon color .
Carrier group: repair troops
Description: Border as above, with a stylized wing rod in the middle in front of a stylized wheel .
Meaning: The wing staff - also called caduceus , Mercury staff or Hermes staff - stands for the Greek messenger of the gods Hermes and its Roman counterpart Mercury . Mercury was the patron saint of merchants . An essential part of trading is the transport and timely provision of goods; in the military this is the main task of the supply force . For example, the logistics company Hermes is named after the messenger of the gods. The pictured wheel is shaped like a train wheel . It reminds of the once paramount strategic importance of the railroad ( English : train ) for the military supply system. Even today, some supply units in the Austrian and Swiss armed forces are grouped together as a train . The wheel (not a railway wheel) as a symbol for the transport industry par excellence also appears in the tactical symbol of the transport units . The wing rod and the wheel were already in the form of the metal badges on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in the weapon color , the troop badge of the supply troop, which was then still known as the quartermaster troop .
Carrier group: supply force
Description: Border as above, with a staff of Aesculapius and a snake in a double twist in the middle .
Meaning: The Aesculapian staff is the symbol of the medical and pharmaceutical status . It comes from Greek mythology and visually shows a similarity to a variant of the caduceus that the supply troop wears in a beret badge. The Aesculapian staff and snake are depicted in the association badges of the Central Medical Service and (partly with, partly without staff) next to the rank badges of the medical officer and medical officer candidates (naval and army uniform wearers only; with naval uniform wearers as career badges). Marine Uniform other rank groups and races in the medical service union use row 81 carry the Äskulapstab in a similar form (the snake winds around an unclear armature instead of the rod) and using badge as a supplement to their insignia. The Aesculapian staff with a snake is sewn onto both jacket sleeves on the service suit for air force crews in the medical service. A staff of Aesculapius is also found in the activity badge for pilots doctors , for medical personnel, for Aeromedical assistants as well as for diving doctors . The Aesculapian staff in the oak leaf wreath was already the troop badge of the medical troops in the form of the metal badge on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in the weapon color .
Carrier group: Army uniform wearers, medical troops (including the Army medical service ) and female air force uniform wearers of the medical career
Description: Border as above, with the guard star in the middle with the inscription " suum cuique " and a stylized eagle.
Meaning: Star with eagle and the Latin inscription "suum cuique" ( German : "Everyone has his own") goes back to the Prussian High Order of the Black Eagle . The eagle is therefore the Prussian eagle , which, alongside the imperial eagle, is considered to be the predecessor of the federal eagle . The Prussian King Friedrich II. , Whose namesake and ancestor Friedrich I founded the Order of the Eagle, is said to have ordered the formation of the military police in 1740. In 1741 Frederick II awarded the Reitenden Feldjägercorps the Guard Star for special services. The star was called the guard star because it was also the hallmark of the guard corps of the Prussian armed forces . Later it became part of the police / gendarmerie uniform in Prussia and later also in other parts of the German Empire . The name " Polizeistern " has therefore become established for the guard star . To this day it has been used in a modified form for the German police's hat badge . The eagle order's motto "Each his own" as the motto of the Feldjäger troops is not in the sense of the meaning intended by Frederick I at the Foundation of the Order of Merit (something like "Everyone according to his merit") and certainly not in the meaning intended by the National Socialists (“Everyone gets what he deserves”) to understand, but rather in the original sense of Cicero , to which the saying is supposed to go back, when he established that justice is characterized above all by the fact that it is one after everyone without any other respect for the person Allows fair treatment to measure his behavior. A star can also be found in the badge for military police officers. The star, in the form of the metal badges on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in the weapon color , was the military branch badge of the military police.
Carrier group: Feldjägertruppe
Description: Border as above, with a lyre in the middle.
Meaning: The (here three-string ) lyre is an ancient stringed instrument . The modern development of the harp is mostly represented in the symphony orchestras . However, performances by the military music service in this formation are not particularly frequent . At the pledge , the big tattoo or protocol missions, however, the music corps regularly appear as a brass orchestra and marching band . The plucked instruments harp and lyre hardly play a role in this march-heavy repertoire . The same applies to the metallophone “Lyra”, which is shaped like an ancient lyre and of the same name . The career badge for Navy Uniform of the rank group officers in the military music service shows the lyre , as for other Navy uniform support, the use of insignia of the order of use 85 (military music service) and the activity badges for military music staff. In German military music , the lyre has always played an important role as a uniform, especially on shoulder boards . The lyre is depicted in the military symbol of the music corps. A lyre is also found in the badge of activity for military music personnel. The lyre was already the troop badge of military music in the form of the metal badges on the collar, which were later detached from the collar tabs in weapon color .
Carrier group: All beret-wearing soldiers in military music service (this also expressly includes all female air force uniform wearers with a career in military music service)
Description: outline above, is centered on a stylized world globe , above both sides outwardly pointing double flash , down a split plate with (uncleaved) shield main French form with board ; the inscription "CIR" in the sign head.
Significance: The globe symbolizes the tasks in geographic information , global education and the Internet with its global networking of cyber and information space. The globe was similarly shown in the troop badge of the topography troops . The shield symbolizes protection of the operating room. "CIR" is short for "cyber and information space". The arrow symbol pointing in the opposite direction symbolizes surveillance and reconnaissance in the cyber and information space. This symbol is linked to the military symbol of the Troops Telecommunication / Electronic Combat (FmEloKa).
Carrier group: All members of the cyber and information space newly established in 2017
Description: Border as above, with a Gothic " W " in the middle .
Meaning: The " W " stands for W achbataillon and goes on on the epaulettes of the 1936/37 deallocated Berlin Guards Regiment of the Armed Forces (originally set up in November 1920 as a "guard force" in the Reichswehr back) depicted "W". The Build on the tradition of certain associations of former armed forces is in this particularly significant form very unusual for the German Army and is in conflict with the tradition of adoption , however, is the guard battalion BMVg lived and officially approved practice.
Carrier group: Army and Air Force uniform carriers in the Guard Battalion BMVg
Description: Border as above, with two crossed rifles and the Luftwaffe wing in the middle .
Meaning: The Luftwaffe wing, which is enclosed in the upper third, is the typical double wing of the Luftwaffe, which is depicted in the Luftwaffe as a uniform patch on the service suit , on the cuffs of the traditional squadron , on the sliding loops , on the peaked cap and their collar tabs. It also appears in some job badges that are typical for the air force ( job badges for military vehicle drivers , for aviation doctors , for permanent aircraft crew members, for aero-medical assistant staff and for weapons system officers ). The swing arm shows great similarity with the double swing arm in the badge of use for the 50 series of uses ( naval aviation service ), but above all with that in the beret badge of the army aviators . The crossed rifles are like the beret badge of the Panzergrenadiers and the Marinesicherung Karabiner 98 , which are still used today as a representative weapon in the protocol service in the guard battalion BMVg . The crossed rifles are reproduced twice in stylized form in the tactical symbols of the property protection forces : the St. Andrew's cross symbolizes an infantry unit; the small cross underneath stands generally for units of the security force . Overall, the beret badge is strikingly similar to the special badge for security troop leaders of the Air Force.
Carrier group: All air force uniform wearers with berets who do not serve in the guard battalion BMVg or are female air force uniform wearers of the medical or military music service careers .
Description: Metal embossed , gold-colored border in the shape of a cord . Rectangular plate (0.7 × 1.2 cm) in the federal colors of black, red and gold, embedded in the lower edge . In the middle of the border in the shape of a cord a stylized broken oak .
