Frederick George Donnan

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Frederick George Donnan

Frederick George Donnan (born September 5, 1870 in Colombo , Ceylon (now Sri Lanka ), † December 16, 1956 in Canterbury , Kent , England ) was a British chemist .

He studied chemistry and physics at Queen's College in Belfast from 1889 . In 1893 he went to work with Johannes Wislicenus at the University of Leipzig . In 1896 he was at Wilhelm Ostwald with the issue of experiments on the relationship between the electrolytic dissociation and the light absorption in solutions for Dr. phil. PhD . From 1896 to 1897 he worked for Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff in Berlin, and from 1898 with William Ramsay at University College London .

Donnan was 1903 lecturer ("Lecturer") for organic chemistry at the Royal College of Science in Dublin; from 1904 he was professor of physical chemistry at the University of Liverpool . From 1906 to 1913 he was director of the Muspratt Laboratory there, and from 1913 to 1937 he was professor of chemistry at University College London.

He is considered a co-founder of physical chemistry in England and made significant contributions to colloid chemistry , osmotic processes and the theory of solutions.

In 1911 he described the Donnan equilibrium (also Donnan effect , Gibbs-Donnan effect , Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium , Donnan's law ).

After Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933, Donnan took great care of those who were willing to emigrate and persecuted German scientists, and helped many of them find temporary accommodation at his institute.

Since 1927 he was a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences (KNAW). In 1936 he became an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Biographical data, publications and academic family tree of Frederick G. Donnan at, accessed on January 30, 2018.
  2. ^ Edward Teller - Physicist: 51 - Moving to England. Web of Science, accessed September 8, 2013 .
  3. ^ Past Members: FG Donnan (1870–1956). KNAW, accessed October 21, 2019 .
  4. ^ Fellows Directory. Biographical Index: Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002. Royal Society of Edinburgh, accessed October 21, 2019 .

Web links