Rheinau (Mannheim)

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City of Mannheim
Rheinau coat of arms
Coordinates: 49 ° 25 ′ 51 ″  N , 8 ° 31 ′ 45 ″  E
Area : 15.28 km²
Residents : 24,982  (Dec. 31, 2015)
Population density : 1,635 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 1913
Drais memorial at the entrance to the village

Mannheim-Rheinau is a district of Mannheim and also forms the Rheinau district .


Rheinau is located in the south of Mannheim, west of the A 6 motorway . The neighboring city districts are Neckarau , Seckenheim and Friedrichsfeld . In the south it borders Brühl-Rohrhof , which belongs to the Rhein-Neckar district .

The Rheinau district consists only of the Rheinau district. This in turn is divided into the statistical districts of Casterfeld-West, Mallau, Casterfeld-Mitte, Casterfeld-Ost, Rheinau-Mitte, Rheinau-Hafen, Rheinau-Ost, Pfingstberg and Rheinau-Süd.


Around 1750, the “ Chaussee nach Schwetzingen ” was built, which , coming from Mannheim Castle and Neckarau, led straight through the area of ​​today's Rheinau district to Schwetzingen Castle , the summer residence of the Elector. In order to be able to change the carriage horses about halfway, a relay house was built near today's Karlsplatz . In 1817 Karl Freiherr von Drais drove his two-wheeled walking machine from downtown Mannheim to the relay house and back to test his invention. The bicycle evolved from this two-wheeler .

In 1774 Georg Freiherr von Stengel built the Stengelhof not far from the relay house.

In 1860 a brick factory was built and industrialization started. In 1870 the Rhine Valley Railway , which connected Karlsruhe and Mannheim, was built, and the Rheinau chemical factory , which established the name Rheinau , was located here. Houses for the workers were built around them.

In 1896, Hafenbaugesellschaft Rheinau GmbH began expanding the arm of the Old Rhine as the first port basin. A tower-like water level house was built there, which has been preserved to this day. In this way the ships on the Rhine could find out the water level in the port. The Rheinau port now comprises a total of four port basins. With the construction of the Rheinau harbor around 1900, the settlement also expanded rapidly. Until 1913 Rheinau was a suburb of Seckenheim, then it was incorporated into Mannheim. From 1920, Pfingstberg was originally built as a railway settlement. Rheinau-Süd was founded as an IG Farben settlement in the 1930s on the Brühl district (Rohrhof district). In 1944 it was incorporated into Mannheim. In the 1980s, it was heavily enlarged as planned with single-family houses.

Population development 1834 1875 1905 1910 1925 1946 1975 1978 2008 2013
Rheinau 10 120 3152 3950 5412 11,109 21,595 23,672 25,694 24,271

Politics, administration

According to the main statute of the city of Mannheim, the city district has a district advisory council, which includes 12 residents who are appointed by the local council according to the results of the local council election. They are to be heard on important matters that affect the municipality and advise the local administration and committees of the municipal council.

Political party 2019 2014 2009 2004 1999 1994
SPD 3 3 5 4th 4th 5
GREEN 2 1 1 1 - 1
CDU 2 4th 4th 6th 7th 5
FDP 1 - 1 - - -
Mannheim list 1 1 1 1 1 1
The left 1 1 - - - -
AfD 2 2 - - - -

As one of the eleven outer city districts, Rheinau has a municipal secretariat, which is responsible for local administrative tasks.

Economy and Infrastructure

Old level clock in the Rheinauhafen

In Mannheim-Rheinau, RWE AG has been operating a large substation since the mid-1920s, which was built as part of the construction of the north-south line . Because of the favorable location of this substation (strong supply from nearby coal-fired power plants and central location in the network of RWE AG), testing of new elements for high-voltage systems was started on the area of ​​this substation as early as the 1920s and Rheinau was chosen as the seat of the research association Research Association for electrical systems and electricity industry eV (FGH), which is dedicated to the further development of components of high voltage technology. The proximity to the BBC headquarters (today ABB) Germany with its large plant in Mannheim-Käfertal and a cable and wire plant in Mannheim-Neckarau were further reasons for this location. FGH has its own high-voltage test field west of the substation, but occasionally also sets up test setups at the Mannheim-Rheinau substation.

South of the Rhine Valley Railway is the Rheinau port , which is part of the Mannheim port .

Line 1 Schönau − Rheinau of the RNV runs through the district to the Rheinau train station in the south.

The four-lane federal highway 36 has three junctions in Rheinau.

District life

The Mannheim-Rheinau district includes over 60 clubs. Your umbrella organization, thus also the central civic association of the city district, is the "Non-Profit Association Mannheim-Rheinau" founded in 1957. The "Heimatverein Rheinau / Pfingstberg von 1982 eV", founded in 1982, researches and archives the history of the Rheinau and Pfingstberg districts. At the Rheinauer See with its swimming pool, fishing zones, diving area and water ski facility, there is something for every taste. In addition to the numerous associations, families will also find numerous educational and care options in Rheinau, such as 15 day-care centers and seven schools.


