Riccardo Muti's musical parental home encouraged his interest in music, which is why he received piano and singing lessons at an early age. He completed a music degree at the Conservatorio di Musica San Pietro a Majella in Naples and graduated as a pianist . Muti learned composing and conducting at the Verdi Conservatory in Milan .
The 1967 Guido Cantelli Competition Conducting Prize brought Muti public attention. Shortly thereafter, he made his debut as a conductor with the Italian radio and television orchestra. In 1969 he became chief conductor of the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino after a performance with Svyatoslav Richter . He quickly became a sought-after guest conductor in all the world's major orchestras. In 1971 Herbert von Karajan invited him to the Salzburg Festival for the first time . In 1972 Muti made his US debut with the Philadelphia Orchestra , of which he became music director in 1980.
Muti lives in Ravenna and there directs the Italian Opera Academy - Riccardo Muti , an "academy for young conductors, singers and répétiteurs".
Muti conducted and conducts a large number of renowned orchestras at opera and concert performances as well as on the occasion of recordings. Works by Luigi Cherubini and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are just as much a part of his repertoire as compositions by the Italian Romantics, operas by Richard Wagner and pieces from the 20th century.
After Otto Klemperer's death in 1973, Muti became his successor with the New Philharmonia Orchestra London. As the successor to Eugene Ormandy, he was chief conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992 . Muti has held this post with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra since 2010, succeeding Bernard Haitink .
Muti has worked closely with the Vienna Philharmonic for decades. He leads them in subscription concerts and on tours. In 1993 Muti conducted the New Year's Concert for the first time ( succeeding Kleiber), and in 1997, 2000, 2004 and 2018 he also took over the direction here.
From 1971 on, Muti conducted every year at the Salzburg Festival . Since then he has directed numerous opera and concert performances there. In 1983 he conducted a new production of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Così fan tutte (director: Michael Hampe ) and in 2005 Die Zauberflöte (director: Graham Vick ). In 2006 he supervised a new production of The Magic Flute directed by Pierre Audi with a set by Karel Appel . In the Großer Festspielhaus he premiered the composition Giusta Armonia by Fabio Vacchi with the Vienna Philharmonic . In 2017 he conducted Aida at the Festival .
Vienna State Opera
Muti has appeared regularly at the Vienna State Opera since 1973 : his debut with Giuseppe Verdi's Aida (1973, director: Nathaniel Merrill , set design: Günther Schneider-Siemssen , costumes: Leo Bei ) followed a. a. Verdi's La forza del destino (1974, director: Luigi Squarzina , set and costumes: Pier Luigi Pizzi ), Vincenzo Bellini's Norma (1977, director: Piero Faggioni , set: Ezio Frigerio , costumes: Franca Squarciapino ), Verdi's Rigoletto (1983, director : Sandro Sequi , set design: Pantelis Dessyllas , costumes: Giuseppe Crisolini-Malatesta ) and - in the Theater an der Wien - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro (2001, director: Michael Heltau based on Giorgio Strehler , stage: Ezio Frigerio, costumes: Franca Squarciapino).
In February 2008 he conducted four popular performances of Così fan tutte at the State Opera with Barbara Frittoli (Fiordiligi), Angelika Kirchschlager (Dorabella), Ildebrando D'Arcangelo (Guglielmo), Francesco Meli (Ferrando), Laura Tătulescu (Despina) and Natale De Carolis (Don Alfonso). Muti had already directed the production of Roberto de Simone (set design: Mauro Carosi, costumes: Odette Nicoletti) a few years earlier in the Theater an der Wien in a joint production of the Wiener Festwochen and the State Opera.
In 1980 Muti made her debut at La Scala in Milan in a new production of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro (director: Giorgio Strehler ). In 1986 he succeeded Claudio Abbado as music director of this opera house and directed numerous new productions - above all of works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Giuseppe Verdi and Richard Wagner .
On December 7, 2004, Muti conducted the opera L'Europa riconosciuta by Antonio Salieri (director: Luca Ronconi , set: Pizzi) on the occasion of the reopening of La Scala in Milan , after the theater had previously been closed for several years for renovation work.
Riccardo Muti was appointed chief conductor of the Philharmonic Orchestra of La Scala in Milan in 1987 and toured Japan, Germany and France with him the following year, followed by a tour of what was then the USSR in 1989.
In April 2005, Muti ended his work as music director of La Scala in Milan after his preferred candidate for artistic directorship, Maurizio Meli, had not received the hoped-for approval of the workforce. The musical staff spoke out against Muti with 700 to 5 votes. Instead, Meli became director of the Teatro Regio di Parma .
- Premio Abbiati 1980/81 and 1988/89
- 1989 election to the American Philosophical Society
- Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 2000
- Large Silver Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria on June 19, 2001
- Federal Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany on June 19, 2001
- Order of Friendship of Russia on October 1, 2001
- Honorary doctorate from the University of Barcelona on October 13, 2003
- GLOBArt Award in 2007
- Admission to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as an honorary foreign member in 2008
- 2 Grammy Awards in 2010: Best Classical Album and Best Choral Performance
- Prince of Asturias Prize in the Art category and Birgit Nilsson Prize , the world's most valuable music prize, in 2011
- Pope Benedict XVI awarded Muti on May 11, 2012 with the Papal Order of Gregory .
- International Opera Award 2014 for the best complete opera recording of the year (Verdi's Otello with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra)
- Praemium Imperiale 2018
- Official website
- Literature by and about Riccardo Muti in the catalog of the German National Library
- John von Rhein: Milestones in Riccardo Muti's life and career. Chicago Tribune , September 17, 2010, archived from the original October 7, 2011 ; accessed on January 27, 2020 (English).
- Flaminia Bussotti: Riccardo Muti: "I don't like compromises" . In: Die Zeit , No. 40/2016
- Susanne Kübler: The rulers with baton . In: Tages-Anzeiger , 6 August 2010, p. 24
- Member History: Riccardo Muti. American Philosophical Society, accessed February 4, 2019 .
- Maestro Riccardo Muti Wins Two Grammys From Hospital Bed . ( Memento of February 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) In: Italy Magazine February 15, 2011
- List of all orders and decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria to former domestic and foreign members of the government and other personalities from 1952 (PDF; 6.9 MB) on the website of the Austrian Parliament
- Riccardo Muti: 2 Grammy Awards 2010 on: grammy.org
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian conductor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 28, 1941|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Naples|