|World Trade Center Colombo|
|State :||Sri Lanka|
|Province :||Western province|
|Surface:||37.31 km 2|
|Mayor:||Rosy Senanayake (UNP)|
|Beira Lake is located in the heart of Colombo.|
Colombo ([ kəlʌmboʊ ] Sinhala : කොළඹ [ kəlɐmbɞ ], Tamil : கொழும்பு [ koɻumbu ]) is de facto the capital of Sri Lanka ( de jure is Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte capital and seat of government). Colombo is located on the west coast of the island at the 7th parallel and 80th longitude. The favorable location on a peninsula and a protected natural harbor made the formerly small fishing village a sought-after trading port for the spice island. After independence in 1948, the city also became the island's political center.
Colombo has been known as a port city since the 5th century, which served as a stop for Roman, Arab and Chinese traders, among others. Muslim traders have settled there since the 8th century. (Even today, the Pettah market district near the port is mainly inhabited by Muslims.)
In the 16th century, the Portuguese took possession of some coastal areas in Sri Lanka, including Colombo and its port. They gave it the name Kolamba (anglicizing Colombo ) which means port in Sinhala . The city became the center of the lucrative spice trade, with cinnamon playing the leading role for a long time. The Portuguese built a fort to protect the port. The Dutch surrounded the city and besieged Colombo for seven months. On May 12, 1656, the Portuguese gave up. The Dutch took over the Portuguese possessions and continued the spice trade. In 1796 the British conquered Sri Lanka from the Dutch and made it a crown colony in 1802, with Colombo becoming the capital. It has replaced Anuradhapura after more than 600 years .
After Sri Lanka's independence in 1948, Colombo continued to be the capital. Since 1982 the seat of government of the country is in Sri Jayewardenepura in the southeast of Colombo.
The historic center of the city is the fort, which is now the service and business district. There you will find the old parliament, the official seat of the president, the twin towers of the World Trade Center Colombo , the second tallest building in South Asia, the Beira Lake and The Kingsbury ; The mixture of colonial and modern architecture is worth seeing.
The Galle Face Green is an elongated lawn south of the fort, which fills up with visitors in the evenings, especially on Sundays and public holidays, who go for a walk on the beach promenade in fine dressing gowns at sunset. At the south end is the Galle Face Hotel , the oldest hotel in town (founded in 1864). The white facade and the entrance hall of the building are impressive witnesses of the Victorian style in Sri Lanka; The attraction of the hotel is testified by a plaque in the hall, on which the many prominent visitors have been listed since it was founded.
The Galle Road is the main artery of Colombo. It runs straight from the fort a few hundred meters inland along the coast to the southern city limits. In the districts of Kollupitiya and Bambalapitiya there are numerous shops, office buildings and restaurants and several modern shopping centers, where mainly the western-oriented upper class can be found.
An important sight is the town hall, also called Independence Hall, located in the district of Cinnamon Gardens , which was built in 1946 after the model of the Capitol in Washington .
Probably the most famous resident of Colombo was the English-born science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke , who lived in Sri Lanka from 1956 until his death in March 2008 and was given the title Sri Lankabhimanya in 2005 .
Approx. Bandaranaike International Airport is 35 km north . The port of Colombo is one of the most important transhipment ports in Asia. Colombo is also home to the Fort Railway Station, which is the main train station and hub of the Sri Lanka Railways . The Kelani Valley narrow-gauge railway connects Colombo with Yatiyanthota via Avissawella .
Colombo is divided into 15 numbered areas for postal services. Within these areas are the suburbs with the associated post offices:
|Colombo 2||Slave Island and Union Place|
|Colombo 5||Havelock Town and Kirilapone|
|Colombo 6||Wellawatte and Pamankada|
|Colombo 7||Cinnamon Gardens|
|Colombo 10||Maradana and Panchikawatte|
|Colombo 13||Kotahena and Bloemendhal|
|Colombo 14||Grand Pass|
|Colombo 15||Mutwal , Modera , Mattakkuliya and Madampitiya|
Colombo is a multiethnic, multicultural city. The population consists mainly of Sinhalese , Tamils and Moors . The following is a breakdown of the population composition based on the 2001 census data.
|Ethnicity||number||% of the total population|
|Sri Lankan Tamils||185,672||28.91|
Colombo is the seat of the Catholic Archdiocese of the same name . Cardinal Albert Malcolm Ranjith has been Archbishop there since 2009 .
|Shanghai||People's Republic of China||2003|
- Iman Wilhelm Falck (1736–1785), Dutch governor of Ceylon
- Geoffrey Bawa (1919–2003), architect
- Frederick George Donnan (1870–1956), British chemist
- Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy (1877–1947), historian and philosopher
- SWRD Bandaranaike (1899–1959), politician, Prime Minister of Ceylon from 1956 to 1959
- Humphrey Waldock (1904–1981), British lawyer
- Junius Richard Jayawardene (1906–1996), politician, President of Sri Lanka from 1978 to 1989
- David Morrison Reid Henry (1919–1977), British bird illustrator
- Christopher Weeramantry (1926-2017), lawyer
- John Carson (1927-2016), British actor
- Tony Hoare (* 1934), British computer scientist and Turing Prize winner
- Gritakumar E. Chitty (* 1939), lawyer
- Walter Haller (* 1939), Swiss lawyer
- David de Kretser (* 1939), Australian politician
- Chandra Wickramasinghe (* 1939), astrophysicist
- Michael Ondaatje (* 1943), Canadian writer
- Nirj Deva (* 1948), British politician
- Anura Bandaranaike (1949–2008), politician
- Raja Segar (* 1951), painter and sculptor
- Bernard White (* 1959), American actor and film producer
- Beverley Craven (born 1963), British singer and songwriter
- Alexander Gennadijewitsch Chloponin (* 1965), Russian politician, Vice Prime Minister and Governor General
- Shyam Selvadurai (* 1965), Sri Lankan-Canadian author
- Chandra Kurt (* 1968), Swiss wine author
- Jessica Kilian (* 1981), Swiss skeleton pilot
- Selapperuma Nirantha Perera (* 1984), football player
- Upeshka De Silva (* 1987 or 1988), American poker player
- Dilip Ruwan (* 1991), track and field athlete
- Ireshani Rajasinghe (* 1994), hurdler
Due to the proximity to the equator (6 ° 55 ′ north) there is a tropical rainy climate, eleven to twelve months are humid. The daytime temperatures are very hot all year round and it is very humid (70% all year round), during the day temperatures below 30 ° C are rare. Even in the nights it does not cool down particularly, in May night temperatures above 29 ° C are not uncommon. Temperatures below 20 ° C only occur in the winter months from January to February; statistically speaking, they are only possible every ten days. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Colombo is 18.8 ° C, the highest is 37.0 ° C.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Colombo
- Sevanatha. Urban Slums Reports: The case of Colombo, Sri Lanka. Urban Resource Center, Rajagiriya 2003, pp. 1-27
- ↑ Colombo - frendy.de
- ↑ Country information - Sri Lanka at the Foreign Office. Retrieved January 30, 2013
- ↑ Encyclopædia Britannica : Colombo (Sri Lanka)
- ↑ Number and percentage of population by district and ethnic group. Census of Population and Housing 2001, Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka (English)
- ^ Department of Meteorology, Sri Lanka ;
- ↑ wetterkontor.de ;
- ↑ www.seatemperature.org