Daniel Barenboim ( Hebrew דניאל בארנבוים; * November 15, 1942 in Buenos Aires , Argentina ) is an Argentine - Israeli pianist and conductor . He has received numerous international honors and awards, including the German Great Federal Cross of Merit . He is a citizen of Spain, Argentina, Israel and Palestine.
Live and act
Barenboim was on November 15, 1942 Buenos Aires , the son of Russian - Ashkenazi born parents. From the age of five he received private piano lessons from his parents. On August 19, 1950, Barenboim gave his first concert in Buenos Aires at the age of seven. In 1975 he succeeded Sir Georg Solti as chief conductor of the Orchester de Paris . From 1981 to 1999 Barenboim was the conductor of the Bayreuth Festival , where he conducted Tristan and Isolde , Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg , Parsifal and the tetralogy Der Ring des Nibelungen .
From 1991 to 2006 he was chief conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra , and since 1992 he has been artistic director and general music director of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden in Berlin for life . In autumn 2000 he was elected chief conductor for life by the orchestra of the Staatskapelle Berlin . In July 2011, the Berlin Senate Chancellery announced that Barenboim had extended his contract for a further ten years until the end of July 2022.
From 2006 to 2011 Barenboim was principal guest conductor at La Scala in Milan and was subsequently appointed music director of the opera house.
From June 1967 until her death in 1987 Barenboim was married to the cellist Jacqueline du Pré . He has been married to the pianist Jelena Bashkirowa since 1988 for the second time . They have two sons together, Michael Barenboim , classical violinist , and producer and songwriter David Barenboim (stage name: KD-Supier ).
Music and politics
In 1990, after the death of Herbert von Karajan , Barenboim conducted the Berliner Philharmoniker on their first-ever Israel tour, which received international attention and was initiated and organized by their longstanding first violinist and orchestra director Hellmut Stern . In 2001, however, Barenboim received heavy criticism from audiences, artists and cultural workers and politicians in Israel when he performed an orchestral excerpt from Wagner's Tristan und Isolde as an encore during a guest performance by the Staatskapelle Berlin . According to the unwritten law, music by Richard Wagner is not publicly performed in Israel because of the composer's anti-Semitic attitude and the use of his music under National Socialism . Some members of the Knesset's education committee wanted Barenboim to be declared a cultural persona non grata , which ultimately did not find a majority.
Together with the Palestinian literary scholar Edward Said and the German cultural manager Bernd Kauffmann , he founded the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra in 1999 . Barenboim is committed to bringing the hostile ethnic groups closer together in the Middle East conflict. Half of the orchestra is made up of young musicians from Israel and the other half from the Palestinian territories, Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Spain. In August 2005, the orchestra gave a highly regarded concert in Ramallah , which was broadcast live on television in many countries.
On May 10, 2004 Daniel Barenboim was awarded the Wolf Prize for friendly relations among the peoples in the Knesset, the Israeli parliament . In his acceptance speech, Barenboim quoted from the Israeli declaration of independence and others. a. following passage. “The State of Israel ... will guarantee all its citizens, regardless of religion, race or gender, social and political equality.” He then said: “With deep concern I ask today whether the occupation and control of another people with Israel's declaration of independence will result Can be reconciled. What about the independence of a people if the price for it is a blow to the fundamental rights of another people? ”This led to a scandal when the Israeli Minister of Education, Limor Livnat Barenboim, replied that she had abused Parliament as a stage to attack Israel. Barenboim donated the $ 50,000 prize money for the musical education of Israeli and Palestinian children.
Between February and April 2006, Barenboim gave lectures in various locations (London, Chicago, Berlin, East Jerusalem and West Jerusalem) for the BBC series of Reith Lectures aimed at demonstrating “that music is at the center of what we are to be called human ".