Meaning: The beret badge is the only gold-colored and the only military branch badge edged by a cord for wearers of army uniforms. It is unclear whether these unusual deviations can be traced back to the creation of one of the first beret badges or whether they originated in the history of the uniform of the hunter troops. It is noticeable that the sleeve badge of the Wehrmacht hunters already had a setting in the form of a cord. The missing oak leaves of the border are "replaced" by the centrally rising oak leaf branch. Oak leaves are one of the most famous symbols of German armed forces and have been the national symbol of German states in general since the founding of the empire . The use of oak in the German military goes on the makeshift cap marking the soldiers of the military specifications with location Kolberg in the form of an oak leaf wreath from 1919 back. The cap markings served to distinguish soldiers from other units at the location. The Hindenburg Freikorps set up in 1919 took over the oak leaf wreath as a sleeve badge, from where it was transferred to the Reichswehr as a hat ornament . In the Bundeswehr, oak leaves can also be found, for example, as an ornament of the peaked caps , as an element of some activity , performance and special badges as well as various medals such as the badge of honor of the Bundeswehr , as part of the collar tabs for generals and the air force uniform wearers or as part of the rank badges of the rank groups Generale and Staff officers . In the form of a standing broken oak shown here, it is very similar to the representation in the special badges for "lone fighters", "leaders of a group on their own" , " leaders in paratroopers special operations " and "commandos" . With regard to the representation of the oak leaf branch, the sniper badge, sleeve badge and cap badge of the hunters of the Wehrmacht were designed similarly.
Carrier group: Jäger troop and all soldiers of the mountain troop who wear the beret instead of a mountain hat.
Beret / branch badge for naval uniform wearers in national units
Description: Embossed metal , gold-colored oak leaf border . Rectangular plate (0.7 × 1.2 cm) in the federal colors of black, red and gold, embedded in the lower edge . In the middle of the oak leaf border are two crossed rifles in front of a clear anchor .
Meaning: The beret badge is one of the few gold-colored beret badges of the Bundeswehr. However, gold is the typical color of numerous pieces of uniform in the Navy . Gold-colored, for example, are the buttons on the service suit and the rank badges as well as the shield applications and badges on the peaked caps . The anchor, which is depicted surrounded by oak leaves like on the peaked caps, is a typical symbol for the Navy. For example, it is also shown in each of the usage badges. It can also be found in the special badge for seafaring personnel and in the badge of activity for personnel in general naval service. The crossed rifles are like the beret badge of the Panzergrenadiers and the object protection forces of the Luftwaffe Karabiner 98 , which are still used today as a representative weapon in the protocol service in the guard battalion BMVg . The crossed rifles are reproduced twice in stylized form in the tactical symbols of the naval security : the St. Andrew's cross symbolizes an infantry unit; the small cross underneath stands generally for units of the security force . In the tactical symbol, the anchor also signals the affiliation to the naval armed forces, as in the beret badge .
Carrier group: Marines security force
Description: Embossed metal , gold-colored oak leaf border . Rectangular plate (0.7 × 1.2 cm) in the federal colors of black, red and gold, embedded in the lower edge . In the middle of the oak leaf border there is an upright trident
Meaning: The beret badge is one of the few gold-colored beret badges of the Bundeswehr. As the color of numerous pieces of uniform, gold is typical in the Navy (see above the comments on the beret badge of the naval security force). In 2015, the beret badge replaced the previously worn beret badge with anchor and crossed rifles (beret badge of the naval security force) for members of the special forces command of the Navy . Like the Special Forces Command , a relatively small unit receives a special beret badge. It is probably the least common beret badge of the Bundeswehr. The trident, a typical maritime symbol as it is associated with Poseidon , is essentially based on the association's coat of arms. The motif of an upright stabbing weapon shows a certain similarity to the troop badge of the special forces in the army.
Carrier group: Command Special Forces of the Navy
Beret badges for soldiers in multinational units
Description: Embossed metal , silver-colored border, in the middle interlocking national colors [Germany and France ].
Meaning: Like the association badge of the Franco-German Brigade , the beret badge shows the tricolors of the two troop contributors France and Germany , with the two flags sharing the red stripe to emphasize the special partnership of the binational association . Contrary to the order of the Federal President about the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers , as with all beret badges of multinational associations , the black, red and gold flag at the lower edge of the border is dispensed with.
Carrier group: Members of the Franco-German Brigade
Description: Embossed metal , gold-colored border; in the middle an upright projecting [metal-embossed, silver], from the local history Minster borrowed send, sword , which on stitching is gripped from two sides. On the lower part of the border the inscription "Communitate Valemus" [in capitals ].
Meaning: The sending sword is one of the landmarks of the Westphalian city of Münster . The headquarters of the 1st German-Dutch Corps, formed by German and Dutch soldiers , have their headquarters in Münster . The sword is attached to the town hall of Münster for the Send festival , which is held not far from the headquarters of the corps . The town hall has a high historical symbolism for the Netherlands, because in the town hall in 1648 in the Peace of Munster the independence of the United Netherlands from Spain was contractually agreed. The Latin inscription ( German : "Together we are strong") underlines the basic idea of European cooperation in questions of security and defense policy and the NATO alliance . The two hands that hold the book together stand for the two nations of Germany and the Netherlands. This becomes particularly clear when looking at the corps association badge, which is very similar to the beret badge , because there the two forearms are colored in the colors of the German and Dutch flags . Contrary to the order of the Federal President about the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers , as with all beret badges of multinational associations , the black, red and gold flag at the lower edge of the border is dispensed with.
Carrier group: Members of the 1st German-Dutch Corps
Description: Metal embossed silver-colored border applied with stars ; in the middle an upright, defensive sword over the symbolically represented Europe .
Meaning: The Eurocorps is - hence the name - a multinational association of various European troop contributors. The continent and twelve stars as on the European flag underline this. Essentially, the motifs of the association and beret badges of the Eurocorps correspond . Contrary to the order of the Federal President about the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers , as with all beret badges of multinational associations , the black, red and gold flag at the lower edge of the border is dispensed with.
Carrier group: members of the Eurocorps
Description: Metal embossed silver colored raised edge; in the middle three crossed swords with an attached ( crowned ) griffin head ; in the foot three wavy lines . The edge shape is Gothic .
Significance: Essentially, the beret badge introduced in 2016, which is also worn by foreign soldiers in the corps, corresponds to the corps association badge . The waves symbolize the three Baltic Approaches ( Großer- , Little Belt , Oresund ). They were taken from the association badge of the forerunner LANDJUT and stood for its operating room. The three swords symbolize the three armies involved in the corps . In the LANDJUT binational corps , two crossed swords were shown in the same places in the association badge. The griffin is borrowed from the coat of arms of the Stettin garrison. It's the Pomeranian Griffin . Pomerania is the stationing area of the corps and has an eventful German - Polish - Danish history . Contrary to the order of the Federal President about the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers , as with all beret badges of multinational associations , the black, red and gold flag at the lower edge of the border is dispensed with. The gothic shape in the form of an association badge is unique for the army of the Bundeswehr.
Carrier group: Members of the Multinational Corps North-East
Description: The stylized world map in the form of an equidistant azimuthal projection on a white background in gold, framed by two olive branches below each other ; the card with the mitt distance loyal azimuthal has the North Pole as the center of projection and projects the Earth from the North Pole to the southern 60th latitude - are shown five parallels and eight meridians .
Meaning: The beret badge is very similar to the flag of the United Nations . The map shows all (permanently) inhabited areas of the world and thus the national areas of all member states of the United Nations . The olive branch includes the beret badge of the UN similar to the oak leaf wreath of the German military branch badge . The olive branches are a classic peace sign .
