Federal Office for Defense Technology and Procurement
Federal Office for Defense Technology and Procurement
|position||Upper Federal Authority (1958 to September 30, 2012)|
|Supervisory authority||Federal ministry of defense|
|Headquarters||Koblenz , Rhineland-Palatinate|
|Authority management||Harald Stein (as of 2012)|
|Servants||8,500 (as of 2012)|
The Federal Office for Defense Technology and Procurement ( BWB ) was a higher federal authority of the Federal Armed Forces administration from 1958 with its seat in Koblenz . It was subordinate to the Armaments Department in the Federal Ministry of Defense . The Federal Office for Information Management and Information Technology of the Bundeswehr (IT-AmtBw) emerged from part of this office . At the beginning of October 2012, both offices were merged with the newly established higher federal authority Federal Office for Equipment, Information Technology and Use of the Bundeswehr (BAAINBw) and are subordinate to the Equipment, Information Technology and Use Department in the Federal Ministry of Defense.
The BWB's task was to meet the direct and indirect needs of the armed forces. These included development, testing and procurement of defense materiel of all types, the change of defense materiel, the military technical standardization and the implementation of quality assurance and testing. With an annual procurement volume of around 3.7 billion euros, the BWB was the largest procurement authority in Germany.
The Armaments Department of the Federal Ministry of Defense, which was the head of the BWB at the time, dealt essentially with armaments planning, international armaments cooperation, armaments-related matters, defense-related research, technical supervision of armaments projects and controlling.
The BWB was part of the Federal Defense Administration according to Basic Law and thus not part of the armed forces according to Art. 87a of the Basic Law. The Federal Defense Administration and the armed forces make up the Bundeswehr. In contrast to the common practice in many other countries and the history of the German armed forces, this intends a strict organizational separation between the troops and the civilian employees of the defense administration, including the armaments sector .
Place of employment
The BWB was housed in the building of the former Prussian (district) government , the federal office on the banks of the Rhine , in the Koblenzer Hof , the Falckenstein barracks in Koblenz-Lützel, and the headquarters in the Koblenz district of Rauental .
Seven military technical departments (WTD) of the Bundeswehr were subordinate to the BWB :
- Defense technical department for vehicles and tanks (WTD 41) , Trier
- Defense Technical Office for Engineer and Troop Equipment (WTD 51), Koblenz
- Defense technical department for protection and special technology (WTD 52) , Oberjettenberg
- Defense Technical Service for Aircraft - Type Testing for Aviation Equipment of the Bundeswehr (WTD 61) , Manching
- Defense Technical Service for Ships and Naval Weapons, Maritime Technology and Research (WTD 71) , Eckernförde
- Defense Technical Center for Information Technology and Electronics (WTD 81 ), Greding
- Defense Technical Service for Weapons and Ammunition (WTD 91) , Meppen
In addition, he had two defense science departments, the Defense Science Institute for Protective Technologies - NBC Protection in Munster and the Defense Science Institute for Materials and Operating Materials in Erding , the Naval Arsenal with operations in Wilhelmshaven and Kiel, as well as quality test centers in Berlin, Bremen, Donauwörth, Dresden and Düsseldorf , Emden, Freiburg, Freisen, Hamburg, Heidelberg, Immenstaad, Kassel, Kiel, Koblenz, Cologne, London, Lübeck, Maintal, Manching, Munich, Nuremberg, Oberndorf, Ottobrunn, Ulm, Unterlüß, Unterschleißheim and u. a. the project area for command and weapon deployment systems (FüWES) assigned to the Navy (S6, formerly S09, IT III 5, FE VI 6) as a branch of the BWB in Wilhelmshaven.
Joint projects were supervised and processed via the German liaison office for the armaments sector for the USA and Canada in Reston . In addition, the Defense Technical Study Collection in Koblenz was assigned to him.
In the second electoral term of the German Bundestag in 1957, the Bundeswehr Procurement Office had an investigative committee in connection with armaments purchases. The panel ended its work without a final report.
In August 2010, Hans Heinrich Driftmann described the Bundeswehr as a "restructuring case". Driftmann is Vice-Chairman of the Expert Commission on Reforming the Bundeswehr and DIHK President; Before moving to business, he made a career in the Bundeswehr and in the Ministry of Defense.
The Federal Office for Defense Technology and Procurement (8500 employees) is much larger than the purchasing departments in large German companies. These handled comparable volumes with just ten percent of the staff. Driftmann saw the problems not only with the BWB: The Ministry of Defense could easily be cut in half; the command staff of the armed forces did not belong in the ministry.
In September 2010, the highest-ranking soldier in the Bundeswehr, Volker Wieker, sharply criticized the entire procurement process. In his "Report from the Inspector General of the Bundeswehr on the inspection order from the cabinet meeting", Wieker criticizes: "Splintered responsibilities, existing procedures and processes, outside influence and insufficient funding have been limiting the armed forces' scope for action for some time." All major armaments projects of the Bundeswehr, see above Wieker,
- "Fall out of budget",
- "Fall out of the time frame" and
- would "not even bring the required range of skills".
Billions of tax dollars are spent on projects that are not delivered quickly enough, do not meet the requirements for use and cost significantly more than planned. Wieker: "For this, the armed forces and contractors in the economy bear equal responsibility".
- Speech by the Federal Minister of Defense Thomas de Maizière on October 2, 2012 in Koblenz on the occasion of the establishment of the Federal Office for Equipment, Information Technology and Use of the Bundeswehr
- currently closed due to dilapidation
- DIHK President considers the Bundeswehr to be a "case of restructuring" , focus.de August 29, 2010
- Die Zeit No. 37 of September 2, 2010: General Inspector complains about waste in the Bundeswehr