At the 2007 Salzburg Festival , Barenboim conducted the opera Eugen Onegin (directed by Andrea Breth ). He also worked with the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra in Salzburg and performed with this orchestra at the festival. In 2008 Barenboim received honorary citizenship from the Palestinian Authority for his commitment. In 2009 he conducted the New Year's Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic . On April 16, 2009 Barenboim performed for the first time in Egypt. At the Opera House in Cairo, he led the Cairo Symphony Orchestra , on the program, the 5th Symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven . His appearance was highly controversial in advance for political reasons.
Since December 2009 he has been the patron of the Mendelssohn Society in Berlin, which cultivates the intellectual and artistic legacy of the Mendelssohn family . Barenboim is also the patron of the self-help group Musicians with Dystonia of the German Dystonia Society. V. and initiated the establishment of a public, state-funded music kindergarten in Berlin.
On the occasion of his 70th birthday in 2012, Barenboim founded an academy for young musicians from the Middle East in Berlin, the Barenboim-Said-Akademie (Managing Director Michael Naumann ), which opened at the end of 2015 and began teaching in the 2016/2017 winter semester. Frank Gehry designed a separate concert hall for this academy in the magazine building of the Berlin State Opera (built in 1953/1954 by the architect Richard Paulick ). The federal government supported the intercultural project with 20 million euros . Several donors raised a sum of 17.7 million euros for the expansion and the state of Berlin is making the building available for a symbolic lease of one euro per year for a total of 99 years. The academy's concert hall, named after the composer, conductor and musicologist Pierre Boulez , opened in March 2017.
A concert of the Berlin Staatskapelle under the auspices of the Federal Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier under Barenboim's direction in Iran failed in August 2015 because his government “does not recognize the Zionist regime and will not work with artists from this regime”. . The Israeli culture minister Miri Regev had previously sharply criticized Barenboim's performance plans, as Barenboim pursued an anti-Israeli line and abused culture to assert political views.
As a reaction to the awarding of the echo to Farid Bang and Kollegah , whose texts he criticized as misogynistic, homophobic, anti-Semitic and inhumane, Barenboim returned his classical echoes in coordination with the Staatskapelle Berlin and the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra .
Awards and honors
Medals, orders, prizes, honorary doctorates
- chronological -
- 1996: Honorary doctorate from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
- 2001: Golden Goethe Medal from the Goethe Society in Weimar
- 2002: Prince of Asturias Prize for his services to the Israeli-Palestinian reconciliation, together with Edward Said
- 2002: Tolerance Prize of the Evangelical Academy Tutzing
- 2003: Wilhelm Furtwängler Prize together with the Staatskapelle Berlin
- 2004: Haviva Reik Peace Prize
- 2004: Buber Rosenzweig Medal
- 2004: Wolf Prize
- 2004: Paul Hindemith Prize of the City of Hanau
- 2005: Robert Schumann Prize of the City of Zwickau
- 2005: Admission to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as an honorary external member
- 2006: Echo Klassik Music Prize as Conductor of the Year and for the Music DVD of the Year
- 2006: Ernst von Siemens Music Prize . At the award ceremony, the Foundation's Board of Trustees emphasized his “commitment to unifying peoples and his efforts for peace in the Middle East”. Barenboim donated two thirds of the prize money of 150,000 euros for the renovation of the Unter den Linden State Opera in Berlin, and one third he made available for his new Barenboim Foundation for music education .
- 2006: Prize for Understanding and Tolerance from the Jewish Museum Berlin
- 2006: Hessian Peace Prize and Peace Prize of the Korn and Gerstenmann Foundation for his diverse efforts towards rapprochement and reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians
- 2007: Goethe Medal from the Goethe Institute for its "commitment to cross-border exchange, especially among young musicians"
- 2007: Praemium Imperiale
- 2007: Honorary doctorate from Oxford University in the subject of music for his outstanding musical skills and for his commitment and life's work to unite people
- 2007: Appointment as UN Ambassador for Peace by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon (next to the writer Paulo Coelho )
- 2008: Palestinian honorary citizenship "for his commitment to the Palestinian people and a peace between Israelis and Palestinians". The award was announced at a benefit concert by Barenboim in Ramallah.
