|Nickname : Alamo City|
San Antonio skyline
|Location of San Antonio in Texas|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Bexar County|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|1,492,510 (as of 2016)
2,277,550 (as of 2014)
|Population density :||1,413.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||1,067.3 km 2 (approx. 412 mi 2 ) of
which 1,055.6 km 2 (approx. 408 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||198 m|
|Postal code :||78283|
|Area code :||+1 210, 830|
|GNIS ID :||1380951|
|Mayor :||Ron Nirenberg|
View of San Antonio
With around 1.5 million inhabitants (as of 2016), San Antonio is the seventh largest city in the USA and the second largest in Texas after Houston . In terms of economic importance, San Antonio ranks third in the state of Texas, behind Houston and the Dallas-Fort-Worth-Metroplex .
The culturally diverse city is shaped by Spanish, Mexican, Anglo-American and German influences.
San Antonio is the oldest city in Texas. The area was first explored by a Spanish vanguard in 1691. The name goes back to Saint Anthony of Padua , on whose memorial day the missionaries stopped in the area. In 1718 the Franciscans (OFM) built the San António de Valero mission station , the building that is now commonly known as the Alamo . At a military base to protect the missionaries, the settlement of San Antonio de Béxar was founded in 1735 , the starting point of today's city.
The city was initially part of the Spanish colonial empire ( viceroyalty of New Spain ) and then from 1821 belonged to Mexico, which had become independent . San Antonio was conquered on December 9, 1835 by troops from the Republic of Texas, which was soon to be proclaimed, in a revolt against the Mexican regime of Antonio López de Santa Anna .
The metropolitan area of San Antonio generated an economic output of 116.5 billion US dollars in 2016, making it 42nd among the metropolitan areas of the United States. The unemployment rate in the metropolitan region was 3.2 percent and was thus below the national average of 3.8 percent (as of May 2018). The per capita income was $ 44,284 in 2016, a below average income level.
San Antonio is the economic and cultural center of South Texas. The main industries are banking, education ( University of Texas at San Antonio ), health and tourism - the city has around 20 million tourists a year. Be on-site theme parks of SeaWorld and Six Flags Fiesta Texas . The four resident US military facilities ( Fort Sam Houston , Lackland Air Force Base , Randolph Air Force Base and Brooks City Base ) are also of economic importance .
Major corporations headquartered in San Antonio include SBC Communications , Valero Energy , United Services Automobile Association , Andeavor , Southwest Research Institute , HE Butt Grocery Company, and Clear Channel Communications . Also located in the city is the South Texas Medical Center , the largest medical research center and provider of medical services in South Texas. In November 2006, the automobile manufacturer Toyota opened the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas plant in San Antonio .
- The five Spanish missions are worth seeing , including the
- Mission San António de Valero , founded in 1718, converted into a fort in 1793 called the Alamo (Spanish: "Poplar")
- Spanish governor's palace , built in 1722
- San Fernando Cathedral , completed in 1873
- Historic King William District : the “König-Wilhelm-Viertel”, a residential area settled by German merchants in the late 19th century named in honor of King Wilhelm I of Prussia (later Kaiser Wilhelm I)
- Tower of the Americas , a 228.6 meter high tower
- River Walk : The River Walk is a river promenade running through the city center along the San Antonio River , a good five kilometers long, lined with subtropical vegetation, cafes and boutiques. The construction of the promenade dates back to the 1920s and 30s, first for reasons of river regulation , then at the time of the Great Depression for the purpose of beautification and at the same time as a job creation measure (under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration ).
- McNay Art Museum : The oldest modern art museum in Texas
According to the 2010 census, the population was 26.6 percent white and 6.9 percent African American; 2.4 percent were of Asian origin. 63.2 percent of the population were Hispanics . The median income per household was 2,015 at 46,744 US dollars . 19.8 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.
Universities and vocational schools
San Antonio has six colleges, two of which are state-owned and the other four are private universities. At the top is the State University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) , founded in 1969, with 28,000 students in 2006. San Antonio College (SAC) is also of great importance. In 2006 it had around 24,000 students.