Carrier group: Members of the United Nations peacekeeping forces
Obsolete beret or military branch badges
The beret badges listed below were once worn in the Bundeswehr, but were either changed, as in the case of the beret badge of the Franco-German Brigade , or were worn by branches of service that were decommissioned and whose branch badges were discontinued at the same time. It should also be remembered that all military branch badges issued before the early 1980s initially did not contain the black, red and gold flag at the bottom of the oak leaf wreath (these early military branch badges are shown below as examples for the armored forces).
Description: Metal embossed , new silver oak leaf border . In the middle of the oak leaf border is a stylized battle tank .
Meaning: Representation and symbolism correspond - apart from the flag - unchanged to the current armored troop badge (see above). The first edition of the beret badge, approved in 1971, was initially only introduced with berets for tanks, armored reconnaissance aircraft, paratroopers and hunters. Until the revision at the beginning of the 1980s, the tank troop badge shown here was also worn by soldiers of the tank reconnaissance troops. Differences to the current military branch badge are the use of a different silver tone and the German flag on the lower edge, which was not embedded at the time . This version also stands as an example of the troop badges of the paratroopers and hunters troops , which were essentially the same as those of today, but initially also did not have a flag.
Carrier group: armored force
Description: Metal embossed , old silver oak leaf border . Rectangular plate (0.7 × 1.2 cm) in the federal colors of black, red and gold, embedded in the lower edge . In the middle of the oak leaf border two crossed, stylized anti-aircraft cannon tubes in front of a vertical missile .
Meaning: The beret badge shows the two main weapon systems of the army anti-aircraft troops: anti-aircraft gun and anti-aircraft missile . The missile shown could be the guided missile of the Roland anti-aircraft missile system . The flak shown here could possibly represent the barrel of a Gepard anti-aircraft gun . A similarly depicted missile can also be found in the badge for missile and missile personnel. The vertical missile was already the military branch badge of the anti-aircraft troops in the form of the metal badge on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in the weapon color .
Description: Border as above, with a stylized reconnaissance armor in the middle in front of two crossed rider lances .
Significance: The wheeled reconnaissance tank was one of the main reconnaissance means of the tank reconnaissance force. The vehicle depicted is very reminiscent of the Luchs reconnaissance tank - but it is probably not a vehicle used in the troops. For the meaning of the crossed lances see the meaning of the beret badge of the army reconnaissance troops .
Carrier Group: Tank Reconnaissance and Field Intelligence Force
Description: Border as above, with a stylized plunging eagle in the center with a bundle of lightning in its claws in front of two crossed rider lances .
Significance: The Fernspähtruppe was a particularly specialized force that was always closely connected to the German airborne troops and, like them, was capable of airborne landing. Therefore, the beret badge also showed the eagle in a similar representation as in the beret badge of the paratroopers. The bundles of lightning in the claws often given to the eagle as an attribute in heraldry make the animal appear particularly defensive. The internal association badges of the remote scouts also showed the eagle with lightning bolts and showed a connection to the 1st Airborne Division through a parachute , which was also shown , whose association badge also showed the parachute. For the meaning of the crossed lances see the meaning of the beret badge of the army reconnaissance troops . The similarity to the Wehrmacht's air gunner's badge is striking but unfounded in terms of content.
Carrier group: Fernspächtruppe
Description: Border as above, with a tank destroyer in the middle in front of two crossed spears .
Meaning: The tank destroyer was the main weapon system of the tank destroyer force . Presumably a stylized Jaguar 1 tank destroyer is shown here. The crossed spears are probably symbolic of the main task of the tank destroyer troops: tank destruction . Spears and tank destroyers were already the troop badge of the Panzerjäger troops in the form of the metal badges on the collar, later detached from the collar tabs in weapon color .
Carrier group: Panzerjäger troops
Description: Metal embossed , silver-colored border. Rectangular plate (0.7 × 1.2 cm) in the federal colors of black, red and gold, embedded in the lower edge . Interlocking national colors [Germany and France ] in the center of the border .
Meaning: as above
Carrier group: German members of the Franco-German Brigade until the change to today's beret badge without German flag (see above)
Forerunner in earlier German armed forces
The beret was never very widespread in earlier German (and foreign) armed forces in the 17th to 20th centuries. The French Chasseurs alpins are said to have been the first to introduce the beret into a modern army in 1889 .
The forerunners of today's beret in Germany were the black armored hats introduced into the Reichswehr around 1930 (and thus relatively insensitive to traces of oil ) in the form of a thickly padded beret , which was intended to serve as head protection for the crews of the newly formed armored forces. The model may have been the uniforms of the British Royal Tank Regiment , whose black beret is said to go back directly to the headgear of the Chasseurs alpins . By around 1939/1940, the Wehrmacht leadership replaced the armored hats, which proved to be uncomfortable, largely with the M38 field cap (the little boat) .
Forerunner in the Bundeswehr
When the Bundeswehr was set up, no beret was initially introduced. It was only with one of the first changes in uniform at the end of 1959 that the crews of armored vehicles were equipped with a padded armored hat in the style of the Wehrmacht and an additional beret. Both were made of gray-olive, hunted woolen cloth in the manner of the "felt louse" . Instead of today's Barettabzeichen were at all armor protection caps and berets on the front side of the West German cockade and crossed sabers mounted as similar to today - in the - in the form of metal-embossed buttons balaclava worn the army.
Beret of an M48 crew in 1960
Crew of a tank destroyer with the padded armored cap 1965
Introduction of today's beret shape
On April 27, 1971, after approval by the Federal President, the army command staff initiated the introduction of the first berets of today's form for some branches of the army . The soldiers of the tank battalions , tank regiments, tank reconnaissance battalions and brigade reconnaissance trains were given black berets - presumably due to the color of the armored hats of the Reichswehr and Wehrmacht. Paratroopers were also given burgundy berets and hunters green berets in the form they are still worn today. The color of the paratroopers was based on the berets of numerous foreign airborne forces. Already in the Second World War, the wine-red beret of the British Parachute Regiment supposedly made an impression on German troops. The British paratroopers wore the beret in 1942, from 1943 onwards American airborne troops also wore it ; the color was determined by Daphne du Maurier - wife of Frederick Browning . The green of the hunter's berets, like the color of their weapons, goes back to the traditional hunter uniform of earlier German armed forces .
With the introduction of the beret in 1971, only the troop badges for hunters, paratroopers and armored forces were introduced . Tank scouts initially received berets and beret badges of the armored forces. Some of the newly designed military branch badges (including those that were only introduced around 1980) were clearly based on the design of the metal pins for the collar corners of the uniforms of the still young Bundeswehr, which were replaced after a few years by the traditional collar tabs of today's form. The military branch badges introduced in 1971 (and also the 1978/79) were very similar to the current ones from the beginning, but it was not until the beginning of the 1980s that the oak leaf wreath of the beret badge was given the black, red and gold flag , which is still in the order of the Federal President today is required about the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers .
Expansion to other units
Around 1978/79 all other soldiers in the army (except for parts of the mountain troops ) and certain parts of the navy received their berets and beret badges. At the beginning of 1980 the air force soldiers of the guard battalion BMVg followed , who, like their comrades from the army, received the beret with the Gothic W, but were initially to remain the only part of the air force with a beret for some time.
