|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Middle Franconia|
|Height :||397 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||103.75 km 2|
|Residents:||7163 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||69 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||91171|
|Area code :||08463|
|License plate :||RH, HIP|
|Community key :||09 5 76 122|
|LOCODE :||DE GDI|
|City structure:||31 parts of the community|
City administration address :
|Marktplatz 11 + 13
|First Mayor :||Manfred Preischl ( Free Voters )|
|Location of the city of Greding in the district of Roth|
Greding is located 36 km north of Ingolstadt in the area of the Altmühltal nature park . The city is a state-recognized health resort . The municipality is crossed by the A9 motorway from northwest to southeast . The Schwarzach flows in parallel .
The highest point in the municipality of Greding is the Euerwanger Bühl at . The lowest altitude is at the point where the Schwarzach leaves the municipality.
- Attenhofen ( village )
- Birkhof ( hamlet )
- Lead lock ( wasteland )
- Buganderl cellar (wasteland)
- Thistle mill (wasteland)
- Esselberg ( Kirchdorf )
- Euerwang (Kirchdorf)
- Grafenberg (Kirchdorf)
- Greding (main town)
- Großhöbing (parish village)
- Günzenhofen (hamlet)
- Hausen (Kirchdorf)
- Heimbach (parish village)
- Herrnsberg (Kirchdorf)
- Hofberg (hamlet)
- Kaising (Kirchdorf)
- Kleinnottersdorf (village)
- Kraftsbuch (Kirchdorf)
- Landerzhofen (Kirchdorf)
- Linden (Kirchdorf)
- Mettendorf (Kirchdorf)
- Obermässing (parish village)
- Österberg (Kirchdorf)
- Röckenhofen (parish village)
- Rotheneichmühle (wasteland)
- Schutzendorf (Kirchdorf)
- Stone mill (wasteland)
- Untermässing (parish village)
- Viehhausen (parish village)
- Wildbad (wasteland)
- Wirthsmühle (wasteland)
Former parts of the community are:
Apart from Kleinhöbing, the area code 08463 is completely within the municipality. Obermässing, Wirthsmühle, Österberg, Rotheichmühle, Viehhausen and Kleinnottersdorf have 08469 and Ziegelhof 08467.
The climate is temperate . The annual average temperature is 8.4 ° C, the average annual rainfall 707 millimeters.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Greding
For the history before the incorporation see Greding (district)
The municipal area was significantly enlarged from 1972 through the regional reform and the municipality came to the district of Roth . Since the regional reform, Greding has been the most southeastern municipality in Middle Franconia and borders on Upper Bavaria and the Upper Palatinate . On April 1, 1971, the previously independent communities Großhöbing and Kaising were incorporated. On January 1, 1972, Euerwang, Grafenberg, Hausen, Herrnsberg, Kleinnottersdorf, Kraftsbuch, Landerzhofen, Mettendorf, Obermässing, Österberg, Röckenhofen, Schutzendorf and Untermässing were added. Esselberg followed on July 1, 1972.
The population is predominantly Roman Catholic . In the area of the municipality there are the following parishes, which all belong to the parish association Greding and the deanery Roth-Schwabach in the diocese of Eichstätt :
- St. Jakobus , Greding (branches: St. Mary's Conception , Kaising, St. Thomas , Landerzhofen, St. Peter and Paul , Hausen and St. John the Baptist , Mettendorf ( St. Annawallfahrt . Other churches in Greding: St. Martin , St. Magdalena ))
- St. Pauli Conversion , Heimbach ( St. Martin , Euerwang, St. Andreas , Kraftsbuch, St. Maria Hilf , Linden)
- St. Egidius , Röckenhofen ( St. Pankratius , Herrnsberg)
- St. Johannes Evangelist , Großhöbing ( St. Wolfgang , Schutzendorf)
- St. Maria Himmelfahrt , Obermässing ( St. Stephanus , Österberg, St. Leonhard , houses, town of Hilpoltstein)
- St. Leodegar , Untermässing ( St. Johannes Evangelist , Lohen, Markt Thalmässing)
The municipality of Greding is characterized by a large number of churches and thus also church villages .
