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A blasting is the destruction of an object by explosives . It is used for military and civil purposes, such as the demolition of buildings , the extraction of mineral resources , the production of terrain depressions, tunnel construction , the connection of non-weldable metals with the help of blasting technology or the shaping of sheet metal by explosive cladding . Sometimes explosions are also carried out for criminal purposes, e.g. B. to steal money from machines. However, if the act only serves the purpose of destruction, it is usually not referred to as demolition, but rather as a bomb or explosive attack or the like.

A chimney of the old Henninger brewery in Frankfurt (Main) was blown up on December 2, 2006
Demolition of a building in the Pruitt Igoe residential area
An old gasometer was blown up
Long Oskar, Hagen
Blowing up a bridge
In the Cold War to blow Donaubrücke prepared: brackets for attaching cutting charges
Prepared rhizomes, which are easiest to dismantle by blasting


According to the law on explosives , explosions may only be carried out by trained specialist personnel, i.e. those authorized to blast . The training takes place at so-called demolition schools or in the military, disaster control ( THW ) and in mining in state-recognized courses. In Germany, the specialist knowledge is proven by a certificate of successful course participation. With this, the holder can receive a certificate of competence in accordance with § 20 or § 27 Explosives Act .

Other meanings

Technically, the word generally designates the separation of solid materials by introducing objects or substances with an expansive effect. So it is possible to blast stone apart by inserting watered wooden wedges , as wood expands with great force after watering. Inclusions of water that are frozen also break apart solid substances. In these cases there is no explosion , but breaks and parting lines occur.

Some building blasts

See also


  • Jürgen Lippok: Building blasts. Basics · Blasting method · Dimensioning . Weißensee Verlag, Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-89998-080-6 .

Web links

Commons : Blasting  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Explosion  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations


  1. First Ordinance on the Explosives Act (1. SprengV). November 23, 1977. Retrieved July 28, 2020 .
  4. IPTV video of the detonation ( Memento of the original from August 14, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. ( Memento from November 18, 2009 in the Internet Archive )