St. Theresa of the Child Jesus in Pfingstberg

The Pfingstberg district is known nationwide for its outstanding church buildings.

This applies above all to the Catholic Church of St. Theresa of the Child Jesus on Herbststrasse, which was started in 1959 and completed in 1961 . The " Baedeker ", Germany's most renowned travel guide, named it one of the most beautiful churches in Germany in its volume on Mannheim; it was one of only four objects presented at a touring exhibition entitled “Modern German Church Buildings” organized by the Foreign Office in the USA.

Also striking is the vane fountain located on the market square in the heart of the settlement, which was designed by the citizens in 1992/1993 as part of the “Market Place Initiative Pfingstberg” and partly financed by themselves. The design comes from the well-known Mannheim artist Maritta Kaltenborn and refers to the development of the district as a railway workers' settlement: The foundation of the fountain is a three-meter-diameter basin made of Gertelbach granite, the edges of which have small indentations in the form of locomotive sheds. The centerpiece is a sculpture made of bronze, which symbolizes an impeller .


Sons and daughters of Rheinau

Connected with Rheinau

  • Robert Zollitsch (* 1938), former Archbishop of Freiburg and chairman of the German Bishops' Conference, lived in Mannheim-Rheinau and worked as vicar in the Catholic parish of St. Antonius Rheinau .
  • Maurizio Gaudino (* 1966 in Brühl), former German national soccer player, was a player at TSG Rheinau , among others .


  • Hanspeter Rings: Rheinau: illustrated history of a Mannheim suburb. Published by the City Archives of Mannheim in cooperation with the Heimatverein Rheinau / Pfingstberg from 1982 e. V. Mannheim 1988, ISBN 3-923003-39-0 (scientifically well-founded illustrated book about the history of Rheinau).
  • Konstantin Groß : Rheinau. In: Wolfgang Strümper (Ed.): Mannheim on foot. 15 district tours through past and present VSA-Verlag, Hamburg 1991, ISBN 3-87975-554-X (presentation of the history of the district based on important historical buildings).
  • Konstantin Groß: 50 years of the SPD Rheinau-Pfingstberg. A critical balance. Verlag für Sonderliteratur Gerhard Schäfer, Mannheim 1996, ISBN 3-932323-01-7 (presentation of the history of the SPD local association Rheinau and also of the local political development of the district in the 20th century).
  • Konstantin Groß: From Mission to Reconciliation. 100 years Evangelical Church Mannheim-Rheinau. With a foreword by Regional Bishop Dr. Ulrich Fischer . Grall, Mannheim 2004, ISBN 3-00-014359-9 .
  • Konstantin Groß: Joy in life through joy in faith. 100 years of the Catholic parish of St. Antonius Mannheim-Rheinau. With a foreword by Archbishop Dr. Oskar Saier . Grall, Mannheim 2000.
  • Konstantin Groß: From the sand field to the lake shore. 50 years of the Rot-Weiß Rheinau sports club . Stöckl, Mannheim 2002 (presentation of the history of the football club, but also of the Rheinau-Süd district, in which its club complex is located).
  • Konstantin Groß: Between green and track. 75 years of the Mannheim district of Pfingstberg . Mannheim 1997 (comprehensive presentation of the historical development and current life in this part of the town).
  • Hansjörg Probst : Seckenheim. History of a Kurpfälzer Dorfes - The districts off the Etter, pp. 137–148, and The issue of incorporation up to the separation of Rheinau on January 1, 1913, pp. 647–651, Mannheim 1981, ISBN 3-87804-101-2 (available at in Heidelberg historical holdings - digital Heidelberg University Library).

Individual evidence

  1. City of Mannheim: Population 2015 in small-scale breakdown. (PDF 679 KB) Statistical data Mannheim № 1/2016. March 30, 2016, p. 5 ff. , Accessed on June 8, 2016 .
  2. ^ Settlement of the Rheinau chemical factory in Mannheim. Rhein-Neckar industrial culture, accessed on February 5, 2015 .
  3. MARCHIVUM : Chronicle star . February 1, 1896. Retrieved September 27, 2018 .
  4. Gauge house in the Mannheim-Rheinau harbor. Rhein-Neckar industrial culture, accessed on February 7, 2015 .
  5. a b Main Statute of the City of Mannheim. (PDF 234 KB) VII. City districts and district councils, § 22. City of Mannheim, April 28, 2009, p. 10 , accessed on April 10, 2018 .
  6. SessionNet | City of Mannheim District Advisory Board Rheinau. Retrieved November 6, 2019 .

Web links

Commons : Rheinau  - Collection of Images