After the Bundeswehr (first UNAMIC then UNTAC ) took part in blue helmet missions with its own contingents , German soldiers on such missions wore the light blue beret and beret badge of the United Nations instead of their "regular" berets . In 1992 the Panzerjäger troop received its own beret badge; until now there were Panzerjäger the branch of service insignia of the Armored Corps . In connection with the formation of the Franco-German Brigade (established in 1993), the Eurocorps (established in 1993, specific beret since the end of 2000), the 1st German-Dutch Corps (1995, specific beret badge included in ZDv 37/10 at the earliest in mid-2003 ), of the Special Forces Command (since September 1997 specific beret badge), the soldiers serving there received troop-specific beret badges. In the course of the introduction of specific berets by the listed multinational associations, the beret color navy blue also found its way into the uniforms of the army for the first time. In the case of the beret badge of the German members of the Franco-German Brigade, the German flag was dropped until 2008, following the example of the always flagless beret badges of the multinational corps, so that now soldiers in the multinational associations listed are identical regardless of their nationality, but contrary to the order of the Federal President about the rank designations and the soldiers' uniforms wear flagless beret badges.
Around 2003 some other soldiers of the Luftwaffe received berets with the newly designed beret badge for air force security . In 2006, the troop badge of the tank destroyer troops, which had been disbanded at the time, was no longer available (it had practically no longer existed since 1996, as the tank destroyers were integrated into the armored infantry battalions and there wore the beret badge of the armored infantrymen). The introduction of a military branch badge was last necessary in 2008 when the newly established Army Reconnaissance Force received a new beret badge. In return, the beret badges of the tank reconnaissance and telecom troops were dropped . Most recently, in 2012, the troop badge of the disbanded Army Air Defense Force was dropped .
With the changeover from ZDv 37/10 to central guideline A2-2630 / 0-0-5, new beret badges were introduced in 2016 for the special forces command of the Navy and the Multinational Corps North-East . Since then, members of the latter association, like members of other multinational associations, have been wearing navy blue berets. With the establishment of the cyber and information room , a new beret badge was introduced for all soldiers in this organizational area in 2017. The soldiers of this organizational area wear uniform dark blue berets. Since in the armed forces base and in the army either no units of the topography troops (or their successors), the telecommunications troops EloKa , troops for operational communication remain or, in the case of the telecommunications troops, units in the army with troop-specific beret badges are de facto omitted (except for a few individual cases for soldiers of the above-mentioned branches of service who serve, for example, in the BMVg or other staffs) the beret badges of the listed branches.
Headgear of the mountain troops
As a rule, soldiers of the mountain troops traditionally wear the mountain hat with an old silver-colored, metal-embossed edelweiss with gold-colored stamens attached . The ZDv 37/10 specifies the wearing of the mountain hat for the following soldiers:
- All soldiers of the Mountain Infantry Brigade 23 except members of the brigade of the tank and army reconnaissance troops
- all other mountaineers of mountain infantry troops that the Ministry of Defense , in command authorities , in offices , schools , country commands and built-in bars are used
- Permanent staff of the mountain and winter combat school except permanent staff of the tank and army reconnaissance troops
- all soldiers of the mountain music corps except soldiers of the tank and army reconnaissance troops
Mountain hunters who serve outside of the troop units listed above usually wear the green beret and the gold beret badge of the hunter troop instead of edelweiss and mountain hat , unless they wear a different colored beret, possibly with a different beret badge (for example, burgundy beret with falling Adler due to a transfer to the Rapid Forces Division or navy blue due to assignment to one of the officer candidate battalions - be it as a trainer or officer candidate).
Soldiers of the tank and army reconnaissance troops who are part of the Mountain Infantry Brigade 23 or the Mountain Music Corps of the German Armed Forces or are part of the permanent staff of the Mountain and Winter Combat School , as well as members of the partially active Mountain Tank Battalion 8 wear the beret with the beret badge of their type of service . In addition, the edelweiss is attached to the left side of the beret after the troop badge, aligned as on the mountain cap. Likewise, the soldiers of the 112 Panzer Grenadier Battalion, which was previously subordinate to the 1st Mountain Division (Bundeswehr) for a short time, wear the edelweiss next to the troop badge on the (green) beret after they have passed their post training.
- Walter Kunstwadl, Jan-Phillip Weisswange: From the monkey jacket to the tropical camouflage suit : the history of the Bundeswehr as reflected in its uniforms and badges . 1st edition. Report-Verlag, 2006, ISBN 3-932385-24-1 .
- Jörg-Michael Hormann: The Bundeswehr and their uniforms. 30 years of clothing history . Podzun-Pallas, 1987, ISBN 3-7909-0297-7 .
- Lothar Schuster: The equipment required for members of the Bundeswehr from 1955 to 2010 . 1st edition. Zeughausverlag, 2010, ISBN 3-938447-47-8 .
- ↑ a b c Note: The Bundeswehr describes all soldiers who wear the uniform of the respective armed forces as army or air force or naval uniform wearers. The term also includes soldiers outside the three armed forces, the army , air force and navy , for example soldiers in the armed forces base or in the Federal Ministry of Defense , cf. Training as reserve officer candidate in military service. Federal Office for Personnel Management of the Bundeswehr (BAPersBw) - The President, March 13, 2014, accessed on March 26, 2014 . However, the ZDv 37/10 was not yet adapted to these new terms. If the ZDv 37/10 made provisions on the uniform of the army, air force or navy, then it meant all army, air force and naval uniforms equally. The central guideline A2-2630 / 0-0-5 “Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr”, which updates ZDv 37/10, now differentiates between army, air force and naval uniforms. However, the new terms are not yet appropriately anchored in every law, ordinance, directive or technical delivery condition.
- ↑ According to TL 8455-0128, both terms are permissible and are also used interchangeably in the following. In the strict etymological sense, the troop badge badges are a subset of the beret badges, namely those that are peculiar to a military type . However, if, for example, an association that is made up of several branches of the armed forces wears a badge that is unique to the unit, then one should consistently speak of a beret badge but in no way a branch of the armed forces badge.
- ↑ Similar informal modifications of the berets can be found in many branches of service and sub-units. In the paratrooper troops , the troop branch badge is sometimes deposited with the olive-green fabric of the T-10 automatic jump parachute if the wearer has jump experience. For freefallers, the light blue fabric of the former MT-1 free-fall jump parachute is used instead. In the pioneer troops of the Bundeswehr, the symbol in the color of the weapon is sometimes the informal symbol for soldiers who have carried out explosions . Other branches of service - such as B. often observed in the army reconnaissance and tank troops - dress the beret with an inner lining in weapon color. In Bavaria, it is common for some units to replace the inner lining with one in the Bavarian diamond pattern . In the tank troops, as a sign of successful gunner or tank crew with good results on the firing range, the pipes of the tank in the beret badge are bent down. All of the modifications described are contrary to ZDV 37/10, but are often tolerated.
- ↑ ZDv 37/10 makes no statement about the headgear of the big band of the Bundeswehr . Most of the band members wear the uniform of the Air Force or Navy anyway. The big band rarely appears in army uniform, but then mostly in army dress suits. In practice, the big band usually performs without headgear anyway. It is not known whether a beret should also be included in the equipment.
- ↑ a b cf. below the regulation for the equipment target marine-land
- ↑ cf. the regulations on the navy blue beret for officers and officer candidates in training
- ↑ a b c d cf. the regulations on the navy blue beret for female air force uniform wearers in the careers of the medical service , [as well as] the military music service
- ↑ a b The priority regulations, which are only implicitly inferred in ZDv 37/10, do not unambiguously regulate every special case. If in doubt, the supervisor orders a headgear. Most of the time, however, this is also unnecessary, since soldiers are only given a beret and a beret badge when they are dressed.
- ↑ Example: pioneers who usually wear coral red berets wear the light blue beret of the UN troops during a blue helmet mission.
- ↑ Examples: A candidate officer also wears the navy blue beret during training at the Army Officer School or at a university of the German Armed Forces, as he did during his time in an officer training battalion.