- 2009: Moses Mendelssohn Medal of the Moses Mendelssohn Center for European-Jewish Studies , an award for personalities who are committed to tolerance and international understanding and against xenophobia.
- 2009: Margravine Wilhelmine Prize of the City of Bayreuth for tolerance and humanity in cultural diversity.
- 2010: International Peace of Westphalia Prize for his efforts towards dialogue in the Middle East and rapprochement between Israelis and Palestinians.
- 2010: Herbert von Karajan Music Prize , because he not only decisively shaped the world of classical music, but also further developed it in a reconciling way. The prize money of the Karajan Music Prize of 50,000 euros is intended for the promotion of young musicians.
- 2010: Otto Hahn Peace Medal in Gold from the German Society for the United Nations (DGVN)
- 2011: Dresden Prize
- 2011: Bruno Kreisky Prize for services to human rights .
- 2011: First winner of the International Willy Brandt Prize , which is endowed with € 25,000. The award ceremony took place on October 25, 2011 in Berlin.
- 2011: Human rights award of the Karl-Franzens-University Graz
- 2011: Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
- 2012: Bearer of the Olympic flag for the opening of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London
- 2012: ECHO Klassik for his life's work
- 2013: Premio Abbiati
- 2013: Great Cross of Merit with Star and Shoulder Ribbon of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 2013: Ernst Reuter badge
- 2013: Marion Dönhoff Prize for International Understanding and Reconciliation (main prize)
- 2015: Admission to the Order Pour le Mérite
- Honorary member of the Berlin Philharmonic
- 2019: Konrad Adenauer Prize of the City of Cologne
- 2020: Rheingau Music Prize together with the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra
- Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording:
- Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance:
- Grammy Award for best orchestral performance:
- Grammy Award for best instrumental soloist (with orchestra):
- Grammy Award for best solo instrumental performance (with orchestra):
- Grammy Award for Best Classical Album:
Barenboim played the restored grand piano by the composer Franz Liszt in Siena in 2011. This gave him the idea of developing a grand piano according to his ideas with the help of the Belgian piano maker Chris Maene and the Steinway & Sons company . All the strings are stretched in parallel and the grain of the wooden soundboard runs in a different direction, which, according to Barenboim, leads to a more transparent, clearer sound. There are only 2 copies of this grand piano. It was presented on June 16, 2015 at the Ruhr Piano Festival in the Düsseldorf Tonhalle and bears his name in gold letters.
- From the diversity of being. Encounters with Daniel Barenboim. Documentary film, Germany, 2002, 90 min., Script and director: Paul Smaczny, production: Euro Arts Music, SFB , arte , NHK , Amythos Films, summary by arte.
- Ways to Music with Daniel Barenboim. 1. Music and Politics. Documentary, Germany, 2012, 55 min., Script and director: Paul Smaczny, production: Accentus Music, ZDF , arte , first broadcast: November 15, 2012 on arte, table of contents by ORF2 with online video .
- Ways to Music with Daniel Barenboim. 2. Music and taboo: Richard Wagner . Documentary, Germany, 2012, 26 min., Written and directed by Paul Smaczny, first broadcast: November 15, 2012 by arte, summary by arte.
- Barenboim or The Power of Music . Documentary, Germany, 2017, 90 Min, written and directed. Sabine Scharnagl, production: UNITEL, BR , RBB , first broadcast: November 7, 2017 in the Bavarian television, Summary press release of the BR.
- Max & Maestro cartoon, Italy & France, 2018,
- My Land, My Pain . In: New York Times , May 14, 2008. Biographical commentary by Daniel Barenboim on Israel's 60th birthday.
- Daniel Barenboim: Sound is life. The power of music. Pantheon Verlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-570-55097-7 .
- Daniel Barenboim: Music is everything and everything is music. Memories and insights. Berlin-Verlag, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-8270-1201-2 .