The Protestant parish built the Apostle Church in 1967. At first she was looked after by the pastor of Schwimbach . After that, the parish was looked after by the pastor of Offenbau for many years . The pastor of St. Gotthard, Thalmässing, Weißenburg deanery district is now responsible.
Politics and communal matters
Since the local elections on March 15, 2020 , the CSU has 8, the UWG / FW 7, the SPD 3 and the FDP 2 seats in the city council . First Mayor is Manfred Preischl (FW), Second Mayor is Oswald Brigl (CSU), Third Mayor is Hermann Kratzer (FW).
Previous mayors of the large community of Greding:
- 1845–1866: Johann Baptist Brand (December 20, 1802 - March 19, 1877)
- 1866–1892: Michael Benz (April 10, 1820 - January 21, 1892)
- 1892–1900: Matthäus Schuster (* 1836; † February 17, 1901)
- 1900–1912: Franz Xaver Geyer (* 1860; † July 5, 1928)
- 1912–1924: Jakob Benz (February 27, 1859 - September 30, 1934)
- 1924–1930: Ferdinand Kraus (* 1865; † 1932)
- 1930–1945: Josef Veigele (* October 22, 1895 - † May 24, 1966)
- May 1945– October 8, 1945: Rupert Kreger (February 28, 1883 - March 30, 1957)
- December 20, 1945–5. February 1946: Josef Losch (March 16, 1902 - July 31, 1956)
- 1946–1960: Franz Karmann (born February 13, 1900 - † December 25, 1966)
- 1960–1978: Albert Lux (born August 27, 1904; † September 7, 1980)
- 1978–1996: Otto Heiß ( CSU ) (born February 19, 1939)
- 1996–2008: Franz Josef Lerzer (CSU), civil servant in the Roth District Office , helped the community to gain some prominence by embezzling community funds.
- Since 2008: Manfred Preischl ( Free Voters )
The municipal administrative budget for 2007 shows expenditures in the amount of 7,947,000 euros, the asset budget in the same year comprised 4,232,000 euros. The per capita debt fell from 863 to 786 euros due to positive economic developments. Investments of around 10 million euros are planned for the following years, primarily in municipal facilities, water supply and wastewater disposal.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Sitting in blue on a gold chair, a gold-clad and crowned prince with his right hand raised, a scepter in his left hand."|
Culture and sights
- town hall
- Catholic parish church St. Jakob
- Former prince-bishop's hunter's house
- Prince-Bishop's hunting lodge
- Romanesque basilica of St. Martin
- Pilgrimage church Maria Hilf in the Linden part of the parish, consecrated in 1728, with Arma-Christi cross .
For details, see the respective districts.
- Archeology Museum Greding (including a reconstruction of the Großhöbinger princely grave )
- Sparkasse Museum
- Motorcycle Museum Oldtimer Just
- Nature reserve Bach and Schluchtwald near Untermässing
- Kuhbachtal nature reserve near Hausen
- Protected landscape component and geotope Heinrichsgraben
Every year on the first weekend in September, the Gredinger Trachtenmarkt takes place on the market square . With around 10,000 visitors, it is one of the most important markets of its kind in Germany.
The Challenge Roth cycle route runs through the municipality of Greding .
Economy and Infrastructure
The tourism has a great economic importance, the community gave in 2009 about 57,000 overnight stays at. 29 establishments with 574 beds offer corresponding services. In addition, there are numerous day visitors because of the nearby motorway and cycling tourists; the extensive gastronomic offer catches the eye in the townscape. Greding is in the excursion area of the cities of Nuremberg ~ 58 km and Ingolstadt ~ 36 km.
In the commercial sector, there are Burgbad , formerly KAMA-Möbelwerk (1998: 255 employees, 82 million DM turnover), Kirschner Maschinen- und Metallbau GmbH, TBG Transportbeton GmbH & Co Franken KG, Auto Bierschneider and Trendstore as well as various small craft businesses.
The largest employer in the city is the Federal Office for Equipment, Information Technology and Use of the Bundeswehr with its WTD on Kalvarienberg.
In the 1980s, Porsche drivers saw it as a particular challenge to drive through the long curve of the A 9 at full throttle. According to legend, this goes back to an interview with the racing driver Walter Röhrl , in which the expression “Greding goes full!” Was coined.
