|Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur
Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
|Metropolitan area||8,063,230 (2010)|
|density||6,520.6 Ew. / km²|
|Telephone code||(+60) (0) 3|
|mayor||Mohd Amin Nordin Abdul Aziz (July 18, 2015)|
The city, administered as federal territory , is Malaysia's administrative, cultural and economic center and the focal point of the country's largest metropolitan region. Most residents simply call it "KL". Many cultures and religions are represented in the pulsating metropolis, you can see minarets of mosques , Christian church towers , Chinese pagodas and Indian temples throughout the city. Up to eleven million tourists visit Kuala Lumpur every year.
In addition to buildings from the city's architectural past, high-rise buildings (especially in the banking district) characterize the cityscape as a sign of Kuala Lumpur's progress. The city covers an area of 243.65 km² and has 1,588,750 inhabitants (as of 2010), making it the largest city in Malaysia, ahead of Subang Jaya , which is part of the metropolitan area of Kuala Lumpur .
The climate in Kuala Lumpur is tropical. The maximum values are all year round at 33 ° C and the minimum values at 23 ° C, plus high humidity. The rainfall is distributed over the whole year and varies between 108 mm and 276 mm per month. Thunderstorms are very frequent and usually very violent, which is why flooding occurs more frequently in the city center. The stay can be depressing if, due to the still illegal deforestation and the associated forest fires, a smog bell lies over the city.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Kuala Lumpur
The urban population is made up of 52% Chinese, 39% Malay and 6% Indian. There are also Arabs, Sri Lankans, Europeans, Indonesians and Filipinos.
According to the 2010 Malaysian census, Buddhists make up 35.7%, Muslims 46.4%, Christians 5.8% and Hindus 8.5% of the city's population. There are also Confucians and other religions. Kuala Lumpur is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kuala Lumpur .
Since 1950, the population of the agglomeration of Kuala Lumpur has increased nearly thirty-fold through natural growth and immigration from rural areas. A population of over 10 million is forecast for the year 2035.
The first economic activities on or near the area now known as Kuala Lumpur are known to have been in the 1840s. About ten miles north, Chinese miners were involved in the tin mining of the Selangor River. Kuala Lumpur became a city in 1857; miners (also tin miners ) under the leadership of the Malay Rajas / Rajas Abdullah founded it in the middle of the jungle. The tin trade was booming, and the town has grown steadily ever since. In 1896, under British rule, the Malay Sultanates formed the Malaya Federation , and Kuala Lumpur became the capital of the Federation. Under British rule, the city grew into an administrative center, a road network was laid out and many of the magnificent buildings that still exist today were built. In 1957 the place became the capital of the independent Malaya . Kuala Lumpur was granted city status in 1972, became a federal territory in 1974 and was given an administration that was independent of the state and sultanate of Selangor .
The city is the leading economic center of Malaysia. According to a study from 2014, the greater Kuala Lumpur area generated a gross domestic product of 171.8 billion US dollars (KKB). In the ranking of the economically strongest metropolitan regions worldwide, he came in 70th place. The GDP per capita was $ 28,076. In a ranking of the most important financial centers worldwide, Kuala Lumpur took 40th place (as of 2018).
In a ranking of cities according to their quality of life, Kuala Lumpur ranked 85th out of 231 cities worldwide in 2018. Kuala Lumpur was, after Singapore , the city with the highest quality of life in Southeast Asia.
- IT companies, many in the nearby Special Economic Zone Multimedia Super Corridor located
- Bio-Tech, settlement in Cyberjaya promoted
- Mechanical and automotive engineering
- food processing and chemical industries
- Banking and finance
There are two universities in Kuala Lumpur:
- The University of Kuala Lumpur , a College of Engineering
- The University of Malaya , the oldest university in Malaysia
The football club PLUS FC is based in Kuala Lumpur.
Transport, local traffic
The city is connected directly to Kuala Lumpur International Airport in Sepang by a rapid transit train ( KLIA Ekspres ) and private express buses . The journey time is 28 minutes, the trains run every 15 or 20 minutes.
Many taxis are available within the city; however, the flow of traffic suffers v. a. during rush hour under traffic jams and jams.
A public rail-bound local transport network is only just beginning to be available, the different systems are hardly interlinked and the routes, which are still too short, are not sufficient for the growing needs of the two-million city. The lines of the elevated railway or the shuttle network of the local trains ( Putra LRT , Rapid KL , KL Monorail and KTM Komuter ) all aim for the city center. On the KLIA Ekspres route, the KLIA Transit Service only controls four stations between the train station and the airport. The "Rapid KL" system (vehicles: Bombardier), which previously comprised two lines with a total of 24 km, is the nucleus of a larger system, including in the suburbs, because its medium-sized capacity and comparatively low investment costs encourage expansion.
