The temperate zone on both hemispheres is the climatic zone that lies between the subtropics (annual mean temperature above 20 ° C ) and the cold zone (mean temperature below 10 ° C in the warmest month). One also speaks of the moderate latitudes or the moderate climate .
The temperate zone corresponds geomathematically to the term middle latitudes - in each case between the tropics at 23 ° 27 ' latitude and the polar circles at 66 ° 34' north or south. This term is also applied to other celestial bodies in planetology .
The temperate zone is divided into the cool temperate (nemoral) zone and the cold temperate (boreal) zone . In some publications, the Mediterranean climate can also be found as a warm temperate zone , which is otherwise assigned to the subtropics. In addition, the so-called warm - temperate rainy climates of the Köppen and Geiger climate classification with the sea climates Cfb and Cwb extend into the cool-temperate zone . There is a risk of confusion between climatic zones and climates .
The cold temperate zone includes all areas that have a mean temperature below −3 ° C (according to another definition, 0 ° C) in the coldest month and a mean temperature above 10 ° C in the warmest month.
The vegetation in the temperate zone consists mainly of coniferous , mixed and deciduous forests . In the interior of the continents there are also steppes and deserts (semi-deserts and full deserts).
- Temperate zone. In: Bildungswiki: Klimawandel, June 16, 2013
- Matthias Forkel: The temperate climate zone. In: klima-der-erde.de (overview)
- See, for example, Mars has thousands of glaciers ( Memento from April 13, 2015 in the Internet Archive ). In: scinexx.de, accessed on August 22, 2020.
- Burkhard Hofmeister: The moderate latitudes: especially the cool temperate woodlands (= Geographical Seminar Zonal. Volume 2). Westermann, Braunschweig 1985, ISBN 3-89057-313-4 , p. 14 ( limited preview in the Google book search).