From June 1, 1888 to May 28, 1972, the Roth – Greding railway connected the town with the Treuchtlingen – Nuremberg railway . The trains were named after the terminus at Gredl . Since then, several bus routes have connected Greding with the towns and cities in the surrounding area. With the opening of regional traffic on the high-speed line Nuremberg – Ingolstadt – Munich on December 10, 2006, bus traffic was adapted to connect the town to the Allersberg (Rothsee) and Kinding (Altmühltal) stations . The high-speed line runs west of the city in the 7.7-kilometer Euerwangtunnel .
The local reporting takes place in the Hilpoltsteiner Zeitung and the Roth-Hilpoltsteiner Volkszeitung, local editions of the Nürnberger Nachrichten and the Nürnberger Zeitung , as well as the Hilpoltsteiner Kurier, a regional edition of the Donaukurier .
There is an elementary school in Greding ( elementary and middle school ). In the same building there is a state business school, which works together with the Eichstätt vocational school . Connected there is the Sonnenblume day care center (operator Katholische Kindertageseinrichtungen Ingolstadt non-profit GmbH). There is a primary school in the Obermässing district and an adult education center in Greding . Furthermore, Greding has two kindergartens that are run by the Katholische Kindertageseinrichtungen Ingolstadt non-profit GmbH (St. Martin day care center) and by the Protestant church council Greding. There is also a day nursery operated by the Katholische Kindertageseinrichtungen Ingolstadt non-profit GmbH. A kindergarten is also operated by the church foundations in Obermässing and Röckenhofen.
sons and daughters of the town
- Jutta Appelt (* 1939), politician (CDU)
- Anton Biersack (1907–1982), composer
- Basilius Binder (1910–1947), Benedictine and professor of moral theology at the theological faculty in Salzburg
- Johann Adam Bleibinhaus (1680–1749), Eichstätter Cathedral Kapellmeister
- Christian Heiss (* 1967), church musician
- Johannes Hirschberger (1900–1990), Catholic theologian, philologist, historian of philosophy and philosopher
- Julius Kopp (1823-1892), Bavarian politician ( Patriot Party )
- Benedikt Kögl (1892–1973), painter
People in connection with Greding
- Fredl Fesl (* 1947), Lower Bavarian musician and singer, spent a few years of his childhood in Greding
- Patrick Lange (* 1981), conductor, grew up in Greding
- Marina Schuster (* 1975), politician (FDP), member of the German Bundestag from 2005 to 2013, grew up in Greding
Honorary citizen of the city of Greding
- Pastor Adam Hirschberger (* May 24, 1856 in Wappersdorf ; † January 25, 1933; awarded 1922; pastor 1899–1922)
- Medical Council Dr. Hans Wolf (born September 24, 1869 in Ingolstadt ; † April 10, 1960; awarded March 19, 1927)
- Mayor Josef Veigele (born October 22, 1895 - † May 24, 1966; awarded June 24, 1962; Mayor 1930–1945)
- Architect Fritz Mayer (from Nuremberg; awarded June 24, 1962)
- Director Heinrich Herold (born April 3, 1900 in Greding; † March 24, 1984; awarded August 7, 1964; November 10, 1965 Federal Cross of Merit, 1st class)
- City Pastor Dr. Michael Gerner (born September 23, 1889 in Jahrsdorf ; † March 25, 1969 in Eichstätt; awarded 1965; pastor 1944–1967)
- Former Mayor Franz Karmann (born February 13, 1900 in Greding; † December 25, 1966; awarded July 27, 1965; Mayor 1946–1960; May 8, 1962 Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon)
- Former Mayor Albert Lux (* August 27, 1904; † September 7, 1980; awarded November 16, 1979; Mayor 1960–1978)
- Director Alfred Forstmeyer (born January 17, 1902 in Rheinau ; † August 11, 1989 in Greding; awarded November 16, 1979)
- Pastor Anton Probst (born October 4, 1912 in Sulzdorf ; † December 12, 2002; awarded October 2, 1984; pastor 1967–1991)
- Former Mayor Otto Heiss (born February 19, 1939 in Untermässing ; awarded December 27, 2014; Mayor 1978–1996)
Honorary citizens of incorporated communities
- Main teacher Eugen Krämer, honorary citizen of Röckenhofen (born August 31, 1862 in Reichenhall ; awarded 1912)
