Command of the Bundeswehr

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Operations Command of the Bundeswehr
- EinsFüKdoBw -

Internal association badge (coat of arms)

Internal association badge (coat of arms)
Lineup July 1, 2001
Country GermanyGermany Germany
Armed forces Logo Bundeswehr armed forces
Type Higher command authority
Subordinate troops

Logo C-IED Center C-IED

Strength 840
Insinuation BMVg General Inspector of the Bundeswehr
Stationing place Coat of arms Geltow4.gif Geltow , Brandenburg
Web presence EinsFüKdoBw
Commander Lieutenant General Erich Pfeffer
Deputy Commander Flotilla Admiral Jörg Klein
Chief of Staff Brigadier General Burkhard Kollmann

The Bundeswehr Operations Command ( EinsFüKdoBw ) in Geltow near Potsdam is a higher command authority, which is directly subordinate to the Federal Ministry of Defense and has been directly subordinate to the Inspector General of the Bundeswehr since April 1, 2012 and which plans and leads all foreign missions of the Bundeswehr military.


All deployments by German armed forces - whether in a national or multinational framework - are generally planned and managed by the operational command. The term “planning” means that the military mission and the necessary forces and resources are coordinated. Behind the term “leadership” stands above all the uniform responsibility for the personnel and the material in the respective area of ​​operation. The command and control command is thus the operational management level of the Bundeswehr and is the only service point to issue national instructions to the leaders of the contingents in the deployment areas. These usually receive their orders from multinational headquarters. The operational command ensures that German forces are deployed in accordance with their mandate and that the legal norms of the Federal Republic of Germany are not violated. The commander of the Bundeswehr Operations Command is responsible to the Bundeswehr Inspector General for the management of the forces subordinate to him.


Due to the changed security and military policy requirements for the Bundeswehr, the central element for command from a single source was created with the establishment of the operational command on July 1, 2001. The staff of the disbanded IV Corps under the leadership of Brigadier General Bernd Hogrefe was used to build it up. A few weeks after it was set up, the operational command had its first major challenge due to the terrorist attacks of September 11th: As part of the international fight against terrorism, Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), the international protection force for Afghanistan, the command was given the command of the German contingents.

In 2005, a strategic headquarters (Operation Headquarters, OHQ) was set up in Geltow for operations of the European Union to conduct military crisis management operations, which was used during Operation EUFOR RD Congo from July to November 2006 to secure the presidential, parliamentary and provincial elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo had been activated. In 2009 this task was handed over to today's Multinational Command Operative Management in Ulm. If necessary, this command uses the fixed operations center (OPZ) of EinsFüKdoBw with its technical infrastructure for communication and information.

With the realignment of the Bundeswehr and the Dresden Decree , in April 2012 the operational command and its staff and telecommunications battalion were also subordinated to the Inspector General of the Bundeswehr (until then, these were subordinate to the Inspector of the Armed Forces Base). And two more operational capabilities have been integrated. The special forces operations command, which was already in place on site, was incorporated as a new special operations department in April 2012 and assigned to the direct command of the commander. The newly created Counter- Improvised Explosive Devices (C-IED) center has been under the control of EinsFüKdoBw since February 2012 . In its new structure, the personnel of the command included around 840 soldiers and civilian employees. On May 11, 2017, the staff and communications battalion was disbanded. Its tasks and staff were partly taken over by the newly established headquarters.

Management structure

The EinsFüKdoBw is a mixed and cross- armed staff consisting of the army , air force , navy , armed forces base , medical service and administration.

In order to accelerate decision-making processes and to adapt to the continuously changing operational requirements, the concept of operational groups has been established, which are combined in the operational coordination department. The basic idea is to bundle the task fields of operational planning, management and evaluation for one operational area in organizational terms.

The command with the commander at the head is u. a. an advisory group from the areas of politics, law, controlling, press, medical service, intercultural work and administrative data protection directly assigned.

Chain of command

Chain of command diagram

The national chain of command of the armed forces forces is divided into the strategic, the operational and the tactical level . At the top of this chain of command is the Federal Minister of Defense on the strategic level with the parliamentary mandate . The General Inspector of the Bundeswehr reports directly to this . The operational level forms the operational command. In the staff of the command, the specifications from political decisions are implemented in military orders, orders and instructions. The management of the various contingents forms the tactical level.