- ↑ a b Whether candidate officer during an internship is considered to be "transferred to the troop service" and therefore the provisions on how to carry it apply to all other soldiers - that is, the candidate officer receives a black beret during an internship in a tank battalion (see case 5 below) - is not clear from the ZDv 37/10.
- ↑ The ZDv 37/10 is not clear here whether this also applies to medical officer candidates . In accordance with ZDv 37/10 and for reasons of uniformity, medical officer candidates, as described above, also wear navy blue berets like the other officer candidates and officers until they have completed their training.
- ↑ Examples: A medical officer in a tank grenadier battalion wears the cobalt blue beret. When switching to an airborne brigade, he receives the burgundy red beret.
- ↑ Note: Due to the relocation of the medical forces to the Central Medical Service of the Bundeswehr and the integration of most of the army pilots into the Rapid Forces division, very few medical soldiers remained in the army who serve outside the Rapid Forces division and therefore continue to wear the cobalt blue beret.
- ↑ Examples: Members of the Fast Forces Division always wear the burgundy beret. Members of the officer candidate battalions and the Franco-German brigade as well as combat swimmers always wear navy blue berets.
- ↑ a b This includes (independent) platoons and companies .
- ↑ a b Command support regiments were decommissioned. This also applies mutatis mutandis to the command support battalions of the command support command of the Bundeswehr , formerly subordinate to the command support regiments , to which the bulk of the tasks of the disbanded command support regiments were transferred directly. But the majority of the soldiers of command support battalions contributes whether they belonged to or coming from the Signal Corps , the coral berets Signal Corps.
- ↑ a b The determination of the type of troop assigned to the unit and thus the assigned color of the beret is easy in practice, since most of these units consist almost exclusively of military uniforms and commanders of only one type of service and the units are designated accordingly. Otherwise, the troop type can usually be clearly read from the weapon color of the flag ribbon of the troop flag , cf. Order on the foundation of troop flags for the Bundeswehr of September 18, 1964 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 817). (PDF) The Federal President , the Federal Chancellor , the Federal Minister of Defense , September 18, 1964, accessed on June 21, 2014 (abbreviation: BwFahnAnO).
- ↑ a b In practice, especially in the sometimes inhomogeneously composed units of the armed forces, in operational companies , in the case of only short-term submission (e.g. as an instructor in basic training or for military exercises ), in staff companies or in supplementary troop units, the ZDv 37 / 10 required uniformity of color is often not consistently implemented. (This applies accordingly to the uniformity of the beret badges.)
- ↑ Examples: An artillery officer in the Army Command wears a coral-red beret, while a sergeant-major of the Panzergrenadier troops also serving there wears a green beret.
- ↑ List in the wording of ZDv 37/10.
- ↑ In the sense of ZDv 37/10 the army uniform wearers in the guard battalion BMVg are meant, which correctly do not belong to the army , but to the armed forces base.
- ↑ a b In the sense of ZDv 37/10, this also includes the army centers responsible for training and further development . The officer candidate battalions that are organizationally subordinate to the training facilities are excluded , where mountain hunters wear the blue beret with the badge of the hunter's troops without additional edelweiss instead of the mountain hat.
- ↑ a b in the sense of ZDv 37/10 probably also subordinate troops
- ↑ a b This refers to so-called staff departments at the integrated NATO level , i. H. Personnel who are deployed in so-called integrated use. The abbreviation “J” is used for relevant staff departments.
- ↑ Overall, therefore, only a few mountain hunters wear the green beret instead of a mountain hat. Even those mountain hunters who are covered by this definition often serve in units for which uniformly different-colored berets are provided. This is the case, for example, when mountain troops serve in one of the officer candidate battalions (and thus wear a navy blue beret with the badge of the hunter troop) or are integrated into a unit up to battalion or regiment level (where uniform - often not green - berets are provided) or assigned to the Rapid Forces division (where the burgundy beret is worn uniformly). A conceivable wearer of a green beret is, for example , the officer of the mountain troop who has been transferred to the divisional headquarters of the 10th Panzer Division . Another possible case would be an officer in the mountain troops appointed as a military attaché . This regulation is often ignored and the mountain hunter, for example, continues to wear the mountain cap with the edelweiss when used in the division staff.
- ↑ Military Music Corps I reorganized under the name Heeresmusikkorps Neubrandenburg . In accordance with ZDv 37/10, the Heeresmusikkorps Neubrandenburg continues the tradition of the green berets of the Military Music Corps I.
↑ a b c d e According to ZDv 37/10 soldiers of the music corps subordinate to the divisions [...] wear the beret in the division-specific colors. With the complete incorporation of all music corps into the armed forces base, the divisions are no longer subordinate to music corps. In accordance with ZDv 37/10, music corps that have switched from the army to the base of the armed forces continue to use their previous beret color, which is based on their last division membership. "Division-specific color" means black in armored divisions, burgundy in airborne divisions and airmobile divisions, green in other infantry and armored infantry divisions. In detail, the following beret colors result for the remaining music corps:
- Army Music Corps Hanover : Black, because formerly as Army Music Corps 1 part of the 1st Panzer Division
- Army Music Corps Kassel : Green, because formerly as Army Music Corps 2 it was part of the 13th Panzer Grenadier Division
- Heeresmusikkorps Ulm : Black, because formerly as Army Music Corps 10 part of the 12th Panzer Division
- Army Music Corps Veitshöchheim : Bordeaux red, because formerly as Army Music Corps 12 part of the Air Moving Operations division . (The Air Mobile Operations division consisted of soldiers of the Army Aviation Troops, who wore burgundy berets)
- Army Music Corps Koblenz : Bordeaux red, because it was formerly part of the Special Operations Division as Army Music Corps 300
- ↑ a b Whether the ZDv 37/10 to the wording of only the members of the Special Forces Command said, or possibly soldiers of the branch of service including special forces, it is not apparent from the ZDv 37/10. It is conceivable that soldiers who have been transferred from the Special Forces Command to other units will continue to wear their beret badges and / or berets. This is particularly conceivable for soldiers who have already started their training to become command sergeants when they joined the Bundeswehr and have therefore never counted themselves as special forces in any other type of service and therefore cannot (re-) accept their "original" or previous service category. For example, soldiers transferred from the special forces command who serve in the special operations department of the Bundeswehr command and control command and perform tasks there similar to the formerly independent command of special forces operations continue to wear the burgundy beret with the upright broadsword. If this is not the case, the ZDv 37/10 does not provide any information as to which beret and beret badge these soldiers are wearing instead.
- ↑ Even without this explicit mention, members of the Special Forces Command would wear the burgundy red beret because they belong to the Rapid Forces Division .
- ↑ ZDv 37/10 obsolete because the Special Operations Division is no longer applicable. In terms of ZDv 37/10, it can be assumed that members of the Rapid Forces Division, which is largely made up of the Rapid Forces division and the Army Aviation Troops, will continue the tradition of the division, which is uniformly equipped with burgundy berets.
- ↑ Already and in the future fall under the rules for the Rapid Forces Division (former Special Operations Division)
- ^ The army anti-aircraft troops mentioned in ZDv 37/10 have been disbanded.
- ↑ a b The topography troop has been dissolved as a type of troop . In the sense of ZDv 37/10, army uniforms or troop units that originate from the earlier topography troops continue to wear the proven coral red beret with the beret badge showing the globe and compass . Essentially, these are the majority of those wearing army uniforms at the Bundeswehr Center for Geographic Information . See especially photos from Stephan Albrecht: New troop flag for the Center for Geoinformation. In: streitkraeftebasis.de. Federal Ministry of Defense , Head of the Press and Information Staff , Press and Information Center of the Armed Forces Base , March 27, 2014, accessed on June 21, 2014 . See also the comments on the color of weapons in the section on weapon color (Bundeswehr) .