- Head teacher Johann Schiffer, honorary citizen of Obermässing (February 22, 1875 in Neunkirchen am Sand ; † October 24, 1937 in Schnaittach ; awarded 1928)
- Prof. Dr. Johannes Hirschberger , honorary citizen of Österberg (June 27, 1900 in Österberg; † November 27, 1990 in Oberreifenberg ; awarded June 27, 1950)
- Head teacher Josef Schlund, honorary citizen of Untermässing (March 8, 1902 in Fürth ; † February 1, 1982 in Untermässing; awarded 1956)
- Pastor and Dean Johannes Nagler, honorary citizen of Röckenhofen (September 17, 1910 in Arberg ; † January 13, 1977 in Ingolstadt; conferred in 1961)
- Pastor Franz Sand, honorary citizen of Grafenberg ( Emsing and Titting ) (February 1, 1901 in Eichstätt ; awarded in 1966)
- Pastor Michael Kurzendorfer, honorary citizen of Großhöbing and Schutzendorf (February 2, 1884 in Trautmannshofen ; † October 14, 1970 in Pfaffenhofen ; awarded in 1960)
- Mayor Josef Lang, honorary citizen of the municipality of Landerzhofen (born November 9, 1897 in Attenhofen; † March 3, 1972 in Attenhofen; awarded in 1960)
- Cathedral Chapter Martin Frank , honorary citizen of Euerwang (born March 30, 1888 in Euerwang; † February 19, 1963 in Eichstätt; awarded 1954)
- Toni Benz: Greding and its surroundings - one of the “curie de Bawaria” - in the field of tension between German and Bavarian history; in: Collective sheets of the Historical Association of Eichstätt , Volume 125, 103rd year, Eichstätt 2011, pp. 51–156.
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Greding . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 2 : El-H . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1800, DNB 790364298 , OCLC 833753081 , Sp. 379-386 ( digitized version ).
- Franz Heiler: Education in the Eichstätt Monastery between the late Middle Ages and Catholic denomination . Reichert Vlg., 1999, ISBN 3-89500-029-9
- Peter Honig: The urnfield settlement of Greding- "Rohrmeierkeller" . Lkr. Roth, Faustus Vlg, 2001, ISBN 3-933474-12-4
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Greding . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 718 ( digitized version ).
- Ottokar Wagner: Greding - between two millennia; Hilpoltstein 1990; P. 244 ff.
- Lukas Werther: Humans and the environment in the early and high Middle Ages - Archaeological research in the Schwarzachtal , in: Heimatkundliche Streifzüge - series of publications by the district of Roth , issue 31, Hilpoltstein 2012, pp. 80–86
- City of Greding
- Greding: Official statistics of the LfStat (PDF; 1.24 MB)
- Website of the city of Greding
- Greding in the Topographia Franconiae of the University of Würzburg , accessed on September 24, 2019.
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- City of Greding in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 1, 2019.
- City of Greding, list of official parts of the municipality / districts in the BayernPortal of the Bavarian State Ministry for Digital, accessed on August 4, 2020.
- Only 23 places are designated as districts by the city administration. Most deserts and hamlets disregarded ( Municipality Greding. Retrieved on May 27, 2017 . ).
- L. Werther: Man and Environment . In: Local history forays . Issue 21. Hilpoltstein 2012, p. 80-86 .
- T. Benz: Greding with his surrounding area ... , In: Collecting sheets of the historical association ... Volume 125, 103rd year, Eichstätt 2011, pp. 51–156.
- O. Wagner: Greding - between two millennia. Hilpoltstein 1990, p. 244 ff.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 482 .
- Parish association Greding: Home. Retrieved May 12, 2017 .
- Results. Retrieved August 4, 2020 .
- Results. Retrieved August 4, 2020 .
- Abendzeitung, Germany: Nuremberg: Treasury looted: Mild verdict for CSU politicians - Abendzeitung Munich . ( Abendzeitung-muenchen.de [accessed on May 27, 2017]).
- Greetings. Municipality of Greding, accessed on August 3, 2020 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Greding in the database of the House of Bavarian History