Tickets are only valid for a single line; likewise, stops are line-specific (i.e. transfer stops are two or more individual stations that are up to five minutes' walk apart). The new central station is Kuala Lumpur Sentral , which connects all of the above-mentioned railway lines except for Rapid KL and also functions as a taxi and bus terminal.
The main bus station is in Puduraya , some express buses also go to the new "Imbi Bus Terminal" at Pasar Rakyat, which opened in January 2004.
- The Petronas Towers , the highest twin towers in the world and together the seventh highest free-standing building in the world (a total of 452 m; in comparison, the two main towers of the World Trade Center were 417 m and 415 m high to the roof, but 527 m with antenna) with one of the largest shopping centers (mall) in Malaysia, the Suria KLCC . The surrounding district "Goldenes Dreieck" (The Golden Triangle) forms the commercial center of the city and also offers a lively nightlife.
- Menara Kuala Lumpur , the seventh highest television tower in the world (421 m), offers the highest vantage point over the city with its visitor terrace.
- Dataran Merdeka or Merdeka Square, "Independence Square" was the site of the first hoisting of the Malay national flag on August 31, 1957 (Independence Day). With a height of 100 meters, the flagpole in Merdeka Square was also formerly the highest flagpole in the world.
- Sultan Abdul Samad Building
- Istana Negara, residence of the Malaysian king
- Sultan Azlan Shah Cup , annual hockey competition
- The Lake Gardens encompass 92 acres of manicured park near the Malay Parliament that once belonged to a British colonial representative. Within the park there are special areas for butterflies (Butterfly Park), red deer (Deer Park), orchids and hibiscus (Orchid Garden, Hibiscus Garden) as well as the largest bird park in Southeast Asia (Bird Park).
- The sports stadium ( Stadium Merdeka , Stadium of Independence) was built especially for the celebrations of the country's declaration of independence ( Hari Merdeka ) on August 31, 1957.
- The old train station ( Kuala Lumpur Stesen Keretapi ) in Victorian architectural style was completed in 1911 and replaced in 2001 by a new main train station ( KL Sentral ). Currently it only serves as a local train station for local and commuter traffic.
- The national monument ( Tugu Negara ) honors v. a. the fallen of the Malay struggle for freedom during the Japanese occupation and the subsequent emergency (from 1946 to 1960).
- The daily “Chinese Night Market” is located in Chinatown .
- Many of China's major cultural and religious festivals are held at Thean Hou Temple on Robson Hill .
- The post-modern National Mosque ( Masjid Negara ) was completed in 1965.
- Masjid Jamek , mosque at the confluence of the Gombak and Klang rivers
- St. Mary's Cathedral , historic Anglican church
- Cathedral of St John The Evangelist , main Roman Catholic church of the Archdiocese of Kuala Lumpur
- Sri Mahamariaman Temple, Hindu Temple
- Batu Caves , cave complex with Hindu temple
- Malay National Museum ( Muzium Negara )
- Islamic Arts Museum, Museum of Islamic Art
- Textile Museum (Kuala Lumpur Textile Museum)
- Museum of Asian Arts
Other noteworthy buildings
sons and daughters of the town
- Omar Yoke Lin Ong (1917-2010), politician
- Mokhtar Dahari (1953-1991), football player
- Tony Fernandes (born 1964), entrepreneur
- Alex Yoong (* 1976), automobile racing driver
- Wong Choong Hann (* 1977), badminton player
- Fairuz Fauzy (* 1982), automobile racing driver
- Shila Amzah (* 1990), singer
- Fahmi Ilyas (* 1992), racing car driver
- Nabil Jeffri (* 1993), racing car driver
- Yan Yee Ng (* 1993), water diver
- Mitchell Gilbert (* 1994), racing car driver
- Julian Yee (born 1997), figure skater
- Only Dhabitah Sabri (* 1999), water diver
- Tourism in Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board, Frankfurt, archived from the original on May 9, 2013 ; accessed on February 18, 2017 .
- Department of Statistics: Key summary statistics for Local Authority areas, Malaysia, 2010
- Page no longer available , search in web archives: conurbation
- ForgSight.com Most visited cities in the world: London in first place , according to MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index; Article dated June 15, 2015, accessed August 13, 2015
- Malaysia Meteorological Department
- 2010 Malaysian Census, Department of Statistics, Malaysia, accessed January 10, 2015
- World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division - United Nations. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
- JM Gullick: Kuala Lumpur 1880–1895 Archived from the original on May 28, 2015. In: Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society . 24, No. 4, 1955, pp. 10-11.
- Alan Berube, Jesus Leal Trujillo, Tao Ran, Joseph Parilla: Global Metro Monitor . In: Brookings . January 22, 2015 ( brookings.edu [accessed July 19, 2018]).
- The Global Financial Centers Index 23. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 27, 2018 ; accessed on July 13, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Mercer's 2018 Quality of Living Rankings. Retrieved July 30, 2018 .