Combat strength (military)
Combat strength describes in the military the totality of the available possibilities of efficiency, strength and power, which enable to fight. Based on the combat strength (theoretical) predictions about the outcome of a military conflict can be made. In contrast to the term combat value, only absolute factors are assessed in combat power and no references to the order , enemy situation and environmental conditions are made.
As part of the assessment of the situation , combat strength tables are created in which the own combat strength is compared with the enemy for the entire battle or spatial or temporal sections thereof. In particular, the spatially subdivided and temporally staggered combat strength comparison facilitates the assessment of the chances of success of various alternatives for one's own battle management ("force-space-time calculation").
Numerous factors influence the combat effectiveness of a military force and the like. a .:
- Number, type and quality of weapons and weapon systems ,
- Availability of ammunition and other supplies ,
- Quality of management ,
- Number , training and combat experience of soldiers,
- Physical condition , nutritional status and fatigue of soldiers,
- Morale of the unit and its members,
- Weather or storms : Extreme weather conditions can reduce combat strength (see also the Battle of Stalingrad or the Eastern Campaign in general ).
Examples include a .:
- In the course of history there have always been superior fighting organizations that have a much higher fighting power than others in their time: The Romans in the time of Caesar , the Mongols in the time of Genghis Khan or the French in the time of Napoleon ;
- the eight-eight flaK was considered an armor-piercing weapon with convincing combat power in World War II ;
- a frigate or a cruiser have a specialized combat force with which they support their ship formation;
- the combat strength of the ' Imperial Japanese Navy ' was already considered high before the Second World War.
- Adalbert R. von Goerne: The war fleets of the world and their combat strength . Publisher ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1935.
- ↑ Combat strength: Military organization and performance of the German and American armies 1939–1945.
- ↑ Adalbert R. von Goerne: The war fleets of the world and their combat strength ( Memento of the original from September 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Publisher ES Mittler & Sohn, Berlin 1935.