- Official website of Daniel Barenboim
- Works by and about Daniel Barenboim in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Daniel Barenboim in the German Digital Library
- Daniel Barenboim biography
- Daniel Barenboim's new concepts for early childhood education ( memento of October 9, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) in crescendo
- Video of the awarding of the Wolf Prize and the subsequent scandal in the Knesset
- Music as anti-politics Interview with Daniel Barenboim about the background of his project "Academy for Musicians from the Middle East".
- A very German matter , Der Spiegel of September 30, 2017, page 120.
- Georg Diez : A very German matter. In: Der Spiegel , 40/2017, p. 120
- Allianz der Medienstars , Der Spiegel, January 15, 2001, accessed June 1, 2014.
- Daniel Barenboim extends his contract as general music director of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden. Press release of the Senate Chancellery of July 6, 2011, accessed on July 7, 2011.
- La Scala in Milan signs Daniel Barenboim. ( Memento of October 14, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Retrieved October 13, 2011
- Note: Because of Karajan's controversial role in National Socialism, traveling with him as chief conductor would have been impossible. welt.de
- On the occasion of 125 years of the Berliner Philharmoniker, Hellmut Stern spoke on December 17, 2007 about the orchestra's historic trip to Israel in April 1990 on digberlin.de
- Spiegel Online , May 10, 2004; Der Tagesspiegel , May 11, 2004. Video of the rutube.ru award ceremony
- It's not normal ... In: Berliner Zeitung , April 18, 2009.
- The conductor and the Mendelssohns . tagesspiegel.de , December 18, 2009; Retrieved July 1, 2013
- Music Lessons - The Deaf Nation . FAZ.net
- Website of the music kindergarten in Berlin
- Daniel Barenboim founds a music academy for Middle Eastern artists in Berlin . Spiegel Online , November 13, 2012; Retrieved November 14, 2012.
- Wien.orf.at New Years Concert: Commemoration of the First World War, ORF.at from December 28, 2013
- Concert in Tehran: Iran wants to prevent Barenboim performance SPON from August 28, 2015
- Daniel Barenboim as Israeli not welcome In: Classic.Com
- Barenboim and Staatskapelle return echoes (German) , Süddeutsche Zeitung. April 23, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- Daniel Barenboim and Edward Said upon receiving the "Principe de Asturias" Prize . ( Memento of January 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Oviedo, Spain. October 2002
- Homepage Evangelische Akademie Tutzing , accessed on November 17, 2012
- Barenboim receives honorary Palestinian citizenship . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) General Delegation of Palestine, accessed on January 14, 2008
- Palestinians honor Barenboim ( Memento of December 8, 2008 in the Internet Archive ), Deutsche Welle , accessed on January 14, 2008
- Barenboim receives the Moses Mendelssohn Medal 2009 ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Bayreuth honors Daniel Barenboim. ( Memento from January 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Website of the city of Bayreuth, last accessed on July 7, 2011
- Willy Brandt Prize to conductor Barenboim . In: Saarbrücker Zeitung , September 19, 2011, p. B5
- BBC: Conductor Daniel Barenboim receives honorary knighthood . Article dated June 24, 2011, accessed March 3, 2015.
- Passionate bridge builder - Wowereit distinguishes Barenboim . In: Berliner Zeitung , September 19, 2013
- Barenboim new in the order Pour le mérite. Focus Online
- City of Cologne press release of September 23, 2019: Star conductor Daniel Barenboim receives Konrad Adenauer Prize , accessed on September 23, 2019
- "The Maene-Barenboim Wing" ( Memento from January 15, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Chris Maine homepage from December 1, 2016
- Barenboim “in love” with his concert grand piano FOCUS online from May 26, 2015
- Daniel Barenboim "I'm in love with my new piano" RP online from June 11, 2015
- Daniel Barenboim designs 'radical' new piano BBC News of May 26, 2015
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||דניאל בארנבוים (Hebrew)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Israeli pianist and conductor of Russian descent|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 15, 1942|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Buenos Aires , Argentina|