Gilberto Gil (born June 26, 1942 in Salvador da Bahia as Gilberto Passos Gil Moreira) is a Brazilian musician and politician . Along with Caetano Veloso, Gil is one of the founders of Tropicalismo . From 2003 to 2008 he was the first black culture minister in Brazil.
Life and music
Gil spent his early childhood in the interior of Brazil, where his father, as a doctor, had enough money to buy one of the few radios in the village of Ituaçu . There he came into contact with the then popular forms of music, especially accordion players and troubadours . When Gil was eight years old, the family moved back to Salvador, where he attended a Marist school. His mother gave him an accordion as a present so that he could learn to play the instrument at an accordion school.
In his youth, bossa nova became fashionable, and Gil also learned to play the guitar . In the 60s, he and his peer Caetano Veloso became the protagonist of the Tropicalismo movement, which combined bossa nova with international rock and pop music in a radically innovative way and sharply criticized the situation in what was then Brazil.
The military dictatorship suppressed the movement and Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso had to leave the country. Gil spent two years in London .
In 1972, after his return to Brazil, he recorded a trilogy of albums in which he returned to the roots of Brazilian music and mixed it with pop. The three albums are Expresso 2222 , which in 1975 together with Jorge Ben recorded Gil Jorge and with the Bahian fellow musician Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa and Maria Bethânia designed Os Doces Bárbaros ( The sweet barbarians ).
This was followed by his so-called conceptual trilogy: Refazenda , which explores the music of rural Brazil; Refavela , which shows the African side of Brazil and goes back to the roots of Nigeria , Bahia and Rio ; and Realce , which integrates disco and pop music.
In the early 1990s, Parabolicamará , a concert for 80,000 people at Copacabana , and Tropicália 2 , for the 25th anniversary of the Tropicalismo movement, came out. The album Quanta Gente Veio Ver , the live version of Quanta , was awarded the Grammy for Best World Music honored.
Gil received 11 gold and five platinum records; in total he has sold more than four million records. He has also worked with many Brazilian and international artists, including João Gilberto , Stevie Wonder and Jimmy Cliff .
His album Kaya N'Gan Daya was recorded in Jamaica and mixes Brazilian music with reggae . It pays homage to Bob Marley , one of his great idols.
In 2002, Prince named the two pieces No Dia em que Eu Vim-Me Embora (1968) and Se Eu Quiser Falar Com Deus (1980) as two of 55 songs that had inspired him musically. In 2005 Gilberto Gil received the Polar Music Prize , which is considered the unofficial Nobel Prize in Music .
In parallel to his artistic career, Gilberto Gil has been politically active for a long time. In 1987 he was appointed the cultural commissioner of the city of Salvador and fought for the preservation of the historical heritage of the city. In this function he also founded the Onda Azul ( Blue Wave ), whose aim is to maintain an environment worth living in and to promote environmental awareness. He joined the Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (PMDB) in 1988 , was elected to the city council in Salvador for it, but switched to the Green Party on March 21, 1990 .
From January 1, 2003 to July 2008, Gilberto Gil was Minister of Culture in the government of Lula da Silva . In this role, Gil sponsored open source projects, among other things . In his last years as a professional politician, his administration came under increasing criticism, among other things, he was accused of having too negligent relationships with business friends or mafia bosses.
- 1990: Knight of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
- 1995: Commander of the Order of Rio Branco
- 1997: Ordre national du Mérite
- 2003: Grand Cross of the Order of the Infante Dom Henrique
- 2003: Grand Cross of the Norwegian Order of Merit
- 2005: Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor
His musical honors include: 1999 Grammy Award for Best World Music Album for Quanta Live , 2001 Latin Grammy for As Canções De Eu, Tu, Eles and 2002 for São João Vivo , 2005 Grammy Award for Best Contemporary World Music Album for Eletrácustico .
- 1967 Louvação
- 1968 Gilberto Gil (Frevo Rasgado)
- 1969 Gilberto Gil (Cérebro Eletrônico)
- 1971 Gilberto Gil (Nega)
- 1972 Barra 69: Caetano E Gil Ao Vivo Na Bahia
- 1972 Expresso 2222
- 1974 Gilberto Gil Ao Vivo
- 1975 Refazenda
- 1977 Refavela
- 1978 Gilberto Gil Ao Vivo Em Montreux
- 1978 Refestança
- 1979 Nightingale
- 1979 Realce
- 1981 Brazil
- 1981 Luar (A Gente Precisa Ver o Luar)
- 1981 Um Banda Um
- 1983 Extra [WEA Latina]
- 1984 Quilombo (Trilha Sonora)
- 1984 Raça Humana
- 1985 Dia Dorim Noite Neon
- 1987 Gilberto Gil Em Concerto
- 1987 Soy Loco Por Ti America
- 1987 Trem Para As Estrelas (Trilha Sonora)
- 1988 Ao Vivo Em Tóquio (Live in Tokyo)
- 1989 O Eterno Deus Mu Dança
- 1991 Parabolic
- 1994 Acoustic
- 1995 Esoterico: Live in USA 1994
- 1995 Oriente: Live in Tokyo
- 1996 Em Concerto
- 1996 Luar
- 1997 Indigo Blue
- 1997 Quanta
- 1998 Ao Vivo Em Tóquio (Live in Tokyo) [Braziloid]
- 1998 Copacabana Mon Amour
- 1998 O Sol de Oslo
- 1998 O Viramundo (Ao Vivo)
- 1998 Quanta Live
- 2000 Me, You, Them [= Eu Tu Eles, Brazil]
- 2001 Milton and Gil
- 2001 São João Vivo
- 2002 Kaya N'Gan Daya
- 2002 Quanta Live [Brazil]
- 2002 Z: 300 Anos de Zumbi
- 2004 Eletrácustico
- 2005 Ao Vivo
- 2005 As Canções de "Eu Tu Eles" (film music)
- 2005 Soul of Brazil
- 2006 Gil Luminoso
- 2006 Rhythms of Bahia
- 2008 Banda Larga Cordel
- 2009 Bandadois
- 2010 Fé na festa
- 2018 Ok Ok Ok
- A musical journey with Gilberto Gil - Viramundo. (Alternative title: Viramundo: Uma Viagem Musical com Gilberto Gil. ) Documentary, France, Switzerland, 2013, cinema: 93 min., Television: 88:05 min., Script: Emmanuel Gétaz and Pierre-Yves Borgeaud, director: Pierre-Yves Borgeaud, production: Dreampixies, Urban Factory, RTS Radio Télévision Suisse , SRG SSR , Momentum Production, film premiere: April 20, 2013 at the Visions du Réel Film Festival, first broadcast in Germany: May 24, 2015 by arte , synopsis by arte, film page with film clips .
- Official Website of Gilberto Gil (Engl.)
- Beauty and rot. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung , April 4, 2008
- Gilberto Gil has done well as Minister of Culture - now he wants to be an artist again, they say. In: FR , August 2, 2008
- Brazilian pop star Gilberto Gil - Latin America is the test laboratory. In: the daily newspaper , November 19, 2009, interview.
- ↑ Klaus Hart: Beauty and rot. In: NZZ , April 4, 2008.
- ↑ Entidades estrangeiras agraciadas com Order of Portugal. In: www.ordens.presidencia.pt. Presidência da República Portuguesa, accessed on August 13, 2019 (Portuguese, database query).
Minister of Culture
January 1, 2003 to July 30, 2008
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Brazilian musician and politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 26, 1942|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Salvador da Bahia|