- ↑ a b In the sense of ZDv 37/10, the telecommunications force EloKa , which is sometimes counted as an independent troop, is included. So these are essentially the troops or soldiers who come from the army's EloKa telecommunications force. Essentially, these are the majority of army uniforms in the electronic warfare battalions, cf. for example photos at Bataillon Electronic Warfare 932 : Change of command at Bataillon Electronic Warfare 932. In: streitkraeftebasis.de. Federal Ministry of Defense , the Head of the Press and Information Staff , Press and Information Center of the Armed Forces Base , November 13, 2013, accessed on June 21, 2014 .
- ↑ In the ZDv 37/10 the supply and repair troops are listed separately. In the sense of ZDv 37/10, this includes all soldiers of the army logistics troops as well as the army uniforms of the logistics troops of all organizational areas, especially in the armed forces base .
- ↑ a b Troop meanwhile describes itself as a troop for operational communication. In accordance with ZDv 37/10, she takes over the beret and beret badge of the previous troop for operational information. The troops are no longer planned as a separate branch of the army. In the sense of ZDv 37/10, this refers to soldiers or troop units who come from the former Troops for Operational Information of the Army, i.e. essentially the army uniform wearers of the Center for Operative Communication of the Bundeswehr , cf. photos at stp: Bundeswehr opens a new chapter. (No longer available online.) In: Wochenspiegel. Weiss-Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, December 13, 2013, archived from the original on February 23, 2014 ; accessed on June 21, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ a b With regard to headgear, the ZDv 37/10 deals with the medical service in the narrower sense, which mainly consists of the army uniforms in the Central Medical Service of the Federal Armed Forces , and the medical services designated in the Army as Medical Service Army (in the ZDv 37/10 at the description of the beret colors is referred to as "medical service") uniformly. In the sense of ZDv 37/10, however, this does not include those wearing army uniforms in the military music service , which in peacetime de facto forms a separate military category and whose soldiers receive medical training only in the event of a defense.
- ↑ ZDv 37/10 only applies to German soldiers in the Franco-German Brigade . The French also ordered dark blue berets for the French brigade members.
- ↑ This includes all army uniform wearers of the officer's career up to completion of their training and their first use in the troops. As a rule, the soldiers already hold an officer rank at the end of their training.
- ↑ The officer candidates to be trained in the officer candidate battalions have already been mentioned explicitly; ZDv 37/10 means here above all the trainers and / or the permanent staff of the officer candidate battalions.
- ↑ In the sense of ZDv 37/10, the air force uniform wearers in the guard battalion BMVg are meant, which correctly do not belong to the air force , but to the armed forces base.
- ↑ In the sense of ZDv 37/10, this refers to the soldiers of the application series 76 - naval protection forces, formerly coastal security service, marine security service , who today mainly serve in the sea battalion . This also includes the naval uniform wearers in the guard battalion BMVg .
- ↑ For the purposes of ZDv 37/10, this refers to the soldiers in the series 34 and 37 (34: combat swimmers ; 37: mine divers ), who used to be grouped together in the weapon diving group and now mainly serve in the sea battalion and in the special forces command of the navy .
- ↑ These are predominantly regular soldiers of the naval non-commissioned officer school, predominantly naval uniform wearers who are on land duty in the application series 61 staff service (in particular 6110) and 63 material management (in particular 6310) and 73 motor service , cf. on this, the comments under → “Beret of the naval protection forces” .
- ↑ Reclassified to Tactical Air Force Wing 33 . In accordance with ZDv 37/10, the designated forces continue to wear the navy blue beret, even under a new designation.
- ↑ Example: reservists
- ↑ ZDv 37/10 stipulates that women wearing air force uniforms in the careers of the medical service and the military music service receive a beret. The beret color is not explicitly specified. In the interests of uniformity within the armed forces and since the ZDv 37/10 in connection with the air force uniform in the area of property protection and the BMVg guard battalion always only mentions the dark blue beret, it can be assumed that the beret color is also navy blue for the designated female air force uniform wearers.
- ↑ ZDv 37/10 makes no statement about this. In practice, however, the German contingents assigned to the United Nations wear the light blue berets with the beret badge of the UN blue helmets during deployment and in preparation for deployment . This applies to both army and air forces and naval uniforms.
- ↑ In the then valid ZDv 37/10, the armored troop also includes the armored infantry troop
- ↑ Soldiers who do not wear the beret do not wear a beret or military branch badge.
- ↑ a b Navy uniform wearers uniformly wear the same beret badge.
- ↑ D. h. all soldiers who wear the light blue beret of the UN troops wear the corresponding beret badge of the UN.
- ↑ Examples: Members of the Franco-German Brigade always wear the beret badge with the Franco-German tricolor . Soldiers in the cyber and information space wear the beret badge intended for this area, regardless of their "actual" military type. Members of the navy usually wear the golden beret badge with the anchor (unless special forces of the navy). Air force and army uniforms of the Guard Battalion BMVg wear the beret badge with the "W". In the (unlikely) case, which beret badge female air force uniform wearers of the medical or music career in the guard battalion BMVg have to wear, the ZDv 37/10 does not give priority regulation.
- ↑ a b c The formerly independent repair troops and supply troops have merged into the army logistics troops . In the armed forces base, this type of service has since been known as the logistics force . The ZDv 37/10 provides for the continuation of the previous beret badges, so that soldiers or troop units who come from the former repair troops and / or primarily perform maintenance tasks (for example the repair company in a supply or logistics battalion) wear the beret badge with the field mark whereas supply forces (including the troops formerly known as transport companies or battalions) wear the beret badges with the cadastral and wheel.
- ↑ Soldiers in an officer candidate battalion wear the same beret color but their “personal” military branch badge
- ↑ With regard to the beret badge, the ZDv 37/10 is less clear compared to the definition of the beret color. In terms of the uniformity generally striven for by ZDv 37/10 and in practice, all soldiers in a company or a battalion etc. wear the same beret badge, regardless of the type of service the individual soldier feels connected to or where he was trained. Example: an officer of the mountain troops who has been transferred from a mountain infantry battalion to a tank battalion and trained at the infantry school and the mountain and winter combat school, wears the black beret and the beret badge with the battle tank in the tank battalion .
- ↑ Examples: An artillery officer in the Army Command wears the beret badge with the crossed pipes , while a sergeant of the armored infantry also serving there wears the troop badge with the armored personnel carrier and crossed rifles.
- ↑ a b c cf. also the notes on the troop badge of the hunter troop .
- ↑ According to TL 8455-0128 and the illustration in ZDv 37/10, the colors white ( or heraldic silver ) and black in the pennants are reproduced in heraldic colors (i.e. by means of hatching).
- ↑ a b c d e f g On the symbolism of crossed weapons: cf. the explanation of the troop badge of the Panzer Grenadier troops .
- ↑ cf. the infantry assault badge with a carbine 98 , the assault badge , the knight's cross with swords , the wounded badge , the close combat clasp of the army, the close combat clasp of the air force .
- ↑ Contrary to the provisions of ZDv 37/10, according to which only members of the paratrooper troops should wear the beret badge with the falling eagle, in practice the members of the airborne brigades usually also wear this beret badge regardless of their type of service.
- ↑ See also, for example, the badge on the army's peaked caps .
