John Cale (born March 9, 1942 in Garnant , Wales ) is a British art rock musician with classical training in viola and piano . In 1965 he was a founding member of the US avant-garde band The Velvet Underground , but left in 1968 and successfully devoted himself to a solo career.
life and work
Cale studied music at Goldsmiths College at the University of London . In 1963 he received a Leonard Bernstein scholarship from the well-known American composer Aaron Copland and studied piano and viola at the Berkshire School of Music . In New York he worked with John Cage and La Monte Young before founding the band The Velvet Underground , later sponsored by Andy Warhol , with Lou Reed in 1965 . He adopted the idea of drone experiments for his viola from the minimalist La Monte Young .
In 1968 he left the band and has since performed as a solo artist or with his own accompanying band. On Nick Drake's album Bryter Layter (1970), he was a guest musician. He also worked with Patti Smith (as a producer ) and Brian Eno (ex- Roxy Music ), among others . He also produced Nico , who appeared as the singer on the first Velvet underground album, as well as The Stooges (their 1969 debut album of the same name , on which he also played the viola), Element of Crime and the Happy Mondays .
Cale's first solo album, Vintage Violence , was released in 1970 and belongs to the folk-pop genre.
In 1972, John Cale was back on stage with Lou Reed and Nico for the first time since The Velvet Underground was broken up. The bootleg album Le Bataclan '72 was recorded. Also in 1972, Cale recorded The Academy In Peril with the London Royal Philharmonic Orchestra , Ron Wood and Legs Larry Smith ( Bonzo Dog Band ) . Andy Warhol designed the cover and used the song Days Of Steam for the soundtrack to his film Heat .
In 1973 the neo-romantic opus Paris was published in 1919 . According to the music magazine Rolling Stone, it was a surrealist work that "distorted the entire European high culture through a Dadaist perspective". The magazine Musikexpress heard "sensual, mystical orchestral arrangements" here. Musicians such as Lowell George and Richard Hayward from Little Feat played in the work .
An appearance in Alan Bang's music talk show Nightflight on the radio station BFBS in February 1984 and Cale's solo concert on the electric piano in the WDR live recording series Rockpalast are legendary. Cale's recordings often received good reviews, but the avant-garde never really aimed at great commercial success as a pop solo artist. In the meantime, Cale largely said goodbye to the pop business and produced soundtracks , ballet music and The Rapture , the final studio album by Siouxsie and the Banshees . Paris 1919 was included in The Wire's "100 Records That Set the World on Fire (While No One Was Listening)" list.
In 1990 John Cale recorded the album Songs for Drella with Lou Reed , a tribute to Andy Warhol, who had died two years earlier. This and other collaborations with former fellow musicians led to a temporary reunion of Velvet Underground in 1993 .
At the Biennale in Venice in 2009 represented Cale his native Wales .
In November 2010, Cale was appointed Officer of the British Empire at Buckinghampalace . He is still very active as a composer of film music, for example for French art house films . He is also an accomplished hobby historian.
On April 3, 2016 in Paris for the 50th anniversary of the album The Velvet Underground and the start of the exhibition The Velvet Underground - New York Extravaganza, he performed the songs on the record in the Philharmonie de Paris with his group and guests (including Peter Doherty , Carl Barât , Etienne Daho , Lou Doillon and Nick Franglen from Lemon Jelly ).