On the tactical level, there are usually other higher-level commanders, as the Bundeswehr mostly operates in a multinational framework and the deployment contingents are therefore subordinated to the corresponding deployment headquarters of NATO , the EU or the United Nations .


Diagram of the internal structure as of 2007
Internal coat of arms of the Center for Counter-Improvised Explosive Devices in Gelsdorf.
Structure of the Bundeswehr Operations Command (2012)

The internal structure of the command is based on the model of multinational staff. At its head is the commander, with his deputy and the chief of staff . The "leadership" is supported by experts in the areas of legal advice, press work and controlling.

The individual staff departments are abbreviated with a letter and a number, as with the staff of the Bundeswehr. When Operations Command, the symbol "J" (1-9 and J Med) are used to on the principle of community (Engl. "Joint ness") to refer because joint forces across working. The ten departments are:

With the exception of the command's own CounterIED center for determining, evaluating and evaluating the IED threat in all areas of operation, there are no forces in Germany under the command of the Bundeswehr operations command . Rather, it leads the troops in the missions that are subordinate to it by other commands for the period of operation.


The command is housed in the Henning von Tresckow barracks in Geltow . The area belongs to Wildpark-West , a part of Geltow , today the municipality of Schwielowsee . The barracks including the Kurfürst bunker were built in 1935 as Luftwaffenschule III with the associated airfield in Werder. After the war, Soviet units initially used the property, and from 1956 it was transferred to the GDR's National People's Army. First an air defense school , in 1970 it became the command of the land forces of the National People's Army . When it was handed over to the Bundeswehr in 1990, the Army Command East was initially set up here, from which the Corps and Territorial Command East emerged on April 16, 1991 . In 1995 the 4th Corps Command was set up and the Bundeswehr Operations Command has had its headquarters here since summer 2001. The barracks was named on July 15, 1992 after Henning von Tresckow .

Forest of memory

In the forest area of ​​the property, the Forest of Remembrance was inaugurated on November 15, 2014 as a rebuilding of various honorary groves from countries of assignment, especially Afghanistan, and as a place of private memory for the bereaved.


Current missions abroad by the Bundeswehr

Map of foreign missions

NATO missions and operations :

European Union missions and operations :

United Nations Missions and Operations :

Completed missions under the leadership of the operational command

  • Kuwait
    • Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) - February 10, 2002 to June 2, 2003; Protection of the Kuwaiti population by a NBC defense contingent of 250 soldiers; Protection of the stationed coalition forces from terrorist or military attacks with weapons of mass destruction


As COM RC North, ISAF, Hans-Werner Fritz welcomes Chancellor Angela Merkel to Afghanistan, 2010
No. Surname Beginning of the appointment End of appointment
6th Lieutenant General Erich Pfeffer 4th November 2015 -
5 Lieutenant General Hans-Werner Fritz April 23, 2013 4th November 2015
4th Lieutenant General Rainer Glatz April 22, 2009 April 23, 2013
3 Lieutenant General Karlheinz Viereck March 16, 2006 April 22, 2009
2 Lieutenant General Holger Kammerhoff September 1, 2004 March 16, 2006
1 Lieutenant General Friedrich Riechmann July 1, 2001 September 1, 2004

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b The command and control command of the Bundeswehr. Bundeswehr, December 4, 2013, accessed on January 22, 2015 .
  2. Handover appeal April 2012. Accessed December 12, 2014 .
  3. The garrison town loses its last battalion. Bundeswehr, May 16, 2017, accessed October 1, 2017 .
  4. The Bundeswehr Operations Command. (PDF) Operational Command of the Bundeswehr PIZ, July 2016, pp. 24–34 , accessed on October 1, 2017 .
  5. Gelsdorf center helps ISAF troops. General-Anzeiger-Bonn, April 29, 2010, accessed on January 2, 2020 .
  6. Uwe Brammer: 15 years ago - Corps and Territorial Command East set up. (No longer available online.) In: if - Journal for Inner Leadership. Bundeswehr, December 4, 2013, archived from the original on March 24, 2016 ; Retrieved January 3, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /

Coordinates: 52 ° 23 ′ 11 ″  N , 12 ° 58 ′ 16 ″  E