Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences

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Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences
founding 1808
Sponsorship autonomous
place Amsterdam , Netherlands
President Ineke Sluiter
Headquarters of the KNAW in the Trippenhuis, Amsterdam

The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ( NDL. : Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW); Engl. : Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ) is a nongovernmental Academy of Sciences in the Netherlands . The academy is a member of the All European Academies .


The academy was founded by Louis Bonaparte on May 4, 1808 as Koninklijk Instituut van Wetenschappen, Letterkunde en Schoone Kunsten during the French occupation . After the French left, the institute was renamed the Koninklijk Nederlandsch Instituut van Wetenschappen, Letteren en Schoone Kunsten , in 1816, and from 1851 it was renamed the Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen . In 1938 the academy was given its current name, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen KNAW . The office of President of the KNAW has existed since 1973.

The academy has been based in the Trippenhuis in Amsterdam , the former home of the Trip merchant family , since 1812 .


The academy is divided into two classes:

  • the science class (mathematics, physics, astronomy, life sciences, engineering)
  • the humanities and social sciences class that awards the biennial AH Heineken Prize for History

The classes are divided into further departments with their own organization as well as further scientific institutes and facilities, such as the International Institute for Social History .


The academy awards a number of scientific awards including the HP Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics and other Heineken Prizes , the Buys Ballot Medal , the Lorentz Medal, and the Leeuwenhoek Medal . Another special award for life's work is the academy professorship.

Academy professors

Annually, two academy professors are honored (one each in natural sciences / technology and the humanities, endowed with 1 million euros each for research purposes). The winners should be between 54 and 59 years old. List of academy professors (until 2015):

Famous foreign members

President of the KNAW

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Academy professorship