- ↑ Cicero wrote about justice among other things : Justitia in suo cuique tribuento cernitur , German : “ One recognizes justice by the fact that it gives everyone his own.” Freely interpreted, justice is characterized by the fact that a person has no other respect for the person receives fair treatment (punishment, judgment) solely on the basis of that person's personal conduct. In the oath of office of the Federal Republic of Germany, this idea is taken up as “exercising justice against everyone”.
- ↑ The figure in the ZDv 37/10 by not here Gothic font meant, but rather Gothic script .
- ↑ The basic form of the regimental markings on the Wehrmacht shoulder boards is described in → Wehrmacht ranks.
- ↑ Note: The navy uniform wearers in the guard battalion wear - when they wear berets - the dark blue beret with the beret badge of the naval security, cf. below.
- ↑ The ZDv 37/10 does not contain a pictorial or textual description of the beret badge for the Luftwaffe soldiers outside the BMVg guard battalion , but results from TL 8455-0128.
- ↑ This group of air force uniform wearers wearing berets is small compared to the total number of air force uniform wearers and results from the wearing regulations for the navy blue beret set out in ZDv 37/10 (cf. the comments in the → "Beret color" chapter ).
- ↑ In heraldry, an expression for a branch made of oak leaves . Alternatively, it can also be referred to as an oak tree.
- ↑ Hunters of earlier German armed forces, for example the Prussian volunteer hunters , often wore golden buttons or gold-colored helmet decorations with their mostly hunter-green uniform.
- ↑ This group of mountain hunters wearing berets is small and results from the wearing regulations for the mountain hat set out in ZDv 37/10 (cf. chapter → "Headgear of the mountain troops" ) or from the wearing regulations for the navy blue and green beret (cf. . the comments in the chapter → "Beret color" ).
- ↑ In terms of ZDv 37/10, a clear anchor is an anchor that, in contrast to the unclear anchor, has no anchor chain or rope attached to the anchor shackle.
- ↑ In the sense of ZDv 37/10 all naval uniform wearers with berets are meant. This group of navy uniform wearers wearing berets is small compared to the total number of navy uniform wearers and results from the wearing regulations for the navy blue beret shown in ZDv 37/10 (cf. the comments in the → "Beret color" chapter ).
- ↑ Most of the soldiers of the field intelligence troops could last from the soldiers of the tank reconnaissance troops with the same beret and weapon color externally only by the internal association badge (worn as sleeve badge or tag) of the field intelligence center of the Bundeswehr .
- ↑ In practice, this ZDv 37/10-adverse beret badge stayed with the troops for a particularly long time. The beret badge was often worn, especially in Fernspählehrkompanie 200 , possibly until the company was disbanded. This is favored by the fact that the beret badge is very similar to the troop badge of the paratrooper troops and there are only a few tele-scouts, so that it hardly "stands out negatively" in an environment shaped by the beret badge of the paratrooper troops.
- ↑ This is an early model of the Jaguar 1 tank destroyer . The later noticeably large viewing head for retrofitting a thermal imaging camera , a goniometer and other optical instruments changed the silhouette significantly.
- ↑ See also the English Wikipedia articles Black beret and Royal Tank Regiment .
- ↑ See Maroon beret in the English language Wikipedia
- ↑ The guard battalion was part of the territorial army at the time . In terms of service, all soldiers were part of the army. The terms army, air force and naval uniforms were not used at that time, so instead one spoke of army, air force and marine soldiers in the guard battalion BMVg. In fact, at the beginning of the guard battalion, the deployed air force and naval companies were only “ceded” contingents by the two branches of the army to the guard battalion of the army (for a short time), which were firmly anchored in the air force and navy.
- ↑ a b c The latter groups wear the beret with the beret badge of their military type and also the edelweiss attached near the military branch badge in these troops.
- ↑ Installation of Mountain Tank Battalion 8 planned for September 20, 2014 in Pfreimd . The battalion is in the line of tradition of the earlier Mountain Armored Battalion 8 in Kirchham . Contrary to the name, the Mountain Tank Battalion 8 is a "regular" tank battalion without any special qualifications for mountain warfare . The battalion is partially active , so only two companies are actively in service. Organizationally, these two companies are subordinate to tank battalions 104 and 393 , who wear neither mountain hats nor edelweiss. However, the active soldiers and reservists of the 8th Mountain Tank Battalion will still wear the edelweiss on their black berets in addition to their troop badge.
- ↑ a b c d e f g The Federal President (Ed.): Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and the uniform of the soldiers . BPresUnifAnO. July 14, 1978 ( gesetze-im-internet.de [PDF] Order of the Federal President on the rank designations and uniforms of soldiers from July 14, 1978 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1067 ), last amended by Article 1 of the order of 31. May 1996 ( BGBl. I p. 746 ) has been changed).
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i Federal Ministry of Defense , ZInFü Abbot Law, Dez Gdlg RSO (Ed.): Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr. Central guideline A2-2630 / 0-0-5 . Bonn December 31, 2015 ( fragdenstaat.de [PDF; 8.4 MB ; accessed on April 6, 2016] identification number A2.2630005.1I).
↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm Delivery of the ZDv 37/10 with attachments. In: FragDenStaat.de . Open Knowledge Foundation Germany , April 13, 2014, accessed on August 4, 2014 (request in accordance with IFG / UIG / VIG . The BMVg's response includes ZDv 37/10 as of January 27, 2014 and additions 01 / - and 02 / 2014). In detail:
- Hartmut Bagger , Headquarters of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense , SKA DvZentraleBw (Ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . July 1996. Reprint from October 2008. DSK F110100003. Bonn , Euskirchen January 27, 2014, p. 293 ( fragdenstaat.de [PDF; 3.1 MB ; accessed on August 4, 2014] Reprint October 2008 replaces first edition from July 1996; last changed on January 27, 2014 (change no. 7) by SKA DvZentraleBw).
- Inner Guidance Center . Department of Law and Military Order (Ed.): Supplement / amendment 01/2014 to ZDv 37/10 . Koblenz January 28, 2014, p. 16 ( fragdenstaat.de [PDF; 3.1 MB ; accessed on August 4, 2014]).
- Inner Guidance Center . Department of Law and Military Order (Ed.): Addition / amendment 02/2014 to ZDv 37/10 . Koblenz April 28, 2014, p. 30 ( fragdenstaat.de [PDF; 3.1 MB ; accessed on August 4, 2014]).
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Technical delivery conditions. Berets (TL 8405-0131). (PDF) Federal Office for Equipment, Information Technology and Use of the Bundeswehr , January 15, 2014, accessed on June 21, 2014 .
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i Technical delivery conditions. Beret badge (military branch badge) (TL 8455-0128). (PDF) (No longer available online.) Federal Office for Defense Technology and Procurement , September 19, 2007, archived from the original on August 13, 2014 ; accessed on August 5, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l Wolfgang Schmid: Black - the armored beret. (No longer available online.) In: www.pzaufkl.de. Wolfgang Schmid, November 5, 2005, archived from the original on August 13, 2014 ; accessed on August 5, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ a b color field calculated from the CIE-Lab color values of the TL 8405-0131 and subsequent conversion into Wikipedia suitable hex RGB color values using a color converter. In: WorkWithColor.com. Retrieved August 5, 2014 .
- ^ Establishment of the CIR Command: A milestone in German security and defense policy. Bundeswehr, April 5, 2017, accessed on May 14, 2017 .
- ↑ a b cf. Timeline of the Panzerjägerkompanie 360, Külsheim 01.02.1957 - 30.09.1996. (PDF) Traditional association of former members of the Külsheim e. V., accessed on June 22, 2014 .
- ↑ a b cf. Panzerjägerkompanie 10th CV. Events in 1977. Retrieved June 22, 2014 .
