1942

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1942
German infantry in Stalingrad, October 1942
The German 6th Army undertakes the attack on Stalingrad .
Accompanying letter from Reinhard Heydrich to Undersecretary Martin Luther (February 26, 1942) on the transmission of the minutes of the Wannsee Conference
The “ Final Solution to the Jewish Question ” is organized at the Wannsee Conference .
The flags of the 26 signing nations on a poster of the United States Office of War Information
26 states sign the United Nations Declaration .
Battle of Midway
The Battle of Midway marks the turning point in the Pacific War .
1942 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1390/91 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1934/35 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 98/99 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1346/47 (April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2485/86 (southern Buddhism); 2484/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 77th (78th) cycle

Year of the Water Horse壬午 ( since February 15 , before that Metal Snake辛巳)

Chuch'e ideology (North Korea) Chuch'e 31
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1304/05 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4275/76 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1320/21 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1360/61 (January 18-19)
Japanese calendar 昭和Shōwa 17;
Koki 2602
Jewish calendar 5702/03 (September 11th / 12th)
Coptic calendar 1658/59 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1117/18
Minguo calendar (China) Year 31 of the republic
Seleucid era Babylon: 2252/53 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2253/54 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2484/85 (April 1)
Tibetan calendar 1688
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1998/99 (April)

Events

Politics and world events

Second World War

Political and diplomatic developments
The 33 convicted members of the Duquesne spy ring (FBI photo).
Internees in front of the barracks in Minidoka
First AVNOJ meeting in Bihać
German-Soviet War
Offensive of the Red Army south of Lake Ilmen, 7 January to 21 February 1942
Kessel von Cholm
January 18 to May 5, 1942
  • January 18 : The battle for Cholm begins with an attack by partisans on the German occupiers , in which several thousand German soldiers ("Kampfgruppe Scherer") are surrounded and only horrified after 105 days.
  • January: In the Battle of Moscow , Soviet advances take place at Vyazma, Rzhev and Moshaisk.
Junkers Ju 52 unloading near Demyansk
Map of the Battle of Kharkov
  • 12. bis 28. May : The Battle of Kharkov of offensive formations leads to Soviet encirclement initial success to a large part by a German counterattack. The victory at Kharkov is one of the last victorious kettle battles of the Wehrmacht. With this victory, the Germans fought for the strategic prerequisites for the 1942 summer offensive.
The destroyed port of Sevastopol
The war in the west
Burning British landing craft on Dieppe Beach
Siege of Malta
The war in North Africa
  • January 2 : The German and Italian troops in Bardijja , Libya , capitulate.
  • Massive attacks by the German Luftflotte 2 under Albert Kesselring on important hubs like Malta , from where British submarines and planes attack the German and Italian supplies, ensure that these disruptions cease to exist for a while. Under these circumstances, Erwin Rommel succeeds in winning back the initiative in January. He uses the operational advantage created by the air support and, in particular, freshly brought in reinforcements for a surprising counterattack that will lead the Panzer Army Africa to El Alamein , only 100 kilometers from Alexandria , by the end of June .
  • May 26th : The German company Theseus with the aim of conquering Tobruk begins.
  • June 11th : The Axis powers conquer Bir Hacheim .
Rommel in his command vehicle “Greif”, photo taken by the Wehrmacht's propaganda company , June 1942
Montgomery watches the advance of his armored units
The allied invasion of Morocco and Algeria
Second Sino-Japanese War
Chinese soldier in the third battle for Changsha
Southeast Asia and Pacific War
The Pacific and Southeast Asia in 1942
Japanese Army Paratroopers during the Battle of Palembang
Yamashita and Percival in surrender negotiations
Darwin harbor during the air raid
Japanese landings on Java
Generals Jonathan Wainwright and Douglas MacArthur in the Philippines
Battle in the Coral Sea
Burning oil tanks on Midway
Amphibious landing units en route to Guadalcanal Beach
The fighting on Guadalcanal, 1942
Bomb strike alongside the USS Enterprise during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
Submarine warfare in the Atlantic
Bombing
The “Final Solution to the Jewish Question” / Resistance to National Socialism
Villa of the Wannsee Conference
Heydrich's car after the attack
Riegner Telegram
Other events related to the war in Europe

Other events worldwide

economy

Construction of the Alaska Highway

science and technology

Pit River Bridge June 1942

Culture

Visual arts

Invitation to the opening of "Art of this Century"

Movie

Logo of the film
Title of the film

literature

Music, theater and variety

Bing Crosby 1942

religion

Disasters

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

nature and environment

Sports

  • January 3 : In order to make skis available to the German Wehrmacht , all winter sports events including the World Ski Championships in Garmisch-Partenkirchen are canceled.

Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prizes are not awarded.

Born

January

Stephen Hawking
Muhammad Ali with US President Ronald Reagan, 1983
Heidi Brühl, 1959

February

Michael Bloomberg, 2011
Margarethe von Trotta, 2013

March

April

Irmgard Adam-Schwaetzer, 1991
Jacob Zuma, 2009
Jochen Rindt, 1968
Frank Elstner, 2005
Barbra Streisand, 1962

May

June

Paul McCartney, 1964
Muammar al-Gaddafi (left) with Gamal Abdel Nasser, 1969
Sigrid Löffler, 2009

July

August

Evelyn Hamann (early 1980s)
Friede Springer, 2014
Hans Peter Korff
José Eduardo dos Santos

September

October

November

December

Alice Schwarzer, 2010
Peter Handke, 2006
Hu Jintao, 2011

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January February

March April

Robert Bosch, 1888

May June

July August

September October

November December

Exact date of death unknown

literature

  • Dirk Schwarze: We from 1942 - childhood and youth , Wartberg Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2005, ISBN 3-8313-1542-6

Web links

Commons : 1942  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files