There are also vocational schools, mainly the "ITT Tech" and "Hallmark Institute of Technologies" institutes.
City friendships and partnerships
San Antonio maintains city friendships with the following cities in the Friendship Cities Program . These friendships are considered a preliminary stage of a partnership:
San Antonio maintains the following cities twinning . The year may refer to the status of a Friendship City before a formal partnership was agreed.
Sons and Daughters of the City (selection)
- Florence Bates (1888–1954), film actress
- Nan Blakstone (1905–1951), singer
- Tully Blanchard (born 1954), wrestler
- Henry Cisneros (* 1947), with the most important Latino politician in the USA and economic director
- Joan Crawford (1905–1977), film actress
- Rita Crockett (* 1957), volleyball and beach volleyball player
- Christopher Cross (* 1951), musician, songwriter and singer
- Madison Davenport (born 1996), actress
- Jessica Drake (* 1974), porn actress
- Alejandro Escovedo (* 1951), musician, songwriter and singer
- Laurence Julius FitzSimon (1895–1958), Bishop of Amarillo
- Gene Forrest (1931–2003), R&B musician and songwriter
- Castle Freeman (born 1944), writer
- Summer Glau (born 1981), actress
- Lloyd Glenn (1909–1985), R&B musician and arranger
- Alberto R. Gonzales (* 1955), lawyer and politician
- Pat Green (born 1972), country singer
- Stephen Herek (* 1958), film director, screenwriter and film producer
- Ally Brooke (born 1993), singer
- Charles Edwin Herzig (1929–1991), Bishop of Tyler
- Michael Shawn Hickenbottom (* 1965), former American wrestler
- Dolores Hitchens (1907–1973), writer
- Steve Howey (born 1977), actor
- Flaco Jiménez (* 1939), Tex-Mex musician
- Randy Johnsen (1944-2009), American football player
- Glenn Jordan (* 1936), film director and film producer
- William Henry Keeler (1931–2017), Archbishop of Baltimore
- Callie Khouri (* 1957), screenwriter, film director and film producer
- Jackie King (1945 / 46–2016), guitarist
- Katie Leclerc (born 1986), actress
- Max Lucado (* 1955), pastor and writer
- Austin Mahone (* 1996), singer
- Bruce McGill (born 1950), actor
- Erica Mer (* 1988), film actress
- Augie Meyers (* 1940), musician
- Tommy Nobis (1943-2017), American football player
- Oliver North (born 1943), officer in the US Marines
- Bo Outlaw (born 1971), basketball player
- Jared Padalecki (born 1982), actor
- Robert Quiroga (1969-2004), boxer
- Kevin Reynolds (* 1952), film director and screenwriter, former lawyer
- Rick Riordan (born 1964), writer
- James Roday (born 1976), actor
- Michelle Rodríguez (born 1978), actress
- Robert Rodriguez (* 1968), director
- Doug Sahm (1941–1999), rock, blues and country musician ( Sir Douglas Quintet )
- Clifford Scott (1928–1993), R&B and jazz musician
- David Scott (* 1932), astronaut and seventh of twelve people who have set foot on the moon
- Lamar S. Smith (born 1947), politician
- Henry Thomas (born 1971), actor
- Edward Higgins White (1930–1967), the first American astronaut to float freely in space
- Mike Wofford (* 1938), jazz pianist
- Sydney Youngblood (born 1960), singer
|San Antonio, Texas|
Monthly average temperatures and rainfall for San Antonio, Texas
San Antonio has an east side climate .
- Char Miller (Ed.): On the Border: An Environmental History of San Antonio . University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh 2001, ISBN 978-0-8229-7060-6 .
- German San Antonio / Das deutsche San Antonio (English / German)
- San Antonio in the Handbook of Texas (English)
- US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 4, 2018 (American English).
- San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Economy at a Glance. Retrieved July 5, 2018 .
- US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 5, 2018 (American English).
- US Census Bureau: Search Results. Retrieved November 7, 2017 .
- Friendship Cities Program . October 24, 2016
- Sister Cities Program .