- ↑ a b cf. History of the Panzerjägerkompanie 40. (No longer available online.) Former comradeship of the Panzerjägerkompanie 40, archived from the original on October 20, 2013 ; Retrieved June 22, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Hartmut Bagger , Command Staff of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense (ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . July 1996. DSK FF110100003. Bonn July 17, 2003, p. 311 ( rk-suedeifel.de [PDF] With all changes by July 17, 2003, most recently on July 17, 2003 the "Advance amendment on instruction BMVg Fü S I 3 due to the changed assessment provisions ").
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r cf. in particular the illustration of the metal pins at Wilhelm Volrad von Rauchhaupt: from colorful skirt to colorful tie . In: Der Spiegel . No. 25 , 1956 ( online ).
- ↑ a b badge. Prussian symbolism . In: Der Spiegel . No. 52 , 1955, pp. 14 ( online ).
- ↑ cf. Franco-German Army Aviation Training Center. Meaning of the association badge. (No longer available online.) Ministère de la Défense , 2008, archived from the original on August 14, 2014 ; Retrieved August 12, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ DIN 66001 - Symbols for data flow and program flow charts. (PDF; 1.2 MB) Technical standards committee for information processing (FNI) in the German standards committee (DNA) , September 1966, accessed on August 12, 2014 .
- ↑ Holger W. Volk: Feldjäger - The German military police. (No longer available online.) In: Swissmotor online. Bildpress Zuerich BPZ, Ruedi Baumann, archived from the original on January 20, 2015 ; accessed on April 19, 2019 .
- ↑ Wolfgang Stribrny : Christianity and Enlightenment. In: The Ostpreußenblatt . Landsmannschaft Ostpreußen e. V. , February 1, 2001, accessed on August 12, 2014 (from a lecture).
- ^ D. Clausen: Security policy information event on February 3, 2017. Cyber security in the Bundeswehr. (PDF) March 2, 2017, accessed September 27, 2017 .
- ↑ a b Thomas Gödt: In the square of the protocol-related honor . In: Wachbataillon bei BMVg (Hrsg.): 55 years Wachbataillon BMVg . Berlin, S. 115 f . ( issuu.com [accessed August 14, 2014] Festschrift).
- ↑ a b c d The protocol Ken. The equipment of the protocol soldier . In: 5th / Wachbataillon bei BMVg (Hrsg.): Festschrift 50 years 5th Company Wachbataillon at the Federal Ministry of Defense . Berlin 2009, p. 54 ff . ( issuu.com [accessed August 14, 2014]).
- ↑ a b cf. Figure in uniforms of the army. Field blouse M 42. (No longer available online.) In: Lexikon der Wehrmacht. Andreas Altenburger, formerly in the original ; accessed on August 14, 2014 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ a b c Badge of the hunter troops. In: www.wehrmacht-lexikon.de . Michael Maack, 2007, accessed August 12, 2014 .
- ↑ cf. Official and semi-official army hat badges. (No longer available online.) In: Lexikon der Wehrmacht. Andreas Altenburger, formerly in the original ; accessed on August 14, 2014 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ The design of the United Nations beret badge is the sovereignty of the United Nations. The ZDv 37/10 or the Bundeswehr cannot (and does not) make any provisions on this. For the emblem of the United Nations, see declaration and linked documents at UN Flag and Emblem. United Nations, Department of Public Information Dag Hammarskjöld Library, accessed on August 8, 2014 (English, The emblem is described there as follows: “a map of the world representing an azimuthal equidistant projection centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree, in gold on a field of smoke-blue with all water areas in white. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circle "). Note in particular the Official seal and emblem of the United Nations. (PDF) (No longer available online.) United Nations, December 7, 1946, archived from the original on January 20, 2015 ; Retrieved August 8, 2014 (English, resolution 92 (I) by the General Assembly at the 50th plenary session in Lake Success, New York, December 7, 1946). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. As a guide to the specific design for berets, cf. Results 1 - 18 of 376 for “Blue Berets”. In: United Nations: News and Media. Multimedia . United Nations, Multimedia Resources Unit, accessed August 8, 2014 (English, search results for "Blue Berets"). Pay particular attention to Jean-Marc Ferré: UNOG Observes Peacekeepers Day (Photo # 552153). UN Photo, May 30, 2013, accessed August 8, 2014 .
- ↑ a b c d The coat of arms of the tank battalion 314. In: Das PzBtl. 314 of the Panzer Grenadier Brigade 31 "Oldenburgische". Chronicle of the Tank Battalion 314 1961–1992 . Achim Trommen, June 2014, accessed on August 15, 2014 (with image of the early beret badge of the armored troop).
- ↑ cf. Jaguar rocket tank destroyer 1. In: Panzer Modellbau - The German side for 1:35 military models . Retrieved August 12, 2014 .
- ↑ Laurent Mirouze: Infantrymen of the First World War . Verlag Karl-Heinz Dissberger, Düsseldorf 1990, ISBN 3-924753-28-8 , p. 28 .
- ^ A Short History of the Use of Berets in the US Army. (No longer available online.) In: www.army.mil. United States Army , archived from the original on October 1, 2014 ; Retrieved on September 27, 2014 (English, The often told Fama that Bordeaux red is the result of a blood-soaked headgear, is unproven. Frederick Browning's wife Daphne du Maurier probably chose the color for fashion reasons, but otherwise without any particular reason.). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ The increasingly colorful skirt . In: Der Spiegel . No. 12 , 1981, p. 68 ( online ).
- ↑ Stephan Schäfer: As a green man in the blue uniform - with a happy smile ... In: 3rd / Wachbataillon bei BMVg (Ed.): 50 years 3rd / Wachbataillon bei Bundesministerium der Defense . Berlin, S. 36 ( issuu.com [accessed August 14, 2014] Festschrift).
- ↑ cf. also Photo Kringel: German engagement in UN peacekeeping missions. In: Flickr . Bundeswehr, Permanent Mission of Germany to the United Nations (Flickr: GermanyUN ), accessed on August 5, 2014 ( United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC) / United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC): German soldiers in Phnom Penh ).
- ↑ a b The Panzerjäger troop. 1955-1996. In: http://www.panzerjaegerkompanie210.de/ . Matthias Führ, Panzerjägerkompanie 21, June 30, 2009, accessed on August 10, 2014 .
- ^ History. Eurocorps, 2013, accessed on August 12, 2014 (English, direct link not technically possible, navigate to the “History” subpage).
- ↑ exact introduction date cannot be proven, cf. but the change between ZDv 37/10 as of 2003 and the revised reprint in 2008 (note the individual references listed).
- ↑ a b Hartmut Bagger , Command Staff of the Armed Forces I 3, Federal Ministry of Defense (Ed.): ZDv 37/10. Suit regulations for soldiers in the Bundeswehr . July 1996. Reprint from October 2008. DSK F110100003. Bonn February 4, 2010, p. 294 (reprint October 2008 replaces first edition from July 1996; last changed on February 4, 2010 by SKA III ). dmb-lv-westfalen.de ( Memento from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF), accessed on April 19, 2019
- ^ History. Federal Ministry of Defense , the head of the press and information staff , June 16, 2014, accessed on August 14, 2014 .
- ↑ exact date of change cannot be proven, cf. but the change between ZDv 37/10 as of 2003 and the revised reprint in 2008 (note the individual references listed).
- ^ Press office Panzerbrigade 12 : Reservists wanted to reorganize the 8th Mountain Tank Battalion. Federal Ministry of Defense , head of the press and information staff , July 31, 2014, accessed on August 19, 2014 .