List of tallest television towers
This list of tallest television towers includes the world's tallest television towers with a total height of over 200 meters. Buildings are listed that are referred to in the literature as television towers or telecommunications towers because they have corresponding architectural features. This does not necessarily mean that they all serve to transmit television or radio programs.
Television towers are often among the tallest structures in the world , but must be separated from skyscrapers and transmission masts . In contrast to skyscrapers, television towers do not serve residential purposes. Television towers differ from transmission masts or towers in that they are free-standing towers - usually made of reinforced concrete - and have an operating pulpit or viewing platform (also called tower cage ). In 1955, the Stuttgart television tower was the world's first reinforced concrete tower to be built using the so-called vertical cantilever construction.
In addition to the main function of transmitting radio and radio waves , some television towers also serve as water towers . TV towers in particularly exposed places, such as in city centers, often serve the public as observation towers with platforms for viewing from afar. Often tourist attractions or revolving restaurants are housed in television towers . In addition to being a tourist attraction, they also have the character of landmarks .
The tallest television tower is Tokyo Skytree , which reached its final height of 634 meters on March 18, 2011. Commissioning and public access took place in the first half of 2012. In May 2009, the planned final height of 610 meters for the Canton Tower in Guangzhou was reached in the People's Republic of China ; In July 2010, however, the upper part of the two-part steel scaffolding mast on which the thin antenna is built was retracted by ten meters for reasons of flight safety, so that the Canton Tower now has a height of 600 meters. Nevertheless, it initially remained the tallest television and observation tower in the world and replaced the CN Tower in Toronto, Canada , during the construction phase .
The tallest unfinished construction of a television tower is the 220-meter-high ruin of the Yekaterinburg television tower in Russia. The tower should have been over 400 meters high; however, construction was stopped in the early 1990s for financial reasons. On April 29, 1999, as a result of the Kosovo war, the 202.8 meter high Avala television tower was destroyed by a bomb attack and rebuilt from 2006 to 2009.
List by height
Legend to the table:
- Height (m): Total height of the structure (rounded down to full meters, unless the information on differentiating the ranking is relevant)
- Comments / platform heights: If known, it is indicated whether the tower has a (rotating) restaurant; in addition, the height of the viewing platforms and / or company floors as well as any structural or functional features
- Access: public access by visitors (without prior notification)
- Year: year of completion
The thicker gray bar between two lines in the table sorted by total height marks the exceeding of a full hundred meter mark.
List of the tallest television towers of their time
This sub-list contains the tallest television and telecommunications towers of their time. The Eiffel Tower, built in Paris in 1889, broadcast the first public radio program in Europe in 1921; first attempts to transmit television images were made in 1925 and the first television broadcast was broadcast on April 26, 1935. This makes the Eiffel Tower generally the first television and telecommunications tower. The stated height corresponds to that which existed at the time when the structure received the record. By adapting the antenna technology, the height information varies again and again and does not necessarily reflect the current height.
|Eiffel Tower||France , Paris||312||1921-1953|
|Tokyo Tower||Japan , Tokyo||333||1953-1965|
|Ostankino TV tower||Russia , Moscow||540||1965-1976|
|CN Tower||Canada , Toronto||553||1976-2009|
|Canton Tower||People's Republic of China , Guangzhou||600||2009-2011|
|Tokyo Skytree||Japan , Tokyo||634||since 2011|
- List of television towers and transmission systems of the Deutsche Funkturm GmbH
- List of the tallest television and telecommunications towers in Germany
- Erwin Heinle , Fritz Leonhardt : Towers of all times, of all cultures . Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-421-02931-8 .
- Kai Eckart: Towards the clouds - The tallest towers in Germany , Herbert Utz Verlag Munich, ISBN 3-89675-902-7 .
- Friedrich von Borries , Matthias Böttger, Florian Heilmeyer: TV-Towers - television towers, 8,559 meters politics and architecture , JOVIS Verlag, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86859-024-1 .
- structurae.de: List of vertical cantilever structures (alphabetical)
- Jörg Wiegels' "High Towers"
- Spiegel article about the construction of the television tower: who has the longest?
- ↑ a b news-carnoc.com: 广州 新 电视塔 变矮 10 米 为 确保 上空 飞行 安全 (Chinese), July 23, 2010. Accessed August 8, 2010.
- ↑ Current height of the Tōkyō Sky Tree
- ↑ Skyscraperpage.com: Guangzhou TV Tower
- ^ Turkmenistan: New TV Tower Modernizes Technology
- ^ Siegfried Forster: The radio of tomorrow. The changing French radio landscape ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 462 kB), accessed on March 12, 2012
- ^ Bertrand Lemoine : The fantastic story of the Eiffel Tower , Éditions Ouest-France 1998, ISBN 978-2-7373-2238-9 , page 17