Explanation of the data
- Vintage Violence (1970)
- Church of Anthrax (1971, with Terry Riley )
- The Academy In Peril (1972)
- Le Bataclan '72 (1972, with Lou Reed , Nico )
- Paris 1919 (1973)
- June 1, 1974 (1974, with Kevin Ayers , Brian Eno , Nico )
- Fear (1974)
- Slow Dazzle (1975)
- Helen of Troy (1975)
- Guts (1977) compilation
- Animal Justice (1977, EP)
- Sabotage / Live (1979)
- Honi Soit (1981)
- Music for a New Society (1982)
- Caribbean Sunset (1983)
- John Cale Comes Alive (1984)
- Artificial Intelligence (1985)
- Words for the Dying (1989)
- Songs for Drella (1990, with Lou Reed )
- Wrong Way Up (1990, with Brian Eno )
- Even Cowgirls Get The Blues (live) (1991)
- Paris s'éveille, suivi d'autres compositions (1991, soundtrack)
- Contribution to the tribute album to Leonard Cohen I'm your fan (1991) with a cover version of Hallelujah
- Fragments of a Rainy Season (live) (1992)
- 23 Solo Pieces for La Naissance de L'Amour (1993)
- Last Day on Earth (1994, soundtrack with Bob Neuwirth)
- N'oublie pas que tu vas mourir (1994)
- Seducing Down The Door (1994, compilation)
- Antartida (1995, soundtrack)
- I Shot Andy Warhol (1996, soundtrack)
- Basquiat (1996, soundtrack)
- Walking on Locusts (1996)
- Eat / Kiss: Music for the Films of Andy Warhol (1997)
- Somewhere In The City (1998, soundtrack)
- Le vent de la nuit (1999, soundtrack)
- The Unknown (1999)
- Close Watch: An Introduction to John Cale (1999, compilation)
- American Psycho (2000, soundtrack)
- Saint-Cyr (2000, soundtrack)
- Sun Blindness Music (2001)
- Stainless Gamelan (2001)
- Dream Interpretation (2001)
- 5 tracks (2003, EP)
- Hobosapiens (2003)
- Black Acetate (2005)
- Process (Soundtrack) (2005)
- Paris 1919 (Expanded & Remastered, 12 bonus tracks) (2006)
- Live Circus (2007, double CD)
- Live at Rockpalast (2010, double CD / vinyl)
- Extra Playful (2011, EP)
- Shifty Adventures in Nookie Wood (2012)
- M: FANS (2016)
- 1971: Andy Warhol's Women
- 1972: Andy Warhol: Hollywood
- 1974: The Prison of the Lost Girls (Caged heat)
- 1986: Dangerous Girlfriend (Someting Wild)
- 1991: Paris awakes (Paris s'éveille)
- 1992: Who has the choice (Primary Motive)
- 1993: When love ignites (La naissance de l'amour)
- 1995: Don't Forget You Must Die (N'oublie pas que tu vas mourir)
- 1996: Basquiat
- 1996: I Shot Andy Warhol
- 1998: New York People - Stories from a Crazy City (Somewhere in the City)
- 1999: The Virgin
- 1999: Le vent de la nuit
- 2000: Farewell. Brecht's last summer
- 2000: The School of the Lost Girls (Saint-Cyr)
- 2000: American Psycho
- 2003: Paris - The Business of Pleasure (Paris)
- 2004: Process
- 2008: Salamandra
- 2011: Side movements (Sport de filles)
- 2011: A Burning Summer (Un été brûlant)
- John Cale in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- John Cale at Discogs (English)
- Andreas Weigel : John Cale. Selected works from 1967 to 1981. ORF , Ö3 , “ Musicbox ”. April 1, 1982, 3: 05-3: 59 p.m.
- Interview with Cale on the occasion of the publication of his album Hobosapiens in the Cologne city magazine StadtRevue , issue 10/03
- Official website of John Cale (English)
- ↑ »Nobody wants to play the viola seriously« , Interview with SZ-Magazin 19/2017.
- ↑ Dagmar Leischow: John Cale's new album: "I wanted to become a conductor" . Interview in Die Tageszeitung , September 21, 2012.
- ^ Investitures at Buckingham Palace (John Cale) . Zimbio.com, November 19, 2010.
- ^ Diedrich Diederichsen (cultural scientist) : John Cale on the 70th: "Radically versatile" . Süddeutsche Zeitung , March 9, 2012.
- ↑ http://philharmoniedeparis.fr/en/velvet-underground/home Accessed June 12, 2016
- ↑ http://philharmoniedeparis.fr/en/activity/concert/15275-john-cale Accessed June 12, 2016
- ↑ Chart sources: DE AT CH UK US
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British art rock musician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 9, 1942|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Garnant, Wales|