Friedrich August Stock

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Friedrich August Stock, around 1908

Friedrich (Frederick) Wilhelm August Stock (born November 11, 1872 in Jülich , German Reich , † October 20, 1942 in Chicago , USA ) was a German violist , conductor and composer .

Stock was the son of a Prussian military bandmaster stationed in the Jülich Citadel . He received his training at the Cologne Conservatory and became a violinist in the Gürzenich Orchestra . In 1895 he became violist in the Chicago Symphony Orchestra , and in 1899 assistant conductor. As chief conductor from 1905 he led the Chicago Symphony Orchestra to worldwide success and directed it until his death. In 1912 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters .

Shortly before his death, on August 22, 1942, Friedrich August Stock conducted one of the first public performances of Dmitri Shostakovich's Leningrad Symphony No. 7 , less than a month after the US premiere in New York with the NBC , conducted by Arturo Toscanini -Symphony Orchestra on July 19, 1942.

After Stock's death, another conductor of German origin, Hans Lange , a native of Istanbul , the former assistant to Toscanini, whom Stock had hired as "Associate Conductor" in 1939, took over the remaining concerts of the CSO for the 1942/43 season. Hans Lange remained conductor of the CSO until 1946.

He also composed numerous songs, chamber music and symphonic works. On June 3, 1994, a memorial plaque to Stock was unveiled in Jülich on the south wing of the Citadel in the presence of members of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Stock's great-granddaughter.


  1. ^ Members: Frederick A. Stock. American Academy of Arts and Letters, accessed April 28, 2019 .
  2. ^ New contributions to the history of Jülich, Volume XVII, Jülich 2005, p. 113ff
  3. Friends of the "Fortress Citadel eV", activity report 1986-2001,